JOHN MANSFIELD BRUMBY AO (born 21 April 1953), is a former Victorian
Labor Party politician who was
Premier of Victoria from 2007 to 2010.
He became leader of the Victorian Labor Party and Premier after the
Steve Bracks . He also served as the Minister for
Veterans' Affairs and the Minister for Multicultural Affairs. He
contested his first election as Premier at the November 2010 Victorian
state election . His government was defeated by the Liberal/National
Coalition led by
Ted Baillieu . Brumby resigned as Labor leader after
the election, on 30 November, to be replaced by
* 1 Early life
* 2 Political career
* 2.1 Federal MP * 2.2 State opposition leader * 2.3 Bracks Government
* 3 Premier of Victoria * 4 Post-political career * 5 Personal life * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 External links
He was a teacher at Eaglehawk High School, in
In 1983 Brumby was elected to the Australian House of Representatives
for the seat of
Brumby then worked as a consultant before being appointed Chief of Staff to the federal Minister for Resources and Tourism, Alan Griffiths with responsibility for the development of policy in areas such as energy, petroleum, minerals and tourism. He held this position until February 1993, when he was elected to the Victorian Legislative Council at a by-election for the seat of Doutta Galla Province in Melbourne's western suburbs.
STATE OPPOSITION LEADER
The Victorian Labor government of
Joan Kirner was defeated at the
October 1992 state elections by the Liberal Party led by Jeff Kennett
Joan Kirner resigned as Leader after a short period and was
Jim Kennan ; Kennan later resigned from Parliament in
June 1993. Brumby was subsequently elected as Labor's new State
Parliamentary leader to fill the vacancy created by Jim Kennan's
resignation. He resigned from the Legislative Council and was elected
Victorian Legislative Assembly
In 1996, Brumby opposed the Kennett State Government's proposed
relocation of the State Museum to the Carlton Gardens site adjacent to
Royal Exhibition Building . It was at this time that Brumby first
proposed that the
Royal Exhibition Building and Carlton Gardens be
From 1993 to 1996 Brumby worked to restore Labor's fortunes in Victoria. The defeat of the federal Labor government in March 1996 prompted Kennett to call an early state election three weeks later. Labor only managed a net two-seat gain, leaving it 20 seats behind the Coalition. This defeat was claimed to have undermined Brumby's position as Leader. Brumby was later replaced as Labor leader in March 1999, agreeing to resign in favour of Steve Bracks .
Brumby as Minister for Innovation giving a speech in April 2007
Steve Bracks narrowly won the state election called by Kennett in September 1999 and appointed Brumby as Minister for Finance, Assistant Treasurer and Minister for State and Regional Development. Brumby formed part of the core leadership team of senior ministers in the new Government along with Bracks, Deputy Premier John Thwaites and Attorney-General Rob Hulls . Steve Bracks initially served as Treasurer as well as Premier, assisted by Brumby who was responsible for Victoria's finances and most of the workload of the Treasury portfolio. On 22 May 2000 Brumby was appointed State Treasurer.
As Treasurer, Brumby presided over a period of steady economic growth in Victoria, and his economic management was given some of the credit, along with the personal popularity of Bracks, for Labor's landslide re-elections in 2002 and 2006. Brumby ensured that the Labor Government maintained a budget surplus.
During 2004 Brumby was criticised by the state Liberal opposition for sharp increases in the rate of land tax in Victoria, which was criticised by many for potentially threatening the viability of many small businesses. Land tax rates were cut in the 2005 state budget. Faced with a choice of having to fund road infrastructure at the expense of development of Victoria's schools, hospitals and public transport, Brumby decided to impose a toll on the new Scoresby Freeway (later known as EastLink) in eastern Melbourne. The decision, which broke a 2002 pre-election promise, provoked a hostile response from the Liberal Opposition and local community groups as well as causing the (Liberal) Federal Government to withhold its share of the funding for the project.
PREMIER OF VICTORIA
On 27 July 2007 the then Victorian Premier, Steve Bracks , announced his retirement from politics, citing family reasons for the decision. Deputy Premier John Thwaites also announced his resignation later that day. On 30 July Victorian Labor elected Brumby, unopposed, as their new leader and he was sworn in as Premier.
An early challenge occurred in November 2007 when State Labor MP Tammy Lobato publicly criticised Brumby over a decision by cabinet to allow genetically modified canola to be grown in Victoria . Other State Labor MPs were also said to be upset over Brumby's approach to the issue, and in particular, the way that he allegedly rail-roaded the policy through.
Brumby's response to a plan proposed by then Liberal Party of
Australia Prime Minister
In April 2008 he was widely applauded for his move to break up the Victorian poker machine gambling duopoly starting in 2012. The move was supported in particular by organisations such as the Interchurch Gambling Taskforce and the Australian Hotels Association . Some concerns, however, were raised that the decision could ultimately result in a A$1 billion compensation claim from the companies standing to lose their duopoly status as a result of the decision, Tattersalls and Tabcorp . The government, however, denied that any claim for compensation would be successful.
In May 2008, following the reporting of several episodes of violence
During 2008 Brumby passed an abortion decriminalisation.
He contested as Premier at the November 2010 Victorian state election and his government was narrowly defeated by the Liberal/National Coalition led by Ted Baillieu .
On 30 November, Brumby announced that he was standing down as Labor leader in Victoria, and that the parliamentary Labor Party would meet on 3 December to elect a new leader and shadow ministry. Ted Baillieu was sworn in as Premier on 2 December, formally ending John Brumby's term. Brumby resigned from parliament on 21 December.
Following his resignation from parliament, Brumby was appointed as a
joint Vice Chancellor's Fellow at
* Victoria portal * Politics portal
* ^ More grief for Brumby over canola, Melbourne: