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Joe Sacco
Joe Sacco
(born October 2, 1960) is a Maltese-American cartoonist and journalist. He is best known for his comics journalism, in particular in the books Palestine (1996) and Footnotes in Gaza
Footnotes in Gaza
(2009), on Israeli–Palestinian relations; and Safe Area Goražde (2000) and The Fixer (2003) on the Bosnian War.

Contents

1 Biography 2 Awards 3 Bibliography

3.1 Comic books

3.1.1 Solo 3.1.2 Editor

3.2 Books

3.2.1 Solo 3.2.2 As illustrator

4 See also 5 References 6 Further reading 7 External links

Biography[edit] Sacco was born in Malta on October 2, 1960.[2] His father Leonard was an engineer and his mother Carmen was a teacher.[3] At the age of one, he moved with his family to Melbourne, Australia,[4] where he spent his childhood until 1972, when they moved to Los Angeles.[2] He began his journalism career working on the Sunset High School newspaper in Beaverton, Oregon. While journalism was his primary focus, this was also the period of time in which he developed his penchant for humor and satire. He graduated from Sunset High in 1978. Sacco earned his BA in journalism from the University of Oregon
University of Oregon
in 1981 in three years. He was greatly frustrated with the journalist work that he found at the time, later saying, "[I couldn't find] a job writing very hard-hitting, interesting pieces that would really make some sort of difference."[4] After being briefly employed by the journal of the National Notary Association, a job which he found "exceedingly, exceedingly boring,"[3] and several factories, he returned to Malta, his journalist hopes forgotten. "...I sort of decided to forget it and just go the other route, which was basically take my hobby, which has been cartooning, and see if I could make a living out of that," he later told the BBC.[5] He began working for a local publisher writing guidebooks.[4] Returning to his fondness for comics, he wrote a Maltese romance comic named Imħabba Vera ("True Love"), one of the first art-comics in the Maltese language. "Because Malta has no history of comics, comics weren't considered something for kids," he told The Village Voice. "In one case, for example, the girl got pregnant and she went to Holland for an abortion. Malta is a Catholic country where, at the time, not even divorce was allowed. It was unusual, but it's not like anyone raised a stink about it, because they had no way of judging whether this was appropriate material for comics or not."[6] Eventually returning to the United States, by 1985 Sacco had founded a satirical, alternative comics magazine called Portland Permanent Press in Portland, Oregon. When the magazine folded fifteen months later, he took a job at The Comics Journal
The Comics Journal
as the staff news writer.[7] This job provided the opportunity for him to create and edit another satire: the comics anthology Centrifugal Bumble-Puppy [8] (a name he took from an overcomplicated children's toy in Aldous Huxley's Brave New World), published by The Comics Journal's parent company Fantagraphics Books. But Sacco was more interested in travelling. In 1988, he left the U.S. again to travel across Europe, a trip which he chronicled in his autobiographical comic Yahoo (also published by Fantagraphics).[8] The trip led him towards the ongoing Gulf War
Gulf War
(his obsession with which he talks about in Yahoo #2), and in 1991 he found himself nearby to research the work he would eventually publish as Palestine. The Gulf War
Gulf War
segment of Yahoo drew Sacco into a study of Middle Eastern politics, and he traveled to Israel and the Palestinian territories to research his first long work. Palestine was a collection of short and long pieces, some depicting Sacco's travels and encounters with Palestinians (and several Israelis), and some dramatizing the stories he was told. It was serialized as a comic book from 1993 to 1995 and then published in several collections, the first of which won an American Book Award in 1996 and sold more than 30,000 copies in the UK.[9] Sacco next travelled to Sarajevo
Sarajevo
and Goražde
Goražde
near the end of the Bosnian War, and produced a series of reports in the same style as Palestine: the comics Safe Area Goražde, The Fixer, and the stories collected in War's End; the financing for which was aided by his winning of the Guggenheim Fellowship in April 2001.[8][10] Safe Area Goražde
Goražde
won the Eisner Award for Best Original Graphic Novel in 2001.

