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John D. Carmack (born August 20, 1970) is an American computer programmer, engineer, and businessman. He co-founded id Software. Carmack was the lead programmer of the id video games Commander Keen, Wolfenstein
Wolfenstein
3D, Doom, Quake, Rage and their sequels. Carmack is best known for his innovations in 3D graphics, such as his Carmack's Reverse algorithm for shadow volumes. In August 2013, Carmack took the position of CTO at Oculus VR.[2]

Contents

1 Biography

1.1 Early life 1.2 Career

2 Armadillo Aerospace 3 Open source
Open source
software 4 Personal life and philosophy 5 Recognition 6 Games 7 References 8 Further reading 9 External links

Biography[edit] Early life[edit] Carmack, son of local television news reporter Stan Carmack, grew up in the Kansas City Metropolitan Area
Kansas City Metropolitan Area
where he became interested in computers at an early age. He attended Shawnee Mission East High School in Prairie Village, Kansas
Prairie Village, Kansas
and Raytown South High School
Raytown South High School
in nearby Raytown, Missouri. Carmack was introduced to video games with the 1978 shoot 'em up title Space Invaders
Space Invaders
in the arcades during a summer vacation as a child. The 1980 maze chase arcade game Pac-Man
Pac-Man
also left a strong impression on him. He cited Shigeru Miyamoto
Shigeru Miyamoto
as the game developer he most admired.[3] As reported in David Kushner's Masters of Doom, when Carmack was 14, he broke into a school to help a group of children steal Apple II computers. To gain entry to the building, Carmack concocted a sticky substance of thermite mixed with Vaseline
Vaseline
that melted through the windows. However, an overweight accomplice struggled to get through the hole, and opened the window, setting off a silent alarm and alerting police. Carmack was arrested, and sent for psychiatric evaluation (the report mentions 'no empathy for other human beings' and describes Carmack as 'a brain on legs'). Carmack was then sentenced to a year in a juvenile home.[4][5] He attended the University of Missouri–Kansas City
University of Missouri–Kansas City
for two semesters before withdrawing to work as a freelance programmer. Career[edit] Softdisk, a computer company in Shreveport, Louisiana, hired Carmack to work on Softdisk
Softdisk
G-S (an Apple IIGS publication), introducing him to John Romero
John Romero
and other future key members of id Software such as Adrian Carmack (not related). Later, this team would be placed by Softdisk
Softdisk
in charge of a new, but short-lived, bi-monthly game subscription product called Gamer's Edge for the IBM PC (DOS) platform. In 1990, while still at Softdisk, Carmack, Romero, and others created the first of the Commander Keen
Commander Keen
games, a series that was published by Apogee Software, under the shareware distribution model, from 1991 onwards. Afterwards, Carmack left Softdisk
Softdisk
to co-found id Software. Carmack has pioneered or popularized the use of many techniques in computer graphics, including "adaptive tile refresh" for Commander Keen, raycasting for Hovertank 3-D, Catacomb 3-D, and Wolfenstein
Wolfenstein
3-D, binary space partitioning which Doom became the first game to use, surface caching which he invented for Quake, Carmack's Reverse (formally known as z-fail stencil shadows) which he devised for Doom 3, and MegaTexture
MegaTexture
technology, first used in Enemy Territory: Quake Wars.

Carmack joined Oculus VR
Oculus VR
in 2013 to help develop its Oculus Rift
Oculus Rift
VR headset.

Carmack's engines have also been licensed for use in other influential first-person shooters such as Half-Life, Call of Duty
Call of Duty
and Medal of Honor. In 2007, when Carmack was on vacation with his wife, he ended up playing some games on his cellphone, and decided he was going to make a "good" mobile game.[6][7] Main article: ZeniMax v. Oculus On August 7, 2013, Carmack joined Oculus VR
Oculus VR
as their CTO. On November 22, 2013, he resigned from id Software to work full-time at Oculus VR.[1][8] Carmack's reason for leaving was because id's parent company ZeniMax Media
ZeniMax Media
didn't want to support Oculus Rift.[9] Carmack's role at both companies later became central to a ZeniMax lawsuit against Oculus parent company Facebook, claiming that Oculus stole ZeniMax's virtual reality intellectual property.[10] The trial jury absolved Carmack of liability, though Oculus and other corporate officers were held liable for trademark, copyright, and contract violations.[11] In February 2017 Carmack sued ZeniMax, claiming the company had refused to pay him the remaining $22.5 million owed him from their purchase of id Software.[12] Armadillo Aerospace[edit] Main article: Armadillo Aerospace

