Giovanni da Vigo
Giovanni da Vigo (1450–1525) was an Italian surgeon. He studied
under Battista di Rapallo, surgeon to the Marquis of Saluzzo. He spent
his early years of practice in
Genoa and a statue of him can be found
in front of the old Civic hospital in Rapallo. In 1495 Vigo moved to
Savona and became acquainted with Cardinal Giuliano della Rovere. When
the Cardinal was made
Pope Julius II
Pope Julius II in 1503, he took Vigo with him to
Rome, appointing him as his official surgeon. He was with the Pope in
the attack on Bologna and cured the Pope of a nodule on his hand.
In 1514 Vigo published Practica in arte chirurgica copiosa a
comprehensive work on surgery composed of nine books and written in
Latin. He dedicated it to his son, Luigi. In it Vigo wrote about
anatomy, medications and the treatment of apostome, ulcers, wounds,
diseases and fractures and dislocations.
The book on wounds included one of the earliest discussions of the
treatment of wounds caused by firearms. He assumed that the victims of
such wounds were poisoned by gunpowder and recommended treatment with
boiling oil in order to counteract the poison.
Ambroise Paré in 1536,
as surgeon to colonel-general Mareschal de Montjean discovered that
such treatment was counter-productive and recommends different
treatments. The book on diseases discussed the French Disease (which
is generally equated with modern-day Syphilis).
In 1517, Vigo published Practica compendiosa which covered most of the
same material as his Practica in a much more condensed form. Vigo's
two books were commonly printed together after that and often along
with another compendium of surgery by
Mariano Santo who said he had
been a student of Vigo's and who would later become famous for his
work on the treatment of bladder stones.
Although he is generally known today only for his mistaken treatment
of gunshot wounds, Vigo's first book on surgery was enormously
successful. It was translated into English, Latin, Italian and French
and reprinted dozens of times in the sixteenth and seventeenth
centuries making him one of the best known surgeons of his day.
2 See also
4 External links
Practica in arte chirurgica copiosa (Rome, 1514). The book went
through numerous editions and translations. The 1519 Latin edition is
on line 
Practica compendiosa (Rome, 1517). Often printed with the Practica.
An English translation by
Bartholomew Traheron entitled ‘The moste
Excellent Workes of Chirurgerye made and set forthe by maister John
Vigon, heed chirurgien of our tyme in Italie was published in 1543.
^ "Vigo, Giovanni Da – Dictionary definition of Vigo, Giovanni Da
Encyclopedia.com: FREE online dictionary". www.encyclopedia.com.
^ Prima pars practice in chirurgia: Practica in arte chirurgica
copiosa ... in aedibus Iacobi Myt..., sumptib[us]... Vince[n]tii de
^ "[WorldCat.org]". www.worldcat.org. Retrieved 2016-01-15.
^ William Carew Hazlitt, "Vigo, Giovanni". In: Third and Final Series
of Bibliographical Collections and Notes on Early English Literature:
Encyclopedia.com entry on Vigo
Giovanni Vigo's Statue
ISNI: 0000 0000 6633 3300
BNF: cb12512696h (data)
This biography related to medicine in
Italy is a stub. You can help
by expanding it.