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Johor
Johor
(/dʒəˈhɔːr, ˌdʒoʊ-/[4][5][6]) or Johore is a Malaysian state, located in the southern portion of Peninsular Malaysia. The state capital city of Johor
Johor
is Johor
Johor
Bahru. The royal city of the state is Muar and the old state capital is Johor
Johor
Lama. Johor
Johor
is surrounded by Pahang
Pahang
to the north, Melaka
Melaka
and Negeri Sembilan to the northwest, and the Straits of Johor
Straits of Johor
to the south, which separates Johor
Johor
and the Republic of Singapore. The state also shares a maritime border with the Riau
Riau
Archipelago from the east and Riau mainland on the west by the South China Sea
South China Sea
and the Strait of Malacca respectively, both of Indonesian territories. Johor
Johor
is also known by its Arabic honorific, Darul Ta'zim, or "Abode of Dignity", and as Johore in English.

Contents

1 Etymology 2 History 3 Population and demographics

3.1 Ethnic breakdown 3.2 Religion 3.3 Language

4 Geography

4.1 Climate

5 Government and politics

5.1 Monarchy 5.2 State government 5.3 Administrative divisions

6 Economy

6.1 Foreign investments 6.2 Agriculture 6.3 Commerce 6.4 Manufacturing

7 Education

7.1 Public universities 7.2 Private universities and colleges 7.3 Libraries

8 Infrastructures

8.1 Electricity 8.2 Water 8.3 Waste management 8.4 Healthcare

9 Transportation

9.1 Airports 9.2 Ports and harbours 9.3 Roads

9.3.1 Public bus service 9.3.2 Links to Singapore

10 Media

10.1 Television 10.2 Radio 10.3 Newspapers

11 Tourism

11.1 Theme parks 11.2 Public squares 11.3 Museums and galleries 11.4 Nature 11.5 Islands and beaches 11.6 Monuments and mausoleums 11.7 Places of worships 11.8 Shopping malls

12 Culture

12.1 Clothing 12.2 Songs 12.3 Folk dances and music

12.3.1 Zapin
Zapin
dance 12.3.2 Kuda Kepang

12.4 Legends

12.4.1 Legend of Badang 12.4.2 Legend of Malim Deman 12.4.3 Legend of Gunung Ledang 12.4.4 Awang's spear returned to Dayang 12.4.5 Black Tongue Warrior

12.5 Hamdolok

13 References 14 Bibliography 15 External links

Etymology[edit] The name "Johor" originated from Arabic جَوْهَر : jauhar, itself borrowed from Persian گوهر : gauhar, meaning 'precious stone/jewel'.[7][8] Malays tend to name a place after natural objects in great abundance or having visual dominance. Before the name Johor was adopted, the area south of the Muar River
Muar River
to Singapore
Singapore
island was known as Ujong Tanah or 'land's end' in Malay, due to its location at the end of the Malay Peninsula. Coincidentally, Johor
Johor
is the most southern point of the Asian continental mainland.[9] History[edit] See also: Johor Sultanate
Johor Sultanate
and Riau-Lingga Sultanate In the early 16th century, the Sultanate of Johor
Sultanate of Johor
was founded by the Alauddin Riayat Shah II, the son of Mahmud Shah, the last Sultan
Sultan
of Melaka
Melaka
who fled from the invading Portuguese in Melaka. Johor sultanate was one of the two successor states of the Melaka
Melaka
empire. On Malacca's defeat by the Portuguese in 1511, Alauddin Riayat Shah II established a monarchy in Johor, which posed a threat to the Portuguese. The Sultanate of Perak—established by Mahmud Shah's other son, Muzaffar Shah I—was the other successor state of Malacca. During Johor's peak, the whole of Pahang, present day Indonesian territories of the Riau
Riau
archipelago, and part of Sumatra
Sumatra
Island was under Johor's rule. A series of succession struggles were interspersed with strategic alliances struck with regional clans and foreign powers, which maintained Johor's political and economic hold in the Straits. In competition with the Acehnese of northern Sumatra
Sumatra
and the port-kingdom of Melaka
Melaka
under Portuguese rule, Johor
Johor
engaged in prolonged warfare with their rivals, often striking alliances with friendly Malay states and with the Dutch.[citation needed] In 1641, Johor
Johor
in co-operation with the Dutch succeeded in capturing Melaka. By 1660, Johor
Johor
had become a flourishing entrepôt, although weakening and splintering of the empire in the late seventeenth and eighteenth century reduced its sovereignty.[citation needed] In the 18th century, the Bugis
Bugis
of Sulawesi
Sulawesi
and the Minangkabau of Sumatra
Sumatra
controlled the political powers in the Johor-Riau Empire.[citation needed] However, in the early 19th century, Malay and Bugis
Bugis
rivalry commanded the scene. In 1819, the Johor- Riau
Riau
Empire was divided up between the British and the Dutch into the mainland Johor, controlled at first by the Sultan of Johor
Sultan of Johor
and then later his Temenggong, and the Sultanate of Riau-Lingga, controlled by the Bugis.[citation needed] In 1855, under the terms of a treaty between the British in Singapore
Singapore
and Sultan
Sultan
Ali of Johor, control of the state was formally ceded to Dato' Temenggong Daing Ibrahim, with the exception of the Kesang area (Muar), which was handed over in 1877. Temenggong Ibrahim opened up Bandar Tanjung Puteri (later to become Johor's present-day capital) in south Johor
Johor
as a major town.[citation needed]

Flag of Johor. The colour blue represents the State Government, the colour red for warriors defending the state, the white crescent and 5-sided star represent the monarchy and Islam.

Temenggong Ibrahim was succeeded by his son, Dato' Temenggong Abu Bakar, who later took the title Seri Maharaja Johor
Johor
by Queen Victoria of England. In 1886, he was formally crowned the Sultan
Sultan
of Johor, thus usurping the original line of Sultans of Johor
Johor
descended from the Sultanate of Melaka. Sultan
Sultan
Abu Bakar of Johor
Abu Bakar of Johor
(1864–1895) implemented a state constitution, developed a British-style administration and constructed the Istana Besar, the official residence of the Sultan. For his achievements, Sultan
Sultan
Abu Bakar is known by the title "Father of Modern Johor".[citation needed] The increased demand for black pepper and gambier in the nineteenth century lead to the opening up of farmlands to the influx of Chinese immigrants, which created Johor's initial economic base.[10][11] The Kangchu
Kangchu
system was put in place with the first settlement of Kangkar Tebrau established in 1844.[12] The decline of the Kangchu
Kangchu
economy at the end of the 19th century coincided with the opening of the railway line connecting Johor Bahru
Johor Bahru
and the Federated Malay States
Federated Malay States
in 1909 and the emergence of rubber plantations throughout the state.[13] Under the British Resident
British Resident
system, Sultan
Sultan
Ibrahim, Sultan
Sultan
Abu Bakar's successor, was forced to accept a British adviser in 1904. D.G. Campbell was dispatched as the first British adviser to Johor. From the 1910s to the 1940s, Johor
Johor
emerged as Malaya's top rubber producing state, a position it has held until recently.[citation needed] Johor was also until recently the largest oil palm producer in Malaysia.[citation needed] During World War II, Johor Bahru
Johor Bahru
became the last city on the Malay peninsula to fall to the Japanese. Allied Forces, Australian, Malayan and Indian forces held out for four days in what was known as the Battle of Gemas,[14] the General Yamashita Tomoyuki
Yamashita Tomoyuki
had his headquarters on top of Bukit Serene and coordinated the downfall of Singapore. Johor
Johor
gave birth to the Malay opposition that derailed the Malayan Union plan. Malays under Dato' Onn Jaafar's leadership formed the United Malays National Organisation
United Malays National Organisation
(UMNO) in Johor
Johor
on 11 May 1946. ( UMNO
UMNO
is currently the main component party of Malaysia's ruling Barisan Nasional
Barisan Nasional
coalition.) In 1948, Johor
Johor
joined the Federation of Malaya, which gained Independence in 1957. Population and demographics[edit]

Johor
Johor
Bahru, the capital of Johor.