Carmack during the 2005 X PRIZE Cup in Las Cruces and Alamogordo, New Mexico

Around 2000, Carmack became interested in rocketry, a hobby of his youth. Reviewing how much money he was spending on customizing Ferraris,[citation needed] Carmack realized he could do significant work in rocketry and aerospace. He began by giving financial support to a few local amateur groups before starting Armadillo Aerospace. Carmack funded the company out of his own pocket, for “something north of a million dollars a year.”[13] The company made steady progress toward their goals of suborbital space flight and eventual orbital vehicles. In October 2008, Armadillo Aerospace
Armadillo Aerospace
competed in a NASA contest known as the Lunar Lander Challenge, winning first place in the Level 1 competition along with $350,000. In September 2009, they completed Level 2 and were awarded $500,000.[14][15][16] The company went into "hibernation mode" in 2013.[13] Open source
Open source
software[edit] Carmack is a well-known advocate of open source software, and has repeatedly voiced his opposition to software patents, which he equates to "mugging someone".[17] He has also contributed to open source projects, such as starting the initial port of the X Window System
X Window System
to Mac OS X Server
Mac OS X Server
and working to improve the OpenGL drivers for Linux through the Utah GLX
Utah GLX
project. Carmack released the source code for Wolfenstein 3D
Wolfenstein 3D
in 1995 and the Doom source code in 1997. When the source code to Quake was leaked and circulated among the Quake community underground in 1996, a programmer unaffiliated with id Software used it to port Quake to Linux, and subsequently sent the patches to Carmack. Instead of pursuing legal action, id Software, at Carmack's behest, used the patches as the foundation for a company-sanctioned Linux
Linux
port.[citation needed] id Software has since publicly released the source code to Quake, Quake 2, Quake 3 and lastly Doom 3
Doom 3
(including, later, the BFG Edition), all under the GNU General Public License
GNU General Public License
(GPL). The Doom source code was also re-released under the GPL in 1999. The id Tech 4 engine, more commonly known as the " Doom 3
Doom 3
engine", has also been released as open source under the GPL.[18] The source code for Hovertank 3D
Hovertank 3D
and Catacomb 3D
Catacomb 3D
(as well as Carmack's earlier Catacomb) was released in June 2014 by Flat Rock Software
Flat Rock Software
with Carmack's blessing.[19][20] On the other hand, Carmack has several times over the years voiced a skeptical opinion about Linux
Linux
as a gaming platform;[21] for instance in 2013 he argued for emulation "as proper technical direction for gaming on linux"[22] and in 2014 he voiced the opinion that Linux might be the biggest problem for the success of the Steam Machine.[23] Carmack contributes to charities and gaming communities. Some of the recipients of Carmack's charitable contributions include his former high school, promoters of open source software, opponents of software patents, and game enthusiasts. In 1997, he gave away one of his Ferraris (a 328 model) as a prize to Dennis Fong, the winner of the Quake tournament "Red Annihilation".[24] Personal life and philosophy[edit] Carmack was so successful at id that by mid-1994 he had purchased two Ferrari
Ferrari
Testarossas.[25] He met his wife Katherine Anna Kang at the 1997 QuakeCon
QuakeCon
when she visited id's offices. As a bet, Kang challenged Carmack to sponsor the first All Female Quake Tournament if she was able to produce a significant number of participants. Carmack and Kang married on January 1, 2000 and planned a ceremony in Hawaii. Steve Jobs requested that they postpone the ceremony so Carmack could attend the MacWorld Expo on January 5, 2000. Both declined and made a video instead. They had a son in 2004. Carmack has a blog last updated in 2006 (previously a .plan), an active Twitter
Twitter
account, and also occasionally posts comments to Slashdot. As a game developer, he differs from many of his contemporaries by avoiding commitment to a final release date for any game he is developing. Instead, when asked for a release date on a new title, Carmack will usually reply that the game will be released "when it's done."[26] Employees at Apogee, in their past years the publishers of games by id Software, adopted this business practice as well.[27] Other game developers, such as Blizzard Entertainment
Blizzard Entertainment
and Valve, have made similar statements.[28] Carmack supported the 2012 presidential campaign of Republican Ron Paul.[29] Carmack is a libertarian[30] and a fan of Thomas Sowell.[31] Carmack is an atheist.[32][33] He loves pizza. During his time at id Software, a medium pepperoni pizza would arrive for Carmack from Domino's Pizza
Pizza
almost every day, carried by the same delivery person for more than 15 years. Carmack had been such a regular customer that they still charge him 1995 prices.[34] On occasion he has commended the efforts of similarly focused programmers — first Ken Silverman, who wrote the Build engine for 3D Realms, and later with Tim Sweeney of Epic Games, who writes the Unreal Engine.[35] Recognition[edit]

