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The John Fitzgerald Kennedy Memorial
John Fitzgerald Kennedy Memorial
is a monument to U.S. President John Fitzgerald Kennedy in the West End Historic District of downtown Dallas, Texas
Dallas, Texas
(USA) erected in 1970, and designed by noted architect Philip Johnson.

Contents

1 Description 2 Management 3 Critical reception 4 References

4.1 General references 4.2 Inline citations

5 External links

Description[edit] The John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
Memorial was the first memorial by famed American architect and Kennedy family
Kennedy family
friend, Philip Johnson, and was approved by Jacqueline Kennedy. Johnson called it "a place of quiet refuge, an enclosed place of thought and contemplation separated from the city around, but near the sky and earth."[1] The citizens of Dallas funded its construction entirely.[citation needed] The simple, concrete memorial to President Kennedy dominates a square in downtown Dallas owned by Dallas County. It is bordered by Main, Record, Elm and Market Streets, and is one block east of Dealey Plaza, where Kennedy was assassinated.[2][3] Philip Johnson's design is a cenotaph, or empty tomb, that symbolizes the freedom of Kennedy’s spirit. The memorial is a square, roofless room, 30 feet (9 m) high and 50 (15 m) by 50 feet (15 m) wide with two narrow openings facing north and south. The walls consist of 72 white precast concrete columns, most of which seem to float with no visible support two feet above the earth. Eight columns extend to the ground, acting as legs that seem to hold up the monument. Each column ends in a light fixture. At night, the lights create the illusion that the structure is supported by the light itself. The corners and “doors” of this roofless room are decorated with rows of concrete circles, or medallions, each identical and perfectly aligned. These decorations introduce the circular shape into the square architecture of the Kennedy Memorial.[citation needed] Visitors enter the room after a short walk up a slight concrete incline, embossed with concrete squares. Inside visitors confront a low-hewn granite square, too empty to be a base, too short to be a table, but too square to be a tomb, in which the name John Fitzgerald Kennedy is carved. The letters have been painted gold to capture the light from the white floating column walls and the pale concrete floor. These words – three words of a famous name – are the only verbal messages in the empty room.[4] A square granite memorial next to this marker reads:

The joy and excitement of John Fitzgerald Kennedy’s life belonged to all men. So did the pain and sorrow of his death. When he died on November 22, 1963, shock and agony touched human conscience throughout the world. In Dallas, Texas, there was a special sorrow. The young President died in Dallas. The death bullets were fired 200 yards west of this site. This memorial, designed by Philip Johnson, was erected by the people of Dallas. Thousands of citizens contributed support, money and effort. It is not a memorial to the pain and sorrow of death, but stands as a permanent tribute to the joy and excitement of one man’s life. John Fitzgerald Kennedy’s life.

John Fitzgerald Kennedy Memorial
John Fitzgerald Kennedy Memorial
Plaza in January 2016

Management[edit] In mid 1999, The Sixth Floor Museum
The Sixth Floor Museum
at Dealey Plaza
Dealey Plaza
undertook management of the memorial, rallying the support of Dallas County and the City of Dallas. The Museum became caretaker of the monument and launched a full-scale restoration project aimed at preserving the memorial and its history. Philip Johnson, the original architect for the monument, guided the restoration process implemented by Corgan Associates, Inc. and Phoenix I Restoration and Construction, Lt. Numerous local suppliers donated the labor, materials, and equipment required to return the memorial to its original beauty. In 2000, a panel of experts wrote an explanation of the memorial to satisfy the public.[1] Critical reception[edit] Architectural critic Witold Rybczynski wrote that the monument is "poorly done", likening its precast concrete slab walls to "mammoth Lego
Lego
blocks", and commented that Kennedy "deserved better".[5] References[edit] General references[edit]

Lord, Philip (April 14, 2003). JFK (A&E Biography). DK Publishing. p. 160. ISBN 978-0-7894-9316-3.  Brosio, M.D. (2016). The JFK Memorial and Power in America. Createspace Publishing. ISBN 1492861871.

