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The Info List - Joan Rivers

Joan Alexandra Molinsky[9] (June 8, 1933 – September 4, 2014), professional name Joan Rivers, was an American stand-up comedian, actress, writer, producer, and television host. She was noted for her often controversial comedic persona—heavily self-deprecating or sharply acerbic, especially toward celebrities and politicians. Rivers rose to prominence in 1965 as a guest on The Tonight Show. Hosted by her mentor, Johnny Carson, the show established Rivers' comedic style. In 1986, with her own rival program, The Late Show with Joan Rivers, Rivers became the first woman to host a late night network television talk show. She subsequently hosted The Joan Rivers Show (1989–1993), winning a Daytime Emmy for Outstanding Talk
Talk
Show Host. Since the mid-1990s, she became known for her comedic red carpet awards show celebrity interviews,[10][11] and in 2009, she was the Celebrity Apprentice
Celebrity Apprentice
Winner. Rivers co-hosted the E! celebrity fashion show Fashion Police
Fashion Police
from 2010 to 2014 and starred in the reality series Joan & Melissa: Joan Knows Best? (2011–2014) with daughter Melissa Rivers. She was the subject of the documentary Joan Rivers: A Piece of Work (2010). In addition to marketing a line of jewelry and apparel on the QVC shopping channel, Rivers authored 12 best-selling books and three LP comedy albums under her own name: Mr. Phyllis And Other Funny Stories (Warner Bros 1965), The Next To Last Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
Album (Buddah 1969), and What Becomes A Semi-Legend Most? (Geffen 1983). She was nominated in 1984 for a Grammy Award
Grammy Award
for her album What Becomes a Semi-Legend Most?; and was nominated in 1994 for the Tony Award
Tony Award
for Best Actress in a Play for her performance of the title role in Sally Marr...and Her Escorts. In 2015, Rivers posthumously received a Grammy Award
Grammy Award
for Best Spoken Word Album for her book, Diary of a Mad Diva.[12] In 1968, The New York Times
The New York Times
television critic Jack Gould called Rivers "quite possibly the most intuitively funny woman alive".[13][14] In 2017, Rolling Stone
Rolling Stone
magazine ranked her sixth on its list of the 50 best stand-up comics of all time,[15] and in October the same year, she was inducted into the Television Academy Hall of Fame.

Contents

1 Early life 2 Career

2.1 1950s–1960s 2.2 1970s 2.3 1980s 2.4 1990s 2.5 2000s 2.6 2010s

3 Comedic style 4 Personal life

4.1 Relationships and family 4.2 Philanthropy 4.3 Cosmetic procedures

5 Death

5.1 Reactions and tributes

6 Books

6.1 Biographical

7 Discography

7.1 Albums 7.2 Compilation/Collaboration appearances 7.3 Audiobooks 7.4 Documentary 7.5 Stand-up comedy
Stand-up comedy
specials 7.6 Sketch/Tribute specials

8 Filmography

8.1 Films 8.2 Documentary appearances 8.3 Television

8.3.1 Series 8.3.2 Stand-up comedy
Stand-up comedy
series 8.3.3 Documentary series 8.3.4 Television movies 8.3.5 Stand-up comedy
Stand-up comedy
specials 8.3.6 Documentaries 8.3.7 Talk
Talk
shows 8.3.8 Variety shows 8.3.9 Variety/Tribute specials 8.3.10 Award shows 8.3.11 Reality television shows 8.3.12 Game shows

9 Theater work 10 Awards and nominations

10.1 Honors

11 Notes and references

11.1 Notes 11.2 References

12 External links

Early life[edit] Rivers was born Joan Alexandra Molinsky on June 8, 1933, in Brooklyn, New York,[16][17][18] the daughter of Russian Jewish immigrants Beatrice (née Grushman; January 6, 1906 – October 1975) and Dr. Meyer C. Molinsky (December 7, 1900 – January 1985),[18] who graduated from Long Island College of Medicine. Her elder sister, Barbara Waxler, died on June 3, 2013 at the age of 82.[19][20][21] Rivers spent her early life in Prospect Heights[22] and Crown Heights[23] in Brooklyn, where she attended the progressive and now-defunct Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Ethical Culture School and Adelphi Academy of Brooklyn, a college preparatory day school, where she was co-chairman of her school, due to her past experiences in theatrical activities. Within 2 years, she performed in the School Cavalcades, and in 1949, aged 16, she was vice president of the Dramatic Club.[24] She graduated from the Adelphi Academy of Brooklyn, in 1950, at almost 17. In her adolescence, Rivers relocated with her family to Larchmont, north of New York City.[18] Rivers stated in interviews that she was overweight throughout her childhood and adolescence, and that it had a profound impact on her body image, which she would struggle with throughout her life.[25] She attended Connecticut College
Connecticut College
between 1950 and 1952, and graduated from Barnard College
Barnard College
in 1954 with a B.A. summa cum laude in English literature and anthropology; she was a member of Phi Beta Kappa.[17][18] Before entering show business, Rivers worked at various jobs such as a tour guide at Rockefeller Center,[26] a writer/proofreader at an advertising agency[27] and a fashion consultant at Bond Clothing Stores.[18][28] During this period, agent Tony Rivers advised her to change her name, so she chose Joan Rivers as her stage name.[29] Career[edit] 1950s–1960s[edit]

Rivers with Jim Connell and Jake Holmes
Jake Holmes
in "Jim, Jake & Joan", circa early 1960s

During the late 1950s, Rivers appeared in a short off-Broadway run play, Driftwood, co-starring Barbra Streisand. It ran for six weeks on playwright Maurice Tei Dunn's apartment on 49th Street, in NYC, according to an interview with Adweek.[30][31] Rivers performed in numerous comedy clubs in the Greenwich Village
Greenwich Village
area of New York City in the early 1960s, including The Bitter End, The Gaslight Cafe [32] and The Duplex. Between 1963 and 1964, Rivers, along with Jim Connell and Jake Holmes, were in the cabaret act "Jim, Jake & Joan". A 1964 appearance at The Bitter End
The Bitter End
resulted in their appearance in the motion picture, Once Upon A Coffee House, which was also Rivers' first big screen credit. The group parted ways shortly afterwards, on which member Holmes later recalled: "We were supposed to do this rally for Bobby Kennedy, who was running for New York senator in 1964. We were going to play at the rally. Joan showed up with a [Republican Senate nominee Kenneth] Keating button on. And Jim said take that off. She said no — she was sticking to her political guns. And Jim said, "Who needs you, anyway?" That was the end [of Jim, Jake & Joan] [...]".[33] She also made an appearance as a guest on the television program The Tonight Show originating from New York, hosted at the time by Jack Paar.[34] By 1965, Rivers had a stint on Candid Camera
Candid Camera
as a gag writer and participant; she was "the bait" to lure people into ridiculous situations for the show. After seven auditions during a period of three years, she made her first appearance on The Tonight Show
The Tonight Show
with new host Johnny Carson, on February 17, 1965.[35] Rivers credited this episode to be her breakthrough, as Carson said to her on the air "you’re gonna be a star".[36] Following this appeareance, she became a frequent guest on the program and a close friend of Carson. As her profile raised significantly in the subsequent years, she started to make guest-appearances in numerous popular shows, including The Ed Sullivan Show, The Mike Douglas Show, The Dick Cavett Show
The Dick Cavett Show
and Girl Talk, with Virginia Graham. She also wrote material for the puppet Topo Gigio. She had a brief role in the cult drama film The Swimmer (1968), starring Burt Lancaster, and at the time, she also had a short-lived syndicated daytime talk show, That Show with Joan Rivers, which premiered on September 16, 1968. Each episode had a theme and Rivers did an opening monologue based on the day's topic.[37] The show also featured an expert on the subject and a celebrity guest; Johnny Carson
Johnny Carson
was her first guest.[38] In the middle of the 1960s, she released at least two comedy albums, The Next to Last Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
Album[39] and Rivers Presents Mr. Phyllis & Other Funny Stories.[40] 1970s[edit] By the 1970s, Rivers continued to be a prominent fixture on television. Along with her other guest-spots on the late-night circuit, she also made appearances in The Carol Burnett
Carol Burnett
Show, had a semi-regular stint on Hollywood Squares
Hollywood Squares
and guest-starred in Here's Lucy. Rivers made her Broadway debut in the play Fun City, which opened on January 2, 1972 and co-starred Gabriel Dell, Rose Marie
Rose Marie
and Paul Ford. It ran for only nine performance amid a negative critical reception. Though a New York Times
New York Times
reviewer criticized the production as "frenetic to the point of being frazzled", he praised Rivers as "a deft comedy writer" and "a very funny lady".[41] From 1972 to 1976, she narrated The Adventures of Letterman, an animated segment for The Electric Company. In 1973, Rivers wrote the made-for-television movie The Girl Most Likely to..., a black comedy starring Stockard Channing
Stockard Channing
as an ugly girl who becomes beautiful after undergoing plastic surgery, and takes revange of people who previously mistreated her. The film, based on a Rivers' story, became a ratings success and has been considered a "cult-clasic".[42] She also wrote a thrice-weekly column for The Chicago Tribune from 1973 to 1976, and published her first book, Having a Baby Can Be a Scream, in 1974; she described it as a "catalogue of gynaecological anxieties".[43] In 1978, Rivers made her directorial debut with the comedy Rabbit Test, which she also wrote and starred her friend Billy Crystal
Billy Crystal
in his film debut as the world's first pregnant man. The film flopped at the box office and was panned by critics.[44] Janet Maslin of The New York Times
The New York Times
concluded: "Miss Rivers has turned to directing without paying much heed to whether a whole movie constructed from one-liners is worth even the sum of its parts".[45] During the same decade, she was the opening act for singers Helen Reddy, Robert Goulet, Mac Davis
Mac Davis
and Sergio Franchi
Sergio Franchi
on the Las Vegas Strip.[46] 1980s[edit] During the early and mid-1980s, Rivers found further success on stand-up and television, through the decade subsequently proved to be controversial for her. The year 1983, in particular, was very successful; she performed at Carnegie Hall
Carnegie Hall
in February,[47] did the March stand-up special An Audience with Joan Rivers, hosted the April 9 episode of Saturday Night Live, and released the best-selling comedy album What Becomes a Semi-Legend Most?, which reached No. 22 on the U.S. Billboard 200
Billboard 200
and was nominated for a Grammy Award
Grammy Award
for Best Comedy Album.[48] By August 1983, Carson established Rivers as his first regular guest host on The Tonight Show. At the time, she spoke of her primary Tonight Show life as having been "Johnny Carson's daughter", a reference to his longtime mentoring of her.[49] During the 1980s and 1990s Rivers served on the advisory board of the National Student Film Institute.[50][51] A friend of Nancy and President Ronald Reagan, Rivers attended a state dinner in 1983, and later, at the invitation of Nancy, spoke at luncheon at the 1984 Republican National Convention.[52] In 1984, Rivers published a best-selling humor book, The Life and Hard Times of Heidi Abramowitz, a mock memoir of her brassy, loose comedy character. A television special based on the character, a mock tribute called Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
and Friends Salute Heidi Abramowitz, later aired on Showtime.[53] She later wrote her next book, Enter Talking, which was released in 1986, and described her rise to stardom and the evolution of her comedic persona.[54]

Rivers in 1987

In 1986 came the move that ended Rivers' longtime friendship with Johnny Carson. The soon-to-launch Fox Television Network announced that it was giving her a late night talk show, The Late Show Starring Joan Rivers, making Rivers the first woman to have her own late-night talk show on a major network.[55][56] The new network planned to broadcast the show 11 p.m. to 12 a.m. Eastern Time, making her a Carson competitor. Carson learned of the show from Fox and not from Rivers. In the documentary, Johnny Carson: King of Late Night, Rivers said she only called Carson to discuss the matter after learning he may have already heard about it and that he immediately hung up on her. In the same interview, she said that she later came to believe that maybe she should have asked for his blessing before taking the job. Rivers was banned from appearing on the Tonight Show, a decision respected by Carson's first two successors Jay Leno
Jay Leno
and Conan O'Brien. Rivers did not appear on the Tonight Show again until February 17, 2014, when she made a brief appearance on new host Jimmy Fallon's first episode.[57] On March 27, 2014, Rivers returned to the show for an interview. The Late Show Starring Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
premiered on October 9, 1986 and soon turned out to be flecked by tragedy. When Rivers challenged FOX executives, who wanted to fire her husband Edgar Rosenberg as the show's producer, the network fired them both on May 15, 1987. Three months later, on August 14, 1987, Rosenberg committed suicide in Philadelphia; Rivers blamed the tragedy on his "humiliation" by Fox.[58] Rivers credited Nancy Reagan
Nancy Reagan
with helping her after her husband's suicide.[59] Fox attempted to continue the show with a new name (The Late Show) and rotating guest hosts. During the airing of her late-night show, she made the voice-over role of Dot Matrix in the science-fiction comedy Spaceballs
Spaceballs
(1987), a parody mainly on Star Wars. The film, directed and co-starring Mel Brooks, was a critical and commercial success, later becoming a "cult classic".[60] After the Fox controversy, her career went into hiatus. Rivers subsequently appeared on various television shows, including the Pee-wee's Playhouse
Pee-wee's Playhouse
Christmas Special
Special
in December 1989. She also appeared as one of the center square occupants on the 1986–89 version of The Hollywood Squares, hosted by John Davidson. On September 5, 1989, The Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
Show, her daytime television program, premiered in broadcast syndication. The show, which ran for five seasons, was a success and earned Rivers the Daytime Emmy in 1990 for Outstanding Talk
Talk
Show Host.[61] Entertainment Weekly, in a September 1990 article, asserted: " The Joan Rivers Show is a better showcase for her funny edginess than her doomed 1988 Fox nighttime program was. The best thing about her daytime talker is that Rivers’ stream-of-consciousness chattiness is allowed to guide the show — you never know where the conversation is going to go".[62] 1990s[edit] In addition to winning the Emmy for The Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
Show, Rivers starred in the made-for-television comedy How to Murder a Millionaire, which premiered in May 1990 on CBS. In the film, co-starring Alex Rocco and Telma Hopkins, she took on the role of a Beverly Hills matron possessed with the idea her husband is trying to kill her.[63] Also in 1990, she started to design jewelry, clothing and beauty products for the shopping channel QVC. On this professional endeavor, Rivers said: "In those days, only dead celebrities went on [QVC]. My career was over. I had bills to pay. [...] It also intrigued me at the beginning".[64] The sales of Rivers' products exceed $1 billion by 2014, making her one of the network's top sellers.[65] In 1991, she wrote her next book, Still Talking, which described the cancellation of her late-night show and her husband's suicide.[66] Until 1993, she received five addicional Emmy nominations for her daytime talk-show The Joan Rivers Show — two for Outstanding Writing – Special
Special
Class and three for Outstanding Talk
Talk
Show Host.[67] In 1994, Rivers and daughter Melissa first hosted the E! Entertainment Television pre-awards show for the Golden Globe Awards,[68] and beginning in 1995, E!'s annual Academy Awards
Academy Awards
pre-awards show as well.[68] Rivers and her daughter quickly became credited for revolutionizing the red carpet as a space to showcase designers' work and celebrity interactions. "Joan and Melissa were the first people who came out and made it more of a true conversation between star and reporter", E!'s Senior Vice President of production, Gary Snegaroff, remarked to Vanity Fair. "They asked about what [actresses] were wearing because that’s what the magazines would cover after the fact, and turned it into a candid conversation on the carpet where anything could happen".[69] Rivers and Melissa, at the time, both portrayed themselves in the made-for-television drama Tears and Laughter: The Joan and Melissa Rivers
Melissa Rivers
Story, which chronicled the aftermath of Rosenburg's suicide. It aired on NBC
NBC
on May 15, 1994.[70] The next year, she wrote her book Jewelry by Joan Rivers.[71] Influenced by the stand-up comedy of Lenny Bruce, Rivers co-wrote and starred in a play about Bruce's mother Sally Marr, who was also a stand-up comic and influenced her son's development as a comic. After 27 previews, Sally Marr ... and Her Escorts, a play "suggested by the life of Sally Marr" ran on Broadway for 50 performances in May and June 1994.[72] The production received mixed reviews, but her performance was applauded by critics. The Chicago Sun Times found Rivers to be "compelling" as an actress[73] while The New York Times wrote: "[...] [S]he is exuberant, fearless and inexhaustible. If you admire performers for taking risks, then you can't help but applaud her efforts".[74] Rivers was nominated for a Drama Desk Award as Outstanding Actress in a Play and a Tony Award
Tony Award
for Best Actress in a Play for playing Marr.[75] Beginning in 1997, Rivers hosted her own radio show on WOR in New York City, and wrote three self-help books: Bouncing Back: I've Survived Everything ... and I Mean Everything ... and You Can Too! in 1997,[76] From Mother to Daughter: Thoughts and Advice on Life, Love and Marriage in 1998,[77] and Don't Count the Candles: Just Keep the Fire Lit!, in 1999.[78] 2000s[edit]

