João Mangabeira (26 June 1880 – 27 April 1964) was a Brazil
ian jurist, politician and writer.
Mangabeira was the brother of medical doctor and poet Francisco Mangabeira
, and politician Otávio Mangabeira
. He was admitted to law school at 13 years of age, and despite belonging to a large family without financial resources, he managed to complete his course by the age of 17. He then began practicing law in Ilhéus
. According to Federal jurist and politician Paulo Brossard
''"When the annual session of the jury started, a poor defendant went on trial without a lawyer. The judge designated João Mangabeira as a defense lawyer. Mangabeira knew nothing about the process. Listening to the judge's report, he paid attention to everything: names, pages, details. As soon as the prosecutor concluded the indictment, the young defense lawyer, appointed minutes before, shattered the charge, pointing out contradictions, correcting names, indicating process pages that he did not handle at all. The defendant was acquitted ... and, thereafter, the city began to trust the lawyer who was no more than a child, and his office started to have clients."''
Shortly after he became a congressman as a State Deputy and then as a Federal Deputy. He became a close associate of Rui Barbosa
. In 1923, when Barbosa died, Mangabeira gave a speech in his honor. On the centenary of the birth of Barbosa in 1949, Mangabeira was the speaker of the House of Representatives.
In a short time he became one of the most prominent figures in the House of Representatives. Renowned as both congressman and lawyer, he came to be highly regarded for his intelligence.
Mangabeira's career included defending socialism
. As deputy for the Constitutional Assembly
of 1934, and his opposition to the Estado Novo dictatorship (Vargas Era
) landed Mangabeira in prison for 15 months. "I'd rather get in jail by this dictatorship, than be free, agreeing with it," he said in 1936.
Category:Brazilian male writers
Category:People from Bahia
Category:Government ministers of Brazil
Category:Energy ministers of Brazil
Category:Members of the Chamber of Deputies (Brazil) from Bahia
Category:Members of the Federal Senate
Category:Members of the Legislative Assembly of Bahia
Category:Ministers of Justice of Brazil