Inline citations[edit]

^ a b " John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
Memorial Plaza Marker". hmdb.org.  ^ Bugliosi, Vincent
Bugliosi, Vincent
(2007). "Epilogue", Reclaiming History: The Assassination of John F. Kennedy, Norton. ^ " John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
Memorial". galinsky.com. Retrieved July 25, 2016. ^ "The Museum - The Sixth Floor Museum
The Sixth Floor Museum
at Dealey Plaza". The Sixth Floor Museum at Dealey Plaza.  ^ Rybczynski, Witold (2006-02-15). "The Interpreter". Slate. Washington Post/Newsweek Interactive Co. Retrieved 2008-04-06. 

External links[edit]

Remembering the Kennedy Memorial JFK Memorial Plaza Marker JFK Memorial

v t e

John F. Kennedy

35th President of the United States
President of the United States
(1961–1963) U.S. Senator from Massachusetts (1953–1960) U.S. Representative for MA-11 (1947–1953)

Presidency (timeline)

Presidential Office: Inauguration Cabinet Judicial appointments

Supreme Court

Presidential pardons

Domestic policy: Clean Air Act Communications Satellite Act Community Mental Health Act Equal Pay Act Federal affirmative action Federal housing segregation ban Fifty-mile hikes Food for Peace New Frontier Pilot Food Stamp Program Space policy Status of Women (Presidential Commission) University of Alabama integration Voter Education Project

Foreign policy: Alliance for Progress Arms Control and Disarmament Agency

Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty

Flexible response Kennedy Doctrine Peace Corps Trade Expansion Act USAID Vietnam War Cuba: Bay of Pigs Invasion Cuban Project Cuban Missile Crisis

ExComm

Soviet Union: Berlin Crisis Moscow–Washington hotline Vienna summit

White House: Presidential limousine Presidential yacht Resolute desk Situation Room

Presidential speeches

Inaugural address American University speech "We choose to go to the Moon" Report to the American People on Civil Rights "Ich bin ein Berliner" "A rising tide lifts all boats"

Elections

U.S. States House of Representatives elections, 1946 1948 1950 U.S. Senate election in Massachusetts, 1952 1958 1960 Presidential primaries 1960 Presidential campaign Democratic National Convention 1956 1960 U.S. presidential election, 1960

debates

Personal life

Birthplace and childhood home Kennedy Compound US Navy service PT-109

Biuku Gasa and Eroni Kumana Arthur Evans PT-59 Castle Hot Springs

Hammersmith Farm Coretta Scott King phone call Rocking chair "Happy Birthday, Mr. President"

Books

Why England Slept
Why England Slept
(1940) Profiles in Courage
Profiles in Courage
(1956) A Nation of Immigrants
A Nation of Immigrants
(1958)

Death

Assassination

timeline reactions in popular culture

State funeral

Riderless horse attending dignitaries

Gravesite and Eternal Flame

Legacy

John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
Presidential Library and Museum (Boston) 1964 Civil Rights Act Apollo 11
Apollo 11
Moon landing Equal Employment Opportunity Commission Kennedy Space Center
Kennedy Space Center
(Florida) Kennedy Round U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development VISTA Cultural depictions

films Kennedy half dollar U.S. postage stamps U.S. five cent stamp Lincoln–Kennedy coincidences

Operation Sail

Memorials, namesakes

Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts (Washington, D.C.) John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
International Airport (New York) John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
Memorial (London) John Fitzgerald Kennedy Memorial
John Fitzgerald Kennedy Memorial
(Dallas) John Fitzgerald Kennedy Memorial
John Fitzgerald Kennedy Memorial
(Portland, Oregon) John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
Memorial (Runnymede, Britain) John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
Memorial Bridge (Kentucky–Indiana) John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
School of Government (Harvard Univ.) John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
Special
Special
Warfare Center and School (Fort Bragg, North Carolina) John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
University (California) John Kennedy College (Mauritius) Kennedy Expressway
Kennedy Expressway
(Chicago) MV John F. Kennedy USS John F. Kennedy (CV-67) USS John F. Kennedy (CVN-79) Yad Kennedy
Yad Kennedy
(Jerusalem)

Family

Jacqueline Bouvier (wife) Caroline Kennedy
Caroline Kennedy
(daughter) John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
Jr.