Date Award Description

000000001996-01-01-00001996 Named among the most influential people in computer gaming of the year and of all time #1 and #2 in GameSpots lists.[36][37]

000000001997-01-01-00001997 Named among the most influential people of all time #7 in Computer
Computer
Gaming World list, for game design.[38]

000000001999-01-01-00001999 Named among the 50 most influential people in technology #10 in Time's list.[39]

000000002001-03-01-0000March 2001 Award for community contribution for the Quake 3 engine Used in 12 games. Bestowed at 2001 Game Developer's Conference
Game Developer's Conference
Award Ceremony.

000000002001-03-22-0000March 22, 2001 Inducted into Academy of Interactive Arts and Sciences' Hall of Fame The fourth person to be inducted, an honor bestowed upon those who have made revolutionary and innovative achievements in the video and computer game industry.

000000002002-01-01-00002002 Named to the MIT Technology Review
Technology Review
TR100 Included as one of the top 100 innovators in the world under the age of 35.[40]

000000002003-01-01-00002003 One subject of book Masters of Doom Masters of Doom
Masters of Doom
is a chronicle of id Software and its founders.

000000002005-01-01-00002005 Name in film The film Doom featured a character named Dr. Carmack, in recognition of Carmack who co-created the original game.

000000002006-03-01-0000March 2006 Added to the Walk of Game Walk of Game
Walk of Game
is an event that recognizes the developers and games with the most impact on the industry.[41]

000000002007-01-01-0000January 2007 Awarded 2 Emmy Awards Carmack and id Software were awarded with two Emmy Awards. The first was Science, Engineering & Technology for Broadcast Television, which includes broadcast, cable and satellite distribution. The second was for Science, Engineering and Technology for Broadband and Personal Television, encompassing interactive television, gaming technology, and for the first time, the Internet, cell phones, private networks, and personal media players. id Software is the very first independent game developer to be awarded an Emmy since the Academy began honoring technology innovation in 1948.[42]

000000002007-09-01-0000September 2007 Television appearance Appeared on Discovery Channel Canada Daily Planet featuring his rocket designs along with the Armadillo Aerospace
Armadillo Aerospace
team.

000000002008-01-01-00002008 Honored Carmack was honored at the 59th Annual Technology & Engineering Emmy Awards
Emmy Awards
for Quake's pioneering role of user modifiability.[43] He is the only game programmer ever honored twice by the National Academy of Television Arts & Sciences, having been given an Emmy Award in 2007 for his creation of the 3D technology that underlies modern shooter video games.[44] Along with Don Daglow
Don Daglow
of Stormfront Studios and Mike Morhaime
Mike Morhaime
of Blizzard Entertainment, Carmack is one of only three game developers to accept awards at both the Technology & Engineering Emmy Awards
Emmy Awards
and at the Academy of Interactive Arts & Sciences Interactive Achievement Awards.[citation needed]

000000002008-10-01-0000October 2008 Won X-Prize Carmack's Armadillo Aerospace
Armadillo Aerospace
won the $350,000 Level One X-Prize Lunar Lander Challenge.[45]

000000002010-03-11-0000March 11, 2010 Lifetime Achievement Award Was awarded the Game Developers Conference
Game Developers Conference
Lifetime Achievement award for his work.[46]

000000002016-03-07-0000March 7, 2016 BAFTA Fellowship Award Honoured with the Academy's highest honour, the Fellowship for "work that has consistently been at the cutting edge of games and his technical expertise helping the future arrive that little bit faster".[47]

000000002017-05-03-0000May 3, 2017 Honorary Doctorate Received a Doctor of Engineering Honoris Causa from the University of Missouri, Kansas City for "his work in cutting edge tech & comp sci".[48]

Games[edit] Titles are listed below in reverse chronological order. This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it.

Release date Title Developer Publisher Credited for

000000002016-05-13-0000May 13, 2016 Doom id Software Bethesda Softworks Former technical director, former engine programmer, former developer

000000002012-10-16-0000October 16, 2012 Doom 3
Doom 3
BFG Edition id Software Bethesda Softworks Technical director, engine programmer, developer

000000002011-10-04-0000October 4, 2011 Rage id Software Bethesda Softworks Technical director, engine programmer, developer

000000002007-09-28-0000September 28, 2007 Enemy Territory: Quake Wars Splash Damage Activision Programming

000000002006-05-01-0000May 1, 2006 Orcs & Elves Fountainhead Entertainment Electronic Arts Producer/programmer/writer

000000002005-10-18-0000October 18, 2005 Quake 4 Raven Software Activision, Bethesda Softworks
Bethesda Softworks
(republished 2012) Technical director

000000002005-09-13-0000September 13, 2005 Doom RPG Fountainhead Entertainment id Software Producer/programmer

000000002005-04-03-0000April 3, 2005 Doom 3: Resurrection of Evil Nerve Software Activision Technical director

000000002004-08-03-0000August 3, 2004 Doom 3 id Software Activision Technical director

000000002001-11-19-0000November 19, 2001 Return to Castle Wolfenstein id Software Activision Technical director

000000002000-12-18-0000December 18, 2000 Quake III: Team Arena id Software Activision Programming

000000001999-12-02-0000December 2, 1999 Quake III
Quake III
Arena id Software Activision Programming

000000001997-11-30-0000November 30, 1997 Quake II id Software Activision Programming

000000001997-03-31-0000March 31, 1997 Doom 64 Midway Games Midway Games Programming

000000001996-06-22-0000June 22, 1996 Quake id Software GT Interactive Programming

000000001996-05-31-0000May 31, 1996 Final Doom id Software GT Interactive Programming

000000001995-10-30-0000October 30, 1995 Hexen: Beyond Heretic Raven Software id Software 3D engine

000000001994-12-23-0000December 23, 1994 Heretic Raven Software id Software Engine programmer

000000001994-09-30-0000September 30, 1994 Doom II: Hell on Earth id Software GT Interactive Programming

000000001993-12-10-0000December 10, 1993 Doom id Software id Software Programming

000000001993-01-01-00001993 Shadowcaster Raven Software Origin Systems 3D engine

000000001992-09-18-0000September 18, 1992 Spear of Destiny id Software FormGen Software engineer

000000001992-05-05-0000May 5, 1992 Wolfenstein
Wolfenstein
3D id Software Apogee Software Programming

000000001991-01-01-00001991 Catacomb 3-D id Software Softdisk Programming

000000001991-01-01-00001991 Commander Keen
Commander Keen
in Aliens Ate My Babysitter! id Software FormGen Programming

000000001991-12-15-0000December 15, 1991 Commander Keen
Commander Keen
in Goodbye, Galaxy! id Software Apogee Software Programming

000000001991-01-01-00001991 Commander Keen
Commander Keen
in Keen Dreams id Software Softdisk Programming

000000001991-01-01-00001991 Shadow Knights id Software Softdisk Design/programming

000000001991-01-01-00001991 Rescue Rover
Rescue Rover
2 id Software Softdisk Programmer

000000001991-01-01-00001991 Rescue Rover id Software Softdisk Programmer

000000001991-01-01-00001991 Hovertank 3D id Software Softdisk Programming

000000001991-01-01-00001991 Dangerous Dave
Dangerous Dave
in the Haunted Mansion id Software Softdisk Programming

000000001991-01-01-00001991 Dark Designs III: Retribution Softdisk Softdisk Programmer/designer

000000001990-12-14-0000December 14, 1990 Commander Keen
Commander Keen
in Invasion of the Vorticons id Software Apogee Software Programming

000000001990-01-01-00001990 Slordax: The Unknown Enemy Softdisk Softdisk Programming

000000001990-01-01-00001990 Catacomb II Softdisk Softdisk Developer

000000001990-01-01-00001990 Catacomb Softdisk Softdisk Programmer

000000001990-01-01-00001990 Dark Designs II: Closing the Gate Softdisk Softdisk Programmer/designer

000000001990-01-01-00001990 Dark Designs: Grelminar's Staff John Carmack Softdisk Developer

000000001990-01-01-00001990 Tennis John Carmack Softdisk Developer

000000001990-01-01-00001990 Wraith: The Devil's Demise John Carmack Nite Owl Productions Developer

000000001989-01-01-00001989 Shadowforge John Carmack Nite Owl Productions Developer

References[edit]

^ a b McWhertor, Michael (22 November 2013). "id Software founder John Carmack resigns". Archived from the original on 22 November 2013.  ^ " John Carmack
John Carmack
Joins Oculus as CTO". oculusvr. Oculus VR. Archived from the original on 7 August 2013. Retrieved 7 August 2013.  ^ All the RAGE: John Carmack
John Carmack
Archived 2017-03-20 at the Wayback Machine., Bethesda Softworks ^ " John Carmack
John Carmack
Answers". Games.slashdot.org. 1999-10-15. Archived from the original on 2012-10-05. Retrieved 2012-11-27.  ^ Kushner, David. Masters of Doom. Random House. p. 21. ISBN 978-1-58836-289-6. Archived from the original on 2015-03-02.  ^ Kang, Anna (October 18, 2007). "Q&A: Fountainhead's Kang Talks Orcs & Elves DS, Wii Possibilities". Archived from the original on January 17, 2013  ^ Snider, Mike (18 July 2007). "Q&A with id Software's Kevin Cloud and Steve Nix". USA Today. Archived from the original on 23 May 2008.  ^ Wilhelm, Alex. "Doom's John Carmack
John Carmack
Leaves id Software To Focus On The Oculus Virtual Reality Headset".  ^ Yin-Poole, Wesley (5 February 2014). "Why John Carmack
John Carmack
quit id Software". Eurogamer. Gamer Network. Archived from the original on 22 February 2014. Retrieved 5 February 2014.  ^ Orland, Kyle (16 January 2017). "Oculus accused of destroying evidence, Zuckerberg to testify in VR theft trial". Ars Technica. Archived from the original on 16 January 2017. Retrieved 16 January 2017.  ^ Orland, Kyle (1 February 2017). "Oculus, execs liable for $500 million in ZeniMax VR trial". Ars Technica. Archived from the original on 1 February 2017. Retrieved 1 February 2017.  ^ Manion, Wayne (10 March 2017). " John Carmack
John Carmack
sues ZeniMax for $22.5 million". Tech Report. Archived from the original on 14 March 2017. Retrieved 13 March 2017.  ^ a b Foust, Jeff (August 1, 2013). "Carmack: Armadillo Aerospace
Armadillo Aerospace
in "hibernation mode"". NewSpace Journal. Archived from the original on August 5, 2013. Retrieved August 6, 2013.  ^ Michaels, Patrick (September 14, 2009). "Rocket Men From Mesquite's Armadillo Aerospace
Armadillo Aerospace
Are in Line For $1 Million X Prize". Dallas Observer. Archived from the original on September 18, 2009. Retrieved September 14, 2009.  ^ "International Space Fellowship". Spacefellowship.com. Archived from the original on 2013-06-24. Retrieved 2012-11-27.  ^ "Lunar lander qualifies for prize - Cosmic Log". Cosmiclog.msnbc.msn.com. Archived from the original on 2009-09-15. Retrieved 2012-11-27.  ^ "Are Video Game Patents Next?". Slashdot. 2005-06-01. Archived from the original on 2013-12-07. Retrieved 2012-11-27.  ^ "TTimo/doom3.gpl · GitHub". Github.com. Archived from the original on 2013-07-21. Retrieved 2012-11-27.  ^ Carmack, John. " Twitter
Twitter
/ @ID_AA_Carmack: Thanks to Flat Rock..." Archived from the original on 2014-07-14.  ^ Halfacree, Gareth (2014-06-09). "Early id Software game engines open-sourced". Archived from the original on 2018-01-06. Retrieved 2018-04-07.  ^ "id on Linux: "disappointing" and "support nightmare" Archived 2015-04-28 at the Wayback Machine. from Slashdot
Slashdot
(John Carmack, December 08, 2000) ^ Chalk, Andy (2013-02-06). " John Carmack
John Carmack
Argues Against Native Linux Games". The Escapist. Archived from the original on 2014-01-13. Retrieved 2013-09-29. He reiterated his support for improving emulation as the "proper technical direction for gaming on Linux," noting that native ports don't do much that a good emulator wouldn't be able to handle.  ^ Plafke, James (2013-10-21). " John Carmack
John Carmack
thinks the Steam Machine's biggest problem is Linux". extremetech.com. Archived from the original on 2014-08-26. Retrieved 2014-08-22. Carmack specifically noted, Linux might be the Steam Machine’s downfall  ^ " Dennis Fong
