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John Vernou "Black Jack" Bouvier III (May 19, 1891 – August 3, 1957) was an American Wall Street
Wall Street
stockbroker and socialite. He was the father of First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis, socialite Lee Radziwill, and the father-in-law of President John F. Kennedy. His nickname, "Black Jack", referred to his omnipresent dark tan and his flamboyant lifestyle.

Contents

1 Early Life and career 2 Personal life 3 Later years and death 4 In popular culture 5 References

Early Life and career[edit] Bouvier was born in East Hampton, New York. He was the eldest of five children born to Major
Major
John Vernou Bouvier, Jr., a successful attorney, and Maude Frances Sergeant.[1] Bouvier's great-grandfather, Michel Bouvier, was a French cabinetmaker from Pont Saint-Esprit in the Province of Provence in southern France. He immigrated to Philadelphia
Philadelphia
in 1815 after having served in the Napoleonic Wars. He married Louise Clifford Vernou of Philadelphia. As well as crafting fine furniture, Michel Bouvier had a business distributing firewood. To support this he acquired large tracts of forests some of which turned out to contain a large reserve of coal. Michel grew his fortune later in real estate speculation. His son, Michel Charles (M.C.) Bouvier, distinguished himself in the world of finance on Wall Street. M.C. left his fortune to his nephew, Major
Major
John Vernou Bouvier, Jr., who used it to buy an estate in East Hampton, Long Island, known as Lasata.[2] Bouvier had a younger brother, William Sergeant "Bud" Bouvier, who died from alcoholism, and three younger sisters, Maude R. Bouvier Davis, Michelle C. Bouvier Scott Putnam, and Edith Ewing Bouvier (wife of Phelan Beale, Sr., mother of Edith Bouvier Beale, Phelan Beale, Jr., and Bouvier Beale).[3][4][5] Bouvier attended Sheffield Scientific School
Sheffield Scientific School
of Yale University. While attending Yale, he was a member of the Book and Snake
Book and Snake
secret society and the Cloister Club. He graduated in 1914.[6][7] Upon his graduation, he went to work as a stockbroker at his brother-in-law's firm. In 1917, Bouvier left the firm to join the United States Navy. When the Navy proved to be too strenuous, he transferred to the United States Army where he served as a major. Bouvier was discharged in 1919 whereupon he went back to work as a stockbroker on Wall Street.[8] Personal life[edit] Bouvier married Janet Norton Lee on July 7, 1928 at St. Philomena's Church in East Hampton. They had two daughters, Jacqueline Lee "Jackie" Bouvier in 1929 and Caroline Lee Bouvier in 1933.[9] Bouvier's drinking, gambling, and philandering led to their divorce in June 1940.[10] Bouvier never remarried. In June 1942, Janet Lee married Hugh Dudley Auchincloss, Jr.[11] Lee reportedly did not want her ex-husband to escort his daughter Jacqueline down the aisle for her 1953 wedding to John F. Kennedy, so Jacqueline was instead escorted by her stepfather Auchincloss. Some reports indicated Bouvier was too intoxicated to escort his daughter, leading Auchincloss to step in to give the bride away.[12] Later years and death[edit] By the mid-1950s, Bouvier had sporadic contact with his daughters and family. He spent the majority of his time drinking alone at his New York City apartment located at 125 East 74th Street.[13][14] In the spring of 1957, Bouvier was diagnosed with terminal liver cancer. He checked into Lenox Hill Hospital
Lenox Hill Hospital
on July 27, 1957 to undergo chemotherapy. On August 1, he fell into a coma and died two days later on August 3 at the age of 66.[15] His funeral, which was arranged by his daughter Jacqueline, was held at St. Patrick's Cathedral in Manhattan
Manhattan
after which he was buried in the Bouvier family plot at Most Holy Trinity Catholic Cemetery in East Hampton, New York.[16] In popular culture[edit] Bouvier was portrayed in the 2000 TV mini-series Jackie Bouvier Kennedy Onassis by Fred Ward. He was also played by Rod Taylor
Rod Taylor
in the 1981 TV movie Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy. Portrayed by William Devane
William Devane
in the 1991 TV miniseries A Woman Named Jackie. He is also thought to be the " Wall Street
Wall Street
Jack" mentioned in the lyrics of Forty Second Street from the musical of the same name.[17] References[edit]

