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JOHN BOORMAN (/ˈbʊərmən/ ; born 18 January 1933) is an English filmmaker who is best known for his feature films such as Point Blank , Hell in the Pacific
Hell in the Pacific
, Deliverance
Deliverance
, Zardoz
Zardoz
, Excalibur , The Emerald Forest , Hope and Glory , The General , The Tailor of Panama , and Queen and Country . He has directed 22 films and received five Academy Award nominations.

CONTENTS

* 1 Early life * 2 Career * 3 Personal life * 4 Awards and nominations * 5 Partial filmography * 6 Bibliography * 7 References * 8 Further reading * 9 External links

EARLY LIFE

Boorman was born in Shepperton
Shepperton
, Surrey
Surrey
, England
England
, the son of Ivy (née Chapman) and George Boorman. He was educated at the Salesian School in Chertsey
Chertsey
, Surrey
Surrey
, even though his family was not Roman Catholic .

CAREER

Boorman first began by working as a drycleaner and journalist in the late 1950s. He ran the newsrooms at Southern Television in Southampton and Dover before moving into TV documentary filmmaking , eventually becoming the head of the BBC
BBC
's Bristol-based Documentary Unit in 1962.

Capturing the interest of producer David Deutsch, he was offered the chance to direct a film aimed at repeating the success of A Hard Day\'s Night (directed by Richard Lester
Richard Lester
in 1964): Catch Us If You Can (1965) is about competing pop group Dave Clark Five . While not as successful commercially as Lester's film, it drew good reviews from distinguished critics such as Pauline Kael
Pauline Kael
and Dilys Powell
Dilys Powell
and smoothed Boorman's way into the film industry. Boorman was drawn to Hollywood for the opportunity to make larger-scale cinema and in Point Blank (1967), based on a Richard Stark novel, brought a stranger's vision to the decaying fortress of Alcatraz
Alcatraz
and the proto-hippy world of west coast America. Lee Marvin
Lee Marvin
gave the then-unknown director his full support, telling MGM he deferred all his approvals on the project to Boorman.

After Point Blank, Boorman re-teamed with Lee Marvin
Lee Marvin
and Toshiro Mifune for the robinsonade of Hell in the Pacific
Hell in the Pacific
(1968), which tells a fable story of two representative soldiers stranded together on an island.

Returning to the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
, he made Leo the Last (US/UK, 1970). This film exhibited the influence of Federico Fellini
Federico Fellini
and even starred Fellini regular Marcello Mastroianni
Marcello Mastroianni
, and won him a Best Director award at Cannes .

Boorman achieved much greater resonance with Deliverance
Deliverance
(US, 1972, adapted from a novel by James Dickey
James Dickey
), the ordeal of four urban men, played by Jon Voight
Jon Voight
, Burt Reynolds
Burt Reynolds
, Ronny Cox
Ronny Cox
and Ned Beatty
Ned Beatty
, who encounter danger from an unexpected quarter while whitewater rafting through the Appalachian backwood. This film became Boorman's first true box office success, earning him several award nominations. Boorman in 1974

At the beginning of the 1970s, Boorman was planning to film The Lord of the Rings and corresponded about his plans with the author, J. R. R. Tolkien . Ultimately the production proved too costly, though some elements and themes can be seen in Excalibur .

A wide variety of films followed. Zardoz
Zardoz
(1974), starring Sean Connery , was a post-apocalyptic science fiction piece, set in the 24th century. According to the director's film commentary, the "Zardoz world" was on a collision course with an "effete" eternal society, which it accomplished, and in the story must reconcile with a more natural human nature.

Boorman was selected as director for Exorcist II: The Heretic (USA, 1977), a move that surprised the industry given his antipathy to the original film. Boorman declared: "Not only did I not want to do the original film, I told the head of Warner Brothers John Calley I'd be happy if he didn't produce the film too." The original script by Broadway playwright William Goodhart was intellectual and ambitious, based around the metaphysical nature of the battle between good and evil, and specifically the writings of Catholic theologian Pierre Teilhard De Chardin, "I found It extremely compelling. It was based on Chardin's intoxicating Idea that biological evolution was the first step In God's plan, starting with inert rock, and culminating In humankind." Despite Boorman's continued rewriting throughout shooting, the film was rendered incomprehensible. The film, released in June 1977, was a critical and box office disaster. Boorman was denounced by author William Peter Blatty
William Peter Blatty
, the author of the original novel The Exorcist , and William Friedkin
William Friedkin
, director of the first Exorcist film . Boorman later admitted that his approach to the film was a mistake. The Heretic is often considered not just the worst film of The Exorcist series , but one of the worst films of all time .

Excalibur (UK, 1981), a long-held dream project of Boorman's, is a retelling of the Arthurian legend
Arthurian legend
, based on Le Morte D\'Arthur . Boorman cast actors Nicol Williamson
Nicol Williamson
and Helen Mirren
Helen Mirren
against their protests, as the two disliked each other intensely, but Boorman felt their mutual antagonism would enhance their characterizations of the characters they were playing. The production was based in the Republic of Ireland , where Boorman had relocated. For the film he employed all of his children as actors and crew and several of Boorman's later films have been 'family business' productions. The film, one of the first to be produced by Orion Films, was a moderate success.