Rivers poses for a photograph at The Pierre
The Pierre
hotel in New York City, May 24, 2001

Rivers was a guest speaker at the opening of the American Operating Room Nurses' San Francisco Conference in 2000, and by the first part of the decade, she continued to host the awards' red carpet for the E! channel. Between 2002 and 2004, she embarked on tour with her one-person comedy show Joan Rivers: Broke and Alone, which was presented in the United Kindom ( Edinburgh
Edinburgh
and London) and in the United States (Los Angeles, and Boston), to generally positive reviews.[79] The Telegraph felt that her "hilarious assaults on fellow celebrities and tirades about the perils of ageing and plastic surgery are well worth the expense",[80] while The Guardian remarked that "Rivers returned triumphant, a victorious heavyweight after a great fight, conscious that she is still the champion".[81] In 2003, Rivers left the network red-carpet show for a three-year contract (valued at $6–8 million) to cover award shows' red carpet events for the TV Guide
TV Guide
Channel.[82] Meanwhile, Rivers guest-starred as herself in several television series, including Curb Your Enthusiasm, Nip/Tuck, and Boston
Boston
Legal,[83][84][85] and also voiced herself for a brief scene in the 2004 animated fantasy film Shrek 2.[86] In 2004, Rivers was part of the formal receiving party when Ronald Reagan
Ronald Reagan
was placed in state at the United States Capitol.[87][88] On December 3, 2007, Rivers performed at the 79th Royal Variety Show at the Liverpool Empire Theatre, England, with Queen Elizabeth II
Elizabeth II
and Prince Philip present.[89] She wrote and starred in the play Joan Rivers: A Work in Progress by a Life in Progress, which was directed by Sean Foley, and presented through 2008 at the Geffen Playhouse
Geffen Playhouse
in Los Angeles, the Edinburgh
Edinburgh
Festival Fringe and the Leicester Square Theatre, to a mixed critical reception.[90][91] Throughout the decade, Rivers often appeared in various television game shows, including 8 Out of 10 Cats, Big Brother: Celebrity Hijack, and Celebrity Family Feud, in which she competed with her daughter against Ice-T
Ice-T
and Coco. In 2009, Rivers and daughter Melissa were contestants on the season eight of Celebrity Apprentice. During the season, each celebrity raised money for a charity of his or her choice; Rivers selected God's Love We Deliver.[92] After a falling out with poker player Annie Duke, following Melissa's on-air firing (elimination) by Donald Trump, Rivers left the green room telling Clint Black
Clint Black
and Jesse James that she would not be in the next morning. Rivers later returned to the show and on May 3, 2009, she became a finalist in the series. The other finalist was Duke.[93][94] On the season finale, which aired live on May 10, Rivers was announced the winner and hired to be the 2009 Celebrity Apprentice. Also in 2009, Rivers was a special "pink-carpet" presenter for the broadcast of the Sydney Gay and Lesbian Mardi Gras parade, was roasted in a Comedy Central
Comedy Central
special, and her reality show, How'd You Get So Rich?, premiered on TV Land. The program, which ran for two seasons, followed Rivers traveling around the United States interviewing self-made millionaires.[95] She also wrote two books in 2009: Murder at the Academy Awards
Academy Awards
(R): A Red Carpet Murder Mystery and Men Are Stupid...And They Like Big Boobs: A Woman's Guide to Beauty Through Plastic Surgery (with Valerie Frankel). 2010s[edit] A documentary film about Rivers, Joan Rivers: A Piece of Work, premiered at the San Francisco International Film Festival on May 6, 2010. The film follows Rivers for 14 months, mostly during the 76th year of her life,[96] and made an effort to "[peel] away the mask" and expose the "struggles, sacrifices and joy of living life as a ground breaking female performer."[97] The documentary found commercial success in its limited release and was acclaimed by critics for providing "an honest, behind-the-scenes look at [Rivers]' career — and at show business in general".[98] Beggining on September 10, 2010, Rivers co-hosted the E! show Fashion Police, along with Giuliana Rancic, Kelly Osbourne, and George Kotsiopoulos, commenting on celebrity fashion. The show started as a half-hour program but due to its success with viewers, it was expanded to one hour on March 9, 2012. The August 26, 2014 episode of Fashion Police, about the 66th Primetime Emmy Awards and the 2014 MTV Movie Awards, was her last television appearance before her death.[99] In 2011, Rivers appeared in a commercial for Go Daddy, which debuted during the broadcast of Super Bowl XLV,[100] and was featured as herself in the season two of Louis C.K.'s self-titled show Louie, where she performed on-stage. Also in 2011, Rivers and her daughter starred in the reality show Joan & Melissa: Joan Knows Best?, which premiered on WE tv. The series follows her moving in with her daughter to California to be closer to her family. The show ran for four seasons until 2014. On the December 4, 2011 episode of The Simpsons, "The Ten-Per-Cent Solution", Rivers took on the role of Annie Dubinsky, an agent trying to revive Krusty's career.[101] Hayden Childs of The A.V. Club praised the choice of having Rivers guest star since she was able to "employ her trademark humor within the world of The Simpsons
The Simpsons
without hijacking the plot or satire".[102] In 2012, she guest-starred in two episodes of two series: Drop Dead Diva
Drop Dead Diva
and Hot in Cleveland. Rivers released her eleventh book I Hate Everyone...Starting with Me on June 5, 2012. It received generally positive reviews and made The New York Times
New York Times
Best Seller list for several weeks. The New York Times remarked that there were "more punch lines per paragraph than any book I’ve read in years",[103] and Publishers Weekly felt that "Rivers is equally passionate and opinionated on every subject she discusses. Hilarious and undeniably original".[104] On August 7, 2012, Rivers showed up in Burbank, California
Burbank, California
to protest that the warehouse club Costco
Costco
would not sell the book. She handcuffed herself to a shopping cart and shouted through a megaphone. The police were called to the scene and she left without incident; no arrests were made.[105] On March 5, 2013, she launched the online talk show In Bed with Joan on YouTube. In it, Rivers invited a different guest to talk to her in bed about different things including their past, their love life and their career. Rivers released her twelfth book, Diary of a Mad Diva, on July 1, 2014, which also made The NY Times Best Seller list.[106] For the book, she posthumously won the Grammy Award
Grammy Award
for Best Spoken Word Album in 2015. Before her death, she filmed a part, along with other female comedians, for the documentary MAKERS: Women in Comedy, which premiered on PBS
PBS
in October 2014.[107] Comedic style[edit]

"He was an epiphany. Lenny told the truth. It was a total affirmation for me that I was on the right track long before anyone said it to me. He supplied the revelation that personal truth can be the foundation of comedy, that outrageousness can be cleansing and healthy. It went off inside me like an enormous flash."

—Rivers on seeing Lenny Bruce
Lenny Bruce
perform at a local club while she was in college influenced her developing style[108]

During her 55-year career as a comedian, her tough-talking style of satirical humor was both praised and criticized as truthful, yet too personal, too gossipy, and very often abrasive. Nonetheless, with her ability to "tell it like it is," she became a pioneer of contemporary stand-up comedy. Commenting about her style, she told biographer Gerald Nachman, "Maybe I started it. We're a very gossipy culture. All we want to know now is private lives."[109] However, her style of humor, which often relied on making jokes about her own life and satirizing the lives of celebrities and public figures, was sometimes criticized as insensitive. Her jokes about Elizabeth Taylor
Elizabeth Taylor
and Adele's weight, for instance, were often commented on, although Rivers would never apologize for her humor.[110][111] Rivers, who was Jewish, was also criticized for making jokes about the Holocaust and later explained, "This is the way I remind people about the Holocaust. I do it through humor", adding, "my husband lost his entire family in the Holocaust."[112] Her joke about the victims of the Ariel Castro kidnappings
Ariel Castro kidnappings
similarly came under criticism, but she again refused to apologize,[113] stating, "I know what those girls went through. It was a little stupid joke."[114] She received multiple death threats throughout her career.[115] Rivers accepted such criticism as part of her using social satire as a form of humor: "I've learned to have absolutely no regrets about any jokes I've ever done ... You can tune me out, you can click me off, it's OK. I am not going to bow to political correctness. But you do have to learn, if you want to be a satirist, you can't be part of the party."[116] As an unknown stand-up comedian out of college, she struggled for many years before finding her comic style. She did stints in the Catskills and found that she disliked the older style of comedy at the time, such as Phyllis Diller's, who she felt was a pioneer female comedian.[117] Her breakthrough came at The Second City
The Second City
in Chicago in 1961, where she was dubbed "the best girl since Elaine May," who also got her start there. But May became her and fellow comedian Treva Silverman's role model, as Rivers saw her as "an assertive woman with a marvelous, fast mind and, at the same time, pretty and feminine."[117] It was also there that she learned "self reliance," she said, "that I didn't have to talk down in my humor" and could still earn an income by making intelligent people laugh. "I was really born as a comedian at Second City. I owe it my career."[118]

Rivers performing in her show at the 2008 Edinburgh
Edinburgh
Festival Fringe

In early 1965, at the suggestion of comedian Bill Cosby, Johnny Carson gave Rivers, whom he billed as a comedy writer, her debut appearance on his show.[119][120] Cosby, who knew Rivers from their early stand-up days, described her as "an intelligent girl without being a weirdo ... a human being, not a kook."[121] Sitting alongside Johnny after her monologue, she displayed an intimate, conversational style which he appreciated, and she was invited back eight more times that year.[119] Time magazine compared her humor to that of Woody Allen, by expressing "how to be neurotic about practically everything," but noting that "her style and femininity make her something special." Rivers also compared herself to Allen, stating: "He was a writer, which I basically was ... and talking about things that affected our generation that nobody else talked about."[121] The New York Times critic Charles L. Mee likewise compared her to Allen, explaining that her "style was personal, an autobiographical stream-of-consciousness."[119] Rivers' image contrasted starkly with Carson's stage demeanor, which was one of the reasons he made her co-host according to critic Michael Pollan, who compared their style of humor: Where Carson is scrupulously polite, Rivers is bitchy; where he is low-key, she is overheated; where he is Midwest, Waspy and proper, she is urban, ethnic and gossipy. Carson conducts interviews as if he were at the country club; Rivers does hers at the kitchen table.[122] In her personal life, she had fewer of those neurotic or intense character traits, according to Ralph Schoenstein, who dated her and worked with her on her humor books. He said, "She has no airs. She doesn't stand on ceremony. The woman has absolutely no pretense. She'll tell you everything immediately. Joan isn't cool—she's completely open. It's all grist. It's her old thing—'Can we talk?'"[123] According to biographer Victoria Price, Rivers' humor was notable for taking aim at and overturning what had been considered acceptable female behavior. By her bravura she broke through long-standing taboos in humor, which paved the way for other women, including Roseanne Barr, Ellen DeGeneres and Rosie O'Donnell.[124] Personal life[edit] In 2002, Rivers told the Montreal Mirror
Montreal Mirror
that she was a Republican.[125] On January 28, 2014, during a conversation between Rivers and Reza Farahan of the Shahs of Sunset, Melissa Rivers interjected to clarify that she and her mother were "fiscally conservative, socially liberal" Republicans.[126] Though Rivers was raised in Reform Judaism, she stated in a 2008 interview that she "did not believe in the afterlife."[25] Rivers was one of only four Americans invited to the Wedding of Charles, Prince of Wales, and Camilla Parker Bowles
Camilla Parker Bowles
on April 9, 2005.[127] Relationships and family[edit]

Rivers with her daughter, Melissa, during New York Fashion Week, 2012.