Kota Iskandar, the administrative center of Johor.

Muar, the royal town of Johor.

Johor
Johor
is Malaysia's third-most populous state with the nation's 3rd largest conurbation, the Iskandar Malaysia. As of 2015, the total population of the state was 3,551,000 people.[15] From 1991 to 2000, the state experienced 2.39% average annual population growth, with Johor Bahru
Johor Bahru
District being the highest at 4.59% growth and Segamat District being the lowest at 0.07%.[16] In 2017, the annual population growth for the state was 1.3%.[17] Johor's geographical position in the southern of Peninsular Malaysia contributed to the state's rapid development as Malaysia's transportation and industrial hub. This creates jobs and attracted migrants from other states as well as overseas, especially from Indonesia, the Philippines, Vietnam, Myanmar, Bangladesh, India, Pakistan
Pakistan
and China. As of 2015, foreign residents in the state accounted for 7.8% of the population at around 277,200 people.[18] Sub divisions of Johor

Rank Flag Districts Population (2016)

1

Johor
Johor
Bahru 1,334,188

2

Batu Pahat 401,902

3

Kluang 288,364

4

Kulai 245,294

5

Muar 239,027

6

Kota Tinggi 193,210

7

Segamat 182,985

8

Pontian 149,938

9

Tangkak 131,890

10

Mersing 69,028

Johor
Johor
has the second-largest population in Malaysia
Malaysia
at 3,230,440 as of 2010,[19] which increased to 3,601,690 in 2016.[3] Ethnic breakdown[edit]

Aborigine people of Johor

The following is based on Department of Statistics Malaysia
Malaysia
2015 figures.[3]

Ethnic groups in Johor, 2015

Ethnicity Population Percentage

Malay 1,893,100 53.3%

Chinese 1,075,100 30.3%

Indian 230,700 6.5%

Other Bumiputeras 60,900 1.7%

Others 16,900 0.5%

Non-Malaysian 276,900 7.8%

Most of the people in Johor
Johor
identify themselves as Bangsa Johor (English: Johor
Johor
nation), which is also highly echoed by the Johor royal family to unite the state residents regardless of their race.[20] Religion[edit]

Religion in Johor
Johor
– 2010 Census[21]

religion

percent

Islam

58.2%

Buddhism

29.6%

Hinduism

6.6%

Christianity

3.3%

Unknown / None

1.0%

Chinese Ethnic Religion

0.8%

No Religion

0.3%

Others

0.2%

As of 2010, the population of Johor
Johor
is 58.2% Muslim, 29.6% Buddhist, 6.6% Hindu, 3.3% Christian, 1.2% follower of other religions or unknown affiliations, 0.8% Taoist or Chinese religion adherent, and 0.3% non-religious.[21] The state religion of Johor
Johor
being Islam
Islam
was one of the stipulations in 1946 put on Malaya by Johor.[22] Statistics from the 2010 Census indicate that 89.8% of the Chinese population in Johor
Johor
identify as Buddhists, with significant minorities of adherents identifying as Christians (6.8%), Chinese folk religions (2.1%) and Muslims (0.4%). The majority of the Indian population identify as Hindus (87.9%), with a significant minorities of numbers identifying as Christians (4.05%), Muslims (3.83%), and Buddhists (3.05%). The non-Malay bumiputera community are predominantly Christians (42.3%), with significant minorities identifying as Muslims (25.3%) and Buddhists (13.7%). All Malay bumiputera are Muslims.[23] Language[edit] The Johorean Malay, also known as Johor- Riau
Riau
Malay and originally spoken in Johor, Riau, Melaka, Selangor
Selangor
and Singapore, has been adopted as the basis for both the Malaysian and Indonesian national languages, Malaysian and Indonesian, respectively. Due to Johor's location at the confluence of trade routes within Maritime Southeast Asia, as well as the former economic might and influence of Melaka
Melaka
and Johor, the dialect spread as the region's lingua franca since the 15th century; hence the adoption of the dialect as the basis for the national languages of Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia
Malaysia
and Singapore. Several related languages are also spoken in the state such as Orang Seletar (spoken along the Straits of Johor
Straits of Johor
as well as in northern Singapore), Orang Kanaq (spoken in small parts of southeastern Johor), Jakun (mostly inland parts of Johor), Temuan (near the border with Pahang
Pahang
and Negeri Sembilan) and Orang Kuala (at the northwest coast of Johor). Terengganu
Terengganu
Malay, a distinct variant of Malay are spoken in the district of Mersing
Mersing
near the border with Rompin, Pahang. In October 2017, Sultan of Johor
Sultan of Johor
wife Raja Zarith Sofiah, in her capacity as Royal Patron of the Malaysian English Language Teaching Association, called on more conducive environment for young Malaysian to better master English language.[24][25] Geography[edit] See also: Protected areas of Johor

Panti Forest in Kota Tinggi
Kota Tinggi
District.

Tanjung Leman
Tanjung Leman
Beach in Mersing
Mersing
District.

Johor
Johor
is the fifth largest state in Malaysia
Malaysia
by land area, with a total land area of 19,102 km2 (7,375 sq mi).[26] It is the southernmost state in Peninsular Malaysia, and is located between the 1°20"N and 2°35"N latitudes. The highest point in Johor
Johor
is Mount Ophir standing at 1,276 meters. As of 2015, there are 41 forest reserves in the state which spans over a total area of 5,014 km2, covering 26.1% of the state.[27] It also has three Ramsar sites, which are Tanjung Piai, Pulai River
Pulai River
and Kukup Island.[28] Johor
Johor
has 8 large islands with numerous smaller ones, namely Pulau Aur, Pulau Besar, Pulau Dayang, Pulau Lima, Pulau Pemanggil, Pulau Rawa, Pulau Sibu, Pulau Tengah and Pulau Tinggi. Johor
Johor
has a total length of 492 km coastline.[15] The longest beach is Tanjung Leman
Tanjung Leman
at a length of 20.8 km which is located in Mersing
Mersing
District. Other major beaches are Air Papan, Batu Layar, Desaru, Lido, Minyak Beku, Penyabong, Punggor, Rambah, Stulang Laut, Tanjung Balau, Teluk Buih, Teluk Endau, Teluk Mahkota, Teluk Punggai, Teluk Ramunia
Teluk Ramunia
and Tenglu Beach.[16] Main rivers in Johor
Johor
are Batu Pahat River, Endau River, Johor
Johor
River, Kesang River, Mengkibol River, Mersing
Mersing
River, Muar River, Pelentong River, Pulai River, Sarang Buaya River, Sedili
Sedili
Besar River, Segamat River, Segget River, Skudai River and Tebrau River. Climate[edit] Johor
Johor
has a tropical rainforest climate with monsoon rain from November until February blowing from the South China
China
Sea. The average annual rainfall is 1,778 mm with average temperatures ranging between 25.5 °C (78 °F) and 27.8 °C (82 °F). Humidity is between 82 and 86%.[29] On 19 December 2006, a continuous heavy downpour occurred in Johor, which led to the 2006-2007 Malaysian floods. Many towns such as Muar, Kota Tinggi
Kota Tinggi
and Segamat
Segamat
were seriously flooded with water levels as high as 10 feet (3.0 m) above ground level recorded in some areas. 15 lives were lost and many possessions destroyed, and this resulted in huge financial losses in Johor. More than 100,000 victims were evacuated to flood relief centres.[30] Government and politics[edit] Monarchy[edit] Main article: Sultan
Sultan
of Johor

Sultan
Sultan
Ibrahim Ibni Almarhum Sultan
Sultan
Iskandar, the incumbent Sultan
Sultan
of Johor.

