Joachim Christian Timm (7 December 1734 – 3 February 1805) was a German
apothecary :''"Apothecary" may also refer to Pharmacy (shop), or drugstore in American English.'' 200px, An apothecary in the 15th century Apothecary () is one term for a medical professional who formulates and dispenses '' materia medica (medicine)'' to ...

, mayor of Malchin, and a
botanist Botany, also called , plant biology or phytology, is the science Science (from the Latin word ''scientia'', meaning "knowledge") is a systematic enterprise that Scientific method, builds and Taxonomy (general), organizes knowledge in th ...
with a particular interest in
cryptogram A cryptogram is a type of puzzle that consists of a short piece of encrypted text. Generally the cipher used to encrypt the text is simple enough that the cryptogram can be solved by hand. Substitution ciphers where each letter is replaced b ...
s. This botanist is denoted by the author abbreviation Timm when citing a
botanical name A botanical name is a formal scientific name Science (from the Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. Latin was originally spoken in the area around R ...


Joachim Christian Timm, the son of
tobacconist A tobacconist, also called a tobacco shop, a "tobacconist's shop" or a smoke shop, is a retailer of tobacco village in Xanthi, Greece Tobacco is the common name of several plants in the '' Nicotiana'' genus Genus (plural genera) is ...
Matthias Ernst Timm (1704–1779), was born in Wangerin in Farther Pomerania, Prussia (now in Poland) and attended school there. In 1749 he started a five-year apprenticeship as an apothecary, initially with Friedrich John in Wangerin, where he served for a year as an assistant. In the 1750s he was in Mecklenburg, working in Rostock. At the end of the 1750s he moved to Malchin to manage the apothecary business of Georg Heinrich Kruger and his successors. In 1760, Timm became the official apothecary of Malchin. In 1771 he was elected senator. In 1778 he became the Second or Vice-Mayor of Malchin, becoming the Mayor in 1790. The tradition of having more than one mayor to lead the town ended with his death. As an apothecary, he was interested in botany. He enthusiastically collected plants of all kinds, especially cryptogams, primarily in the Malchin area. In 1788 he published his work ''Florae megapolitanae Prodromus'', which he based on the system of the Swedish botanist Carl Linnaeus, Linnaeus. Professor Johann Hedwig of Leipzig later named a genus of moss ''Timmia'' after him, including the species he found at Malchin in Mecklenburg, ''Timmia megapolitana''. The epithet ''megapolitania'' here refers to Mecklenburg, which was then often referred to by the Greek equivalent ''megapolis''. At the instigation of the author of a monograph on ''Timmia'', Guy Brassard, a mountain on the Arctic Ellesmere Island was named "Mount Timmia" in honour of Timm. In 1762, Timm married Anna Christine Elisabeth Witte (1743–1792), a merchant's daughter from Röbel. They had ten children, including the sons Joachim (1768–1801) and Hans Timm (1774–1852), who one after the other succeeded their father as the official apothecary in Malchin. Another son, Helmuth Timm (1782–1848), became a pastor in Groß Gievitz and later in Malchin. Joachim Christian Timm died in Malchin in 1805 and is regarded today as a pioneer of modern botany in Germany.

References and bibliography

* , pp. 97–101 * ''Bryologische Rundbriefe'', No. 21, June 1995 (in German) * , pp. 519–520 * , p. 20 (in German) * , p. 161 * {{DEFAULTSORT:Timm, Joachim Christian 18th-century German botanists Botanists with author abbreviations 1734 births 1805 deaths People from Łobez County People from the Province of Pomerania Apothecaries