Rivers' first marriage was in 1955 to James Sanger, the son of a Bond Clothing Stores merchandise manager.[18][128] The marriage lasted six months[18][129] and was annulled on the basis that Sanger did not want children and had not informed Rivers before the wedding.[130] Rivers married Edgar Rosenberg on July 15, 1965.[131] Their only child, Melissa Rivers, was born on January 20, 1968. Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
had one grandson, Cooper, born Edgar Cooper Endicott in 2000.[132] Along with his mother and grandmother, Cooper was featured in the WE tv series Joan & Melissa: Joan Knows Best?[133] Rivers was married to Rosenberg until his suicide in 1987, four days after she asked him for a separation.[134][135] She would later describe her marriage to Rosenberg as a "total sham", complaining bitterly about his treatment of her during their 22-year marriage.[136] In a 2012 interview with Howard Stern, Rivers said she had several extramarital affairs when married to Rosenberg, including a one-night affair with actor Robert Mitchum in the 1960s and an affair with actor Gabriel Dell.[137] In the 1990s, she was in an eight year relationship with the commissioner of the New York State Office of Parks and Recreation and disabled World War II veteran, Orin Lehman of the Lehman family.[138][139] In her book Bouncing Back, Rivers described how she developed bulimia nervosa after the 1987 suicide of Rosenberg, and the subsequent death of her psychologist, with whom she'd developed a close friendship, of AIDS.[25] Additionally, Rivers' relationship with her daughter had been strained at the time; according to Rivers, the confluence of events resulted in her contemplating suicide in her California home.[25] "I got the gun out, the whole thing," she recalled in a 2008 interview. "And [then] my dog came and sat in my lap... and that was a big turning point in my life. My little, stupid dog, a Yorkie, who I adored, literally came and sat on my lap....and literally, he saved my life. Truly saved my life."[25] Rivers eventually recovered with counseling and the support of her family.[140] Philanthropy[edit] As a philanthropist, Rivers supported causes including HIV/AIDS activism,[17] and in May 1985, she appeared along with Nichols and May at a Comic Relief benefit for the new AIDS
AIDS
Medical Foundation in New York City, where tickets at the Shubert Theatre sold for as much as $500.[141] She supported the Elton John AIDS
AIDS
Foundation[142] and God's Love We Deliver, which delivers meals to HIV/ AIDS
AIDS
patients in New York City.[143][144] In 2008, she was commended by the City of San Diego, California for her philanthropic work regarding HIV/AIDS, where the HIV/ AIDS
AIDS
community called her their "Joan of Arc."[145] Additionally, she served as an Honorary Director of the American Foundation for Suicide
Suicide
Prevention.[143][146] She also supported Guide Dogs for the Blind, a non-profit organization which provides guide dogs to blind people.[143] She donated to Jewish charities, animal welfare efforts, and suicide prevention causes.[17] Among the other non-profit organizations she helped were Rosie's Theater Kids, Habitat for Humanity, Human Rights Campaign[142] and the Boy Scouts of America.[147] Cosmetic procedures[edit] Rivers was open about her multiple cosmetic surgeries and was a patient of plastic surgeon Steven Hoefflin, beginning in 1983. She had her nose thinned while still at college; her next procedure, an eye lift, was performed in 1965 (when she was in her thirties) as an attempt to further her career.[148][149] When promoting her book, Men Are Stupid ... And They Like Big Boobs: A Woman's Guide to Beauty Through Plastic Surgery, described by The New York Times
The New York Times
Magazine as "a detailed and mostly serious guide to eye lifts, tummy tucks and other forms of plastic surgery", she quipped: "I've had so much plastic surgery, when I die they will donate my body to Tupperware."[150][151] Death[edit] On August 28, 2014, Rivers experienced serious complications and stopped breathing while undergoing what was scheduled as a minor throat procedure at an outpatient clinic in Yorkville, Manhattan.[152][153] Resuscitated an hour later, Rivers was transferred to the hospital and later put on life support.[154] She died on September 4 at Mount Sinai Hospital in New York, having never awoken from a medically induced coma.[155] The New York City Medical Examiner's Office said she died from brain damage caused by a lack of oxygen, and the details of her surgery would be investigated by officials.[156] Rivers was 81 years old. After nearly two months of investigations, federal officials said on November 10 that the clinic made a number of mistakes both before and during the procedure. Among those were the clinic's failure to respond to Rivers' deteriorating vital signs, including a severe drop in her blood pressure, possibly administering an incorrect anesthetic dosage, performing a surgical procedure without her consent, and other medical-clinic irregularities.[157][158] On September 7, after Rivers' cremation,[159] a private memorial service took place at Temple Emanu-El in Manhattan.[160][161] The service was attended by an estimated 1,500 people.[161] The guest list included Rivers' many celebrity friends, public figures and the New York City Gay Men's Chorus singing old show tunes.[160] Talk
Talk
show host Howard Stern, delivering the eulogy, described Rivers as "brassy in public [and] classy in private ... a troublemaker, trail blazer, pioneer for comics everywhere, ... [who] fought the stereotypes that women can't be funny."[162] Daughter Melissa read a comedic note to her mother as part of her eulogy.[163] On January 26, 2015, Melissa Rivers
Melissa Rivers
filed a malpractice lawsuit against the clinic and doctors performing surgery on her mother.[164] The suit was settled for an undisclosed amount in May 2016, with the doctors accepting responsibility.[165][166] Reactions and tributes[edit]

Rivers in 1967

Upon Rivers' death, friends, fans, family and celebrities paid tribute.[167][168] Numerous comedians recognized Rivers' influence on their career, including Kathy Griffin, who considered Rivers her "mentor", noting, "She brought a fearlessness and a brand of humor into our homes that we really need."[169] Chris Rock
Chris Rock
felt "she was the hippest comedian from the time she started to the day she died". Describing her as a force in comedy, he added, "No man ever said, 'Yeah, I want to go on after Joan.' No, Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
closed the show every night."[170] Other comedians recalled working with her on stage and television decades earlier: stand-up performer Don Rickles
Don Rickles
said "working with her and enjoying the fun times of life with her was special". Carol Burnett
Carol Burnett
calls Rivers "the poster child for the Energizer Bunny".[171] Numerous talk show hosts, including Jimmy Fallon, Jimmy Kimmel, Oprah Winfrey, Sally Jessy Raphael, Geraldo Rivera, Regis Philbin, Arsenio Hall, Ellen DeGeneres
Ellen DeGeneres
and David Letterman, paid tribute to Rivers, often including video clips of her appearances. Letterman called her a "real pioneer for other women looking for careers in stand-up comedy. And talk about guts."[172] Conan O'Brien
Conan O'Brien
discussed Rivers' legacy with fellow comedian and lifelong friend Chris Hardwick
Chris Hardwick
on Conan, while Seth Meyers
Seth Meyers
recalled Rivers' appearance on his talk show, saying, "I have not sat next to anyone who told more jokes faster than Joan Rivers did when she was here."[173] And on The Daily Show, host Jon Stewart noted her contributions: "There are very few people in my business that you can say are, or were, actually groundbreaking talents. Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
was one of them."[173] Radio host Howard Stern, who delivered her funeral eulogy, devoted an entire one-hour show to Rivers.[174] Stern began the eulogy with, " Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
had a dry vagina," a joke that was intended, and reportedly received by guests, as a humorous honoring of Rivers' comedic sensibility.[175][176] Sarah Silverman paid tribute to Rivers while hosting Saturday Night Live.[177] Long-time friend, comedian, fellow talk show hostess and television personality Whoopi Goldberg
Whoopi Goldberg
tweeted: "My friend Joan Rivers has passed away," She said: "Once again to quote Billy Crystal
Billy Crystal
... There are no words."[178] Comedian Amy Schumer, speaking at the 2014 Glamour magazine "Woman of the Year Awards" ceremony in Carnegie Hall, paid tribute to Rivers, calling her the bravest female comedian.[179] Political figures giving tribute to Rivers included former first lady Nancy Reagan, who had helped Rivers after the death of her husband, Edgar Rosenberg.[180] As a friend of Prince Charles, Rivers was one of only four Americans invited to his wedding to Camilla Parker Bowles
Camilla Parker Bowles
in 2005. Upon hearing of her death, they said she was "utterly irreplaceable".[127] Israel's Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu
Benjamin Netanyahu
noted that besides bringing laughter to millions of people around the world, she was "proud of her Jewish heritage".[181] Future U.S. President Donald Trump
Donald Trump
attended her funeral and tweeted that she "was an amazing woman and a great friend".[182] After her mother's death, Melissa Rivers said she received a letter from President Barack Obama
Barack Obama
in which he wrote, despite being a frequent target of Rivers' jokes: "not only did she make us laugh, she made us think".[183] In a subsequent interview with The Huffington Post, Melissa Rivers cited Courtney Love's public tribute to her mother as her favorite, adding: "I loved seeing that outpouring from these women, especially the ones who took the heat on Fashion Police, because it meant they got it. It meant they loved her. It meant they saw the humor."[184] Books[edit]

Having a Baby Can Be a Scream. J.P. Tarcher. 1974.  (Self-Help/Humor) The Life and Hard Times of Heidi Abromowitz. Doubleday. 1984. ISBN 978-0385293594.  (Humor) Enter Talking. Dell Publishing Co. 1986. ISBN 978-0440122449.  (Autobiography) Still Talking. Random House. 1991. ISBN 978-0394579917.  (Autobiography) Jewelry by Joan Rivers. Abbeville Press. 1995. ISBN 978-1558598089.  (Non-Fiction) Bouncing Back: I've Survived Everything ... and I Mean Everything ... and You Can Too!. HarperTorch. 1997. ISBN 978-0061096013.  (Self-Help/Humor) From Mother to Daughter: Thoughts and Advice on Life, Love and Marriage. Birch Lane Pr. 1998. ISBN 978-1559724937.  (Self-Help) Don't Count the Candles: Just Keep the Fire Lit!. HarperCollins. 1999. ISBN 978-0060183837.  (Self-Help) Murder at the Academy Awards
Academy Awards
(R): A Red Carpet Murder Mystery. Pocket. 2009. ISBN 1416599371.  (Fiction) Men Are Stupid...And They Like Big Boobs: A Woman's Guide to Beauty Through Plastic Surgery (with Valerie Frankel). 2009. ISBN 141659924X.  (Non-Fiction) I Hate Everyone...Starting with Me. Berkley Trade. 2012. ISBN 978-0425255896.  (Humor) Diary of a Mad Diva. Berkley Publishing Group. 2014. ISBN 978-0425269022.  (Humor)

Biographical[edit]

Melissa Rivers
Melissa Rivers
(2015). The Book of Joan: Tales of Mirth, Mischief, and Manipulation. Crown Archetype. ISBN 978-1101903827.  (Memoir) Leslie Bennetts (2016). Last Girl Before Freeway: The Life, Loves, Losses, and Liberation of Joan Rivers. Little, Brown and Company. ISBN 978-0316261302.  (Biography) Melissa Rivers, Scott Currie (2017). Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
Confidential: The Unseen Scrapbooks, Joke Cards, Personal Files, and Photos of a Very Funny Woman Who Kept Everything. Harry N. Abrams. ISBN 978-1419726736.  (Photography)

Discography[edit] Albums[edit]

Year Title Label Formats

1965 Mr. Phyllis And Other Funny Stories Warner Bros. Records LP, CD 2012, Download

1969 The Next To Last Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
Album Buddah Records LP, CD 2015, Download

1983 What Becomes A Semi-Legend Most? Geffen Records LP, Cassette, 8-Track, CD 2005, Download

2005 Live at the London
London
Palladium Redbush Entertainment Audible Download[185] (2012)

2013 Don't Start With Me Entertainment One CD, Download

[186] Compilation/Collaboration appearances[edit]

Year Title Label Track Formats

1960 Adam And Eve / Little Mozart w/ Sandy Baron Sure Records both sides 7" Single

1963 Heaven On $5 A Day Kapp Records Various LP

At Home With That Other Family Roulette Records Cosmonaut's Wife, Telephone Operator, Reporter

1970 The Golden Age Of Comedy; 50 Years Of Great Humor, From Vaudville To Video Longines Symphonette Society Various 5xLP Box Set

Ben Bagley's Vernon Duke
Vernon Duke
Revisited Crewe Records/RCA Victor Tracks 5 & 8 LP, CD

ca. 70s The Comedians Jericho Marketing Corp. Side 1, Track 2 LP

1974 Zingers From The Hollywood Squares Event Records Side B, Track 4 "Divorce" Book, LP, 8-Track, CD

The Bitter End
The Bitter End
Years Roxbury Records Side D, Track 2 "First Four Minutes: Live" 3xLP Box Set

1986 Kings Of Comedy: The Best Of The Contemporary Comedians K-Tel Records Side A, Tracks 2 & 5 LP

1990 The Best of Comic Relief '90 Rhino Entertainment Track 5 CD, Cassette, VHS

1991 The Sullivan Years: Comedy Classics TVT Records Track 2 LP, Cassette, CD

1995 Word Of Mouth: The Very Best Of Comedy Speaking Books Ltd. Side 2, Track 6 2xCassette

2000 The Second City: Backstage at the World's Greatest Comedy Theater Sourcebooks MediaFusion Disc 1, Track 4 "Our Children" Book & 2xCD

2005 The Ed Sullivan Show: A Classic Christmas Ventura/SOFA Home Entertainment Chapter 19 "Holiday Calendar" DVD

2010 Fresh Air with Terry Gross: Just For Laughs Highbridge Company/NPR Disc 3, Track 3 Interview 3xCD, Digital

2011 The Rolling Stones: 4 Ed Sullivan Shows SOFA Home Entertainment Disc 2, Track 6 "Comedienne" 2xDVD

2014 The Midnight Special StarVista Entertainment Disc 9, "Comedy Routines" 11xDVD Box Set

[186] Audiobooks[edit] All authored and read by Joan Rivers, except where noted.

