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John Fellows Akers (December 28, 1934 – August 22, 2014) was a U.S. businessman. At International Business Machines Corporation
International Business Machines Corporation
(IBM), he was president between 1983 and 1989, the CEO from 1985 until 1993, and chairman between 1986 and 1993. Akers attended Yale, and while there became a brother of Delta Kappa Epsilon (Phi chapter).

Contents

1 IBM

1.1 Legacy

2 Post-IBM 3 References 4 External links

IBM[edit] Akers ascended to CEO as a result of support from his predecessor Frank Cary.[1] In 1989, a young Sam Palmisano
Sam Palmisano
was appointed as Aker's assistant; decades later Palmisano would serve as chairman and CEO.[2] Akers was credited with simplifying the company's bureaucracy to focus more on profits.[3] On January 29, 1988, in a sweeping restructuring intended to reverse three years of disappointing performance, Akers created five new, highly autonomous organizations responsible for all of the company's innovation, design and manufacturing. The moves were intended to greatly decentralize the company, which had been seen as bloated and unable to keep up with competition, and give significantly more responsibility to a younger generation of managers, while significantly reducing the role of the company's Armonk, N.Y., headquarters in the day-to-day operations. Under the plan, thousands of employees had to switch jobs or find themselves working for new managers.[4] Akers' vision was to autonomize each division into "Baby Blues" with the aim of spinning them off from "Big Blue".[5] Akers also presided over a major downsizing of IBM's workforce, cutting down from 407,000 to 360,000 by the end of 1991. The company had previously had a lifetime employment policy but successive voluntary buyouts and the first-ever layoff in March 1993, caused a morale crisis.[6] Akers also closed ten plants and trimmed manufacturing capacity by forty percent. On Tuesday, January 26, 1993, Akers was forced to announce his resignation, after several months of IBM
IBM
insisting that it had full confidence in his leadership.[3] The company had posted a $5 billion annual loss, the largest in corporate history.[7] The dividend was also slashed from $1.21 to 54 cents, after the company had failed to make enough profit to cover its dividend payments for eight business quarters. IBM
IBM
president Jack Kuehler was shifted to the post of vice chairman, while finance director Frank Metz was also ousted. Paul Rizzo, a rival with Akers for the CEO position back in 1985 who had retired in 1987 was restored to the post of vice-chairman and appointed finance director. Akers remained as chief executive for three months while a committee of directors chose a successor, long speculated to be an outsider.[8] The management coup was mounted by longtime IBM
IBM
director Jim Burke [9], who organized secret meetings between Rizzo and outsider Louis V. Gerstner, Jr. to examine the company's problems.[5] It was also speculated that several entities were dissatisfied with losing their power on the board of directors and the declining stock price, including the banks which were once IBM's largest shareholders, as well as Aker's predecessors as CEO, John Opel and Frank Cary.[3] Akers retired as chairman and CEO of IBM
IBM
on April 1, 1993, which was ironically and coincidentally April Fools' Day. He was succeeded in both positions by Gerstner,[dead link] the first CEO in IBM's history to attain the position from outside the company. Legacy[edit] Akers was chief executive during IBM's decline in the mid-1980s and early 1990s. Apple Inc.
Apple Inc.
founder Steve Jobs
Steve Jobs
described Akers as "smart, eloquent, fantastic salesperson, but he didn’t know anything about product.”[10] The company's difficulties weren't caused by Akers alone, as some suggested that he was merely doing what he had been "programmed" to do by an outdated " IBM
IBM
system",[3] while a complacent board of directors was also blamed.[11] Post-IBM[edit] Akers was also on the board of directors of Lehman Brothers
Lehman Brothers
when it filed for bankruptcy. Akers died of a stroke at age 79 in Boston, Massachusetts on August 22, 2014.[12] References[edit]