Royal Palace of Sultan
Sultan
of Johor

Johor
Johor
is a constitutional monarchy. Johor
Johor
was the first state in Malaysia
Malaysia
to adopt the constitutional monarchy system via Undang-undang Tubuh Negeri Johor
Johor
( Johor
Johor
State Constitution) written by Sultan
Sultan
Abu Bakar. The constitutional head of Johor
Johor
is the Sultan. This hereditary position can only be held by a member of the Johor
Johor
Royal Family, who is descended from Sultan
Sultan
Abu Bakar. The current Sultan of Johor
Sultan of Johor
is Sultan
Sultan
Ibrahim Ibni Almarhum Sultan
Sultan
Iskandar since 23 January 2010. Johor
Johor
was the first state and currently the only state in Malaysia that has its own military force called the Royal Johor
Johor
Military Force or 'Timbalan Setia Negeri'. It is a private army of the Sultan
Sultan
of Johor
Johor
located at Johor Bahru
Johor Bahru
City.[31] State government[edit] See also: Breakdown of State Seats Representatives, elected in 2013

Johor
Johor
Chief Minister's Office

Johor
Johor
State Legislative Assembly

The state government is headed by a Chief Minister. The current Chief Minister is Dato' Mohamed Khaled Nordin of United Malays National Organisation. The Chief Minister is assisted by 10 members executive council (exco), whose members are selected from the state assembly members. The legislative branch of Johor's government is the Johor
Johor
State Legislative Assembly. The state assembly makes laws in matters regarding the state. Members of the Assembly are elected by citizens every five years by universal suffrage. There are 56 seats in Johor assembly, in which currently the majority (37 seats) are held by Barisan National
Barisan National
after the 2013 general election. Johor
Johor
is divided into ten districts, 103 mukims and 16 local governments.[32] Administrative divisions[edit]

Name Area (km²) Capital Note Local Authorities

Districts and local authorities in Johor

Johor
Johor
Bahru 1,817.8 Johor
Johor
Bahru Johor Bahru
Johor Bahru
City is the seat of Johor Bahru
Johor Bahru
District and also the capital of Johor. Johor Bahru
Johor Bahru
City Council Iskandar Puteri
Iskandar Puteri
City Council Pasir Gudang
Pasir Gudang
Municipal Council

Kulai 753 Kulai Kulai
Kulai
district, originally the sub-district of Johor
Johor
Bahru, was detached in 2008 as Kulaijaya. Later in December 2015, the district was renamed as Kulai
Kulai
district by the Sultan
Sultan
of Johor. Senai International Airport is located in the district. Kulai
Kulai
Municipal Council

Batu Pahat 1,878 Bandar Penggaram (Batu Pahat) Batu Pahat town is the second largest city in Johor. Ayer Hitam
Ayer Hitam
which is also known for its ceramic art. Yong Peng
Yong Peng
and Sri Gading
Sri Gading
are other major towns in the district. Batu Pahat Municipal Council Yong Peng
Yong Peng
District Council

Kluang 2,851 Kluang Kluang town is located in the heart of the state. Simpang Renggam located south of the Kluang also belong to the district. Kluang Municipal Council Simpang Renggam
Simpang Renggam
District Council

Kota Tinggi 3,488 Kota Tinggi Kota Tinggi
Kota Tinggi
was once the rowal town of Johor
Johor
sultanate and the sultanate many relocations also established dozens of royal town including the Johor
Johor
Lama, Sayong Pinang, etc. in the Johor River
Johor River
area. Kota Tinggi District
Kota Tinggi District
Council Pengerang
Pengerang
Local Authority

Tangkak 970 Tangkak Tangkak
Tangkak
district, originally the sub-district of Muar, was detached as Ledang. Later in December 2015, the district was renamed as Tangkak district by the Sultan
Sultan
of Johor. The district has the highest point in Johor
Johor
- Gunung Ledang. Tangkak District
Tangkak District
Council

Mersing 2,838 Mersing Mersing
Mersing
is the main fishing port of Johor, faces the South China
China
Sea and consists of many islands. Mersing District
Mersing District
Council

Muar 1,376 Bandar Maharani (Muar) Muar town also known as 'Fragrance Town' (Bandar Maharani), and on February 5, 2012, the Sultan of Johor
Sultan of Johor
declared Muar as 'Royal Town'. Muar Municipal Council

Pontian 907 Pontian Kechil The Tanjung Piai
Tanjung Piai
in the district is the southernmost point of the Asian continent. Pekan Nanas
Pekan Nanas
is also located in the district. Pontian District
Pontian District
Council

Segamat 2,851 Segamat Labis
Labis
and Bekok
Bekok
are the other major town in the district. Segamat
Segamat
Municipal Council Labis
Labis
District Council

Economy[edit]

Federation of Malaysian Manufacturers (FMM) Johor
Johor
branch office.

Tebrau III Industrial Area

As of 2017, the GDP of Johor
Johor
was RM104.4 billion, the third biggest state economy in Malaysia
Malaysia
after Selangor
Selangor
and Sarawak. In 2016, the economic growth of Johor
Johor
was 5.7% and accounted for 9.4% of Malaysia's GDP.[33] In 2016, the median income in the state was MYR5,652 and unemployment rate was 3.6%.[34] In 2015, major sectors contributing to Johor
Johor
GDP were service (41.0%), manufacturing (30.7%), agriculture (14.9%), construction (5.8%) and mining (0.4%). Based on geographic location, southern Johor
Johor
focuses on trading and services, western Johor
Johor
focuses on manufacturing, business and modern farming, eastern Johor
Johor
focuses on nature, beach and island tourism and central Johor
Johor
focuses on forest reserves, water catchment and reservoirs and palm oil plantation.[16] Iskandar Malaysia
Malaysia
(also known as Iskandar Development Region and South Johor
Johor
Economic Region) encompassing Johor
Johor
Bahru, Kulai, Pasir Gudang and Iskandar Puteri
Iskandar Puteri
is a major development zone in Johor
Johor
with an area of 2,215 km² and Pontian (South). Johor Corporation
Johor Corporation
is a state-owned conglomerate company owned by Johor
Johor
State Government that involves in various business activities in the state and also overseas. Foreign investments[edit] Major foreign companies with foreign direct investment in the state come from the United Kingdom, South Korea, China
China
etc.[34] Agriculture[edit] As of 2015, land area used for agriculture in Johor
Johor
was 11,555 km2, covering 60.15% of the state.[15] As of 2016, palm oil plantation accounted for 7,456 km2 of land area in Johor, making it the third largest plantation area in Malaysia
Malaysia
after Sabah
Sabah
and Sarawak. However, in terms of percentage of palm oil plantation land use with respect to the state area, Johor
Johor
is the highest in Malaysia
Malaysia
at 38.8%.[35] Other agricultural sectors in the state are rubber plantation and produce.[36] Commerce[edit] As of 2010, total land used for commercial buildings was 21.53 km2 with Johor Bahru
Johor Bahru
District accounted for the largest share at 12.99 km2 or 63.5% of the total land.[16] Manufacturing[edit] In 2013-2017, there was a total amount of MYR114.9 billion worth of investment in the manufacturing sectors in the state.[37] The total industrial area in the state as of 2015 was 144 km2 or 0.75% of the total land in Johor.[15] As of 2000, the largest industries in Johor were metal fabrication and machinery industries, accounting for 27.6% of all manufacturing industries in the state, followed by chemical products, petroleum and rubber industries (20.1%) and wooden products and furniture (14.1%).[16] Education[edit] See also: List of schools in Johor