Year Title Notes Publisher Reference Formats

1986 Enter Talking with Richard Meryman Dove Entertainment / Phoenix Books ASIN B00S00SSBU Cassette, Digital

1987 Murder on the Aisle: The 1987 Mystery Writers of America Anthology Narrator only ASIN B074QWM7TD

1991 Still Talking with Richard Meryman ASIN B01K3J268G

1993 Carnival of the Animals Narrator only ASIN B074QTYMFM

1998 The Emperor's New Clothes: An All-Star Illustrated Retelling of the Classic Fairy Tale Harcourt Brace & Company Audioworks ISBN 978-0671043933

2008 Men Are Stupid . . . And They Like Big Boobs: A Woman's Guide to Beauty Through Plastic Surgery with Valerie Frankel Simon & Schuster Audio ISBN 978-0743581509 CD, Digital

2009 New Treasury of Great Humorists Narrator only Phoenix Books ASIN B002QUL4UW Digital

Murder in America ASIN B002E04DH0

2012 I Hate Everyone...Starting with Me Unabridged Penguin Audio ISBN 978-1611760651 CD, Digital

2014 Diary of a Mad Diva Grammy winner ISBN 978-1611764055

2015 The Book of Joan: Tales of Mirth, Mischief, and Manipulation Read by author Melissa Rivers Random House Audio ASIN B00UKDY6FW

2016 Last Girl Before Freeway: The Life, Loves, Losses, and Liberation of Joan Rivers Author Leslie Bennetts, Read by Erin Bennett Hachette Audio ASIN B01M279XBK

[187] Documentary[edit]

Year Title Studio Formats

2010 Joan Rivers: A Piece of Work IFC Independent Films DVD, Blu-ray, Streaming

Stand-up comedy
Stand-up comedy
specials[edit]

Year Title Studio Formats

1984 An Audience With Joan Rivers Channel 4 Broadcast, DVD 2006

1992 Abroad In London Showtime, Paramount Video Broadcast, VHS 1995

2004 Live At the Apollo BBC Broadcast, Streaming

2005 (Still A) Live at the London
London
Palladium (Allegedly) Standing Room Only DVD, Streaming

2006 An Audience With Joan Rivers ITV Broadcast, DVD

Before Melissa Pulls the Plug Bravo! Broadcast, Streaming

2012 Don't Start With Me Showtime, Entertainment One Broadcast, DVD/Blu-ray 2013, Streaming

[188] Sketch/Tribute specials[edit]

Year Title Studio Formats

1985 Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
and Friends Salute Heidi Abromowitz Showtime Broadcast, VHS

1996 Shopping for Fitness ABC Video VHS

2009 Comedy Central Roast
Comedy Central Roast
of Joan Rivers Comedy Central Broadcast, Streaming

2016 Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
- Exit Laughing Gotham Comedy Club

[189] Filmography[edit]

Rivers' first onscreen credit, in the obscure Hootenanny a Go-Go a.k.a. Once Upon a Coffeehouse (1965)

Films[edit]

Year Title Role Notes

1951 Mister Universe Teenage Girl in Audience (uncredited) Cameo

1965 Hootenanny a Go-Go aka Once Upon a Coffee House[190] Herself As folk singing trio "Jim, Jake and Joan"

1968 The Swimmer Joan Cameo

1978 Rabbit Test Second nurse (cameo) Director and writer

1981 Uncle Scam[191] Herself

1984 The Muppets Take Manhattan Perfume Saleswoman Cameo

1987 Les Patterson Saves the World President Rivers (uncredited)

Spaceballs Dot Matrix Voice role

1989 Look Who's Talking Julie (uncredited)

1993 Public Enemy #2[192] Herself Cameo

1994 Serial Mom

1995 Napoleon Mother Penguin Voice role

1997 KnitWits Becky Voice role (animated short)

1999 Goosed Mom / Blanche

2000 The Intern Dolly Bellows

Whispers: An Elephant's Tale[192] Spike Voice role

2002 Hip! Edgy! Quirky! Floressa

2004 Shrek 2 Herself Voice role

First Daughter Cameo

2009 The Hipsters Floressa Malone

2010 Wall Street: Money Never Sleeps Herself (uncredited) Cameo

2011 The Smurfs Party Guest

Tower Heist Herself (uncredited)[193]

Growing Up Barnard Herself (short film)

TMI with Joan Rivers Herself Funny or Die
Funny or Die
short

2013 Iron Man 3 Herself Cameo

2014 Mostly Ghostly: Have You Met My Ghoulfriend? Grandma Doyle Final acting role

Documentary appearances[edit]

Year Title Director Synopsis

1990 The World of Jewish Humor Rex Bloomstein Comedy profile featuring comedians such as Mort Sahl, Billy Crystal and Milton Berle.

2002 The Making and Meaning of We Are Family Danny Schechter Nile Rodgers' re-making of the classic hit song in support of the victims of the September 11 attacks
September 11 attacks
and creating the We Are Family Foundation.

2005 Spaceballs: The Documentary Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
(original film) Making of feature and profile from the Spaceballs
Spaceballs
Special
Special
Edition DVD featuring interviews with Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
and Bill Pullman.

John Candy: Comic Spirit

2007 Making Trouble Rachel Talbot Comedy profile featuring comedians such as Judy Gold, Gilda Radner
Gilda Radner
and Martin Short.

Mr. Warmth: The Don Rickles
Don Rickles
Project John Landis Comedy profile featuring comedians such as Chris Rock, Sarah Silverman, Richard Lewis, Whoopi Goldberg, Robin Williams, Roseanne Barr, Kathy Griffin, Christopher Guest
Christopher Guest
and featuring appearances by Robert De Niro, Clint Eastwood, Harry Dean Stanton
Harry Dean Stanton
and Martin Scorsese.

2008 Every Little Step Adam Del Deo, James D. Stern (uncredited) Profile of the Broadway revival of "A Chorus Line".

2009 What's the Name of the Dame? Allan Neuwirth Profile of 9 top drag divas and their love for ABBA!

2013 Why We Laugh: Funny Women Bernard Gourley (Narrator, Executive Producer) Showtime comedy profile featuring comedians such as Whoopi Goldberg, Kathy Griffin, Judy Gold, Lily Tomlin, Aisha Tyler, Janeane Garofalo
Janeane Garofalo
and Tig Notaro.

Moms Mabley: I Got Somethin' to Tell You Whoopi Goldberg Profile of the legendary African-American stand-up comedienne, real name: Loretta Mary Aiken.

Scatter My Ashes at Bergdorf's Matthew Miele Fashion profile of the legendary Manhattan
Manhattan
department store.

2014 Women Aren't Funny Bonnie McFarlane Comedy profile featuring comedians such as Maria Bamford, Sarah Silverman, Judy Gold, Lisa Lampanelli, Chelsea Peretti, Amy Schumer and Wanda Sykes.

The Story of The Swimmer Chris Innis About the making of the cult film starring Burt Lancaster.

Where the Sun Kisses the Ocean Rainbeau Mars Poetry.

2016 Love, Sweat and Tears Scott Jacobs Women on a mission to de-stigmatize menopause and start the "Menopause Romance Revolution."

[194] Television[edit] Series[edit]

Year Title Role/Notes Episodes

1973 Here's Lucy Joan Reynolds (Juror) Season 6 - Ep. 9 - "Lucy and Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
Do Jury Duty"

Needles and Pins Eleanor Karp Season 1 - Ep. 8 - "The Wife You Save May Be Your Own"

1978 Husbands, Wives & Lovers Creator/Writer 1 Season, 10 Eps.

America 2-Night Herself, talk-show parody Season 1 - Ep. 57

1983 The Love Boat Allison Newman Season 6 - Ep. 17 - "Gopher's Daisy/Our Son, the Lawyer/Salvaged Romance"

1987 The Dame Edna Experience Herself, talk-show parody Season 1 - Ep. 2

1988 Offshore Television Herself 1 Season, 1 Ep.

1990 227 Season 5 - Ep. 20: "You Gotta Have Art"

1997 Another World Meredith Dunston (publicist for a political candidate) Episode 8374

Dr. Katz, Professional Therapist Joan (voice), additional material writer Season 3 - Ep. 9: "Studio Guy"

1998–99 Suddenly Susan Edie Season 2 - Eps. 25 and 26 / Season 3 - Ep. 16

2002 Curb Your Enthusiasm Herself Season 3 - Ep. 2: "The Benadryl Brownie"

2004 I'm with Her Season 1 - Eps. 15 and 16

Dave the Barbarian Zonthara - Empress of Evil (voice) Season 1 - Eps. 3, 16 and 20

2004–05, 2010 Nip/Tuck Herself Season 2 - Ep. 16, Season 3 - Ep. 7 and Season 6 - Ep. 17

2005 Less than Perfect Louise Season 3 - Ep. 18: "Pre-Wedded Bliss"

2006 Boston
Boston
Legal Herself Season 3 - Ep. 5: "Whose God Is It Anyway?"

2008–09 Z Rock Herself - Aunt Joan (Dina's) Season 1 - Eps. 1, 5, 8, 9 and 10; Season 2 - Ep. 20

Spaceballs: The Animated Series Dot Matrix (voice) 1 Season, 11 Eps.

2008, 2010 Arthur Bubbe (Francine's Grandmother) / Camel (voice) Season 12 - Ep. 1 and Season 14 - Ep. 18

2011 Louie Herself Season 2, Ep. 4 - "Joan"

The Simpsons Annie Dubinsky (voice) Season 23, Ep. 8 - "The Ten-Per-Cent Solution"

2012 Drop Dead Diva[195] Herself Season 4 - Ep. 6: "Rigged" and Ep. 9 "Ashes to Ashes"

Hot in Cleveland Anka Season 3 - Ep. 19 - "Bye George, I Think He's Got It!" and Ep. 21 "Some Like it Hot"

Stand-up comedy
Stand-up comedy
series[edit]

Year Title Episodes/Role Network

1984 2006

An Audience with... Joan Rivers ITV

2004 Just for Laughs 21 March 2004 / Performer RTE

2004 2007

Jack Dee Live at the Apollo Pilot / Featured Performer Season 3, Episode 5 / Guest Host

BBC
BBC
One

Documentary series[edit]

Year Title Episode Network

1993 Intimate Portrait "Joan Rivers" (Available on VHS) Lifetime

Biography "Vincent Price" A&E

1997 "Fabulous World of Fabergé"

1998 "Roddy McDowall: Hollywood's Best Friend"

1999 The Hollywood Fashion Machine "Hollywood Rocks" American Movie Classics

Heroes of Comedy "Barry Humphries" Channel 4

2000 Intimate Portrait "Judy Collins" Lifetime

Biography "Phyllis Diller" A&E

The Talk
Talk
Show Story 2 Part Series BBC

E! Mysteries and Scandals Hedy Lamarr E!

2001 Vincent Price

The Human Face "Beauty" BBC

E! True Hollywood Story Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
Parody
Parody
aired April 1[196] E!

2002 Heroes of Black Comedy "Whoopi Goldberg" Channel 4/Comedy Central

"Richard Pryor"

Hollywood Greats "Burt Lancaster" BBC

E! News Live "September 20th" E!

Biography "Bio's 15 Sexiest" A&E

The South Bank Show "Joan Rivers" Bravo!/ITV

2003 E! True Hollywood Story "Richard Pryor" E!

"Hollywood Squares"

Heroes of Jewish Comedy 5 episodes Channel 4/Comedy Central

When I Was a Girl "Singers" We TV

2005 Favouritism "Julian Clary's Showbiz Hissy Fits" Channel 4

2006 Dawn French's Girls Who Do Comedy 3 Part Series / Full Interview BBC

The Story of Light Entertainment 3 episodes

Dawn French's More Girls Who Do Comedy 1 episode

2007 E! True Hollywood Story "Kathy Griffin" E!

2012 E! True Hollywood Story "Joan and Melissa Rivers" E!

Television movies[edit]

Year Title Role Notes

1973 The Girl Most Likely to... Writer of story/teleplay ABC Movie of the Week starring Stockard Channing, MGM DVD 2005

1977 Husbands and Wives Writer Spin-off TV series followed

1985 Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
and Friends Salute Heidi Abromowitz Host / Writer Showtime sketch comedy

1990 How to Murder a Millionaire Irma Starred with Morgan Fairchild

1992 Lady Boss Bibi Grant Based on book by Jackie Collins

1994 Tears and Laughter: The Joan and Melissa Rivers
Melissa Rivers
Story[197] Herself Biographical teleplay about her and daughter Melissa Rivers

1999 KnitWits Revisited Becky (voice) Animated

Stand-up comedy
Stand-up comedy
specials[edit]

Year Title Role/Notes

1978 Bernard Manning
Bernard Manning
in Las Vegas Cameo (UK)

1981 Lily: Sold Out Cameo (CBS)

1984 Johnny Carson
Johnny Carson
Presents the Tonight Show Comedians Performer (also featuring Bill Cosby, Steve Martin
Steve Martin
and Steven Wright)

Garry Shandling: Alone in Vegas Cameo (Showtime)

1990 Comic Relief IV Performer ( Comic Relief, Inc.
Comic Relief, Inc.
HBO
HBO
charity benefit)

1992 Joan Rivers: Abroad In London Star–Writer–Producer (Showtime)

1994 The Annual Friars Club Tribute Presents a Salute to Barbara Walters Roaster (Roast of the legend)

2002 Just for Laughs Performer (stand-up festival doc with many comedians)

2006 Joan Rivers: Before Melissa Pulls the Plug Star–Writer (with comic Jeremy Blaine and publicist Jordan Roberts)

2012 Joan Rivers: Don't Start With Me Star–Writer–Producer (Showtime)

Documentaries[edit]

Year Title Notes Network

2002 Cleavage Narrated by Carmen Electra A&E

2003 100 Greatest Sexy Moments Narrated by Anna Chancellor Channel 4

The 100 Greatest Musicals Presenter Denise van Outen

2004 Funny Already: A History of Jewish Comedy Directed by Emma Cahusac

CMT: 40 Greatest Done Me Wrong Songs Writer CMT

Happy Birthday Oscar Wilde Quote BBC/RTE

2005 The Comedians' Comedian Presenter Jimmy Carr Channel 4

Britain's 50 Greatest Comedy Sketches Narrator Tom Baker

50 Questions of Political Incorrectness Presenter Clive Anderson Sky UK

2006 The 50 Greatest Comedy Films Narrator Stephen Fry Channel 4

The Electric Company's Greatest Hits & Bits DVD 2007 PBS

2013 Whoopi Goldberg
Whoopi Goldberg
Presents Moms Mabley Interviewee[192] HBO

Talk
Talk
shows[edit]