Sacco in Iraq in 2005 with the 1st Battalion, 23rd Marines inside the Haditha Dam

He has also contributed short pieces of graphic reportage to a variety of magazines, on subjects ranging from war crimes to blues, and was a frequent illustrator of Harvey Pekar's American Splendor. In 2005 he wrote and drew two eight-page comics depicting events in Iraq published in The Guardian. He also contributed a 16-page piece in April 2007's issue of Harper's Magazine, entitled "Down! Up! You're in the Iraqi Army Now". In 2009, his Footnotes in Gaza
Footnotes in Gaza
was published, which investigates two forgotten massacres that took place in Khan Younis and Rafah
Rafah
in November 1956.[11] In June 2012, a book on poverty in the United States, Days of Destruction, Days of Revolt, co-written with journalist Chris Hedges, was published.[12] Sacco currently lives in Portland, Oregon.[8] Awards[edit] In addition to his 1996 American Book Award, 2001 Guggenheim Fellowship, and 2001 Eisner Award, Sacco's Footnotes in Gaza
Footnotes in Gaza
was nominated for the 2009 Los Angeles Times Book Prize
Los Angeles Times Book Prize
Graphic Novel award.[13] Sacco was awarded the 2010 Ridenhour Book Prize for Footnotes in Gaza.[14] He was award the 2012 Oregon Book Award for Footnotes in Gaza[15] and 2014 Oregon Book Award Finalist for Journalism.[16] Bibliography[edit] Comic books[edit] Solo[edit]

1988–1992: Yahoo #1–6. Fantagraphics Books 1993–1995: Palestine #1–9. Fantagraphics Books 1994: Spotlight on the Genius that is Joe Sacco. Fantagraphics Books 1998: Stories From Bosnia #1: Soba. Drawn and Quarterly

Editor[edit]

1987–1988: Centrifugal Bumble-Puppy Fantagraphics Books

Books[edit] Solo[edit]

1993: Palestine: A Nation Occupied. Fantagraphics Books. ISBN 978-1560971504 (collects Palestine #1–5) 1996: Palestine: In the Gaza Strip. Fantagraphics Books. ISBN 978-1560973003 (collects Palestine #4–9) 1997: War Junkie. Fantagraphics Books. ISBN 1-56097-170-3. 2000: Safe Area Goražde: The War in Eastern Bosnia 1992–1995. Fantagraphics Books. ISBN 1-56097-470-2 (expanded edition 2010) 2001: Palestine. Fantagraphics Books. ISBN 1-56097-432-X (collects Palestine #1–9) (expanded edition in 2007) 2003: The Fixer: A Story from Sarajevo. Drawn and Quarterly Books. ISBN 1-896597-60-2 2003: Notes from a Defeatist. Fantagraphics Books. ISBN 1-56097-510-5 (collects Yahoo #1–6) 2005: War's End: Profiles from Bosnia 1995–96. Drawn and Quarterly. ISBN 1-896597-92-0 2006: But I Like It. Fantagraphics Books. ISBN 1-56097-729-9 2009: Footnotes in Gaza. Metropolitan Books, ISBN 0-8050-7347-7. Jonathan Cape, ISBN 0-224-07109-2 2012: Journalism. Metropolitan Books, ISBN 978-0-8050-9486-2 2013: The Great War: July 1, 1916: The First Day of the Battle of the Somme. W. W. Norton & Company. ISBN 978-0-393-08880-9 2014: Bumf Vol. 1: I Buggered the Kaiser. Fantagraphics Books. ISBN 978-1-60699-748-2

As illustrator[edit]

2012: Days of Destruction, Days of Revolt with Chris Hedges. Nation Books, ISBN 978-1-5685-8643-4

See also[edit]

New Journalism Alternative comics List of Eye magazine issues @earth

References[edit]

