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PETER ERIC JAMES PRENTICE PC QC (July 20, 1956 – October 13, 2016) was a Canadian politician who served as the 16th Premier of Alberta from 2014 to 2015. In the 2004 federal election he was elected to the Canadian House of Commons as a candidate of the Conservative Party of Canada . He was re-elected in the 2006 federal election and appointed to the cabinet as Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development and Federal Interlocutor for Métis and Non-Status Indians . Prentice was appointed Minister of Industry on August 14, 2007, and after the 2008 election became Minister of Environment on October 30, 2008. On November 4, 2010, Prentice announced his resignation from cabinet and as MP for Calgary Centre-North
Calgary Centre-North
. After retiring from federal politics, he entered provincial politics in his home province of Alberta, and ran for the leadership of the Progressive Conservative Association of Alberta
Alberta
to replace Alison Redford , who had resigned earlier that year. On September 6, 2014, he won the leadership election , becoming both the leader of the Progressive Conservatives and as such the Premier, as his party held a majority in the Legislative Assembly of Alberta
Alberta
.

As Premier of Alberta, Prentice formed a new cabinet consisting of some members from the previous government , but also new Ministers including two who did not hold seats in the Legislature—Stephen Mandel and Gordon Dirks . All three stood as candidates in by-elections scheduled for October 27, 2014, and all three were elected with Prentice becoming the MLA for Calgary-Foothills .

After introducing his first budget in 2015, Prentice declared an early provincial election on May 5, 2015 , "bypassing" Alberta's fixed election date laws. In the election, Prentice's PCs were defeated, dropping to third place in the legislature with 10 seats – ending 44 years of Tory
Tory
rule in Alberta, the longest unbroken run in office at the provincial level in Canada. Despite winning re-election in Calgary-Foothills, on election night Prentice resigned as both PC leader and MLA and retired from politics after results indicated that the Alberta
Alberta
NDP had won a majority government.

On October 13, 2016, Prentice and three others were killed when the aircraft in which they were travelling crashed shortly after taking off from Kelowna, British Columbia
British Columbia
. The flight was en route from Kelowna to Springbank Airport, just outside Calgary.

CONTENTS

* 1 Background * 2 Early political career * 3 Early parliamentary career

* 4 Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development

* 4.1 Kelowna Accord and residential schools

* 5 Minister of Industry

* 5.1 Copyright legislation and controversy * 5.2 controversy * 5.3 Auto industry * 5.4 Net neutrality * 5.5 Text messaging fees

* 6 Minister of the Environment

* 6.1 Draft Prentice Movement

* 7 Resignation * 8 Premier of Alberta
Alberta
* 9 Death * 10 References * 11 External links

BACKGROUND

Prentice was born to a large, blue-collar family in South Porcupine , near Timmins, Ontario
Ontario
. The family then moved to Alberta
Alberta
in 1969. He was the son of Wilma Lyle Marea (Mawhinney) and Eric Prentice , a professional hockey player who played five games in the National Hockey League (NHL) in the 1940s. His uncle Dean Prentice played in the NHL for more than 20 years. Prentice was educated at the University of Alberta
Alberta
(where he became a member of the Phi Gamma Delta fraternity ) and Dalhousie University . He paid for his tuition by working as a coal miner in the summer months for seven years.

As a lawyer, he served as a Law Commissioner of the Indian Claims Commission of Canada .

In his personal life, Prentice served for seven years on the Board of Directors at the Calgary
Calgary
Winter Club , including stints as President and Chairman. He was an active member and volunteer leader in the Grace Presbyterian Church
Presbyterian Church
. Prentice and his wife Karen have three daughters and two grandchildren.

He was also a member of the Trilateral Commission , a non-partisan organization that aims to increase cooperation within the developed world. In this capacity, Prentice was one of 20 Canadian members.

EARLY POLITICAL CAREER

Prentice joined the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada in 1976, and was active in Tory
Tory
circles ever since. In the 1986 provincial election , Prentice ran for the Progressive Conservatives in Calgary Mountain View , being defeated by NDP candidate Bob Hawkesworth .

During the early 1990s, Prentice served as the governing federal PC party's chief financial officer and treasurer (1990–93). Prentice first ran for Parliament as the nominated Progressive Conservative candidate in a spring 2002 by-election in the riding of Calgary Southwest that followed the retirement of Preston Manning
Preston Manning
as the riding's Member of Parliament (MP). When newly elected Canadian Alliance leader Stephen Harper replaced nominated CA candidate Ezra Levant in the by-election, Prentice withdrew from the race, following common practice to allow a party leader to win a seat uncontested so they may lead their party within Parliament.