Year Title Roles/Notes Episodes

1965–86 The Tonight Show
The Tonight Show
Starring Johnny Carson Guest–Host–Writer 223

1965 The Jack Paar
Jack Paar
Program Guest 1

1965–67 Girl Talk
Talk
with Virginia Graham 5

1965–78 The Mike Douglas Show Co-host–Guest 36

1968 Frost on Sunday Guest 1

1968–69 That Show starring Joan Rivers Host 71

1968–72 The Dick Cavett Show
The Dick Cavett Show
(ABC) Guest 4

1969–72 The David Frost Show 3

1970 The Irv Kupcinet
Irv Kupcinet
Show 1

1974 The Merv Griffin Show 1

1974–76 Dinah! 2

1978 The Bob Braun
Bob Braun
Show 1

The Joe Franklin Show 1

1978, 1990 Donahue 2

1981–87 Hour Magazine 8

1982 The Regis Philbin
Regis Philbin
Show 1

The Barbara Walters
Barbara Walters
Special 1

1984 Wogan 2

1985 America (CBS) 1

1986 Joan Rivers: Can We Talk? Host 6

Late Night with David Letterman Guest 1

1986–87 The Late Show Starring Joan Rivers Host–Writer (first season) 150

1987 Aspel & Company Guest 1

1989 The Byron Allen Show Guest (pilot episode) 1

The Arsenio Hall
Arsenio Hall
Show Guest 2

1989–91 CBS
CBS
This Morning 3

1989–93 The Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
Show Host–Writer 600

1990 Geraldo Guest 1

1990–92 The Howard Stern
Howard Stern
Show (WWOR) 3

1991 The Full Wax 1

Alan King: Inside the Comedy Mind 1

The Dick Cavett Show
The Dick Cavett Show
(PBS) 1

Tonight with Jonathan Ross 1

1993 The Howard Stern
Howard Stern
Interview 1

1994 Des O'Connor Tonight 1

1994–2004 Howard Stern 14

1995 Clive Anderson
Clive Anderson
Talks Back 1

1995–2005 Late Night with Conan O'Brien 4

1995–2014 Can We Shop? Host ( QVC
QVC
style shopping in a talk show format)

1996 The Daily Show Guest 1

1997 The Rosie O'Donnell
Rosie O'Donnell
Show 1

1997, 2010 Charlie Rose 2

1999 Linehan 1

The Howard Stern
Howard Stern
Radio Show 1

2000 So Graham Norton 1

2002 V Graham Norton 2

2003 The Wayne Brady
Wayne Brady
Show 1

2004 NY Graham Norton 1

Film 2004 with Jonathan Ross 1

Alf's Hit Talk
Talk
Show Cameo Pilot

The Graham Norton
Graham Norton
Effect Guest 1

2004–06 The Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
Position Host–Writer 18

2005 Nigella Guest 1

The Big Idea with Donny Deutsch Guest 1

Good Day Live Guest 1

The Late Late Show Guest 1

Distinguished Artists 1

Friday Night with Jonathan Ross 1

The Paul O'Grady Show 1

2005-06 The Tony Danza Show 3

2006 Tom Green Live! Guest (voice) 1

Straight Talk Host–Writer (Bravo! pilot) 1

2008 Shrink Rap Guest (with host Dr. Pamela Connolly) 1

2010–14 Fashion Police Host 286

2013–14 In Bed with Joan Host–Writer–Executive producer 72

Variety shows[edit]

Year Title Role Episodes

1966 The Sammy Davis Jr.
Sammy Davis Jr.
Show Guest - Comedienne 1

The Hollywood Palace 1

1966–70 The Ed Sullivan Show Guest–Comedienne 18

1968 The Kraft Music Hall Guest–Comedienne 3

Operation: Entertainment 1

1970–75 The Carol Burnett
Carol Burnett
Show 3

1971 The Jim Nabors
Jim Nabors
Hour 1

The Pearl Bailey
Pearl Bailey
Show 1

1971–73 The Flip Wilson Show 3

1972 Dean Martin
Dean Martin
Presents: The Bobby Darin
Bobby Darin
Amusement Co. 1

1972–76 The Electric Company Narrator (voice; The Adventures of Letterman segment) 60

1973 Stand Up and Cheer Guest–Comedienne 1

The Helen Reddy
Helen Reddy
Show 1

1975 Sammy and Company 1

1978 The Jim Nabors
Jim Nabors
Show 1

1979 Bonkers! 1

1983 Saturday Night Live Host–Writer 1

On Stage America Guest–Comedienne 1

Live... And in Person 1

1983–86 The Bob Monkhouse Show 2

1989–92 Sesame Street Narrator (voice; The Adventures of Letterman segment) 3

1990–91 Shalom Sesame Microphone (voice) Herself

"Chanukah" "The Aleph-Bet Telethon"

1991 Square One Television Herself 1

Variety/Tribute specials[edit]

Year Title Role/Notes

1973 The Shape of Things Variety special featuring Phyllis Diller, Brenda Vaccaro, Valerie Harper, Lynn Redgrave
Lynn Redgrave
and directed by Lee Grant.

1977 Happy Birthday, Las Vegas Variety special hosted by Don Meredith
Don Meredith
and Cindy Williams, featuring Rodney Dangerfield, Redd Foxx
Redd Foxx
and David Brenner.

1978 ABC Presents Tomorrow's Stars Talent contest hosted by John Ritter, featuring Charles Nelson Reilly, Norm Crosby
Norm Crosby
and Dick Van Patten.

Hollywood's Diamond Jubilee Historical variety special hosted by Douglas Fairbanks Jr.
Douglas Fairbanks Jr.
and Raquel Welch, featuring Woody Allen, Fred Astaire, Marlon Brando
Marlon Brando
and Bette Davis.

1979 The 3th Annual People's Command Performance Variety special featuring Chubby Checker, Lainie Kazan, Jerry Lewis, Vincent Price
Vincent Price
and Rod Stewart.

1980 Circus of the Stars #5 Circus-acts variety special featuring Lloyd Bridges, Angela Lansbury, Rock Hudson
Rock Hudson
and Valerie Perrine.

1985 Moving Image Salutes Sidney Lumet An honor celebrating the film director.

1986 George Burns' 90th Birthday Party: A Very Special
Special
Special Celebration of the legendary comedian.

WrestleMania
WrestleMania
2 Second Pay-per-view WWF WrestleMania
WrestleMania
event.

NBC
NBC
60th Anniversary Celebration Unveiling of new peacock logo featuring Johnny Carson, Bob Hope, Sid Caesar, Ted Danson, The Monkees, Betty White
Betty White
and The Cosby Show
The Cosby Show
kids.

1988 Pee-wee's Playhouse
Pee-wee's Playhouse
Christmas Special[192] Herself

1989 Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade

1990 Happy Birthday, Bugs!: 50 Looney Years Bugs Bunny
Bugs Bunny
celebration special.

Night of 100 Stars III Performer, charity benefit for the Actors Fund of America.

1992 Alistair Cooke
Alistair Cooke
Salute A tribute hosted by Peter Ustinov, airing shortly after Cooke's last appearance as the 22-year host of "Masterpiece Theatre."

1995 The Beatles: All Together Now Celebrities recall their earliest and fondest memories of the Beatles. Premiere of Free as a Bird
Free as a Bird
music video to promote The Beatles Anthology.

1996 The Royal Variety Performance Annual Royal Variety Charity
Royal Variety Charity
benefit.

Disney's Most Unlikely Heroes Hosted by Roy E. Disney.

1997 50 Years of Television: A Celebration of the Academy of Television Arts & Sciences Golden Anniversary Herself

2002 Stars: An Oscar's Party

2003 100 Years of Hope and Humor Birthday celebration of the comedy legend.

2004 The Best of 'So Graham Norton' DVD Special

Bob Monkhouse: A BAFTA
BAFTA
Tribute Celebration of Britain's King of Comedy

2005 The Royal Wedding of HRH the Prince of Wales and Camilla Parker Bowles Live broadcast coverage of the event

2014 Howard Stern
Howard Stern
Birthday Bash Sirius XM
Sirius XM
Special

Award shows[edit]

Year Title Role/Notes

1976 The Second Annual Comedy Awards Attendee

1983 The 35th Primetime Emmy Awards Hostess & Presenter

1984 The 26th Annual Grammy Awards Nominee – Best Comedy Album

1986 The 38th Primetime Emmy Awards Presenter

1987 The 39th Primetime Emmy Awards

1990 The 44th Tony Awards Presenter: Best Scenic, Costume & Lighting Design

The Horror Hall of Fame Herself / Skit

1992 The 6th Annual American Comedy Awards Nominee – Funniest Female Performer in a Television Special

1994 The 48th Tony Awards Nominee – Best Performance by a Leading Actress in a Play

1995–2004 E! Live from the Red Carpet Hostess

1998 The 50th Primetime Emmy Awards Attendee

1999 The 51st Primetime Emmy Awards

2005 Joan & Melissa: Live at the Golden Globes Hostess for the TV Guide Channel
TV Guide Channel
Red carpet
Red carpet
events

Joan & Melissa: Live at the Grammys

Joan & Melissa: Live at the Academy Awards

Joan & Melissa: Live at the CMA Awards

2006 Joan & Melissa: Live at the Academy Awards

Academy Awards
Academy Awards
Fashion Wrap with Joan and Melissa

Joan & Melissa: Live at the Emmys

Emmy Awards Fashion Wrap with Joan and Melissa

The 58th Primetime Emmy Awards Attendee

Reality television shows[edit]

Year Title Role

1960 1965

Candid Camera Writer (4 episodes) Herself / "Bait"

1979 Celebrity Challenge of the Sexes 4 Bicycle racer

2003 I'm A Celebrity, Get Me Out Of Here! Herself

2008 Big Brother: Celebrity Hijack Celebrity hijacker

2009 Celebrity Ghost Stories Storyteller

Celebrity Apprentice
Celebrity Apprentice
2 Winner

2009–2010 How'd You Get So Rich? Host (10 episodes)

2010 Celebrity Apprentice
Celebrity Apprentice
3 Boardroom Advisor

2011–14 Joan & Melissa: Joan Knows Best? Executive producer

2013 Celebrity Apprentice
Celebrity Apprentice
6 Boardroom advisor

2015 Celebrity Apprentice
Celebrity Apprentice
7 Boardroom advisor

Game shows[edit]

Year Title Host Role Episodes

1965–68 The Match Game Gene Rayburn Team Captain 25

1967–69 Personality Larry Blyden Contestant 6

1969 You're Putting Me On 3

1970 The Movie Game 1

Concentration Bob Clayton 1

1970–80 The Hollywood Squares
Hollywood Squares
(Daytime version) Peter Marshall Panelist 80

1971 Can You Top This? Wink Martindale Contestant 1

1971–81 The Hollywood Squares
Hollywood Squares
(Syndicated version) Peter Marshall Panelist Semi-regular

1973 The $10,000 Pyramid Dick Clark Celebrity contestant 1

1975 The Magnificent Marble Machine Art James Contestant 2

1987–89 The New Hollywood Squares John Davidson Center square 66

1997 Noel's House Party Noel Edmonds Celebrity contestant Noel's New York House Party special

1999–2004 Hollywood Squares Tom Bergeron Panelist 65

2004 Ant & Dec's Saturday Night Takeaway Ant & Dec Celebrity guest 1

2006–07 8 Out of 10 Cats Jimmy Carr Contestant 3

2008 Celebrity Family Feud Al Roker Ice-T
Ice-T
vs. Joan & Melissa Rivers

[189] Theater work[edit]

Year Show Role/Credit Venue

1965 The Game is Up Material writer Downstairs at the Upstairs,[198] Off-Broadway

1972 Fun City Jill Fairchild, original play written and performed Morosco Theatre,[199] Broadway

1988 Broadway Bound Kate, replacement performer Broadhurst Theatre,[200] Broadway

1994 Sally Marr...and her escorts Sally Marr, original play written and performed Helen Hayes
Helen Hayes
Theatre, Broadway

2002–04 Joan Rivers: Broke and Alone Tour Herself, original material written and performed US and UK tour[201]

2008 Joan Rivers: A Work in Progress by a Life in Progress Geffen Playhouse, Edinburgh
Edinburgh
Festival Fringe, Leicester Square Theatre

2012 Joan Rivers: The Now or Never Tour UK tour

[202] Awards and nominations[edit]

Year Nominated work Award Category Result

1984 What Becomes a Semi-Legend Most? Grammy Award Best Comedy Album Nominated

Career Hasty Pudding Theatricals, USA Woman of the Year Won

1990 The Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
Show Daytime Emmy Award Outstanding Talk
Talk
Show Host Won

1991 Nominated

1992 Outstanding Writing – Special
Special
Class Nominated

Outstanding Talk
Talk
Show Host Nominated

1993 Outstanding Writing – Special
Special
Class Nominated

Outstanding Talk
Talk
Show Host Nominated

1994 Sally Marr...and her escorts Tony Award Best Actress in a Play Nominated

2009 Arthur Daytime Emmy Award Outstanding Performer in an Animated Program Nominated

2010 The Hipsters Maverick Movie Award Best Supporting Actress: Feature Nominated

2011 Career Alliance of Women Film Journalists EDA Female Focus - Perseverance Award Won

Fashion Police WIN Award Actress - Comedy Series Nominated

2014 Fashion Police: episode "September Issue" Nominated

Iron Man 3 MTV Movie Award Best Cameo Nominated

2015 Diary of a Mad Diva Grammy Award Best Spoken Word Album Won

[203]

Note: Emmy nominations for Outstanding Writing – Special
Special
Class shared with Toem Perew and Hester Mundis.