Hope and Glory (1987, UK) is his most autobiographical movie to date, a retelling of his childhood in London during The Blitz
The Blitz
. Produced by Goldcrest Films
Goldcrest Films
, with Hollywood financing the film, it proved a box office hit in the US, receiving numerous Oscar , BAFTA
BAFTA
and Golden Globe nominations. However, his 1990 US-produced comedy about a dysfunctional family , Where the Heart Is , was a major flop.

The Emerald Forest
The Emerald Forest
(1985) saw Boorman cast his actor son Charley Boorman as an eco-warrior, in a rainforest adventure that included commercially required elements – action and near-nudity – with authentic anthropological detail. Rospo Pallenberg 's original screenplay was adapted into a book of the same name by award-winning author Robert Holdstock
Robert Holdstock
.

When his friend David Lean
David Lean
died in 1991, Boorman was announced to be taking over direction of Lean's long-planned adaptation of Nostromo
Nostromo
, though the production collapsed. Beyond Rangoon (US, 1995) and The Tailor of Panama (US/Ireland, 2000) both explore unique worlds with alien characters stranded and desperate.

Boorman won the Best Director Award at the 1998 Cannes Film Festival for The General , his biopic of Martin Cahill . The film is about a glamorous, yet mysterious, criminal in Dublin
Dublin
who was killed, apparently by the Provisional Irish Republican Army
Provisional Irish Republican Army
. Boorman himself had been one of Cahill's burglary victims, having the gold record awarded for the score to Deliverance
Deliverance
stolen from his home.

In 2004, Boorman was made a Fellow of BAFTA
BAFTA
.

Released in 2006, his The Tiger\'s Tail was a thriller set against the tableau of early 21st century capitalism in Ireland. At the same time, Boorman began work on a long-time pet project of his, a fictional account of the life of Roman Emperor Hadrian (entitled Memoirs of Hadrian ), written in the form of a letter from a dying Hadrian to his successor. In the meantime, a re-make/re-interpretation of the classic The Wonderful Wizard Of Oz
The Wonderful Wizard Of Oz
with Boorman at the helm was announced in August 2009.

In 2007 and 2009 he took part in a series of events and discussions as part of the Arts in Marrakech Festival along with his daughter Katrine Boorman including an event with Kim Cattrall called 'Being Directed'.

In November 2012 he was selected as a President of the main competition jury at the 2012 International Film Festival of Marrakech .

In Autumn 2013 Boorman began shooting Queen and Country , the sequel to his 1987 Oscar-nominated Hope and Glory , using locations in Shepperton
Shepperton
and Romania
Romania
. The film was selected to be screened as part of the Directors\' Fortnight section of the 2014 Cannes Film Festival .

PERSONAL LIFE

Boorman has been a longtime resident of the Republic of Ireland
Republic of Ireland
and lives in Annamoe
Annamoe
, County Wicklow
County Wicklow
, close to the Glendalough
Glendalough
twin lakes. He has seven children. His son Charley Boorman
Charley Boorman
has a career as an actor but reached a wider audience when he and actor Ewan McGregor made a televised motorbike trip across Europe, Central Asia, Siberia, Alaska, Canada, and the Midwest US during 2004. His daughter Katrine Boorman ( Igrayne in Excalibur) works as an actress in France. John Boorman's daughter Telsche Boorman wrote the screenplay for Where the Heart Is . She died of ovarian cancer in 1996 at the age of 36. She was married to the journalist Lionel Rotcage , the son of French singer Régine . John Boorman
John Boorman
also has a daughter, Daisy Boorman, who is the twin sister of Charley, and three other children: Lola, Lee and Lily Mae. He was recently divorced.

AWARDS AND NOMINATIONS

ACADEMY AWARDS

* Best Picture (1973) ( Deliverance
Deliverance
) – Nominated * Best Director (1973) (Deliverance) – Nominated * Best Picture (1988) (Hope and Glory ) – Nominated * Best Director (1988) (Hope and Glory) – Nominated * Best Original Screenplay (1988) (Hope and Glory) – Nominated

BRITISH ACADEMY FILM AWARDS

* Best Film (1988) (Hope and Glory) – Nominated * Best Original Screenplay (1988) (Hope and Glory) – Nominated * BAFTA
BAFTA
Fellowship (2004) – Won

GOLDEN GLOBE AWARDS

* Best Director (1973) (Deliverance) – Nominated * Best Director (1988) (Hope and Glory) – Nominated * Best Screenplay (1988) (Hope and Glory) – Nominated

PARTIAL FILMOGRAPHY

YEAR FILM CREDITED AS NOTES

DIRECTOR WRITER PRODUCER

1965 Catch Us If You Can Yes

1967 Point Blank Yes

1968 Hell in the Pacific
Hell in the Pacific
Yes

1970 Leo the Last Yes Yes

1972 Deliverance
Deliverance
Yes

Yes Nominated — Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Picture Nominated — Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Director Nominated — Golden Globe
Golden Globe
Award for Best Director - Motion Picture

1974 Zardoz
Zardoz
Yes Yes Yes

1977 Exorcist II: The Heretic Yes

Yes

1981 Excalibur Yes Yes Yes

1985 The Emerald Forest
The Emerald Forest
Yes

Yes

1987 Hope and Glory Yes Yes Yes Nominated — Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Picture Nominated — Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Director Nominated — Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Original Screenplay Nominated — Golden Globe
Golden Globe
Award for Best Director - Motion Picture Nominated — Golden Globe
Golden Globe
Award for Best Screenplay – Motion Picture Nominated — BAFTA