Dennis Fong
CrunchBase Profile". Crunchbase.com. Archived from the original on 2012-11-20. Retrieved 2012-11-27.  ^ Lombardi, Chris (July 1994). "To Hell and Back Again". Computer Gaming World. pp. 20–24.  ^ "GameSpy: John Carmack: QuakeCon
QuakeCon
2008 Keynote Highlights - Page 6". Pc.gamespy.com. Archived from the original on 2012-02-10. Retrieved 2012-11-27.  ^ "DNF Dallas Business Journal Article, 2008, and stuff - Page 4 - 3D Realms Forums". Forums.3drealms.com. Archived from the original on 2012-10-18. Retrieved 2012-11-27.  ^ GamePro
GamePro
Staff (2006-08-29). " GamePro
GamePro
Q&A: Blizzard's Jeff Kaplan on The Burning Crusade". GamePro. Archived from the original on 2009-01-14. Retrieved 2006-09-30.  ^ "Page by Page Report Display (Page 5052 of 7433)". Federal Election Commission. Archived from the original on 28 April 2015. Retrieved 13 March 2014.  ^ "VR Legend John Carmack
John Carmack
Persuaded the Libertarian Party of Texas to Accept Bitcoin Donations - CCN: Financial Bitcoin & Cryptocurrency News". 17 October 2014. Archived from the original on 23 February 2016.  ^ "Amazon.com: John Carmack's review of The Thomas Sowell
Thomas Sowell
Reader". Archived from the original on 2016-03-10.  ^ Replied to an user in his Twitter
Twitter
"I don't believe in god, but I don't see any correlation between religiosity and human virtues. Merry Xmas everyone!" "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-04-28. Retrieved 2014-12-14.  ^ "Having a reasonable grounding in statistics and probability and no belief in luck, fate, karma, or god(s), the only casino game that interests me is blackjack," he wrote in a .plan file." — John Carmack, David Kushner, as quoted in Masters of Doom: How two guys created an Empire and transformed pop culture (2003). ^ Thomsen, Michael (June 2011). "The Deathmatch Daydreams of Tim Willits". Electronic Gaming Monthly (248): 23–24.  ^ " John Carmack
John Carmack
Answers". Slashdot. 1999-10-15. Archived from the original on 2015-12-17. Retrieved 2015-12-10.  ^ " GameSpot
GameSpot
- /features/15most/html/mi96_01.html". Liveweb.archive.org. Archived from the original on 2010-05-14. Retrieved 2012-04-12.  ^ "Internet Archive Wayback Machine". Web.archive.org. 2005-02-06. Archived from the original on 2005-02-06. Retrieved 2012-04-12.  ^ CGW 159: The Most Influential People of All Time ^ Time Digital 50 from Time Archived March 1, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. ^ "2002 Young Innovators Under 35". Technology Review. 2002. Retrieved August 16, 2011.  ^ "Internet Archive Wayback Machine". Web.archive.org. 2009-02-26. Archived from the original on 2009-02-26. Retrieved 2012-11-27.  ^ "National Television Academy Announces Emmy Winning Achievements: Honors Bestowed at 58th Annual Technology & Engineering Emmy Awards" (PDF). Emmyonline.org. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-03-06. Retrieved 2012-11-26.  ^ Contact Brian Ashcraft: Comment (2008-01-08). "2008 Tech Emmy Winners". Kotaku.com. Archived from the original on 2012-05-25. Retrieved 2012-11-27.  ^ " John Carmack
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& id Software take Two Emmy Awards! - VirtualChaos – Nadeem's blog". Archived from the original on 2016-03-04.  ^ "Armadillo Wins Lunar Lander Challenge Level 1, Crashes On 2". Gizmodo.com. 2008-10-27. Archived from the original on 2012-10-09. Retrieved 2012-11-27.  ^ "2010 Game Developers Choice Awards to Honor John Carmack
John Carmack
of id Software With... - SAN FRANCISCO, Feb. 22 /PRNewswire/". Prnewswire.com. Archived from the original on 2012-10-09. Retrieved 2012-11-27.  ^ " John Carmack
John Carmack
BAFTA Fellowship in 2016". www.bafta.org. Archived from the original on 2016-04-10. Retrieved 2016-04-08.  ^ "They Have Touched Our Lives UMKC Today". info.umkc.edu. Archived from the original on 2018-01-05. Retrieved 2018-01-05. 