Honors[edit]

On July 26, 1989, she received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, in the 7000 block of Hollywood Boulevard.[204][205] On March 1, 2013, Rivers and her daughter, Melissa Rivers, were honored by the Ride of Fame
Ride of Fame
and a double decker tour bus was dedicated to them in New York City.[206]

Notes and references[edit] Notes[edit]

^ Shalom Goldman, July 9, 2014 "Joan Rivers", ENCYCLOPEDIA ^ a b c d e Debra Nussbaum Cohen, July 9, 2014 " Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
Women in Comedy" ^ a b Emily Langer, September 4, 2014 "Joan Rivers, Comedian Who Skewered Everyone Including Herself, Dies" The Washington Post ^ "Joan Rivers: In pictures". BBC
BBC
News.  ^ DAVID HINCKLEY, September 4, 2014 " Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
Blazed a Trail for Female Comics" New York Daily News ^ Daniel Arkin. " Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
Remembered by Stand-Up Comics, TV Legends". NBC
NBC
News.  ^ a b Todd Leopold, CNN
CNN
(September 4, 2014). "Joan Rivers, a pointed, pioneering comedian, dead at 81 - CNN.com". CNN.  ^ Chris Hardwick
Chris Hardwick
(May 9, 2015). "Greg Proops #4". The Nerdist Podcast (Podcast). Nerdist Industries. Retrieved May 10, 2015.  ^ Goldman, Shalom. "Joan Rivers". Jewish Women's Archive. Retrieved March 24, 2014.  ^ Joan Rivers' Greatest Red Carpet Moments. ABC News. September 5, 2014. Retrieved April 30, 2015.  ^ "How Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
Changed the Red Carpet Interview Forever With One Simple Question: Watch Her Best Moments!". E!. September 4, 2014. Retrieved April 30, 2015.  ^ Oldenburg, Ann (February 8, 2015). " Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
wins a Grammy". USA TODAY.  ^ Sieczkowski, Cavan (September 5, 2014). " Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
Honors Robin Williams In Resurfaced Interview". Huffington Post. Playboy: Jack Gould, former television critic of The New York Times, called you "quite possibly the most intuitively funny woman alive." So whom does America's most intuitively funny woman find funny?  ^ Gould, Jack (October 3, 1968). "TV: Frank and Mature Discussion of Birth Control; Contraceptive Devices Displayed on Channel 4
Channel 4
Vivacious Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
Brightens Own Show". The New York Times. GOOD television often turns up at unexpected hours; it did from 9 to 10 A. M. yesterday on WNBC-TV (Channel 4). The first half was a major breakthrough in the educational use of the home screen—a totally frank and completely mature discussion of birth control. The second half hour offered Joan Rivers, quite possibly the most intuitively funny woman alive.  ^ The 50 Best Stand-up Comics of All Time. Rollingstone.com, retrieved February 22, 2017. ^ " Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
Biography – Facts, Birthday, Life Story". The Biography Channel. Retrieved June 16, 2013.  ^ a b c d Grossman, Cathy Lynn, Joan Rivers' gift: Wicked humor with a Jewish touch, The Washington Post, September 4, 2014. ^ a b c d e f g "Joan Rivers, a Comic Stiletto Quick to Skewer, Is Dead at 81". The New York Times. September 4, 2014.  ^ Pfefferman, Naomi (December 27, 2007). "Joan Rivers' 'Life'—audacious, as always". Jewish Journal. Retrieved April 29, 2009.  ^ "Barbara Waxler Obituary". legacy.com. Retrieved July 6, 2013.  ^ " Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
profile". Filmreference.com. Retrieved April 29, 2009.  ^ Daily News (New York), September 5, 2014. " Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
Memory Lives Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Neighborhood". ^ The Wall Street
Wall Street
Journal, September 5, 2014. " Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
on Growing Up in Brooklyn
Brooklyn
and Attending Progressive School" ^ "Rivers was always a little Joan Molinsky to the end". BuffaloNews.com. September 6, 2014. Retrieved April 6, 2017.  ^ a b c d e Rivers, Joan (April 21, 2008). "Joan Rivers". Shrink Rap (Interview). Interview with Pamela Stephenson. Finestripe Productions.  ^ Rivers 1997, pp. 74–75. ^ Rivers 1997, p. 93. ^ Riley 1995, p. 265. ^ Sochen, June (1998). "From Sophie Tucker to Barbra Streisand: Jewish Women Entertainers as Reformers". Talking Back: Images of Jewish Women in American Popular Culture. Ed. Joyce Antler. Brandeis series in American Jewish history, culture, and life. Hanover, NH: Brandeis University Press Published by University Press of New England. pp. 68–84. ^ Rivers 1986, pp. 85–96. ^ http://www.adweek.com/digital/2014-year-in-review-joan-rivers/ ^ Rivers 1986, p. 230. ^ https://www.hollywoodreporter.com/news/story-joan-rivers-24-famous-731383 ^ Rivers 1986, pp. 233–239. ^ Rivers 1986, pp. 359–373. ^ https://www.hollywoodreporter.com/news/joan-rivers-why-johnny-carson-398088 ^ http://www.tv.com/shows/that-show-with-joan-rivers/ ^ "The Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
Show". Imdb.com. Retrieved April 29, 2009.  ^ "The Next to Last Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
Album". Retrieved September 5, 2014.  ^ " Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
Presents Mr. Phyllis & Other Funny Stories". Retrieved September 5, 2014.  ^ https://www.nytimes.com/1972/01/03/archives/stage-her-water-bed-frozen-solid-joan-rivers-is-star-in-comedy-fun.html ^ https://books.google.com.co/books?id=qQQEAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA62&lpg=PA62&dq=the+girl+most+likely+to+1973++film+success&source=bl&ots=6nWV0zZ6lD&sig=Ov657PkzAK1bNyZDbgYrr4uWkqQ&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjtif-9ldvZAhVS0FMKHQ9_CLUQ6AEIjQEwDQ#v=onepage&q=the%20girl%20most%20likely%20to%201973%20%20film%20success&f=false ^ https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/obituaries/11075283/Joan-Rivers-obituary.html ^ http://www.vulture.com/2014/09/joan-rivers-directed-only-one-movie-pregnant-man-billy-crystal.html ^ https://www.nytimes.com/movie/review?res=9D04E1D71431E632A2575AC0A9629C946990D6CF ^ " Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
dies at age 81". September 5, 2014. Retrieved September 26, 2014.  ^ " Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
at Carnegie Hall". Columbia Spectator. CVII (66). February 9, 1983.  ^ "Grammy Awards". Metrolyrics.com. February 28, 1984. Retrieved April 29, 2009.  ^ "Saturday Night Live". Imdb.com. April 9, 1983. Retrieved April 29, 2009.  ^ Editor (June 10, 1994). National Student Film Institute/L.A: The Sixteenth Annual Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Student Film Festival. The Directors Guild Theatre. pp. 10–11.  access-date= requires url= (help) ^ Editor (June 7, 1991). Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Student Film Institute: 13th Annual Student Film Festival. The Directors Guild Theatre. p. 3.  access-date= requires url= (help) ^ Lavender, Paige (September 4, 2014). " Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
Said Nancy Reagan Helped Her After Her Husband's Suicide". Huffington Post. Retrieved October 18, 2014.  " Nancy Reagan
Nancy Reagan
didn't mine Joan Rivers' off-color jokes". Eugene Register-Guard. Washington Post. August 24, 1984. Retrieved October 18, 2014.  " Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
Explains in 2012 E! True Hollywood Story Interview Why She's a "Very Good Dinner Guest"—Watch". E!. September 6, 2014. Retrieved October 18, 2014.  Taube, Michael (September 9, 2014). "Joan Rivers, a rare brand of Republican". Washington Times. Retrieved October 18, 2014.  ^ https://www.nytimes.com/1985/06/21/movies/tv-weekend-comedy-a-la-cinemax-and-showtime.html ^ https://www.amazon.com/Enter-Talking-Joan-Rivers/dp/0385294409 ^ Hoyle 2013, p. 197. ^ King 1993, pp. 47–48. ^ " Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
Returns To 'Tonight Show' After Decades-Long Ban". Variety. February 17, 2014. Retrieved February 19, 2014.  ^ Kaufman, Joanne; Carter, Alan (February 19, 1990). "Rocked by Tragedy and Failure, Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
Comes Back with a New Show and a New Life". People. Retrieved April 29, 2017.  ^ Kurtz, Judy (September 4, 2014). "Gillibrand, Nancy Reagan
Nancy Reagan
mourn Joan Rivers' death". The Hill. Retrieved October 19, 2014. Rivers credited the former president's wife with helping her after the 1987 suicide of her husband, Edgar Rosenberg. The comedy queen recalled the conversation with Reagan in a 2010 interview, "I said, 'I can't get Edgar's body out of Philadelphia.' She said, 'Let me see what I can do.' The next day, his body came back to L.A. You don't ever forget that, especially when the chips are down."  ^ https://www.allmovie.com/movie/spaceballs-v45901 ^ TV Guide
TV Guide
2004, p. 331. ^ http://ew.com/article/1990/09/14/joan-rivers-show/ ^ http://articles.latimes.com/1990-05-20/news/tv-87_1_joan-rivers ^ https://www.forbes.com/sites/natalierobehmed/2015/10/27/the-curious-case-of-joan-rivers-qvc-line/#118a419e7cf8 ^ https://www.hollywoodreporter.com/news/joan-rivers-rise-rags-tv-731620 ^ https://www.amazon.com/Still-Talking-Joan-Rivers/dp/0517158531 ^ http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0262164/awards ^ a b Rivers 1997, p. 207. ^ https://www.vanityfair.com/hollywood/2014/08/red-carpet-history ^ https://variety.com/1994/film/reviews/tears-and-laughter-the-joan-and-melissa-rivers-story-2-1200437248/ ^ https://www.amazon.com/Jewelry-Joan-Rivers/dp/1558598081 ^ Scheck, Frank (May 16, 1994). "'Sally Marr' Ranks High Only With Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
Fans". Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved December 28, 2013.  ^ https://chicago.suntimes.com/entertainment/recalling-a-show-that-justifies-dimming-broadway-marquees-for-joan-rivers/ ^ https://www.nytimes.com/1994/05/06/theater/review-theater-comic-survival-in-sally-marr.html ^ "Awards: Sally Marr...and her escorts". Internet Broadway Database. Retrieved December 28, 2013.  ^ https://www.amazon.com/Bouncing-Back-Survived-Everything-Mean/dp/0061096016/ref=sr_1_2?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1520538109&sr=1-2&refinements=p_27%3AJoan+Rivers ^ https://www.amazon.com/Mother-Daughter-Thoughts-Advice-Marriage/dp/1559724935/ref=sr_1_1?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1520538109&sr=1-1&refinements=p_27%3AJoan+Rivers ^ https://www.amazon.com/Dont-Count-Candles-Joan-Rivers/dp/0694520810/ref=sr_1_3?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1520538109&sr=1-3&refinements=p_27%3AJoan+Rivers ^ http://onstageboston.com/Articles/2004/03/March/rivers.html ^ https://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/3576255/Critics-choice-stage.html ^ https://www.theguardian.com/stage/2002/apr/16/comedy.artsfeatures ^ "TV briefs: Rivers duo may leave E! for TV Guide
TV Guide
Channel". The Seattle Times. Seattle, Washington. June 25, 2004. Retrieved April 22, 2017.  ^ " Nip/Tuck
Nip/Tuck
Episode: "Joan Rivers"". TV Guide. Lions Gate Entertainment. October 5, 2004. Retrieved April 27, 2010.  ^ " Nip/Tuck
Nip/Tuck
Episode: "Ben White"". TV Guide. Lions Gate Entertainment. November 1, 2005. Retrieved April 27, 2010.  ^ " Nip/Tuck
Nip/Tuck
Episode: "Hiro Yoshimura"". TV Guide. Lions Gate Entertainment. March 3, 2010. Retrieved April 27, 2010.  ^ https://nypost.com/2004/05/16/green-party-the-all-star-cast-of-shrek-2-makes-a-seriously-silly-sequel/ ^ Noonan, Peggy (September 5, 2014). "Joan Rivers: The Entertainer". Wall Street
Wall Street
Journal. Retrieved October 16, 2014.  Purdum, Todd S. (June 12, 2004). "THE 40TH PRESIDENT: IN WASHINGTON; At Rites for Reagan, Soaring Farewells". New York Times. Retrieved October 18, 2014.  Von Drehle, David (June 12, 2004). "Reagan Hailed as Leader for 'the Ages'". Washington Post. Retrieved October 18, 2014.  ^ Colacello 2004, p. 15. ^ " Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
performing at The 79th Royal Variety Performance". Digital Spy. Hearst Magazines UK. September 4, 2014. Retrieved September 9, 2014.  ^ https://www.theguardian.com/culture/2008/aug/15/edinburghfestival.joan.rivers ^ https://variety.com/2008/legit/markets-festivals/joan-rivers-a-work-in-progress-by-a-life-in-progress-1200548015/ ^ " Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
and The Celebrity Apprentice". Youtube. Retrieved September 26, 2014.  ^ Catlin, Roger (April 27, 2009). "'Celebrity Apprentice': Rivers Run". Hartford Courant. Archived from the original on July 1, 2012. Retrieved April 28, 2009.  ^ "Rivers defends daughter on 'Celebrity Apprentice'". Associated Press. April 27, 2009. Retrieved April 28, 2009.  ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20151204224006/http://community.foxtel.com.au/t5/Foxtel-Blog/New-This-Week-Dec-7-40-new-shows-including-Da-Vinci-s-Demons/ba-p/102717 ^ "A Comic's Life and Times: Enter Talking or Mocking". The New York Times. June 10, 2010. Retrieved May 16, 2012.  ^ " Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
- A Piece of Work". IFC Entertainment. Archived from the original on June 26, 2012. Retrieved May 16, 2012.  ^ https://www.rottentomatoes.com/m/joan_rivers_a_piece_of_work? ^ https://www.independent.co.uk/news/people/joan-rivers-remains-on-life-support-five-days-after-heart-and-lung-failure-comediennes-daughter-9707928.html ^ Weiss, Shari (February 7, 2011). " Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
