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Colonel John Quincy (July 21, 1689 – July 13, 1767) was an American soldier, politician and member of the Quincy political family. His granddaughter Abigail Adams named her son, John Quincy Adams, after him. The city of Quincy, Massachusetts is named after him.[1]

Contents

1 Early life 2 Career 3 Personal life

3.1 Descendants 3.2 Honors

4 References

Early life[edit] John Quincy was born in Boston, Massachusetts to Daniel Quincy (1651–1690) and Anna Shepard (1663–1708). Shortly after his birth, the family moved to Braintree, Massachusetts and established a homestead at Mount Wollaston, or Merry Mount, in what is present-day Quincy. Daniel died when John was one year old; his mother subsequently married the Reverend Moses Fiske. Quincy attended Harvard College, graduating in 1708. Quincy's paternal grandparents were Edmund Quincy II (1628-1698) and his second wife, Elizabeth Gookin Eliot (1645–1700), who built the Dorothy Quincy House (1685). His paternal grandfather's father was Edmund Quincy (1602-1636), known as "the Puritan", was an early English settler of Massachusetts Bay Colony. His paternal grandmother's father was Daniel Gookin (1612–1687), a settler of Virginia and Massachusetts from Ireland.[2] When his maternal grandmother died in 1709, Quincy inherited Mt. Wollaston, an estate purchased by his great-grandfather, Captain William Tyng, one of Boston's wealthiest merchants, who had acquired the property and other lands from William Coddington (1601–1678), who was in exile.[3] Career[edit] In 1717, he was elected to represent Braintree at the Massachusetts General Court, was re-elected in 1719, and served in that capacity until 1740. From 1729 to 1741, he served as the Speaker of the House. In 1741, Quincy was voted out of office, but was returned there in 1744, where he served four additional years.[3] Personal life[edit]

John Quincy's Grave

On September 3, 1715 he married Elizabeth Norton (1696–1769), daughter of the Reverend John Norton of Hingham. Although officially only achieving the rank of major in the British army, he was commonly referred to as "Colonel". Together they had:

Norton Quincy (1716–1801), who married Martha Salisbury (1727–1748) Anna Quincy (1719–1799), married John Thaxter (1721–1802) Elizabeth Quincy (1721–1775), who married William Smith (1707-1783).[4] Lucy Quincy (1729–1785), married Cotton Tufts (1732–1815)

He died on 13 July 1767 at the age of 77, only two days after the birth of his namesake, John Quincy Adams, and one month before the duty on tea had been imposed by Act of Parliament of June 14, 1767.[3] Descendants[edit] His granddaughter Abigail Adams (1744–1818), daughter of Elizabeth and the eventual First Lady of the United States, named her son, John Quincy Adams (1767–1848), after him. Adams went on to become the 6th President of the United States, serving from 1825 to 1829. He also served as a diplomat, a Senator and member of the United States House of Representatives.[5] Honors[edit] The city of Quincy, Massachusetts is named after him.[1] References[edit]

Notes

^ a b Herring, James; Longacre, James Barton (1853). The National Portrait Gallery of Distinguished Americans. D. Rice & A.N. Hart. p. 1. ISBN 0-405-02500-9. Retrieved October 22, 2008.  ^ "Genealogical and Personal Memoirs Relating to the Families of Boston and Eastern Massachusetts, Vol II", by William Richard Cutter, Lewis Historical Publishing Co., New York (1908), pp. 592-598. ^ a b c Wilson, D. M. (Daniel Munro); Adams, Charles Francis; Quincy Historical Society, Quincy. John Quincy, master of Mount Wollaston; provincial statesman; colonel of Suffolk regiment; speaker of the Massachusetts House of representatives; member of His Majesty's Council; an address delivered Sunday, February 23, 1908, under the auspices of the Quincy historical society. Boston, G. H. Ellis. Retrieved 23 August 2016.  ^ Kathryn Cullen-DuPont (August 1, 2000). Encyclopedia of women's history in America. Infobase Publishing. pp. 3–4. ISBN 978-0-8160-4100-8. Retrieved 2011-11-28.  ^ "Congressional biography". Bioguide.congress.gov. Retrieved December 5, 2011. 

Sources

Wilson, Daniel Munro, and Charles Francis Adams. John Quincy, Master of Mount Wollaston. Boston: George H. Ellis Company, 1909.

Preceded by William Dudley Speaker of the Massachusetts House of Representatives 1729 – 1741 Succeeded by William Fairfield

v t e

John Quincy Adams

United States House of Representatives, 1831–1848 6th President of the United States, 1825–1829 8th U.S. Secretary of State, 1817–1825 U.S. Ambassador to the United Kingdom, 1814–1817 1st U.S. Minister to Russia, 1809–1814 Massachusetts State Senate, 1803–1808 U.S. Minister to Prussia, 1797–1801 U.S. Ambassador to the Netherlands, 1794–1797

Presidency

Inauguration American System Internal improvements Tariff of 1828 First Treaty of Prairie du Chien Treaty of Fond du Lac Treaty of Limits United States Naval Observatory Abdulrahman Ibrahim Ibn Sori State of the Union Address, 1825 1827 1828 Federal judiciary appointments

Other events

Monroe Doctrine, author Treaty of Ghent Adams–Onís Treaty Treaty of 1818 Smithsonian Institution United States v. The Amistad

Mendi Bible

President, American Academy of Arts and Sciences President, Columbian Institute for the Promotion of Arts and Sciences

Writings

Lifelong diary Massachusetts Historical Society holdings

Adams Papers Editorial Project

Life and homes

Early life Abigail Adams Cairn John Quincy Adams and abolitionism Adams National Historical Park

Birthplace and family home Peacefield Presidential Library

United First Parish Church and gravesite

Elections

United States presidential election, 1824

Corrupt Bargain

United States presidential election, 1828

Legacy

Adams Memorial Adams House at Harvard University U.S. Postage stamps Monroe Doctrine Centennial half dollar

Popular culture

Profiles in Courage (1957 book 1965 television series) The Adams Chronicles (1976 miniseries) Mutiny on the Amistad (1987 book) Amistad (1997 film) John Adams (2001 book 2008 miniseries)

Adams family Quincy family

Louisa Adams (wife) George W. Adams (son) Charles Adams Sr. (son) John Adams II (son) Henry Adams (grandson) Brooks Adams (grandson) John Quincy Adams II (grandson) John Adams

father presidency

Abigail Adams

mother First Lady Quincy family

Abigail Adams Smith (sister) Charles Adams (brother) Thomas Boylston Adams (brother) John Adams Sr. (paternal grandfather) Susanna Boylston (paternal grandmother) Elihu Adams (paternal uncle) John Quincy (great-grandfather)

Related

National Republican Party Republicanism Quincy Patriot

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Category

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 23976519 LCCN: n2003072481 SNAC: w65t4ph5

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