Further reading[edit]

Kushner, David (2003). Masters of Doom: How Two Guys Created an Empire and Transformed Pop Culture, New York: Random House. ISBN 0-375-50524-5.

External links[edit]

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v t e

id Software games

Main franchises

Commander Keen Doom Quake Wolfenstein

Other games

Shadow Knights Hovertank 3D Dangerous Dave Rescue Rover Tiles of the Dragon Catacomb 3-D Orcs & Elves Rage

Games published

Heretic Hexen: Beyond Heretic Hexen II

People

Current

Kevin Cloud Tim Willits Marty Stratton

Former

John Carmack John Romero Adrian Carmack Tom Hall Mark Rein Sandy Petersen Dave Taylor American McGee Mike Wilson Michael Abrash Jennell Jaquays Paul Steed Graeme Devine Todd Hollenshead Timothee Besset Katherine Anna Kang Matthew Costello

Publishers

Softdisk Apogee Software FormGen GT Interactive Activision ZeniMax Media

Technology

Adaptive tile refresh id Tech

Doom engine Quake engine Quake II
Quake II
engine id Tech 3 id Tech 4 id Tech 5 id Tech 6

Related

QuakeCon Masters of Doom

v t e

BAFTA Fellowship recipients

1971–2000

Alfred Hitchcock
Alfred Hitchcock
(1971) Freddie Young (1972) Grace Wyndham Goldie (1973) David Lean
David Lean
(1974) Jacques Cousteau
Jacques Cousteau
(1975) Charlie Chaplin
Charlie Chaplin
(1976) Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
(1976) Denis Forman (1977) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1978) Lew Grade
Lew Grade
(1979) Huw Wheldon
Huw Wheldon
(1979) David Attenborough
David Attenborough
(1980) John Huston
John Huston
(1980) Abel Gance
Abel Gance
(1981) Michael Powell
Michael Powell
& Emeric Pressburger
Emeric Pressburger
(1981) Andrzej Wajda
Andrzej Wajda
(1982) Richard Attenborough
Richard Attenborough
(1983) Hugh Greene (1984) Sam Spiegel
Sam Spiegel
(1984) Jeremy Isaacs (1985) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1986) Federico Fellini
Federico Fellini
(1987) Ingmar Bergman
Ingmar Bergman
(1988) Alec Guinness
Alec Guinness
(1989) Paul Fox (1990) Louis Malle
Louis Malle
(1991) John Gielgud
John Gielgud
(1992) David Plowright (1992) Sydney Samuelson (1993) Colin Young (1993) Michael Grade
Michael Grade
(1994) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1995) Jeanne Moreau
Jeanne Moreau
(1996) Ronald Neame
Ronald Neame
(1996) John Schlesinger
John Schlesinger
(1996) Maggie Smith
Maggie Smith
(1996) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1997) Steven Bochco
Steven Bochco
(1997) Julie Christie
Julie Christie
(1997) Oswald Morris (1997) Harold Pinter
Harold Pinter
(1997) David Rose (1997) Sean Connery
Sean Connery
(1998) Bill Cotton
Bill Cotton
(1998) Eric Morecambe
Eric Morecambe
& Ernie Wise
Ernie Wise
(1999) Elizabeth Taylor
Elizabeth Taylor
(1999) Michael Caine
Michael Caine
(2000) Stanley Kubrick
Stanley Kubrick
(2000) Peter Bazalgette
Peter Bazalgette
(2000)