Go Daddy
Go Daddy
Super Bowl commerical [sic]: Is that really the 77-year-old comedienne's body?". New York Daily News. Retrieved February 7, 2011.  ^ http://www.tvguide.com/news/weekend-tv-guide-1040315/ ^ https://tv.avclub.com/the-simpsons-the-ten-per-cent-solution-1798170729 ^ https://www.nytimes.com/2012/05/25/books/following-tina-fey-comedians-churn-out-books.html?mtrref=www.google.com.co&gwh=183B62FC2F1EDC08FE6EC4BDEEA2E74D&gwt=pay ^ https://www.amazon.com/Diary-Mad-Diva-Joan-Rivers/dp/0425269027 ^ Abbey, Jennifer. " Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
Chains Herself to Costco
Costco
Shopping Cart in Protest". ABC News. Retrieved August 8, 2012.  ^ The New York Times
The New York Times
Best Seller list ^ "'MAKERS: Women in Comedy' director recalls interviewing Joan Rivers". Entertainment Weekly's EW.com.  ^ Nachman 2003, p. 608. ^ Nachman 2003, p. 619. ^ Johnson, Zach (March 31, 2013). " Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
Calls Adele
Adele
'Chubby', Says the Singer Should 'Lose Weight'". Us Weekly. Retrieved February 28, 2015.  ^ " Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
sticks to 'fat' Adele
Adele
comments after singer demands apology: 'She should just calm down — or lose weight!'". New York Daily News.  ^ "Leave Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
alone! Holocaust remark part of her lifelong comedic style". M&C. March 1, 2013. Archived from the original on September 4, 2014.  ^ "Ohio women held captive seek Joan Rivers' apology". Yahoo! News. April 23, 2014.  ^ " Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
Refuses To Apologize For Cleveland Kidnapping Victims Joke". Huffington Post. April 24, 2014.  ^ Wilson, Megan R. (May 6, 2015). "FBI records: Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
received death threats". The Hill. Retrieved February 24, 2017.  ^ " Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
Interview: Her 6 best one-liners". Hollywood Reporter. June 12, 2013.  ^ a b Leonard Jay Greenspoon, ed. Jews and Humor, Purdue University Press (2011) p. 163 ^ Nachman 2003, p. 607. ^ a b c Zoglin, Richard. Comedy at the Edge: How Stand-up in the 1970s Changed America, Bloomsbury Publishing (2008) e-book ^ video: Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
on Johnny Carson
Johnny Carson
Show ^ a b Nachman 2003, p. 596. ^ Timberg, Bernard. Television Talk: A History of the TV Talk
Talk
Show, University of Texas Press (2002) p. 132. ^ Nachman 2003, p. 623. ^ Price 2000, pp. 219–220. ^ Hays, Matthew (2002). "Can she talk". Montreal Mirror. Archived from the original on November 16, 2002. Retrieved May 18, 2010.  ^ Rivers, Joan. "In Bed With Joan".  ^ a b Miller, Julie (September 5, 2014). " Prince Charles
Prince Charles
Is Just as Broken Up Over Joan Rivers' Death as We Are". Vanity Fair. Retrieved September 20, 2014.  ^ Rivers 1986, pp. 67–71. ^ Rivers 1986, pp. 182–183. ^ Rivers 1986, p. 70. ^ Rivers 1986, p. 375. ^ Fink, Mitchell (December 2, 2000). "Stars To Swell Cathedral For Mottola Wedding". New York Daily News. Retrieved November 25, 2011.  ^ " Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
is a nice person – really". The Miami Herald. June 24, 2010.  ^ Rivers, Joan (1991). " Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
Interview". The Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
Show (Interview). Interview with Dick Cavett.  ^ Marjorie Rosen (June 21, 1993). "The Rivers Run Together". People Magazine. 39 (24). "The way I see it," explains Joan, "Melissa blamed me." After all, Joan and Edgar had only recently separated when he killed himself.  ^ " Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
- obituary". The Telegraph. September 4, 2014. Retrieved December 28, 2016.  ^ " Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
on Howard Stern
Howard Stern
Show". Sirius Radio. June 5, 2012.  ^ Daily Beast: "Truth to Power Joan Rivers: Our Last Interview" by Tim Teeman September 14, 2014 ^ New York Magazine: " Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
Always Knew She Was Funny" retrieved September 25, 2017 ^ Rivers 1997, p. 125. ^ New York Magazine, May 13, 1985 ^ a b " Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
Charity Work, Events and Causes". Look to the Stars. Retrieved April 22, 2017.  ^ a b c Couch, Robbie (September 4, 2014). " Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
Didn't Just Tell Jokes. She Fought For AIDS
AIDS
Patients And Suicide
Suicide
Prevention, Too". The Huffington Post.  ^ "AHF mourns Joan Rivers: 'Her heart was as big as her mouth was tart.'". AIDS
AIDS
Health Foundation. September 4, 2014. Archived from the original on September 5, 2014.  ^ Bacchus, Danya (September 5, 2014). " Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
Considered 'Joan of Arc' for HIV/ AIDS
AIDS
Community". KNSD.  ^ "Board of Directors". American Foundation for Suicide
Suicide
Prevention. Archived from the original on September 5, 2014.  ^ "Remembering Joan Rivers, a friend of Scouting". Bryan on Scouting. September 4, 2014. Retrieved September 11, 2014.  ^ Cadwalladr, Carole (February 21, 2009). " Talk
Talk
about a boob job: Joan Rivers' hymn to the joys of plastic surgery leaves Carole Cadwalladr feeling queasy". The Observer.  ^ Kron, Joan (July 2005). "Nip/Talk". Allure. Condé Nast. Retrieved January 11, 2011.  ^ Ramisetti, Kirthana (September 4, 2014). " Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
dead at 81: Comedian's Top 10 jokes about celebs, plastic surgery, herself (A look back at the comedian's top zingers from her decades-long career)". New York Daily News.  ^ Solomon, Deborah (December 31, 2008). "Questions for Joan Rivers: Cutup". The New York Times
The New York Times
Magazine.  ^ Duke, Alan (September 4, 2014). Clinic where Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
stopped breathing is under investigation. CNN. Retrieved April 22, 2017.  ^ " Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
In Medically-Induced Coma After Going Into Cardiac Arrest". CBS
CBS
Local. CBS
CBS
News. Retrieved August 29, 2014.  ^ McShane, Larry (August 30, 2014). " Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
on life support, family members stand vigil". New York Daily News. Retrieved August 31, 2014.  ^ " Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
'resting comfortably' after health scare". BBC
BBC
News. Retrieved August 29, 2014.  ^ "Medical Examiner: Joan Rivers' Death 'Resulted From Predictable Complication'". WCBS-TV. October 16, 2014. Retrieved October 16, 2014.  ^ "Joan Rivers' Treatment Had Numerous Violations, U.S. Inquiry Finds", New York Times, November 10, 2014 ^ "Joan Rivers' daughter 'outraged' over mistakes that led to comedian's death", The Guardian, U.K., November 11, 2014 ^ "Rabbi Perl to Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
"Can We Talk?" The Tragic Cremation of Joan Rivers". Five Towns Jewish Times. 2014. Retrieved October 30, 2014.  ^ a b Duke, Alan (September 8, 2014). " Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
gets showbiz send-off with New York funeral". CNN. Retrieved October 30, 2014.  ^ a b Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
gets star-studded New York funeral, The Times of Israel, September 7, 2014 ^ Barron, James (September 7, 2014). "At Joan Rivers' Memorial, Celebrities, Cameras and Crowds". The New York Times. Retrieved September 14, 2014.  ^ McRady, Rachel (September 10, 2014). " Melissa Rivers
Melissa Rivers
Reads Hilarious Note to Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
as Eulogy at Funeral: Read the Entire Letter". Us Weekly. Retrieved October 30, 2014.  ^ "Lawyers: Melissa Rivers
Melissa Rivers
files malpractice lawsuit in mother Joan's death". Fox News. Associated Press. January 26, 2015. Retrieved January 27, 2015.  ^ "Settlement Reached in Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
Malpractice Case". The New York Times. May 13, 2016. Retrieved May 13, 2016.  ^ Frehse, Rob; Newsome, John (May 13, 2016). "Family of Joan Rivers settles with clinic at the center of a medical malpractice". CNN.com. Retrieved May 13, 2016.  ^ " Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
Death: Hollywood Reacts". TMZ. September 4, 2014. Retrieved February 28, 2015.  ^ "Stars react to the death of comedian Joan Rivers". Fox News. September 4, 2014. Retrieved February 28, 2015.  ^ Takeda, Allison (November 4, 2014). " Kathy Griffin
Kathy Griffin
Was Offered Joan Rivers' Spot on Fashion Police: "I Don't Know If It's Right for Me"". Us Weekly. Retrieved February 28, 2015.  ^ Reed, Ryan (September 8, 2014). " Chris Rock
Chris Rock
Salutes Joan Rivers: 'One of the Greatest' Stand-Ups". Rolling Stone. Retrieved February 28, 2015.  ^ Arkin, Daniel (September 5, 2014). " Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
Remembered by Stand-Up Comics, TV Legends". NBC
NBC
News. Retrieved February 28, 2015.  ^ "Stars pay tribute to Joan Rivers", CBS
CBS
News, September 4, 2014 ^ a b "Can we talk? Jimmy Fallon
Jimmy Fallon
and more late-night hosts pay tribute to Joan Rivers", Today, September 5, 2014 ^ " Howard Stern
Howard Stern
Pays Tribute to Joan Rivers", video 1 hour ^ Dicker, Ron (September 9, 2014). "Howard Stern's Perfect Eulogy For Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
May Be The Dirtiest Thing You'll Hear At A Funeral". Huffington Post. Retrieved January 18, 2018.  ^ "The Howard Stern
Howard Stern
Show: Monday September 8, 2014". ^ " Sarah Silverman
Sarah Silverman
Plays Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
in Saturday Night Live
Saturday Night Live
Heaven Skit: Watch Now!", Us Weekly, October 5, 2014 ^ "Stars React to the Death of Joan Rivers". ETOnline.com. September 5, 2014. Retrieved November 22, 2016.  ^ " Amy Schumer
Amy Schumer
Pays Tribute to Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
at Glamour's Women Of The Year Awards" Archived November 24, 2014, at the Wayback Machine., Shalom Life, November 21, 2014 ^ "Gillibrand, Nancy Reagan
Nancy Reagan
mourn Joan Rivers' death", The Hill, September 4, 2014 ^ "Netanyahu hails legendary American Jewish comedian Rivers as 'vocal supporter of Israel'", Jerusalem Post, September 4, 2014 ^ "Stars say goodbye at Joan Rivers' funeral". New York Daily News. September 7, 2014. Retrieved February 24, 2017.  ^ "Melissa Rivers: President Obama Sent Handwritten Condolences After Joan Rivers' Death", ABC News, September 19, 2014 ^ Katz, Emily Tess (May 13, 2015). "Melissa Rivers' Favorite Tribute To Mom Joan Was Surprisingly By Courtney Love". The Huffington Post. Retrieved May 3, 2017.  ^ https://www.audible.com/pd/Comedy/Joan-Rivers-Live-at-the-Palladium-Audiobook/B009ZHDEMU/ref=a_search_c4_1_8_srTtl?qid=1512054258&sr=1-8 ^ a b https://www.discogs.com/artist/585596-Joan-Rivers ^ https://www.audible.com/search/ref=a_search_c4_1_8_1_srAuth?searchAuthor=Joan+Rivers&qid=1512054258&sr=1-8 ^ https://www.dead-frog.com/comedians/comic/joan-rivers ^ a b http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0001672/ ^ Robinson, Tasha (November 5, 2012). "1965's Hootenanny A Go-Go teaches us that boats and folk songs are the key to getting lucky". The A.V. Club. Archived from the original on September 23, 2014. Retrieved April 30, 2015. A couple of songs [are] performed by comedy act Jim, Jake & Joan. The Joan is Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
in her first film role, looking peppy and caffeinated as she brays out counterpoint lines to the more tuneful guys. Their initial number, riffing on the day's news, seems inspired by Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
and Carl Reiner's routines, but less funny.  ^ "Uncle Scam (1981)". Turner Classic Movies. Archived from the original on April 30, 2015. Retrieved April 30, 2015.  ^ a b c d "Joan Rivers: Filmography". AllMovie.com
AllMovie.com
/ Rovi
Rovi
via The New York Times. Archived from the original on May 1, 2015. Retrieved April 30, 2015.  ^ Giuliano, Mike (November 10, 2011). "'Tower Heist' actually has its eyes on your wallet". The Baltimore Sun. Archived from the original on December 10, 2014. Retrieved May 1, 2015.  ^ http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0001672 ^ " Drop Dead Diva
Drop Dead Diva
cancelled by Lifetime". CBS
CBS
News. Accessed 31 August 2015. ^ "E! True Hollywood Story: Joan Rivers". Imdb.com. Retrieved April 29, 2009.  ^ "Tears and Laughter: The Joan and Melissa Rivers
Melissa Rivers
Story". Imdb.com. Retrieved April 29, 2009.  ^ http://www.lortel.org/Archives/CreditableEntity/26833 ^ "Fun City". Ibdb.com. Retrieved August 9, 2013.  ^ " Broadway Bound – Replacements". Ibdb.com. Archived from the original on September 5, 2010. Retrieved April 29, 2009.  ^ Martinez, Julio, "Joan Rivers: Broke and Alone … in L.A.", Variety, April 27, 2003. ^ https://www.ibdb.com/broadway-cast-staff/joan-rivers-6752 ^ http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0001672/awards?ref_=nm_awd ^ "Joan Rivers". Hollywood Walk of Fame. Retrieved September 4, 2014.  ^ " Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
gets Walk of Fame star". Rome News-Tribune. July 26, 1989. Retrieved September 4, 2014.  ^ "Joan And Melissa Rivers
Melissa Rivers
Debut Their Glamorous Ride Of Fame In NYC". AOL. Retrieved April 22, 2017. 