Tun Hussein Onn University of Malaysia

Johor
Johor
has several institutions of higher learning. It has three public universities, namely Universiti Teknologi Malaysia
Malaysia
(UTM) situated in Skudai, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia
Malaysia
(UTHM) in Parit Raja, Universiti Teknologi MARA
Universiti Teknologi MARA
Johor
Johor
(UiTM) in Jementah
Jementah
and UiTM City Campus in Johor Bahru
Johor Bahru
and several polytechnics as an example Politeknik Ibrahim Sultan
Sultan
and Politeknik Mersing
Mersing
Johor. Johor
Johor
also has two teaching colleges called IPG Kampus Temenggong Ibrahim in Johor Bahru and IPG Kampus Tun Hussien Onn in Batu Pahat. It has one non-profit community college called Southern University College situated in Skudai.[38] Johor
Johor
Education Foundation (Yayasan Pelajaran Johor) also establish tertiary education opportunity in Johor
Johor
State. It offers studies from various field such as engineering, business, economics & hospitality for all Malaysian as well as qualified students from anywhere around the world. Currently, YPJ Education group is managing a 100-acre education complex in Kota Tinggi District
Kota Tinggi District
as well as technical colleges in Ledang, Batu Pahat, Kluang and Kota Tinggi District. The English College Johore Bahru, also known as Maktab Sultan
Sultan
Abu Bakar, abbreviated as English College, EC, MSAB, The College, and sometimes dubbed "The Pride of Johore", is among one of the premier historic schools in Malaysia. As of 30 June 2008, there are 243 secondary schools in Johor
Johor
educating 277,059 students.[39] The total number of teachers in Johor
Johor
at that time was 18212, which provided a teacher-student ratio of 15.21. Public universities[edit]

Official Name in Malay Name in English Acronym Location

Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia Tun Hussein Onn University of Malaysia UTHM Parit Raja

Universiti Teknologi Malaysia University of Technology, Malaysia UTM Skudai

Universiti Teknologi MARA MARA Technology University UiTM Segamat
Segamat
and Pasir Gudang

Private universities and colleges[edit]

Official Name in Malay Name in English Acronym Website Location

Kolej Olympia Olympia College

[2] Johor
Johor
Bahru

Kolej Universiti Southern Southern University College SUC [3] Skudai

Universiti Kuala Lumpur Kuala Lumpur
Kuala Lumpur
University UniKL [4] Masai

Institut Sains & Teknologi Darul Takzim University Affiliated College INSTEDT [5] Kota Tinggi

Politeknik Ibrahim Sultan Ibrahim Sultan
Sultan
Polytechnic PIS [6] Johor
Johor
Bahru

Maktab Sultan
Sultan
Abu Bakar English College Johore Bahru EC [7] Johor
Johor
Bahru

Institut Teknologi Perindustrian YPJ Institute of Industrial Technology YPJ [8] Johor
Johor
Bahru

Kolej Aman Aman College

[9] Batu Pahat

Kolej I-Systems I-Systems College INFORMATICS [10] Johor
Johor
Bahru

Kolej Yayasan Pelajaran Johor YPJ College KYPJ [11] Kota Tinggi

Kolej Internasional Crescendo Crescendo International College CRESC [12] Ulu Tiram

Kolej Metropoint Metropoint College

[13] Johor
Johor
Bahru

Kolej Reliance Reliance College

http://www.reliance.edu.my/ Johor
Johor
Bahru

Kolej SAL SAL Group of Colleges SAL [14] Johor
Johor
Bahru

Kolej Sunway Johor
Johor
Bahru Sunway College Johor
Johor
Bahru SUNWAY [15] Johor
Johor
Bahru

Kolej Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman Tunku Abdul Rahman University College TARC [16] Labis

Universiti Perubatan Antarabangsa International Medical University IMU [17] Batu Pahat

Kolej Universiti Sains Kesihatan Masterskill Masterskill University College of Health Sciences MUCH [18] Masai

Institut Latihan Perindustrian (ILP) Pasir Gudang Pasir Gudang
Pasir Gudang
Industrial Training Institute ILPPG [19] Pasir Gudang

Universiti Perubatan Newcastle Malaysia Newcastle University Medicine Malaysia NUMM [20] Iskandar Puteri

Universiti Southampton Kampus Malaysia University of Southampton Malaysia
Malaysia
Campus USMC [21] Iskandar Puteri

Universiti Raffles Iskandar Raffles University Iskandar, Malaysia RUI [22] Johor
Johor
Bahru

Libraries[edit]

Johor
Johor
Public Library

As of 2015, there are 176 public libraries in Johor.[16] Infrastructures[edit] Electricity[edit] Currently, the total installed capacity of electricity generation for Johor
Johor
is 4,268 MW. The total load in 2015 was 2,765 MW.[16] Power stations in Johor
Johor
are Pasir Gudang
Pasir Gudang
Power Station, Sultan
Sultan
Iskandar Power Station and Tanjung Bin Power Station. Water[edit] In 2015, the total daily water usage for Johor
Johor
was 4.35 billion liters.[16] Waste management[edit] In 2015, the total land allocated for waste management in Johor
Johor
from municipal solid waste, business waste and industrial waste was 2,019 hectares.[16] Healthcare[edit]

Sultanah Fatimah Specialist Hospital in Muar Town.

There are public hospitals and private hospitals in Johor. As of 2015, there are 12 public hospitals, which are Sultanah Aminah Hospital, Sultanah Fatimah Hospital, Sultanah Nora Ismail Hospital, Enche' Besar Hajjah Khalsom Hospital, Segamat
Segamat
Hospital, Pontian Hospital, Kota Tinggi Hospital, Mersing
Mersing
Hospital, Tangkak
Tangkak
Hospital, Temenggung Seri Maharaja Tun Ibrahim Hospital, Permai Hospital and Sultan
Sultan
Ismail Hospital. Private hospitals in the state are Penawar Hospital, Johor
Johor
Specialist Hospital, Regency Specialist Hospital, Pantai Hospital Batu Pahat, Putra Specialist Hospital Batu Pahat, KPJ Specialist Hospital Muar, Abdul Samad Specialist Hospital, Columbia Asia, Gleneagles Medini Hospital and KPJ Specialist Hospital Pasir Gudang. Transportation[edit] Airports[edit]

Senai
Senai
International Airport

Johor
Johor
has one international airport, the Senai
Senai
International Airport in Kulai
Kulai
District. It was opened on 6 June 1974 and has been expanded several times since. Currently, it has a 5-million passenger capacity, with a parallel taxiway under construction. The airport is a regional hub of AirAsia. Malaysia
Malaysia
Airlines and Firefly also operate flights from Senai International Airport
Senai International Airport
to some local destinations. It also houses the Kluang Airport
Kluang Airport
and Mersing
Mersing
Airport in Kluang District and Mersing District
Mersing District
respectively. Ports and harbours[edit]

Port of Tanjung Pelepas

Johor
Johor
has three ports, the Johor
Johor
Port, the Port of Tanjung Pelepas
Port of Tanjung Pelepas
and the Tanjung Langsat Port. Ferry harbours and jetties in the state are Bandar Maharani Bandar DiRaja Ferry Terminal, Johor Lama
Johor Lama
Village Jetty, Kukup
Kukup
International Ferry Terminal, Mersing
Mersing
Johor
Johor
Sea Department Passenger Jetty, Minyak Beku
Minyak Beku
Ferry Terminal, Puteri Harbour International Ferry Terminal, Tanjung Emas Jetty and Tanjung Leman Tunjuk Laut Jetty Terminal. Roads[edit] Johor
Johor
is linked to the other states and federal territories in western coast of Peninsular Malaysia
Malaysia
via the North–South Expressway and in eastern coast of the peninsular via the Malaysia
Malaysia
Federal Route 3. Public bus service[edit] Paid public buses in Johor
Johor
connect Larkin Sentral
Larkin Sentral
and Johor
Johor
Bahru Sentral Bus Terminals in Johor Bahru
Johor Bahru
City to other towns in Johor Bahru District as well as towns in Batu Pahat District, Kota Tinggi District, Kulai District
Kulai District
and Pontian District.[40] Free public buses for locals named Muafakat Bus operate in Johor Bahru
Johor Bahru
City, Iskandar Puteri, Pasir Gudang
Pasir Gudang
and Kulai
Kulai
Town with 54 routes in total.[41] Trans Johor
Johor
buses serve destinations between districts in the state with 7 routes in total.[42] Links to Singapore[edit]

