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The Joint List
Joint List
(Hebrew: הַרְשִׁימָה הַמְשׁוּתֶּפֶת‬, HaReshima HaMeshutefet; Arabic: القائمة المشتركة‎, al-Qa'imah al-Mushtarakah) is a political alliance of four Arab-dominated parties in Israel
Israel
— Hadash, the United Arab List, Balad, and Ta'al.[3] They are the third largest faction in the 20th Knesset.

Contents

1 History 2 Politics and ideology

2.1 2015 elections

3 References

History[edit]

Ayman Odeh
Ayman Odeh
(right) and Shady Haliya

Activists of Joint List
Joint List
during the 2015 elections

The Joint List
Joint List
during the consultation process at President Reuven Rivlin's official residence, after the 2015 elections

The Joint List
Joint List
was formed in the build-up to the 2015 elections as an alliance of Balad, Hadash, Ta'al
Ta'al
and the United Arab List
United Arab List
(the southern branch of the Islamic Movement). The northern branch of the Islamic Movement denounced the entire electoral project.[4] The agreement between the parties was signed on 22 January,[5] marking the first time the major Arab parties had run as a single list.[6] Balad, Hadash
Hadash
and the United Arab List
United Arab List
had run separately for elections since the 1990s (Balad and Hadash
Hadash
ran together in 1996), whilst Ta'al
Ta'al
had run in alliance with all three during the 1990s and 2000s. However, the raising of the electoral threshold from 2% to 3.25% led to the parties creating an alliance to increase their chances of crossing the threshold,[5] as both Hadash
Hadash
and Balad received less than 3% of the vote in the 2013 elections. Initially, the parties mulled running as two blocs ( Hadash
Hadash
with Ta'al, and Balad with the Islamic Movement), but party representatives said pressure from the Arab public pushed them to join forces.[7][8] The alliance's list for the 2015 elections was headed by Ayman Odeh, the newly elected leader of Hadash, followed by Masud Ghnaim
Masud Ghnaim
(United Arab List), Jamal Zahalka
Jamal Zahalka
(Balad) and Ahmad Tibi
Ahmad Tibi
(Ta'al), with the following places alternating between Hadash, the Islamic Movement and Balad. The twelfth to fourteenth places were subject to rotation agreements between the parties.[9] Lawyer Osama Saadi of Ta'al
Ta'al
will be the first to hold the 12th seat if the alliance wins enough seats.[10] Politics and ideology[edit] The list is ideologically diverse and includes communists, socialists, feminists, Islamists, and Palestinian nationalists.[11][12][6] After having united parties with various political agendas, Odeh met with Jewish Hadash
Hadash
activists, including former Knesset
Knesset
speaker Avraham Burg, in an attempt to allay concerns that the new alliance would dilute the party's principles, such as gender equality.[13] The alliance's 2015 election campaign focused on preventing Benjamin Netanyahu from forming a government and helping the Labor Party–led Zionist Union
Zionist Union
do so instead.[6][14] The list is not united in terms of support for Jewish–Arab cooperation, supported mainly by Hadash. In March 2015 (after the Zionist Union
Zionist Union
had signed a vote-sharing agreement with Meretz, and Kulanu
Kulanu
with Israel
Israel
Beytenu), officials from the Zionist Union, Meretz, and Yesh Atid
Yesh Atid
explored the idea that the Zionist Union
Zionist Union
and Meretz revoke their agreement so that the Zionist Union
Zionist Union
could share surplus votes with Yesh Atid, and Meretz
Meretz
with the Joint List, to potentially strengthen the dovish bloc in the Knesset.[15] However, the offer caused intra-list tension; Hadash
Hadash
(including Dov Khenin
Dov Khenin
and Joint List chief Odeh) and the United Arab List
United Arab List
supported the partnership with Meretz, but the Islamic Movement and especially Balad opposed it.[16][17][18] According to Nahum Barnea, most of the list, including Jamal Zahalka
Jamal Zahalka
of Balad, supported the agreement, but Qatar, which reportedly funds Balad's coffers, sided with the extremist elements within Balad and had the party come out against it.[19] After the Joint List
Joint List
announced it would not share votes with any party, Meretz officials declared that the List had chosen nationalism and separatism over Jewish–Arab solidarity.[20] A post-election analysis showed that neither the actual nor proposed agreements between these left-of-center parties would have made a difference to the final result.[21] 2015 elections[edit] Main article: Israeli legislative election, 2015 The Joint List
Joint List
won 13 seats in the 2015 Knesset
Knesset
elections with 10.6% of the total vote, becoming the third-largest party in the 20th Knesset.[22] Odeh stated that he intended for the alliance to work on shared issues with center-left Jewish opposition parties and seek membership of key parliamentary committees.[23] One of the party's first actions after the elections was to trade the two seats that, as the third-largest faction, it was entitled to on the Foreign Affairs and Defense Committee
Foreign Affairs and Defense Committee
for two more seats on the Finance Committee, primarily to better address its constituents' financial and housing concerns.[24]