son plane crash

Patrick Bouvier Kennedy
Patrick Bouvier Kennedy
(son) Jack Schlossberg
Jack Schlossberg
(grandson) Rose Schlossberg
Rose Schlossberg
(granddaughter) Tatiana Schlossberg (granddaughter) Joseph P. Kennedy Sr.
Joseph P. Kennedy Sr.
(father) Rose Fitzgerald (mother) Joseph P. Kennedy Jr.
Joseph P. Kennedy Jr.
(brother) Rosemary Kennedy
Rosemary Kennedy
(sister) Kathleen Cavendish, Marchioness of Hartington
Kathleen Cavendish, Marchioness of Hartington
(sister) Eunice Kennedy Shriver
Eunice Kennedy Shriver
(sister) Patricia Kennedy Lawford
Patricia Kennedy Lawford
(sister) Robert F. Kennedy
Robert F. Kennedy
(brother) Jean Kennedy Smith
Jean Kennedy Smith
(sister) Ted Kennedy
Ted Kennedy
(brother) P. J. Kennedy
P. J. Kennedy
(grandfather) John F. Fitzgerald
John F. Fitzgerald
(grandfather)

← Dwight D. Eisenhower Lyndon B. Johnson
Lyndon B. Johnson

Category

v t e

Downtown Dallas

Only items within the "Loop" are listed.

Areas

Arts District City Center District Convention Center District Farmers Market District

Harwood Historic District

Government District Main Street District Reunion District West End Historic District Dallas Downtown Historic District

Education

Primary & Secondary Schools

Dallas Independent School District

Booker T. Washington High School for the Performing and Visual Arts Lassiter Early College Pegasus School of Liberal Arts and Sciences

First Baptist Academy of Dallas

Other education

Dallas County Community College District
Dallas County Community College District
(El Centro College) Dallas Public Library

J. Erik Jonsson Central Library

Universities Center at Dallas

Skyscrapers and complexes

100 North Central Expressway 1600 Pacific Tower 2100 Ross Avenue 1700 Pacific Adolphus Hotel Bank of America Plaza Bryan Tower Chase Tower Comerica Bank Tower Corrigan Tower Dallas Hilton Davis Building Elm Place Energy Plaza Fountain Place Hyatt Regency Dallas The Joule Hotel Kirby Building KPMG Centre Magnolia Hotel Mercantile Commerce Building Mercantile Continental Building Mercantile National Bank Building Omni Dallas Hotel One Dallas Center One Main Place Pacific Place Plaza of the Americas Praetorian Building Renaissance Tower Republic Center Reunion Tower Ross Tower Santa Fe Terminal Complex Sheraton Dallas Hotel Thanksgiving Tower Tower Petroleum Building Trammell Crow Center

Trammell & Margaret Crow Collection of Asian Art

Whitacre Tower

Parks

Belo Garden Park Main Street Garden Park Pegasus Plaza Elaine D. and Charles A. Sammons Park Thanks-Giving Square Klyde Warren Park

Religious buildings

Cathedral Santuario de Guadalupe Fellowship Church First Baptist Church First Presbyterian Church of Dallas First United Methodist Church St. Paul United Methodist Church

Other landmarks

AT&T Performing Arts Center

Dee and Charles Wyly Theatre Margot and Bill Winspear Opera House Annette Strauss Square

Earle Cabell Federal Building and Courthouse Dallas City Hall Dallas City Performance Hall Dallas County Courthouse (Old Red) Dallas Farmers Market Dallas Holocaust Museum/Center for Education & Tolerance Dallas Municipal Building Dallas Museum of Art Dallas Pedestrian Network Dallas Scottish Rite Temple Dallas World Aquarium Dealey Plaza Kay Bailey Hutchison Convention Center John Fitzgerald Kennedy Memorial Majestic Theatre Morton H. Meyerson Symphony Center Nasher Sculpture Center Neiman Marcus Building Old Dallas Central Library Pioneer Plaza Pioneer Park Cemetery Sanger Harris Building (Dallas Area Rapid Transit) Texas
Texas
School Book Depository (Dallas County Administration Building)

Sixth Floor Museum at Dealey Plaza

Thanks-Giving Square Titche-Goettinger Building Wilson Building Reunion Arena (demolished)

DART Light Rail
DART Light Rail
stations

Akard Convention Center Pearl/Arts District St. Paul Union Station West End/West Transfer Center

This list is incomplete.

Coordinates: 32°46′43.4″N 96°48′23.2″W / 32.778722°N 96.806444°W / 32.778722

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