Malaysia– Singapore
Singapore
Second Link

Johor
Johor
is linked to Singapore
Singapore
via two road connections over the Straits of Johor: the Johor– Singapore
Singapore
Causeway and the Malaysia–Singapore Second Link. Opened in 1923, the Johor– Singapore
Singapore
Causeway spans over a length of around 1 km linking Johor Bahru
Johor Bahru
City and Woodlands in Singapore. It also carries a railway line, linking Singapore, Peninsular Malaysia
Malaysia
and Thailand. Opened in 1998, the Malaysia– Singapore
Singapore
Second Link spans over a length of around 2 km linking Tanjung Kupang
Tanjung Kupang
and Tuas
Tuas
in Singapore. Media[edit] Television[edit] Television in Johor
Johor
consists of seven free-to-air stations. The TV stations are transmitted from Mount Ophir
Mount Ophir
(for North Johor
Johor
area), Mount Pulai
Mount Pulai
(for Central and South Johor
Johor
area) and Bukit Tinggi (for East Johor; TV1 and TV2 only). Three of the seven free-to-air stations are managed by Radio Televisyen Malaysia, while the four commercial stations are owned by Media Prima. Some Singapore
Singapore
TV channels transmitted from Bukit Batok can be received in central and southern Johor.

Free-to-air

Radio Televisyen Malaysia
Malaysia
(RTM)

TV1 TV2 TVi TV Alhijrah

Media Prima

TV3 ntv7 8TV TV9 Sport 24

Cable television

ABNXcess

Satellite television

Astro (All Astro Plc)

Radio[edit] Radio stations in Johor
Johor
are available in the FM frequency and transmitted from Mount Ledang (for North Johor
Johor
area), Mount Pulai
Mount Pulai
(for Central and South Johor
Johor
area) and Bukit Tinggi (for East Johor). Some Singapore
Singapore
radio stations can be received in central and southern Johor. Newspapers[edit] Mainstream newspapers in Johor
Johor
are:

Berita Harian
Berita Harian
(in Bahasa Malaysia) Utusan Malaysia
Malaysia
(in Bahasa Malaysia) Kosmo! (in Bahasa Malaysia) Harian Metro
Harian Metro
(in Bahasa Malaysia) Sinar Harian
Sinar Harian
(in Bahasa Malaysia) New Straits Times
New Straits Times
(in English) The Star (in English) The Malay Mail
The Malay Mail
(in English) The Sun (in English) Nanyang Siang Pau (in Mandarin) Sin Chew Daily
Sin Chew Daily
(in Mandarin) China
China
Press (in Mandarin) Malaysia
Malaysia
Nanban (in Tamil) Tamil Nesan
Tamil Nesan
(in Tamil) Makkal Osai (in Tamil) Harakah
Harakah
(in Bahasa Malaysia
Malaysia
and English). This newspaper is owned by the Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party, one of the major party in the Pakatan Rakyat opposition in Johor. Suara Keadilan. This newspaper is owned by People's Justice Party, another major party in the Pakatan Rakyat
Pakatan Rakyat
opposition in Johor.

Tourism[edit] Main article: List of tourist attractions in Johor In 2016, the total tourist arrivals in the state was 10 million visitors, with 7.4 million visitors from Malaysia
Malaysia
and 2.6 million visitors from outside Malaysia.[43] Theme parks[edit]

Legoland Malaysia
Malaysia
Resort

Theme parks and amusement parks in the state are Austin Heights Water and Adventure Park, Danga Bay, Legoland Malaysia
Malaysia
Resort, Mount Lambak Water Park, Tropical Village
Tropical Village
and Wet World Batu Pahat Water Park. Public squares[edit] Public squares in the state are Air Papan
Air Papan
Square, Johor Bahru
Johor Bahru
City Square, Kluang Lake Square, Kota Tinggi
Kota Tinggi
Town Square, Labis
Labis
Square, Mahkota Square, Penggaram Square, Pontian Royal Square, Segamat
Segamat
Square and Serene Square. Museums and galleries[edit]

Kota Johor Lama
Johor Lama
Museum

Museums in the state are Bugis
Bugis
Museum, Figure Museum, Johor
Johor
Bahru Chinese Heritage Museum, Kite Museum, KTM Museum, Kota Johor
Johor
Lama Museum, Kota Tinggi
Kota Tinggi
Museum, Pineapple Museum
Pineapple Museum
and Tanjung Balau Fishermen Museum. Galleries in the state are Dato' Onn Gallery and Johor
Johor
Art Gallery. Nature[edit] Main article: Protected areas of Johor

Mount Ophir

Johor
Johor
houses many national parks, mountains, jungles and waterfalls. Johor
Johor
currently has five national parks, with a combined area of more than 700 km² and several smaller recreational forest. Almost all recreational parks are based around a mountain. Johor
Johor
also has the third-largest mangrove forest reserve in Peninsular Malaysia (167 km²). Notable national parks are Endau- Rompin
Rompin
National Park and Tanjung Piai
Tanjung Piai
National Park. Notable mountains are Mount Banang, Mount Belumut, Mount Lambak, Mount Ma'okil, Mount Ophir
Mount Ophir
and Mount Pulai. Famous waterfall in the state is Kota Tinggi
Kota Tinggi
Waterfalls. Zoo in Johor
Johor
is the Johor
Johor
Zoo. Islands and beaches[edit] Notable tourist islands in the state are Aur Island, Besar Island, Kukup
Kukup
Island, Pemanggil Island, Rawa Island, Sibu Island
Sibu Island
and Tinggi Island. Major beach resort is Desaru. Monuments and mausoleums[edit] Notable monuments and mausoleums in the state are Mahmoodiah Royal Mausoleum and Sultan
Sultan
Mahmud Mangkat Di Julang Mausoleum. Places of worships[edit] Notable places of worships in the state are Arulmigu Sri Rajakaliamman Glass Temple, Church of the Immaculate Conception, Johor Bahru
Johor Bahru
Old Chinese Temple, Kota Iskandar Mosque, Sultan
Sultan
Abu Bakar State Mosque, Sultan
Sultan
Ibrahim Jamek Mosque and Sultan
Sultan
Iskandar Mosque. This also includes notable building such as Fortune Dragon. Shopping malls[edit] Notable shopping malls in the state are 1 Segamat, ÆON Bukit Indah, ÆON Permas Jaya, ÆON Tebrau City, Angsana Johor Bahru
Johor Bahru
Mall, Batu Pahat Mall, Danga City Mall, Johor Bahru
Johor Bahru
City Square, Johor
Johor
Premium Outlets, Komtar JBCC, Kluang Mall, KSL City, Kulai
Kulai
Centre Point, Mall of Medini, Perling
Perling
Mall, Plaza Kota Tinggi, Plaza Pelangi, Square One Shopping Mall, The Summit Batu Pahat, Sutera Mall, Tasek Central, Today's Mall and U Mall. Culture[edit]

Malay Cultural Village

The culture of Johor
Johor
is influenced by visitors and traders throughout history. A major influence was the Bugis
Bugis
– who first set foot in Malaysia
Malaysia
in Johor
Johor
before continuing on to Melaka, Linggi, Selangor, Pahang
Pahang
and Terengganu
Terengganu
– Javanese and the Arabs. They had a powerful effect on the politics of Johor, Pahang, Terengganu
Terengganu
and Selangor. The strong Arab influence is apparent in art performances like Zapin
Zapin
and Hamdolok, musical instruments like gambus.[44] Other visible legacies in Johor Bahru
Johor Bahru
are the Arabic names of places such as Wadi
Wadi
Hana and Wadi
Wadi
Hassan in areas populated by the Arab community from Hadhramaut in the southeast of Yemen. Wadi
Wadi
means valley in Arabic. Clothing[edit]