References[edit]

Colacello, Bob (October 1, 2004). Ronnie and Nancy: Their Path to the White House--1911 to 1980. Grand Central Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7595-1267-2.  Hoyle, Matt (2013). Comic Genius: Portraits of Funny People. Chronicle Books.  King, Norman (1993). Arsenio Hall. New York: William Morrow & Co. ISBN 978-0-688-10827-4.  Nachman, Gerald (2003). Seriously Funny The Rebel Comedians of the 1950s and 1960s. New York, NY: Pantheon Books. ISBN 978-0-375-41030-7. OCLC 50339527.  Price, Victoria, ed. (2000). St. James Encyclopedia of Popular Culture. 4. St. James Press. OCLC 42295812. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link) Riley, Sam G. (1995). Biographical Dictionary of American Newspaper Columnists. Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 978-0-313-29192-0.  Rivers, Joan (1986). Enter Talking. Delacorte Press. ISBN 978-0-385-29440-9.  Rivers, Joan (1997). Bouncing Back : I've Survived Everything...and I Mean Everything...and You Can Too!. HarperCollins. ISBN 978-0-060-17821-5.  TV Guide
TV Guide
Guide to TV. Barnes and Noble. 2004. ISBN 0-7607-5634-1. 

External links[edit]

Find more aboutJoan Riversat's sister projects

Media from Wikimedia Commons Quotations from Wikiquote Data from Wikidata

Official website Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
at Curlie (based on DMOZ) Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
on IMDb Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
at the TCM Movie Database Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
at the Internet Broadway Database
Internet Broadway Database
Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
at the Internet Off-Broadway Database Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
interview video at the Archive of American Television Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
at Find A Grave

v t e

The Apprentice (U.S.)

List of candidates

Seasons

Regular

1 2 3 4 5 6 10

Celebrity

7 8 9 11 12 13 (all-stars) 14 15

Winners

Regular

Bill Rancic Kelly Perdew Kendra Todd Randal Pinkett Sean Yazbeck Stefanie Schaeffer Brandy Kuentzel

Celebrity

Piers Morgan Joan Rivers Bret Michaels John Rich Arsenio Hall Trace Adkins Leeza Gibbons Matt Iseman

Related programs

The Celebrity Apprentice The Apprentice: Martha Stewart

v t e

Daytime Emmy Award for Outstanding Talk
Talk
Show Host

1974–94

Dinah Shore
Dinah Shore
(1974) Barbara Walters
Barbara Walters
(1975) Dinah Shore
Dinah Shore
(1976) Phil Donahue
Phil Donahue
(1977) Phil Donahue
Phil Donahue
(1978) Phil Donahue
Phil Donahue
(1979) Phil Donahue
Phil Donahue
(1980) Hugh Downs
Hugh Downs
(1981) Phil Donahue
Phil Donahue
(1982) Phil Donahue
Phil Donahue
(1983) Gary Collins (1984) Phil Donahue
Phil Donahue
(1985) Phil Donahue
Phil Donahue
(1986) Oprah Winfrey
Oprah Winfrey
(1987) Phil Donahue
Phil Donahue
(1988) Sally Jessy Raphael
Sally Jessy Raphael
(1989) Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
(1990) Oprah Winfrey
Oprah Winfrey
(1991) Oprah Winfrey
Oprah Winfrey
(1992) Oprah Winfrey
Oprah Winfrey
(1993) Oprah Winfrey
Oprah Winfrey
(1994)

1995–2014

Oprah Winfrey
Oprah Winfrey
(1995) Montel Williams
Montel Williams
(1996) Rosie O'Donnell
Rosie O'Donnell
(1997) Rosie O'Donnell
Rosie O'Donnell
/ Oprah Winfrey
Oprah Winfrey
(1998) Rosie O'Donnell
Rosie O'Donnell
(1999) Rosie O'Donnell
Rosie O'Donnell
(2000) Rosie O'Donnell
Rosie O'Donnell
/ Regis Philbin
Regis Philbin
(2001) Rosie O'Donnell
Rosie O'Donnell
(2002) Wayne Brady
Wayne Brady
(2003) Wayne Brady
Wayne Brady
(2004) Ellen DeGeneres
Ellen DeGeneres
(2005) Ellen DeGeneres
Ellen DeGeneres
(2006) Ellen DeGeneres
Ellen DeGeneres
(2007) Ellen DeGeneres
Ellen DeGeneres
(2008) Whoopi Goldberg, Joy Behar, Sherri Shepherd, Elisabeth Hasselbeck, Barbara Walters
Barbara Walters
(2009) Mehmet Oz
Mehmet Oz
(2010) Regis Philbin
Regis Philbin
and Kelly Ripa
Kelly Ripa
/ Mehmet Oz
Mehmet Oz
(2011) Regis Philbin
Regis Philbin
and Kelly Ripa
Kelly Ripa
(2012) Ricki Lake
Ricki Lake
(2013) Katie Couric
Katie Couric
/ Mehmet Oz
Mehmet Oz
(2014)

v t e

Grammy Award
Grammy Award
for Best Spoken Word Album

1959−1980

Stan Freberg
Stan Freberg
– The Best of the Stan Freberg
Stan Freberg
Shows (1959) Carl Sandburg
Carl Sandburg
Lincoln Portrait (1960) Robert Bialek (producer) – FDR Speaks (1961) Leonard Bernstein
Leonard Bernstein
– Humor in Music (1962) Charles Laughton
Charles Laughton
– The Story-Teller: A Session With Charles Laughton (1963) Edward Albee
Edward Albee
(playwright) – Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?
Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?
(1964) That Was the Week That Was
That Was the Week That Was
BBC
BBC
Tribute to John F. Kennedy (1965) Goddard Lieberson
Goddard Lieberson
(producer) – John F. Kennedy - As We Remember Him (1966) Edward R. Murrow
Edward R. Murrow
Edward R. Murrow
Edward R. Murrow
- A Reporter Remembers, Vol. I The War Years (1967) Everett Dirksen
Everett Dirksen
– Gallant Men (1968) Rod McKuen
Rod McKuen
– Lonesome Cities (1969) Art Linkletter
Art Linkletter
& Diane Linkletter – We Love You Call Collect (1970) Martin Luther King Jr.
Martin Luther King Jr.
– Why I Oppose the War in Vietnam (1971) Les Crane
Les Crane
– Desiderata (1972) Bruce Botnick (producer) – Lenny performed by the original Broadway cast (1973) Richard Harris
Richard Harris
Jonathan Livingston Seagull (1974) Peter Cook
Peter Cook
and Dudley Moore
Dudley Moore
– Good Evening (1975) James Whitmore
James Whitmore
Give 'em Hell, Harry!
Give 'em Hell, Harry!
(1976) Henry Fonda, Helen Hayes, James Earl Jones
James Earl Jones
and Orson Welles
Orson Welles
- Great American Documents (1977) Julie Harris – The Belle of Amherst
The Belle of Amherst
(1978) Orson Welles
Orson Welles
Citizen Kane
Citizen Kane
Original Motion Picture Soundtrack (1979) John Gielgud
John Gielgud
– Ages of Man - Readings From Shakespeare
Shakespeare
(1980)

1981−2000

Pat Carroll – Gertrude Stein, Gertrude Stein, Gertrude Stein
Gertrude Stein
(1981) Orson Welles
Orson Welles
Donovan's Brain
Donovan's Brain
(1982) Tom Voegeli (producer) – Raiders of the Lost Ark
Raiders of the Lost Ark
- The Movie on Record performed by Various Artists (1983) William Warfield
William Warfield
Lincoln Portrait (1984) Ben Kingsley
Ben Kingsley
– The Words of Gandhi (1985) Mike Berniker (producer) & the original Broadway cast – Ma Rainey's Black Bottom (1986) Johnny Cash, Jerry Lee Lewis, Chips Moman, Ricky Nelson, Roy Orbison, Carl Perkins
Carl Perkins
and Sam Phillips
Sam Phillips
– Interviews From the Class of '55 Recording Sessions (1987) Garrison Keillor
Garrison Keillor
Lake Wobegon Days (1988) Jesse Jackson
Jesse Jackson
– Speech by Rev. Jesse Jackson
Jesse Jackson
(1989) Gilda Radner
Gilda Radner
– It's Always Something (1990) George Burns
George Burns
– Gracie: A Love Story (1991) Ken Burns
Ken Burns
– The Civil War (1992) Earvin "Magic" Johnson and Robert O'Keefe – What You Can Do to Avoid AIDS
AIDS
(1993) Maya Angelou
Maya Angelou
On the Pulse of Morning
On the Pulse of Morning
(1994) Henry Rollins
Henry Rollins
– Get in the Van (1995) Maya Angelou
Maya Angelou
– Phenomenal Woman (1996) Hillary Clinton
Hillary Clinton
It Takes a Village (1997) Charles Kuralt
Charles Kuralt
– Charles Kuralt's Spring (1998) Christopher Reeve
Christopher Reeve
Still Me
Still Me
(1999) LeVar Burton
LeVar Burton
– The Autobiography of Martin Luther King Jr.
Martin Luther King Jr.
(2000)

2001−present

Sidney Poitier, Rick Harris & John Runnette (producers) – The Measure of a Man: A Spiritual Autobiography (2001) Quincy Jones, Jeffrey S. Thomas, Steven Strassman (engineers) and Elisa Shokoff (producer) – Q: The Autobiography of Quincy Jones (2002) Maya Angelou
Maya Angelou
and Charles B. Potter (producer) – A Song Flung Up to Heaven / Robin Williams, Nathaniel Kunkel (engineer/mixer) and Peter Asher (producer) – Live 2002 (2003) Al Franken
Al Franken
and Paul Ruben (producer) – Lies and the Lying Liars Who Tell Them (2004) Bill Clinton
Bill Clinton
– My Life (2005) Barack Obama
Barack Obama
Dreams from My Father
Dreams from My Father
(2006) Jimmy Carter
Jimmy Carter
– Our Endangered Values: America's Moral Crisis / Ossie Davis and Ruby Dee
Ruby Dee
- With Ossie and Ruby (2007) Barack Obama
Barack Obama
and Jacob Bronstein (producer) – The Audacity of Hope (2008) Beau Bridges, Cynthia Nixon
Cynthia Nixon
and Blair Underwood
Blair Underwood
– An Inconvenient Truth by Al Gore
Al Gore
(2009) Michael J. Fox
Michael J. Fox
– Always Looking Up (2010) Jon Stewart
Jon Stewart
The Daily Show
The Daily Show
with Jon Stewart
Jon Stewart
Presents Earth (The Audiobook) (2011) Betty White
Betty White
– If You Ask Me (And Of Course You Won't) (2012) Janis Ian
Janis Ian
– Society's Child (2013) Stephen Colbert
Stephen Colbert
– America Again: Re-becoming The Greatness We Never Weren't (2014) Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
– Diary of a Mad Diva (2015) Jimmy Carter
Jimmy Carter
– A Full Life: Reflections at 90 (2016) Carol Burnett
Carol Burnett
– In Such Good Company: Eleven Years of Laughter, Mayhem, and Fun in the Sandbox (2017) Carrie Fisher
Carrie Fisher
The Princess Diarist
The Princess Diarist
(2018)

v t e

Hasty Pudding Woman of the Year

1951–1975

Gertrude Lawrence
Gertrude Lawrence
(1951) Barbara Bel Geddes
Barbara Bel Geddes
(1952) Mamie Eisenhower
Mamie Eisenhower
(1953) Shirley Booth
Shirley Booth
(1954) Debbie Reynolds
Debbie Reynolds
(1955) Peggy Ann Garner
Peggy Ann Garner
(1956) Carroll Baker
Carroll Baker
(1957) Katharine Hepburn
Katharine Hepburn
(1958) Joanne Woodward
Joanne Woodward
(1959) Carol Lawrence
Carol Lawrence
(1960) Jane Fonda
Jane Fonda
(1961) Piper Laurie
Piper Laurie
(1962) Shirley MacLaine
Shirley MacLaine
(1963) Rosalind Russell
Rosalind Russell
(1964) Lee Remick
Lee Remick
(1965) Ethel Merman
Ethel Merman
(1966) Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
(1967) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
(1968) Carol Burnett
Carol Burnett
(1969) Dionne Warwick
Dionne Warwick
(1970) Carol Channing
Carol Channing
(1971) Ruby Keeler
Ruby Keeler
(1972) Liza Minnelli
Liza Minnelli
(1973) Faye Dunaway
Faye Dunaway
(1974) Valerie Harper
Valerie Harper
(1975)

1976–2000

Bette Midler
Bette Midler
(1976) Elizabeth Taylor
Elizabeth Taylor
(1977) Beverly Sills
Beverly Sills
(1978) Candice Bergen
Candice Bergen
(1979) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(1980) Mary Tyler Moore
Mary Tyler Moore
(1981) Ella Fitzgerald
Ella Fitzgerald
(1982) Julie Andrews
Julie Andrews
(1983) Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
(1984) Cher
Cher
(1985) Sally Field
Sally Field
(1986) Bernadette Peters
Bernadette Peters
(1987) Lucille Ball
Lucille Ball
(1988) Kathleen Turner
Kathleen Turner
(1989) Glenn Close
Glenn Close
(1990) Diane Keaton
Diane Keaton
(1991) Jodie Foster
Jodie Foster
(1992) Whoopi Goldberg
Whoopi Goldberg
(1993) Meg Ryan
Meg Ryan
(1994) Michelle Pfeiffer
Michelle Pfeiffer
(1995) Susan Sarandon
Susan Sarandon
(1996) Julia Roberts
Julia Roberts
(1997) Sigourney Weaver
Sigourney Weaver
(1998) Goldie Hawn
Goldie Hawn
(1999) Jamie Lee Curtis
Jamie Lee Curtis
(2000)

2001–present

Drew Barrymore
Drew Barrymore
(2001) Sarah Jessica Parker
Sarah Jessica Parker
(2002) Anjelica Huston
Anjelica Huston
(2003) Sandra Bullock
Sandra Bullock
(2004) Catherine Zeta-Jones
Catherine Zeta-Jones
(2005) Halle Berry
Halle Berry
(2006) Scarlett Johansson
Scarlett Johansson
(2007) Charlize Theron
Charlize Theron
(2008) Renée Zellweger
Renée Zellweger
(2009) Anne Hathaway
Anne Hathaway
(2010) Julianne Moore
Julianne Moore
(2011) Claire Danes
Claire Danes
(2012) Marion Cotillard
Marion Cotillard
(2013) Helen Mirren
Helen Mirren
(2014) Amy Poehler
Amy Poehler
(2015) Kerry Washington
Kerry Washington
(2016) Octavia Spencer
Octavia Spencer
(2017) Mila Kunis
Mila Kunis
(2018)

v t e

Television Hall of Fame Class of 2017

Not Ready For Prime Time Players (Dan Aykroyd, John Belushi, Chevy Chase, Jane Curtin, Garrett Morris, Laraine Newman, and Gilda Radner)

Roy Christopher Shonda Rhimes Joan Rivers John Wells

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 72783623 LCCN: n84007634 ISNI: 0000 0000 6355 6015 GND: 134020820 SELIBR: 377818 BNF: cb171278269 (data) MusicBrainz: 648c2c29-f8da-4c8f-ae39-52e6ccd71198 SN