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Johann Friedrich Gmelin
Johann Friedrich Gmelin
(8 August 1748 – 1 November 1804) was a German naturalist, botanist, entomologist, herpetologist, and malacologist.

Contents

1 Education 2 Career 3 Legacy 4 Publications 5 References 6 External links

Education[edit] Johann Friedrich Gmelin
Johann Friedrich Gmelin
was born as the eldest son of Philipp Friedrich Gmelin in 1748 in Tübingen. He studied medicine under his father[1] at University of Tübingen
Tübingen
and graduated with an MD in 1768, with a thesis entitled: Irritabilitatem vegetabilium, in singulis plantarum partibus exploratam ulterioribusque experimentis confirmatam., defended under the presidency of Ferdinand Christoph Oetinger,[2] whom he thanks with the words Patrono et praeceptore in aeternum pie devenerando, pro summis in medicina obtinendis honoribus. Career[edit] In 1769, Gmelin became an adjunct professor of medicine at University of Tübingen. In 1773, he became professor of philosophy and adjunct professor of medicine at University of Göttingen. He was promoted to full professor of medicine and professor of chemistry, botany, and mineralogy in 1778. He died in 1804 in Göttingen. Johann Friedrich Gmelin
Johann Friedrich Gmelin
published several textbooks in the fields of chemistry, pharmaceutical science, mineralogy, and botany. He also published the 13th edition of Systema Naturae
Systema Naturae
by Carl Linnaeus
Carl Linnaeus
in 1788 and 1789. This contained descriptions and scientific names of many new species, including birds that had earlier been catalogued without a scientific name by John Latham in his A General Synopsis of Birds. Gmelin's publication is cited as the authority for over 290 bird species[3] and also a number of butterfly species. [4] Legacy[edit] Among his students were Georg Friedrich Hildebrandt, Carl Friedrich Kielmeyer, Friedrich Stromeyer, and Wilhelm August Lampadius. He was the father of Leopold Gmelin. He discovered the redfin pickerel in 1789. In the scientific field of herpetology, he described many new species of amphibians and reptiles.[5] In the field of malacology, he described and named many species of gastropods. The standard author abbreviation J.F.Gmel. is used to indicate this person as the author when citing a botanical name.[6] The abbreviation "Gmel." is also found.[7] Publications[edit]

Gmelin, Johann Friedrich; Ferdinand Christoph Oetinger
Ferdinand Christoph Oetinger
(1768). Irritabilitatem vegetabilium, in singulis plantarum partibus exploratam ulterioribusque experimentis confirmatam. Thesis Tübingen. OCLC 10717434.  Allgemeine Geschichte der Gifte, 2 Vol., 1776/77 Digital edition of the University and State Library Düsseldorf. Allgemeine Geschichte der Pflanzengifte, 1777 Allgemeine Geschichte der mineralischen Gifte. Nürnberg : Raspe, 1777. Digital edition of the University and State Library Düsseldorf. Johann Friedrich Gmelins ... Einleitung in die Chemie zum Gebrauch auf Universitäten. Nürnberg: Raspe, 1780. Digital edition of the University and State Library Düsseldorf. Einleitung in die Pharmacie. Nürnberg: Raspe, 1781. Digital edition of the University and State Library Düsseldorf. Beyträge zur Geschichte des teutschen Bergbaus, 1783 Ueber die neuere Entdeckungen in der Lehre von der Luft, und deren Anwendung auf Arzneikunst, in Briefen an einen Arzt, von J. F. Gmelin., 1784 Grundsätze der technischen Chemie, 1786 Caroli a Linné, equitis aurati de stella polari, … Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima tertia, aucta, reformata. Lipsiae [Leipzig], Georg Emanuel Beer, 1789-1790 Grundriß der Pharmazie, 1792 Apparatus Medicaminum tam simplicium quam praeparatorum et compositorum in Praxeos Adiumentum consideratus, Ps. 2, T. 1 - Ps. 2, T. 2., 1795–1796. Digital edition of the University and State Library Düsseldorf. Geschichte der Chemie, 1799 Allgemeine Geschichte der thierischen und mineralischen Gifte, 1806

Göttingen, Cheltenhampark, Grave of Johann Friedrich Gmelin

References[edit]

^ Mainz, Vera V.; Gregory S. Girolami (1998). "Genealogy Database Entry: Gmelin, Johann Friedrich" (PDF). School of Chemical Sciences Web Genealogy. University of Illinois, Champaign-Urbana. Retrieved 2009-01-01.  ^ Irritabilitatem vegetabilium in singulis plantarum partibus exploratatam ^ Gill, Frank; Donsker, David (eds.). "IOC World Bird List Version 5.4". International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 24 January 2016.  ^ Vane-Wright, R. I., 1975. The butterflies named by J. F. Gmelin (Lepidoptera: Rhopalocera).Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History),Entomology, 32: 17-64.pdf ^ The Reptile Database. www.reptile-database.org. ^ IPNI.  J.F.Gmel.  ^ See for instance: Audubon, John James (1831) - Ornithological Biography : Volume 1, p. 232. Online available at wikisource.

Vane-Wright, R. I., 1975. The butterflies named by J. F. Gmelin (Lepidoptera: Rhopalocera).Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History),Entomology, 32: 17-64.pdf

External links[edit]

Gmelin's chemical genealogy Johann Friedrich Gmelin
Johann Friedrich Gmelin
at the Mathematics Genealogy Project Johann Friedrich Gmelin
Johann Friedrich Gmelin
in the German National Library
German National Library
catalogue [1] International Organization for Plant Information (IOPI). "Plant Name Search Results" (HTML). International Plant Names Index.  books by Johann Friedrich Gmelin
Johann Friedrich Gmelin
at Internet Archive Zoologica Göttingen
Göttingen
State and University Library

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Johann Friedrich Gmelin.

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 56682386 LCCN: n83007770 ISNI: 0000 0001 2101 5517 GND: 116684674 SELIBR: 292226 SUDOC: 067721087 BNF: cb12339252j (data) BIBSYS: 13042130 MGP: 76485 NLA: 35890501 Botanist: J.F.Gm

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