Election Votes % Seats ±

2015 446,583 10.61

13 / 120

2a

a: Compared to the combined total of Hadash, Balad and United Arab List in 2013. References[edit]

^ Isabel Kershner (18 March 2015). "Deep Wounds and Lingering Questions After Israel's Bitter Race". The New York Times. p. A1. Retrieved 14 June 2015.  ^ הרשימה המשותפת (חד"ש, רע"מ, בל"ד, תע"ל) [Joint list (Hadash, United Arab List, Balad, Taal)] (in Hebrew). Knesset
Knesset
Elections Committee. 17 March 2015. Retrieved 14 June 2015.  ^ "Arab Parties to Run Together as "The Joint List". The Times of Israel. 21 January 2015. Retrieved 14 June 2015.  ^ Christa Case Bryant (11 March 2015). " Israel
Israel
elections 101: On eve of vote, momentum on Arab street (+video)". The Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved 14 June 2015.  ^ a b Lazar Berman (22 January 2015). "Arab parties finalize unity deal". The Times of Israel. Retrieved 14 June 2015.  ^ a b c Hazboun, Areej; Estrin, Daniel (28 January 2015). "As Arab MKs unite, a new political landscape emerges". Times of Israel. Retrieved 14 June 2015.  ^ Elhanan Miller (4 March 2015). "After uniting Arabs behind him, Ayman Odeh
Ayman Odeh
looks to lead opposition". Retrieved 14 June 2015.  ^ "With united front, Israeli Arab
Israeli Arab
parties seek more clout". Ynetnews. AFP. 2 March 2015. Retrieved 14 June 2015.  ^ Hassan Shaalan (22 January 2015). "Arab parties to run as one list in upcoming elections". Ynetnews. Retrieved 14 June 2015.  ^ Ariel Ben Solomon (27 January 2015). "Tibi's Ta'al
Ta'al
party picks lawyer for second slot". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 27 January 2015.  ^ Jodi Rudoren (24 January 2015). "Diverse Israeli Arab
Israeli Arab
Political Factions Join Forces to Keep Place in Parliament". The New York Times. p. A4. Retrieved 14 June 2015.  ^ Ruth Eglash (10 March 2015). "Israel's Arab political parties have united for the first time". The Washington Post. Retrieved 14 June 2015.  ^ Karin Laub (4 March 2015). "Rise of pragmatic Arab politician shakes up Israeli politics". Associated Press. Retrieved 14 June 2015.  ^ Jodi Rudoren; Diaa Hadid (19 March 2015). "Arab Alliance in Israeli Legislature Sees Unity as Vehicle for Progress". The New York Times. Retrieved 14 June 2015.  ^ Ilan Lior (5 March 2015). "Zionist Union, Meretz
Meretz
may revoke their surplus-vote accord and sign with other parties". Haaretz. Retrieved 14 June 2015.  ^ Gideon Allon (13 March 2015). "' Meretz
Meretz
won't be in any coalition with Yisrael Beytenu'". Israel
Israel
Hayom. Retrieved 14 June 2015.  ^ Ariel Ben Solomon (12 March 2015). "Zoabi denies 'Post' report she is willing to recommend Herzog form government". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 14 June 2015.  ^ Jack Khoury (8 March 2015). "The left is not doing Israeli Arabs any favors". Haaretz. Retrieved 14 June 2015.  ^ Nahum Barnea
Nahum Barnea
(13 March 2015). "Netanyahu, tragic hero of 2015 elections". Ynetnews.  ^ Yarden Skop (9 March 2015). " Meretz
Meretz
slams Arab Joint List
Joint List
over failed votes accord". Haaretz. Retrieved 14 June 2015.  ^ Ilan Lior (20 March 2015). "Ire over left-wing parties' surplus vote fiasco was all for nothing". Haaretz. Retrieved 14 June 2015.  ^ "תוצאות האמת של הבחירות לכנסת ה-20" [Actual results of the 20th Knesset
Knesset
elections] (in Hebrew). Central Election Commission. Archived from the original on 2015-03-18. Retrieved 2015-03-19.  ^ "Israeli Arabs say they feel more excluded after election". Associated Press. 20 March 2015. Retrieved 14 June 2015.  ^ Jonathan Beck (29 March 2015). "Arab MKs drop bid for Foreign Affairs and Defense Committee". The Times of Israel. Retrieved 14 June 2015. 

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Parliamentary groups in Israel

Likud Zionist Union

Labor Party Hatnuah Green Movement

Joint List

Hadash United Arab List Balad Maki Ta'al

Yesh Atid Kulanu The Jewish Home
The Jewish Home
(Tkuma) Shas Yisrael Beiteinu United Torah Judaism

Agudat Yisrael Degel HaTorah

Meretz

List of political parties in Israel Politics of Israel Politics portal

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 7

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