^ Randy Duncan and Matthew J. Smith (eds.), Icons of the American Comic Book, Vol. 1, ABC-CLIO, 2013, p. 638 ^ a b Drawn and Quarterly (2004). Joe Sacco: Biography. Retrieved April 24, 2006. ^ a b Duncan Campbell (October 23, 2003). 'I do comics, not graphic novels'. The Guardian. Retrieved April 26, 2006. ^ a b c Read Yourself RAW. Profile: Joe Sacco
Joe Sacco
Archived April 14, 2006, at the Wayback Machine.. Retrieved April 25, 2006. ^ Ben Arnold (August 27, 2004). Telephone interview with Joe Sacco ( .ram file, source: Interview with Joe Sacco). BBC. Retrieved April 26, 2006. ^ Hillary Chute (July 19, 2005). Stand Up Comics. The Village Voice. Retrieved April 26, 2006. ^ Gary Groth (October 4, 2001). Joe Sacco, Frontline Journalist: Why Sacco went to Gorazde. The Comics Journal
The Comics Journal
(a magazine owned and operated by Fantagraphics Books). Retrieved April 26, 2006. ^ a b c d Fantagraphics Books. Joe Sacco
Joe Sacco
Archived March 21, 2006, at the Wayback Machine.. Retrieved April 25, 2006. ^ Eyeglass in Gaza Interview in "The Guardian". ^ Guggenheim Foundation 2001 Fellows Page, Guggenheim Foundation (2001) Archived July 1, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.. Retrieved October 7, 2006. ^ Cooke, Rachel (November 22, 2009). "Eyeless in Gaza". The Observer. Retrieved November 22, 2009.  ^ " Chris Hedges
Chris Hedges
– Lannan Foundation". Lannan.org. Retrieved October 15, 2012.  ^ "2009 Los Angeles Times Book Prize
Los Angeles Times Book Prize
Finalists". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on November 11, 2014.  ^ "Joe Sacco: 2010 Recipient of The Ridenhour Book Prize," Archived September 30, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. Ridenhour website. Retrieved August 26, 2011. ^ [1] ^ [2]

Further reading[edit]

Marshall, Monica (2005). Joe Sacco. Rosen Publishing Group. ISBN 978-1-4042-0284-9. 

Chute, Hillary (2016). Disaster Drawn: Visual Witness, Comics, and Documentary Form. Harvard University Press. ISBN 9780674504516. 

External links[edit]

Cartoons by Sacco

2006 report on military action in Iraq, The Guardian 2005 report on military action in Iraq, The Guardian On Satire
Satire
– a response to the Charlie Hebdo attacks (January 2015), The Guardian

Biographies

Joe Sacco
Joe Sacco
at the Grand Comics Database Joe Sacco
Joe Sacco
at the Comic Book DB Fantagraphics Books: Joe Sacco Joe Sacco
Joe Sacco
Biography From Fantagraphics Harpers magazine piece An Evening With Joe Sacco
Joe Sacco
in Los Angeles

Interviews

Joe Sacco
Joe Sacco
on Footnotes in Gaza
Footnotes in Gaza
– Interview on the 7th Avenue Project radio show Joe Sacco
Joe Sacco
on Palestine – Interview by Al Jazeera
Al Jazeera
English Brueghel in Bosnia Interview in L.A. Weekly. The Art Of War Interview in Mother Jones. Joe Sacco, Man of the World Audio interview on mp3 from The Crown Commission. Interview with Joe Sacco
Joe Sacco
– interview on Weekend America Interview with Joe Sacco
Joe Sacco
on bdtheque.com for the release of Footnotes in Gaza. Eyeglass in Gaza Interview in "The Guardian". Joe Sacco
Joe Sacco
in conversation with Hillary Chute – Interview in The Believer Joe Sacco
Joe Sacco
on C-SPAN's Book TV

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 22277197 LCCN: no95023135 ISNI: 0000 0001 0855 8920 GND: 12439468X SUDOC: 057411239 BNF: cb130831367 (data) NKC: xx0042051 ICCU: ITICCURAVV105704 BNE: XX1

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