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The Info List - Johann Mészáros Von Szoboszló





Seven Years' War War of the Bavarian Succession Austro-Turkish War (1787-1791)

Battle of Focsani
Battle of Focsani
(1789)

French Revolutionary Wars

First Battle of Wissembourg (1793) Action of Rastatt
Rastatt
(1796) Battle of Ettlingen
Battle of Ettlingen
(1796) Battle of Castiglione
Battle of Castiglione
(1796) Siege of Mantua
Mantua
(1796-1797)

Awards

Military Order of Maria Theresa, KC (1793) Military Order of Maria Theresa, CC (1796)

Johann Mészáros von Szoboszló
Johann Mészáros von Szoboszló
(1737 – 17 November 1801) joined the Austrian army in 1756 and fought the Prussians, Ottoman Turks, and French during a long military career. During the French Revolutionary Wars, he fought in several campaigns. He commanded a division in the 1796-1797 Italian campaign against the army of Napoleon Bonaparte. He was Proprietor (Inhaber) of an Austrian Uhlan
Uhlan
regiment from 1792 to 1797 and a Hussar
Hussar
regiment from 1797 to 1801.

Contents

1 Early career 2 French Revolutionary War

2.1 Rhine 1792-1796 2.2 Italy 1796-1797

3 Later career 4 Footnotes 5 References

5.1 Printed materials 5.2 External References

Early career[edit] A Hungarian, Mészáros was born in Kunhegyes
Kunhegyes
in 1737. He entered the Austrian military service in 1756 as a Cornet in the Desewffy Hussar Regiment # 30. He fought in the Seven Years' War
Seven Years' War
and became a Major
Major
on 10 January 1774. He was promoted to Oberst-Leutnant on 1 November 1778 during the War of the Bavarian Succession. On 1 May 1784, he was appointed Oberst
Oberst
(Colonel) of the Kaiser Joseph II Hussar
Hussar
Regiment # 2. During the Austro-Turkish War (1787-1791), he was promoted General- Major
Major
as a reward for leading a successful cavalry charge at the Battle of Focsani
Battle of Focsani
and other exploits.[1] French Revolutionary War[edit] Rhine 1792-1796[edit] In 1792, he became proprietor of the Mészáros Uhlan
Uhlan
Regiment (this became # 1 in 1798) and held this dignity until 1797. The mounted lancer unit was formed by combining two uhlan squadrons each from the Kaiser, Karaczay, Levenehr, and Lobkowitz Chevauxleger Regiments.[1] On 13 October 1793, he led the 4th column under Dagobert von Wurmser in the First Battle of Wissembourg.[2] He was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Military Order of Maria Theresa
Military Order of Maria Theresa
on 25 October 1793 for his distinguished service. In 1794, he served in Friedrich Freiherr von Hotze's corps. Promotion to Feldmarschall-Leutnant came on 4 March 1796 after more service with the Army of the Upper Rhine under Wurmser and Maximilian Baillet de Latour. He received the Commander's Cross of the Military Order of Maria Theresa
Military Order of Maria Theresa
on 11 May.[1] On 5 July 1796, Mészáros and Karl Aloys zu Fürstenberg
Karl Aloys zu Fürstenberg
led the Austrian rear guard in action at Rastatt.[3] Italy 1796-1797[edit] Immediately after Ettlingen, Mészáros went to Italy, where Wurmser had replaced Johann Beaulieu as commander-in-chief. During the first relief of the Siege of Mantua, the army commander assigned Mészáros to lead IV Column. This force moved down the Brenta River
Brenta River
valley to Bassano del Grappa
Bassano del Grappa
at the end of July. From there, he approached Mantua
Mantua
from the northeast via Vicenza.[4] Unfortunately, this left the IV Column remote from the action during a critical phase of operations.[5] When Mészáros' troops finally arrived near Mantua, Wurmser ordered him to observe the French division that had just raised the siege of that fortress. But Pascal Fiorella's division got off to an early start on 5 August and Mészáros was unable to intercept it. Fiorella's attack against the left rear of the Austrian army helped Bonaparte win the Battle of Castiglione.[6] At the beginning of the second relief of Mantua, Mészáros lay west of Bassano with a division of 10,673 soldiers.[7] Unexpectedly, Bonaparte defeated Austrian forces at the Battle of Rovereto
Battle of Rovereto
in the Tyrol. Then the main French army moved east and south down the Brenta valley to defeat Wurmser at the Battle of Bassano
Battle of Bassano
on 8 September. Instead of retreating to the east, Wurmser moved southwest to unite with Mészáros and marched hard for Mantua.[8] The Austrians evaded Bonaparte's pursuit and reached the fortress, though the French forced them to fight a costly battle at La Favorita Palace on 15 September.[9] After this, Mészáros and his soldiers suffered through the long Siege of Mantua
Mantua
before Wurmser surrendered to Bonaparte on 2 February 1797. Later career[edit] In 1797, he became proprietor of Mészáros Hussar
Hussar
Regiment # 35 (it was renumbered # 10 in 1798) and commander of the Hungarian Insurrections, a national militia. Soon after Mantua, he retired from active military service. He died in 1801 at Csomaköz in Hungary.[10] Footnotes[edit]

^ a b c Smith-Kudrna, Meszaros ^ Smith, p 58 ^ Smith, p 116 ^ Fiebeger, p 10 ^ Boycott-Brown, p 388 ^ Boycott-Brown, pp 398-399 ^ Boycott-Brown, p 418 ^ Chandler, p 98 ^ Boycott-Brown, p 435 ^ Smith-Kudrna, Meszaros. This source gives both 1797 and 1798 as a retirement date.

References[edit] Printed materials[edit]

Boycott-Brown, Martin. The Road to Rivoli. London: Cassell & Co., 2001. ISBN 0-304-35305-1 Chandler, David. Dictionary of the Napoleonic Wars. New York: Macmillan, 1979. ISBN 0-02-523670-9 Fiebeger, G. J. (1911). The Campaigns of Napoleon Bonaparte
Napoleon Bonaparte
of 1796–1797. West Point, New York: US Military Academy Printing Office.  Pivka, Otto von. Armies of the Napoleonic Era. New York: Taplinger Publishing, 1979. ISBN 0-8008-5471-3 Smith, Digby. The Napoleonic Wars Data Book. London: Greenhill, 1998. ISBN 1-85367-276-9

External References[edit]

napoleon-series.org Meszaros by Digby Smith, compiled by Leopold Kudrna napoleon-series.org Barco by Digby Smith, compiled by Leopold Kudrna napoleon-online.de Meszaros in German by Jens-Florian Ebert

Military offices

Preceded by New regiment Proprietor (Inhaber) of Uhlan
Uhlan
Regiment # 1 1792–1797 Succeeded by Maximilian, Count of Merveldt

Preceded by Vincenz von Barco Proprietor (Inhaber) of Hussar
Hussar
Regiment # 10 Pre-1798: Hussar
Hussar
Regiment # 35 1797–1801 Succeeded by Joseph von Stipsics zu Ternowa

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 95521595 GN

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