Cekak Musang and Teluk Belanga are types of collar design for the male garment 'baju melayu'. It is said that Teluk Belanga was designed by Sultan
Sultan
Abu Bakar in 1866 to commemorate the shift of Johor's capital from Teluk Belanga to Johor
Johor
Bahru. The Teluk Belanga design is a simple hemmed round collar with a stiff stitching called 'tulang belut' or 'eel's spine', with a loop at the end to fit a 'kancing'. This collar design creates an exposed neck in contrast to the neck-covering Cekak Musang design that is a raised stiff collar of about 1–2 cm with an opening down to the chest. The collar ends have matching holes to fit buttons.[45] Kurung Johor Kurung Riau Belah kebaya panjang

Songs[edit]

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Tanjung Puteri is the song most commonly associated with Johor.

Tanjung Puteri Tajuk Johor
Johor
Tanjung Puteri Selat Tebrau airnya biru Di Pantai Lido tepian mandi Sepanjang masa di hari minggu Atas bukit Tanjung Puteri Taman hiburan indah berseri Pemandangan menawan hati Jalan tambak hubungan negeri (chorus) Tanjung Sekijang nun di kuala Tempat nelayan mengail gelama Istana Hinggap di Kuala Danga Pantai berkelah keluarga diRaja Dari Tebrau orang berakit Singgah Setulang membeli kopi Pusara si Bongkok di lereng bukit Di tepi pantai Tanjung Puteri

Folk dances and music[edit] Zapin
Zapin
dance[edit] Main article: Zapin Zapin
Zapin
is a dance form popular in Malaysia, especially in the state of Johor. It is believed to have been introduced by Muslim
Muslim
missionaries from the Middle East in the 14th century. In the old days, only males were allowed to perform it, but it now includes female dancers. It was once performed exclusively for religious ceremonies, but has become a traditional entertainment. The dancers usually perform in pairs, accompanied by a traditional music ensemble that typically consists of the gambus, accordion, violin, marwas (bongos), rebana (drum), and dok. There are various types of zapin—including zapin melayu, zapin pekajang, zapin tenglu, zapin pulau, zapin parit mastar, and zapin lenga. Kuda Kepang[edit] Main article: Kuda Kepang Kuda kepang is a dance or game performed by Johoreans, especially of Javanese descent. Kuda kepang is a legless horse-shaped puppet that is straddled by the performers. Usually, a troupe of performers consists of 10 to 15 people. It is performed at wedding ceremonies and cultural celebrations. There are several possible origins of kuda kepang. It is said to derive from the struggles of Wali Songo, a group of nine Islamic preachers in Java. Others think it originated from the movement of horses commanded by Ali, the fourth Muslim
Muslim
Caliph. There are several dance rhythms or patterns: the sola, Sselendang, pak tani, pucuk rebung, perjuangan, and mempertahankan diri. The bobbing movement of the performers and their horse puppet is called lenggang kiprah. The musical instruments used in kuda kepang performance are angklong, gendang, gong, kinong, jidor, soron kecil and bonang. Legends[edit] Legend of Badang[edit] This is a story of Badang, a slave who gained super human strength by eating the vomit of a river spirit. He used this to win his freedom. Contrary to popular belief, Badang was born in Sayong Pinang, Johor. Upon hearing his strength, he was summoned by the Seri Rama Wira Kerma of Temasik where he displayed his skills. Challengers were sent by foreign kingdoms to defeat him. Among them were King of Kalinga I from India
India
who sent Nadi Bijaya Pikrama, a fierce wrestler, and the noblemen of Perlak who sent Benderang. Badang emerged victorious from both fights and eventually stayed in Temasik until his death. Legend of Malim Deman[edit] According to legend, Malim Deman was a king in Segamat
Segamat
who was in love with Princess Santan Bertapis. The princess was kidnapped by a spirit and Malim Deman swore that as long as the princess is not returned, the Segamat
Segamat
area shall experience floods for all eternity. However, with modern town planning and irrigation, flooding is now a rare occurrence in Segamat. Legend of Gunung Ledang[edit] Main article: Legend of Gunung Ledang Awang's spear returned to Dayang[edit] Lembing Awang Pulang ke Dayang (Awang's spear Returned to Dayang) is an incident that occurred in Parit Raja, Muar. It occurred in 1776 when a man called Awang returned to Padang (now known as Parit Raja, Muar) after more than 3 years abroad to marry his fiancée Dayang. Upon his return, he found out that another man called Bachok at Pa'achok had told Dayang of Awang's death and she was to be married to him the next day. Awang showed up at the wedding and using a twin spear given by Raja Bugis, he speared Bachok in the stomach. Bachok, fatally injured, grabbed the spear in his stomach and speared his best man. The man then speared the next man he saw and this was repeated until the 99th person was speared. It was Dayang's father who was protecting Dayang. He did not continue the repeated spearing and died. Awang ran away to Endau and Dayang did not marry another until she died. Black Tongue Warrior[edit] Panglima Lidah Hitam (the Black Tongue Warrior) is a legendary warrior in Johor
Johor
state. Hamdolok[edit] Hamdolok originated from the exposure of Middle Eastern culture introduced by Arabs
Arabs
in Johor. It is a traditional theatre performed during weddings and festivals. It is a blend of artistic characters of both the Middle East and local Malay communities. Instruments used include the gambus, tambourine, maracas and conga drums. It was also inspired by the Bedouin celebrating the birth of Islamic prophet Muhammad playing musical instruments and reciting poetry. References[edit]