He ran in the 2003 Progressive Conservative leadership election to support the " United Alternative " proposal to merge the PC party with the Canadian Alliance. He was seen by many as an alternative to the "status quo" candidate and front runner Peter MacKay . A basic platform of Prentice's campaign was that "no one has ever defeated the Liberals with a divided conservative family." Prentice entered the 2003 convention day with some momentum, after delivering a passionate speech to the assembled delegates that encouraged Tories to be proud of their accomplishments, despite recent setbacks, and that recalled the sacrifices of Canadian soldiers who fought in the Battle of Passchendaele . He also unexpectedly received the support of fellow leadership challenger Craig Chandler , who withdrew early. Prentice ultimately emerged in second-place on the fourth ballot to the eventual winner MacKay. Consistent with his positions during the leadership race, Prentice was a supporter of the merger endorsed by both the CA and PC parties in December 2003 that formed the new Conservative Party of Canada.

Prentice was the first declared candidate for the leadership of the new Conservative Party, announcing his run on December 7, 2003, the day after the new party was ratified by members of the PC Party. Prentice began his campaign in Calgary
Calgary
and toured parts of Ontario, specifically visiting Kingston, Ontario
Ontario
, the hometown of the first Canadian Conservative Leader Sir John A. Macdonald and also the city where one of his daughters attends Queen\'s University . However, he withdrew from the race on January 12, 2004, citing difficulty in raising new funds less than a year after his unsuccessful first leadership bid. The leadership election was won by Stephen Harper , who later became Prime Minister of Canada
Prime Minister of Canada
after the Canadian federal election, 2006 .

EARLY PARLIAMENTARY CAREER

Prentice ran in the riding of Calgary Centre-North
Calgary Centre-North
in the 2004 election for the new Conservative Party, and won the seat with 54% of the popular vote.

After being sworn in as the MP for Calgary
Calgary
Centre North on July 16, Conservative Party Leader Stephen Harper named Prentice to the Shadow Cabinet as the Official Opposition Critic for Indian and Northern Affairs. In that role Prentice opposed the Tli Cho land claim agreement, which he said would make Canadian law secondary to Tlicho local law. Prentice was also a strong supporter of the proposed and controversial Mackenzie Valley pipeline . He criticized the Liberal government for its treatment of aboriginal women, and its alleged costs of administering the Residential School Claims program for aboriginal victims of abuse.

Prentice described himself as a Red Tory
Tory
in the Conservative Party and surprised many observers when he voted in favour of Bill C-38 supporting same-sex marriage .

MINISTER OF INDIAN AFFAIRS AND NORTHERN DEVELOPMENT

Prentice had been assigned the Minister of Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development in the Conservative government , and was sworn into this role on February 6, 2006 until August 13, 2007. One of his main challenges as Minister was to implement "The Nunavut Project," a 2006 report authored by Thomas Berger , to show tangible, measurable results to increase Inuit
Inuit
representation in the Nunavut public services.

KELOWNA ACCORD AND RESIDENTIAL SCHOOLS

In the fall of 2006, Phil Fontaine , National chief of the Assembly of First Nations , expressed disappointment over the Conservative government's refusal to honour the Kelowna Accord , endorsed by 14 jurisdictions (the federal government, 10 provinces, and three territories). Fontaine previously described the federal government's point person on Kelowna, Jim Prentice, as an "honourable" person sensitive to native concerns. Prior to January 2006 election, Fontaine and two vice-chiefs of the Assembly of First Nations
Assembly of First Nations
had a meeting with Prentice. " acknowledged all the hard work that went into Kelowna and (said) that the Conservative party would not put this aside," says Fontaine. "We took him at his word." Prentice did not recall saying that: "I've always been very, very careful about what I've said about Kelowna," According to Fontaine, in their first meeting after the 2006 election, "(Prentice) wanted to apply a very focused approach to his responsibilities." In the federal budget of May 2006, Fontaine and other native leaders got a glimpse of what "focused" meant: just $450 million (over two years) was committed to implementing Kelowna, not the $1.64 billion for the first two years that Paul Martin had agreed to.

Prentice argued that there was actually $3.7 billion in spending on native peoples in the May 2006 budget, "more than the previous four budgets in total." That figure includes $2.2 billion in compensation for victims of abuse in residential schools (another deal that was worked out with the previous government) and $300 million for off-reserve housing.

On June 11, 2008 Prime Minister Stephen Harper thanked Jim Prentice for his work on addressing the matter of the Indian residential schools and providing a government apology for the residential school system. Stephen Harper's thanks to Prentice came before he made the apology to former students of the schools.

MINISTER OF INDUSTRY

In a cabinet shuffle on August 14, 2007, Prentice became Minister of Industry , succeeding Maxime Bernier
Maxime Bernier
.

COPYRIGHT LEGISLATION AND CONTROVERSY

Bringing "Canada into WIPO
WIPO
treaty compliance" had been stated as one of Prentice's goals in future copyright legislation. It has been pointed out repeatedly, however, that at the time of Prentice's statement of his rationale for introducing amendments to the Copyright Act, there was no international legal obligation to implement any provision of the World Intellectual Property Organization
World Intellectual Property Organization
(WIPO) Copyright Treaty (WCT) or the WIPO
WIPO
Performances "> An opponent of the proposed Bill C-61 holds up a protest sign at a public breakfast event held during the Calgary
Calgary
Stampede by Canadian Industry Minister Jim Prentice.

