HOME
The Info List - John Payne Todd





John Payne Todd
John Payne Todd
(February 29, 1792 – January 16, 1852[1]), also known as Payne Todd, was the first son of Dolley Payne
Dolley Payne
and John Todd Jr. His father and younger brother died in the 1793 Philadelphia yellow fever epidemic, which killed nearly 10 percent of the city's population. His mother remarried the following year, to the older James Madison, the future president of the United States. Madison adopted Todd at age 2 and tried to help him in what developed as a difficult life. Believed to be alcoholic, Todd was repeatedly jailed for shooting incidents, and ran up debts in gambling. His parents bailed him out of debtors' prison, mortgaging Madison's Montpelier to raise the money. His stepfather had him manage Montpelier at one point, but Todd was unsuccessful. Todd died of typhoid fever less than three years after his mother's death of old age.

Contents

1 Early life and education 2 Career 3 Later life 4 References 5 External links

Early life and education[edit] John Payne Todd
John Payne Todd
was the first son of Dolley Payne
Dolley Payne
and John Todd Jr. He had a younger brother, William Temple Todd. Both his brother and father died the same day of yellow fever in the 1793 epidemic. The following year, his 26-year-old widowed mother married the future President James Madison, then 43. He adopted Payne.[2] Madison sent Todd as a youth for eight years to St. Mary's Seminary, a Catholic boarding school in Baltimore, Maryland, but he seemed unsuited for academic work. Career[edit] As an adult, Todd never settled into a career. Believed to be alcoholic, he was belligerent, and was repeatedly convicted of shooting incidents and sentenced to serve jail time for assaults and disruption of the peace. Twice he was sent to debtors' prison, and his stepfather had to cover much of his debts and bail bonds by mortgaging his Montpelier plantation. During his second term, Madison assigned his stepson as secretary to an official delegation to Europe, but the 21-year-old Todd spent much of the time drinking, shooting and acquiring art. For a time, Madison assigned him to manage operations at Montpelier, but Todd was not successful.[1] Later life[edit] Because of his problems, Todd contributed to his mother's late life poverty, as she and Madison had sacrificed for him during their lives. Dolley Madison
Dolley Madison
sold the family's Montpelier plantation to cover his debts and gain some living expenses.[3] But, she was still devoted to him. She lived with and was cared for by her niece Anne Cutts, and bequeathed her half of her estate. Todd threatened to sue Cutts to gain more of his mother's estate, all that was left from money she received for selling Madison's papers to the Library of Congress.[1] She died at age 81. Todd survived his mother by two and a half years. She willed her remaining slaves to him. He was nearly 60 when he died of typhoid fever on January 16, 1852 in Washington, DC. He is buried in the Congressional Cemetery.[1] Payne Todd’s will provided for the manumission of all his slaves upon his death. His debts delayed their release, but the Taylor family petitioned for freedom from James C. McGuire, administrator of the estate, which they were granted in 1853. They continued to live in Washington, where Ralph Taylor had been a servant to Dolley Madison. He was joined by his wife Catherine and children, who had been living and working on Todd's estate.[4] References[edit]

^ a b c d ""Payne Todd: Prodigal Son"" (PDF). Archived from the original on May 31, 2010. Retrieved 2010-03-05. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) , n.d., Liberty and Learning, James Madison University (PDF) ^ Richard N. Côté, Strength and Honor: the Life of Dolley Madison (Mount Pleasant, S.C.: Corinthian Books, 2005), ix-x ^ ""John Payne Todd"". Archived from the original on October 1, 2010. Retrieved 2010-03-05. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) , James Madison
James Madison
University ^ "Exhibit Tells Catherine Taylor's Story", Slaves and Freedmen, Blog, James Madison's Montpelier, accessed 17 August 2012

External links[edit] Media related to John Payne Todd
John Payne Todd
at Wikimedia Commons

"American Artifacts: Congressional Cemetery" on YouTube, American History TV, CSPAN3, on YouTube, accessed April 16, 2012.

v t e

James Madison

4th President of the United States
President of the United States
(1809–1817) 5th U.S. Secretary of State (1801–1809) United States House of Representatives
United States House of Representatives
(1789–1797) Congress of the Confederation
Congress of the Confederation
(1781–1783) Virginia House of Delegates
Virginia House of Delegates
(1776–1779, 1784–1786)

"Father of the Constitution"

Co-wrote, 1776 Virginia Constitution 1786 Annapolis Convention 1787 Constitutional Convention

Virginia Plan Constitution of the United States Notes of Debates in the Federal Convention of 1787

The Federalist Papers

written by Madison No. 10 No. 51

Virginia Ratifying Convention United States Bill of Rights

27th amendment

Constitution drafting and ratification timeline Founding Fathers

Presidency

First inauguration Second inauguration Tecumseh's War

Battle of Tippecanoe

War of 1812

origins Burning of Washington The Octagon House Treaty of Ghent Seven Buildings
Seven Buildings
residence results

Second Barbary War Era of Good Feelings Second Bank of the United States State of the Union Address (1810 1814 1815 1816) Cabinet Federal judiciary appointments

Other noted accomplisments

Co-founder, American Whig Society Supervised the Louisiana Purchase Anti-Administration party Residence Act

Compromise of 1790

Democratic-Republican Party

First Party System republicanism

Library of Congress Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions Report of 1800

Other writings

The Papers of James Madison

Life

Early life and career Belle Grove Plantation, birthplace Montpelier

Elections

U.S. House of Representatives election, 1789 1790 1792 1794 U.S. presidential election, 1808 1812

Legacy and popular culture

James Madison
James Madison
Memorial Building James Madison
James Madison
University James Madison
James Madison
College Madison, Wisconsin Madison Square Madison River Madison Street U.S. postage stamps James Madison
James Madison
Memorial Fellowship Foundation James Madison
James Madison
Freedom of Information Award James Madison
James Madison
Award James Madison
James Madison
Institute A More Perfect Union (1989 film) Liberty's Kids
Liberty's Kids
(2002 miniseries) Hamilton (2015 musical)

Related

Age of Enlightenment American Enlightenment Marbury v. Madison National Gazette Paul Jennings Madisonian Model American Philosophical Society The American Museum magazine Virginia dynasty

Family

Dolley Madison
Dolley Madison
(wife) John Payne Todd
John Payne Todd
(stepson) James Madison, Sr.
James Madison, Sr.
(father) Nelly Conway Madison
Nelly Conway Madison
(mother) William Madison (brother) Ambrose Madison (paternal grandfather) James Madison
James Madison
(cousin) George Madison
George Madison
(paternal second-cousin) Thomas Madison (paternal second-cousin) John Madison (great-grandfather) Lucy Washington (sister-in-law)

← Thomas Jefferson James Monroe
James Monroe

.