Notes

^ Bob Djurdjevic. "Akers: The Last Emperor (June 1991)". Djurdjevic.com. Retrieved 2014-07-28.  ^ Timothy Prickett Morgan (7 November 2011). "Ex- IBM
IBM
CEO John Opel dies aged 86". The Register.  ^ a b c d Bob Djurdjevic (1993-01-26). "Akers: A Nice Guy Who Lost His Compass (Jan 1993)". Djurdjevic.com. Retrieved 2014-07-28.  ^ [1] ^ a b Maria Pikalova. "How IBM
IBM
Board Member Jim Burke Persuaded Gerstner to Put His Career At Stake". GOOD2WORK. Archived from the original on 2014-08-08. Retrieved 2014-07-28.  ^ [2][permanent dead link] ^ Lohr, Steve (1993-01-20). "I.B.M. Posts $5.46 Billion Loss for 4th Quarter; 1992's Deficit Is Biggest in U.S. Business". The New York Times. Retrieved 2017-03-25.  ^ From LARRY BLACK in New York (1993-01-27). " IBM
IBM
fires Akers and slashes dividend - Business - News". The Independent. Retrieved 2014-07-28.  ^ Vanourek, Bob; Vanourek, Gregg (October 8, 2012). "The Legacy of Jim Burke". Triple Crown Leadership. Archived from the original on 19 Nov 2015. Retrieved 5 January 2018.  ^ Robert McMillan   (2011-10-05). "Steve Jobs: HP Implosion Was an iTragedy Enterprise". WIRED. Retrieved 2014-07-28. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) ^ Bob Djurdjevic. "''Akers: The Last Emperor? (June 1991)''". Djurdjevic.com. Retrieved 2014-07-28.  ^ New York Times' John F. Akers led IBM
IBM
as PCs ascended'

Bibliography

Gerstner, Jr., Louis V. (2002). Who Says Elephants Can't Dance? HarperCollins. ISBN 0-00-715448-8. AKERS, John Fellows International Who's Who. accessed September 3, 2006.

External links[edit]

IBM
IBM
biography of Akers

Business positions

Preceded by John Opel CEOs of IBM 1985–1993 Succeeded by Louis V. Gerstner, Jr.

v t e

IBM

History

History of IBM Mergers and acquisitions Think (motto) Operating Systems

Products

Cell microprocessor Mainframe Personal Computer IBM
IBM
Power Systems Information Management Software Lotus Software Rational Software SPSS ILOG Tivoli Software: Service Automation Manager WebSphere alphaWorks Criminal Reduction Utilising Statistical History Mashup Center PureQuery Redbooks FlashSystem Fortran Connections

Business entities

Center for The Business of Government Cloud computing Global Services International subsidiaries jStart Kenexa Research The Weather Company
The Weather Company
(Weather Underground)

Facilities

Towers

1250 René-Lévesque, Montreal, QC One Atlantic Center, Atlanta, GA

Software Labs

Rome Software Lab Toronto Software Lab

IBM
IBM
Buildings

330 North Wabash, Chicago, IL Johannesburg Seattle

Research Labs

Africa Almaden Austin Laboratory Australia Brazil China Laboratory Haifa Laboratory India Laboratory Ireland Thomas J. Watson
Thomas J. Watson
Center, New York Tokyo Zurich Laboratory

Facilities

Hakozaki Facility Yamato Facility

Cambridge Scientific Center IBM
IBM
Hursley Canada Head Office Building IBM
IBM
Rochester Somers Office Complex

Initiatives

Academy of Technology Centers for Advanced Studies: CASCON Deep Thunder IBM
IBM
Fellow Pulse conference The Great Mind Challenge DeveloperWorks: Develothon Linux Technology Center IBM
IBM
Virtual Universe Community Smarter Planet World Community Grid

Inventions

Automated teller machine Electronic keypunch Hard disk drive Floppy disk DRAM Relational model Selectric typewriter Financial swaps Universal Product Code Magnetic stripe card Sabre airline reservation system Scanning tunneling microscope

Terminology

Globally Integrated Enterprise Commercial Processing Workload Consumability e-business

CEOs

Thomas J. Watson
Thomas J. Watson
(1914–1956) Thomas Watson Jr.
Thomas Watson Jr.
(1956–1971) T. Vincent Learson
T. Vincent Learson
(1971–1973) Frank T. Cary (1973–1981) John R. Opel (1981–1985) John Fellows Akers (1985–1993) Louis V. Gerstner Jr.
Louis V. Gerstner Jr.
(1993–2002) Samuel J. Palmisano
Samuel J. Palmisano
(2002–2011) Ginni Rometty
Ginni Rometty
(2012–present)

Board of directors

Alain Belda William R. Brody Kenneth Chenault Michael L. Eskew David Farr Shirley Ann Jackson Andrew N. Liveris James McNerney James W. Owens Samuel J. Palmisano Virginia M. Rometty Joan E. Spero Sidney Taurel Lorenzo Zambrano

Other

A Boy and His Atom Common Public License/ IBM
IBM
Public License Customer engineer Deep Blue Deep Thought Dynamic infrastructure GUIDE International IBM
IBM
and the Holocaust IBM
IBM
international chess tournament Lucifer cipher Mathematica IBM
IBM
Plex SHARE computing ScicomP Watson Quantum Experience

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 172459501 ISNI: 0000 0001 2261 7368 BNF:

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