^ https://www.dosm.gov.my/v1/index.php?r=column/cone&menu_id=d1dTR0JMK2hUUUFnTnp5WUR2d3VBQT09 ^ "Department of Statistics Malaysia
Malaysia
Official Portal". www.dosm.gov.my.  ^ a b c "Population by States and Ethnic Group". Department of Information, Ministry of Communications and Multimedia, Malaysia. 2015. Archived from the original on 12 February 2016. Retrieved 12 February 2015.  ^ Jones, Daniel (2003) [1917], Peter Roach, James Hartmann and Jane Setter, eds., English Pronouncing Dictionary, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, ISBN 3-12-539683-2 CS1 maint: Uses editors parameter (link) ^ "Johor". Merriam-Webster
Merriam-Webster
Dictionary.  ^ "Johor". Dictionary.com Unabridged. Random House.  ^ " Johor
Johor
History". Johor
Johor
State Investment Center. Archived from the original on 31 August 2011.  ^ Jonathan Rigg. A dictionary of the Sunda language of Java. ReInk Books. p. 177.  ^ "Home - New Straits Times
New Straits Times
- Malaysia
Malaysia
General Business Sports and Lifestyle News". NST Online.  ^ A. Trocki, Carl (2007). Prince of Pirates: The Temenggongs and the Development of Johor
Johor
and Singapore
Singapore
1784–1885 (2nd ed.). NUS Press. ISBN 978-9971-69-376-3  ^ Jackson, James C. (1968). "Planters and speculators: Chinese and European agricultural enterprise in Malaya, 1786–1921". University of Malaya Press  ^ "Home - New Straits Times
New Straits Times
- Malaysia
Malaysia
General Business Sports and Lifestyle News". NST Online.  ^ "Home - New Straits Times
New Straits Times
- Malaysia
Malaysia
General Business Sports and Lifestyle News". NST Online.  ^ "YouTube". www.youtube.com.  ^ a b c d http://epublisiti.townplan.gov.my/rsn/RSN_Johor2030/RingkasanEksekutifJohor2030.pdf ^ a b c d e f g h i http://jpbd.johor.gov.my/images/jpbd_DokumenTerbitan/Handbook.pdf ^ https://www.dosm.gov.my/v1/index.php?r=column/cone&menu_id=d1dTR0JMK2hUUUFnTnp5WUR2d3VBQT09 ^ http://epublisiti.townplan.gov.my/rsn/RSN_Johor2030/FlyersJohor2030.pdf ^ "Laporan Kiraan Permulaan 2010". Jabatan Perangkaan Malaysia. p. iv. Archived from the original on 8 July 2011. Retrieved 24 January 2011.  ^ "Poll: One in 10 Johoreans identify as 'Bangsa Johor' first, Malaysians second". Malay Mail Online. 19 November 2017. Retrieved 29 March 2018.  ^ a b "2010 Population and Housing Census of Malaysia" (PDF) (in Malay and English). Department of Statistics, Malaysia. p. 13. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 January 2013. Retrieved 17 June 2012.  ^ Teh, Wei Soon (26 October 2015). " Johor
Johor
Crown Prince Claims That His State Has Every Right To Secede, Experts Disagree". Malaysian Digest.  ^ "2010 Population and Housing Census of Malaysia" (PDF) (in Malay and English). Department of Statistics, Malaysia. p. 83. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 January 2013. Retrieved 17 June 2012.  ^ Bernama (1 October 2017). " Johor
Johor
Permaisuri urges more effort to increase English language
English language
proficiency among young people". Malay Mail Online. Retrieved 28 March 2018.  ^ Yee, Xiang Yun (1 October 2017). "Raja Zarith: Stem decline in English language
English language
proficiency". The Star Online. Retrieved 28 March 2018.  ^ https://www.dosm.gov.my/v1/index.php?r=column/cone&menu_id=d1dTR0JMK2hUUUFnTnp5WUR2d3VBQT09 ^ "Kad Laporan Manifesto Pilihanraya Umum Ke-13 "Mensejahterakan Rakyat"" (PDF). Muafakat Johor
Johor
(in Malay). 25 March 2018. Retrieved 26 March 2018.  ^ " Johor
Johor
2030" (PDF). e-Publisiti Jabatan Perancangan Bandar dan Desa (in Malay). p. 8. Retrieved 6 April 2018.  ^ " Johor Bahru
Johor Bahru
Monthly Climate Averages". World Weather Online.  ^ "Mother Nature hits back". The Star. 29 December 2006. Archived from the original on 22 June 2011.  ^ "Home - New Straits Times
New Straits Times
- Malaysia
Malaysia
General Business Sports and Lifestyle News". NST Online.  ^ (PDF) (in Malay) [Rancangan Struktur Negeri Johor
Johor
2030 (Kajian Semula):Ringkasan Eksekutif Rancangan Struktur Negeri Johor
Johor
2030 (Kajian Semula):Ringkasan Eksekutif] Check url= value (help).  Missing or empty title= (help) ^ " Johor
Johor
to unseat Sarawak
Sarawak
as second-largest state economy". Free Malaysia
Malaysia
Today. 19 October 2017. Retrieved 5 March 2018.  ^ a b " Johor
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banks on tourists, rails, ports and parks to drive economy forward". 14 June 2017.  ^ Kushairi Din, Ahmad (17 January 2017). "Malaysian Oil Palm Industry Performance 2016 and Prospects for 2017" (PDF). Malaysian Palm Oil Board. Retrieved 30 March 2018.  ^ " Johor
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2030" (PDF). e-Publisiti Jabatan Rancangan Bandar dan Desa (in Malay). p. 7. Retrieved 6 April 2018.  ^ "Pencapaian Johor
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General Business Sports and Lifestyle News". NST Online.  ^ Kenali Gaya: Mata lalat, tulang belut bezakan baju Melayu, Berita Harian Online, September 2008

Bibliography[edit]

Andaya, Leonard Y., "The Kingdom of Johor
Johor
1641–1728: Economic and Political Developments", Kuala Lumpur: Oxford University Press, 1975. Borschberg, Peter, "The Seizure of the Santa Catarina Revisited: The Portuguese Empire in Asia, VOC Politics and the Origins of the Dutch- Johor
Johor
Alliance (c. 1602–1616)", Journal of Southeast Asian Studies, 33.1 (2002): 31–62. (This article can be downloaded free of charge at www.cambride.org, doi:10.1017/S0022463402000024) Borschberg, Peter, "The Singapore
Singapore
and Melaka
Melaka
Straits: Violence, Security and Diplomacy in the Seventeenth Century", Singapore: NUS Press, 2010. ISBN 9789971694647. https://www.academia.edu/4302722 Borschberg, Peter, "Hugo Grotius, the Portuguese and Free Trade in the East Indies", Singapore: NUS Press, 2011. ISBN 9789971694678. https://www.academia.edu/4302729 Borschberg, Peter, "Journal, Memorial and Letters of Cornelis Matelieff de Jonge. Security, Diplomacy and Commerce in 17th-Century Southeast Asia", Singapore: NUS Press, 2015. ISBN 978-997169798-3. https://www.academia.edu/4302783 Borschberg, Peter, "Jacques de Coutre's Singapore
Singapore
and Johor, 1595-c.1625", Singapore: NUS Press, 2015. ISBN 978-9971698522. https://www.academia.edu/9672124 Borschberg, Peter, "The value of Admiral Matelieff's writings for the history of Southeast Asia, c.1600-1620", Journal of Southeast Asian Studies, 48(3), pp. 414-435. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S002246341700056X Trocki, Carl A., Prince of Pirates: the Temenggongs and the Development of Johor
Johor
and Singapore, 1784–1885, University of Hawaii Press, 1979, ISBN 9789971693763 Winstedt, Richard O., “A History of Johore”, Journal of the Malayan Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society, 10.3 (1932): 1–167. (Available in various MBRAS reprints).

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Johor.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Johor.

Johor
Johor
Government Website Johor
Johor
Chief Minister Office Official Website Johor
Johor
Chief Minister Office Official Website, Media and Communication Unit(MedKom) Tourism Johor Johor
Johor
travel guide written and maintained by locals Johor
Johor
Community My Far East, Johor
Johor
– Malaysia History of the Johor
Johor
Empire Tourism Malaysia
Malaysia
– Johor

Places adjacent to Johor

Jasin,  Melaka Tampin,  Negeri Sembilan, Bera / Rompin,  Pahang Rompin,  Pahang

Straits of Malacca

Johor

South China
China
Sea

Straits of Malacca Straits of Johor South China
China
Sea

v t e

State of Johor

Capital: Johor
Johor
Bahru

Topics

Menteris Besar Elections Geography Monarchy

Monarchs

Legislative Johoreans Symbols

Coats of arms Flag

Administrative divisions

Districts

Batu Pahat District Johor Bahru
Johor Bahru
District Kluang District Kota Tinggi
Kota Tinggi
District Kulai
Kulai
District Mersing
Mersing
District Muar District Pontian District Segamat
Segamat
District Tangkak
Tangkak
District

Cities and major towns

Johor Bahru
Johor Bahru
(capital) Iskandar Puteri
Iskandar Puteri
(administrative capital) Muar (royal town) Batu Pahat Kluang Kulai Pasir Gudang Kota Tinggi Segamat Pontian Kechil Mersing Tangkak Yong Peng Labis Simpang Renggam