2001–present

Albert Finney
Albert Finney
(2001) John Thaw
John Thaw
(2001) Judi Dench
Judi Dench
(2001) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(2002) Merchant Ivory Productions (2002) Andrew Davies (2002) John Mills
John Mills
(2002) Saul Zaentz
Saul Zaentz
(2003) David Jason (2003) John Boorman
John Boorman
(2004) Roger Graef (2004) John Barry (2005) David Frost
David Frost
(2005) David Puttnam
David Puttnam
(2006) Ken Loach
Ken Loach
(2006) Anne V. Coates (2007) Richard Curtis
Richard Curtis
(2007) Will Wright (2007) Anthony Hopkins
Anthony Hopkins
(2008) Bruce Forsyth
Bruce Forsyth
(2008) Dawn French
Dawn French
& Jennifer Saunders
Jennifer Saunders
(2009) Terry Gilliam
Terry Gilliam
(2009) Nolan Bushnell
Nolan Bushnell
(2009) Vanessa Redgrave
Vanessa Redgrave
(2010) Shigeru Miyamoto
Shigeru Miyamoto
(2010) Melvyn Bragg
Melvyn Bragg
(2010) Christopher Lee
Christopher Lee
(2011) Peter Molyneux
Peter Molyneux
(2011) Trevor McDonald (2011) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2012) Rolf Harris
Rolf Harris
(2012) Alan Parker
Alan Parker
(2013) Gabe Newell
Gabe Newell
(2013) Michael Palin
Michael Palin
(2013) Helen Mirren
Helen Mirren
(2014) Rockstar Games
Rockstar Games
(2014) Julie Walters
Julie Walters
(2014) Mike Leigh
Mike Leigh
(2015) David Braben (2015) Jon Snow (2015) Sidney Poitier
Sidney Poitier
(2016) John Carmack
John Carmack
(2016) Ray Galton & Alan Simpson (2016) Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
(2017) Joanna Lumley
Joanna Lumley
(2017) Ridley Scott
Ridley Scott
(2018)

v t e

Facebook

Website

Features Beacon Bluetooth Beacon Credits EdgeRank Graph Search Instant Articles Like button Live facebookcorewwwi.onion Platform Safety Check Stories Watch (List of original programs) Zero

Other products

Current

Atlas Solutions Express Wi-Fi Free Basics Instagram

Hyperlapse List of most liked pictures

Messenger MSQRD Oculus Rift Onavo tbh WhatsApp Workplace

Former

Camera FriendFeed Home

HTC First

M (virtual assistant) Paper Poke (app) Riff Slingshot Wirehog

People

Founders

Mark Zuckerberg
Mark Zuckerberg
(28% equity) Dustin Moskovitz
Dustin Moskovitz
(7%) Eduardo Saverin
Eduardo Saverin
(5%, formerly) Chris Hughes
Chris Hughes
(1%, formerly) Andrew McCollum

Board

Mark Zuckerberg Jim Breyer
Jim Breyer
(11%) Peter Thiel
Peter Thiel
(2%) Sheryl Sandberg Marc Andreessen Erskine Bowles Susan Desmond-Hellmann Donald E. Graham Reed Hastings

Executive officers

Current

Mark Zuckerberg
Mark Zuckerberg
(Chairman and CEO) Sheryl Sandberg
Sheryl Sandberg
(COO) David Wehner (CFO) Mike Schroepfer
Mike Schroepfer
(CTO)

Former

Sean Parker
Sean Parker
(4%, formerly) Owen Van Natta Gideon Yu Adam D'Angelo Chris Kelly Bret Taylor David Ebersman

Notable employees

Current

Chris Cox (VP of Product) Elliot Schrage
Elliot Schrage
(VP of Global Communications, Marketing and Public Policy) Lars Rasmussen (Graph Search director) John Carmack
John Carmack
(CTO of Oculus VR) Hugo Barra
Hugo Barra
(VP of Oculus VR) Naomi Gleit (VP of social good) Caryn Marooney (VP of Communications)

Former

Blake Ross
Blake Ross
(Director of Product) Ted Ullyot (VP, General Counsel, and Secretary) Matt Cohler Charlie Cheever Randi Zuckerberg Yishan Wong George Hotz Joe Lockhart Andrei Alexandrescu
Andrei Alexandrescu
(research scientist)

Open source

Apache Cassandra Apache Hive Apache Thrift Buck FQL Hack HHVM HipHop for PHP MyRocks Open Compute Project Phabricator React RocksDB Scribe Tornado (web server)

Mass media

The Facebook
Facebook
Effect The Accidental Billionaires The Social Network

Concepts

Activity stream Social graph Friending and following Reblogging Fan-gating Facebook
Facebook
diplomacy Facebook
Facebook
like button

Business

History Timeline Acquisitions f8 conference IPO Censorship Criticism

Cambridge Analytica data scandal

Litigation

Divisions

Facebook
Facebook
AI Research Facebook
Facebook
Creative Labs

Related

Priscilla Chan (wife of Mark Zuckerberg) Chan Zuckerberg Initiative Aquila Internet relay drone Willow Village

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 226231865 LCCN: n2002104692 ISNI: 0000 0003 8537 8741 GND: 128786086 SUDOC: 084570423 BNF: cb150421651 (data) BIB