^ Latham, Caroline; Sakol, Jeannie (1989). The Kennedy Encyclopedia: An A-to-Z Illustrated Guide To America's Royal family. NAL Books. p. 22.  ^ Pottker, Jan (2002). Janet and Jackie: The Story of a Mother and Her Daughter, Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis. Macmillan. p. 48. ISBN 0-312-30281-9.  ^ Guthrie, Lee (1978). Jackie: The Price Of the Pedestal. Drake Publishing. p. 13.  ^ "Michelle Bouvier Married In Garden; Wed To Henry C. Scott Before Flower. Covered Altar At Lasata, East Hampton. Twin Sister Honor Maid Bride Escorted By Her Father – Bridegroom's Brother His Best Man. Couple Motor To Canada". The New York Times. July 6, 1926.  access-date= requires url= (help) ^ "Maude R. Bouvier Weds John E. Davis; 400 Guests See Ceremony At The East Hampton Home Of Bride's Parents. Many In The Bridal Party Twin Sister Of Miss Bouvier Is Matron Of Honor. Sun Comes Out Just Before Wedding. The Bride's Attendants. Wedding Breakfast For 400". The New York Times. September 4, 1928.  access-date= requires url= (help) ^ Davis, John H. (1969). The Bouviers: Portrait of an American Family. Farrar, Straus & Giroux. p. 192.  ^ (Pottker 2002, pp. 48–49) ^ (Pottker 2002, pp. 49–50) ^ Bradford, Sarah (2001). America's Queen: The Life of Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis. Penguin. p. 10. ISBN 1-101-56401-6.  ^ Badrul Alam, Mohammed (2006). Jackie Kennedy: Trailblazer. Nova Publishers. p. 2. ISBN 1-594-54558-8.  ^ Davis, John H. (1993). The Kennedys: Dynasty and Disaster. SP Books. p. 230. ISBN 1-561-71060-1.  ^ Klein, Edward (1997). All Too Human: The Love Story of Jack and Jackie Kennedy. Simon and Schuster. p. 155. ISBN 0-671-50191-7.  ^ Andersen, Christopher (2013). These Few Precious Days: The Final Year of Jack with Jackie. Gallery Books. pp. 77–78. ISBN 1-476-73232-9.  ^ (Klein 1997, pp. 36) ^ Heymann, C. David (2008). American Legacy: The Story of John and Caroline Kennedy. Simon and Schuster. p. 58. ISBN 0-743-49739-2.  ^ Spoto, Donald (2000). Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy Onassis: A Life. Macmillan. p. 139. ISBN 0-312-97707-7.  ^ http://www.filmsite.org/fort4.html

v t e

Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis

Family

John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
(first husband, presidency) Caroline Kennedy
Caroline Kennedy
(daughter) John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
Jr. (son) Patrick Bouvier Kennedy
Patrick Bouvier Kennedy
(son) Jack Schlossberg
Jack Schlossberg
(grandson) Rose Schlossberg
Rose Schlossberg
(granddaughter) Tatiana Schlossberg (granddaughter) Aristotle Onassis
Aristotle Onassis
(second husband) John Vernou Bouvier III
John Vernou Bouvier III
(father) Janet Lee Bouvier (mother) Lee Radziwill
Lee Radziwill
(sister) Hugh D. Auchincloss
Hugh D. Auchincloss
(stepfather) Janet Auchincloss Rutherfurd
Janet Auchincloss Rutherfurd
(half-sister) Edith Ewing Bouvier (aunt)

Life events

Hammersmith Farm Kennedy Compound First Lady of the United States

White House restoration Televised White House tour White House Historical Association White House Curator Committee for the Preservation of the White House

Assassination of John F. Kennedy State funeral of John F. Kennedy John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
Presidential Library and Museum Eternal Flame and burial site

Fashion

Wedding dress of Jacqueline Bouvier The bouffant hairstyle Pillbox hat Pink Chanel suit

Honors and memorials

Jacqueline Kennedy Garden Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis
Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis
High School for International Careers Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis
Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis
Reservoir Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis
Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis
School ballet

Other

Cultural depictions Jackie O (1997 opera) Jackie (2016 film)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 62838783 LCCN: n80029951 SN

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