Towns and mukims

Ayer Bemban Ayer Hitam Air Papan Bakri Bandar Mas Bandar Penawar Bandar Tenggara Batu Anam Bekok Benut Bukit Batu Bukit Gambir Bukit Kangkar Bukit Kepong Bukit Naning Bukit Pasir Buloh Kasap Chaah Desaru Endau Gelang Patah Gemas Baharu Genuang Jemaluang Jementah Johor
Johor
Lama Kahang Kampung Tengah Kangkar Pulai Kempas Kong Kong Kota Iskandar (state administrative centre) Kukup Larkin Layang-Layang Lenga Lima Kedai Lombong Machap Masai Mengkibol Pagoh Paloh Parit Bakar Parit Bunga Parit Jawa Parit Raja Parit Sulong Parit Yaani Panchor Pasir Pelangi Pekan Air Panas Pekan Nanas Pengerang Permas Jaya Plentong Renggam Rengit Sagil Saleng Sedenak Sedili Seelong Semerah Senai Senggarang Skudai Sri Gading Sri Medan Stulang Sungai Balang Sungai Mati Sungai Rengit Tampoi Tanjung Balau Tanjung Kupang Tanjung Langsat Tanjung Leman Tanjung Pelepas Tanjung Pengelih Tebrau Teluk Mahkota Teluk Ramunia Teluk Sengat Tenang Tenggaroh Tongkang Pechah Ulu Choh Ulu Tiram

Villages

Chamek FELDA Lok Heng FELDA Taib Andak FELDA Waha Kampung Bakar Batu Kampung Bukit Treh Kampung Kayu Ara Pasong Kampung Melayu Majidee Kampung Nong Chik Kampung Tengah Kelapa Sawit Kangkar Tebrau Minyak Beku Parit Sakai Parit Unas Pasir Gogok Pendas Sungai Karas Tanjung Piai Tanjung Resang Segenting

Townships and major residental area

Bandar Baru UDA Bandar Dato' Onn Bandar Putra Kulai Bandar Seri Alam Bandar Universiti Pagoh Bukit Indah Century Garden (Taman Century) Forest City Horizon Hills Indahpura Kota Masai Medini Mutiara Rini Perling Pura Kencana Setia Indah Setia Tropika Taman Damansara Aliff Taman Daya Taman Johor
Johor
Jaya Taman Melodies Taman Molek Taman Scientex Taman Sri Lambak Taman Suria Taman Ungku Tun Aminah Taman Universiti Taman Flora Utama Taman Bukit Pasir Taman Setia Jaya 2

Islands

Middle Rocks South Ledge Aur Besar Che Kamat Kukup Merambong Pemanggil Pisang Rawa Sibu Tengah Tinggi

Commons Wikisource Category

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Iskandar Malaysia

Districts

Kulai Johor
Johor
Bahru Pontian (South)

Key entities

Khazanah Nasional Iskandar Regional Development Authority Iskandar Investment Berhad Kumpulan Prasarana Rakyat Johor Johor
Johor
Corporation Johor
Johor
Islamic Corporation UEM Group Ekovest Berhad

Local authorities

Pihak Berkuasa Tempatan Pengerang
Pengerang
(PBTP) Majlis Daerah Pontian (MDP) Majlis Bandaraya Iskandar Puteri
Iskandar Puteri
(MBIP) Majlis Perbandaran Kulai
Kulai
(MPKu) Majlis Bandaraya Johor Bahru
Johor Bahru
(MBJB) Majlis Perbandaran Pasir Gudang
Pasir Gudang
(MPPG)

Economic zones

Zone A: Johor Bahru
Johor Bahru
City Centre Zone B: Iskandar Puteri Zone C: Western Gate Development Zone D: Eastern Gate Development Zone E: Senai-Skudai

Major towns and suburb

Johor
Johor
Bahru

Bandar Dato' Onn Danga Bay Johor
Johor
Jaya Larkin Plentong Tampoi Tebrau Ulu Tiram

Iskandar Puteri

Bukit Indah Forest City Gelang Patah Horizon Hills Kota Iskandar Medini Iskandar Malaysia Skudai Tanjung Kupang Ulu Choh

Pasir Gudang

Bandar Seri Alam Masai Permas Jaya Tanjung Langsat

Bandar Kulai

Indahpura Senai Saleng Sedenak Seelong Sengkang

Pekan Nanas

Ayer Bemban

Major landmarks

Kota Iskandar Persada Johor Johor– Singapore
Singapore
Causeway Southern Integrated Gateway

Sultan
Sultan
Iskandar Building JB Sentral

Larkin Sentral Malaysia– Singapore
Singapore
Second Link

Sultan
Sultan
Abu Bakar Complex

Mall of Medini Kempas
Kempas
Sentral Komtar JBCC Johor
Johor
Port Port of Tanjung Pelepas Permas Jaya
Permas Jaya
Bridge Sungai Johor
Johor
Bridge Iskandar Coastal Bridge Johor
Johor
Technology Park Senai
Senai
International Airport Tanjung Piai Johor
Johor
Premium Outlets MSC Cyberport Legoland Malaysia Puteri Harbour Family Theme Park Pinewood Iskandar Malaysia
Malaysia
Studios Sultan
Sultan
Iskandar Mosque Johor Bahru
Johor Bahru
Old Chinese Temple

Infrastructure

Pasir Gudang
Pasir Gudang
Highway Johor
Johor
Bahru– Pasir Gudang
Pasir Gudang
Elevated Expressway Second Link Expressway North–South Expressway Southern Route Johor Bahru
Johor Bahru
Rapid Transit System (Proposed) Senai– Desaru
Desaru
Expressway Johor Bahru
Johor Bahru
Eastern Dispersal Link Expressway Skudai
Skudai
Highway Johor Bahru
Johor Bahru
Inner Ring Road Tebrau Highway Iskandar Coastal Highway Bukit Indah
Bukit Indah
Highway Johor Bahru
Johor Bahru
East Coast Highway Gemas– Johor Bahru
Johor Bahru
double-tracking and electrification project

Education

University of Reading
University of Reading
Malaysia
Malaysia
Campus Newcastle University Medicine Malaysia University of Southampton MDIS Malaysia Universiti Teknologi Malaysia
Malaysia
(UTM) Universiti Teknologi MARA
Universiti Teknologi MARA
(UiTM) Southern University College
Southern University College
(Southen UC) Politeknik Ibrahim Sultan
Sultan
(PIS)

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East Coast Economic Region (ECER)

ECER Kelantan

Central Spine Road Gua Musang Kota Bharu Pengkalan Chepa Rantau Panjang Second East–West Highway Sultan
Sultan
Ismail Petra Airport Taman Negara Universiti Malaysia
Malaysia
Kelantan

ECER Terengganu

Bandar Al-Muktafi Billah Shah Bandar Ketengah Jaya East Coast Expressway Islamic Heritage Park Kemaman Kenyir Lake Kerteh Kerteh- Kuantan
Kuantan
Port Railway Line Kuala Terengganu Paka Perhentian Islands Rantau Abang Redang Island Second East–West Highway Sultan
Sultan
Mahmud Airport Taman Negara Universiti Malaysia
Malaysia
Terengganu

ECER Pahang

Bandar Indera Mahkota Bandar Muadzam Shah Bandar Tun Razak, Jengka Bandar Tun Abdul Razak Bera Lake Central Spine Road Cherating Chini Lake East Coast Expressway Gambang Gebeng Genting Highlands Jerantut Kerteh- Kuantan
Kuantan
Port Railway Line Kuantan Kuantan
Kuantan
Port Pekan Sultan
Sultan
Haji Ahmad Shah Airport Taman Negara Terminal Kuantan
Kuantan
Sentral Tioman Island Universiti Malaysia
Malaysia
Pahang

ECER Johor

Endau Endau- Rompin
Rompin
National Park Mersing Pulau Sibu

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States and federal territories of Malaysia

States

 Johor  Kedah  Kelantan  Melaka  Negeri Sembilan  Pahang  Penang  Perak  Perlis  Sabah  Sarawak  Selangor  Terengganu

Federal Territories

 Kuala Lumpur  Labuan  Putrajaya

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 267156929 LCCN: n81012

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