Prentice did not immediately provide a rationale for not discussing the issue with CBC Radio Canada despite the hundreds of questions that flooded in from concerned Canadians. He also refused to talk to a group of protesters who went to his office to express their concern, stating "When Canadian Heritage Minister Josée Verner and I have reached a consensus and we're satisfied, we will introduce a bill." Prentice has also implied that he will not follow the Government's policy to table the WCT he had committed to spending 10 years in politics, and at that point he had. He expressed a desire to step down so he could explore new opportunities in his life. His resignation raised some questions with the opposition; NDP leader Jack Layton expressed concern over the apparent connection between Ministers and the large banks.

PREMIER OF ALBERTA

Prentice and Danielle Smith announcing that Smith and eight other Wildrose MLAs would be crossing the floor to join the Progressive Conservatives

Though previously rumoured to have been interested in succeeding Stephen Harper as federal Conservative leader, Prentice entered the 2014 Alberta
Alberta
Progressive Conservative leadership election on May 15, 2014. On September 6, 2014 Prentice won the leadership race with more than 76% of the vote on the first ballot.

He was formally sworn in as premier on September 15, 2014. He immediately named a 20-member Executive Council of Alberta
Alberta
, smaller than the cabinet had been under recent premiers. His recommendations for cabinet appointments included two people, former Edmonton mayor Stephen Mandel and former Calgary
Calgary
Board of Education trustee Gordon Dirks , who were not members of the Legislative Assembly.

Prentice was elected to the legislature in a by-election in Calgary-Foothills , the seat formerly held by MLA Len Webber . The by-election took place on October 27, 2014. The PCs won all four of the provincial by-elections held that day in what was seen at the time as a major electoral success for Prentice.

On November 24, 2014, Kerry Towle , ( Innisfail-Sylvan Lake ), and Ian Donovan , ( Little Bow ) crossed the floor to join the ruling PC Party's caucus giving the turmoil within the Wildrose Party, uncertainty about Smith's leadership and confidence in Prentice as reasons for their move.

On December 17, 2014, Danielle Smith , leader of the official opposition Wildrose Party confirmed she and eight other Wildrose members – Rob Anderson , Gary Bikman , Rod Fox , Jason Hale , Bruce McAllister , Blake Pedersen , Bruce Rowe and Jeff Wilson – would cross the floor to the Progressive Conservative caucus. The defections were termed by a journalist as "an unprecedented move in Canadian political history", although they did not change the overall make-up of the government – the Conservatives still held a vast majority of the seats and the Wildrose Party was still the Official Opposition with a smaller caucus in the Legislature. Prentice at a campaign stop at the Whitemud Creek Community Centre in Edmonton during the 2015 election

On April 7, 2015, Prentice advised the Lieutenant Governor to call an early election for May 5 claiming that he needed to seek a new mandate in order to pass his budget, a full year before he was mandated to by law. Several gaffes by Prentice hurt him and his party in the campaign, including a comment before the election call in which Prentince appeared to be blaming Albertans, telling them that they had to "look in the mirror" to understand the root cause of Alberta's financial problems. He also came under fire for saying "I know math is difficult" to Alberta
Alberta
New Democratic Party
New Democratic Party
leader Rachel Notley during the televised leaders' debate, a remark which was widely seen as being deeply patronizing as well as potentially sexist .

The provincial election resulted in the end of the Progressive Conservatives' 44-year run in government, with the Alberta
Alberta
New Democratic Party winning a majority government , the first time the party had been elected to government in the province's history. The Progressive Conservatives fell to third place, with 10 seats, behind both the NDP and the Wildrose Party. While the PCs placed second in terms of the popular vote, their caucus was decimated due to being completely shut out in Edmonton and losing all but eight seats in Calgary. Thirteen members of Prentice's cabinet were defeated, though Prentice himself was re-elected in Calgary-Foothills. However, with the overall result beyond doubt, he resigned as PC leader, disclaimed his seat (thus voiding the election result in his riding) and retired from politics.

DEATH

Wikinews has related news: FORMER ALBERTA PREMIER JIM PRENTICE KILLED IN PLANE CRASH

Prentice was among the four people killed in a small-plane crash in British Columbia
British Columbia
on October 13, 2016. He was aboard a twin-engine Cessna Citation that disappeared from radar and crashed in nearby Lake Country shortly after takeoff from Kelowna International Airport , en route to the Springbank Airport , just outside of Calgary
Calgary
. He had spent the day golfing in the Kelowna area and had been returning home to Calgary. The crash is still under investigation by the Transportation Safety Board of Canada .

REFERENCES

* ^ " Jim Prentice
Jim Prentice
Officially Sworn In as Alberta\'s Premier". calgary.ctvnews.ca. Retrieved 15 September 2014. * ^ A B "Jim Prentice\'s Official Website". jimprentice.ca. * ^ " Alberta
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PC leadership vote: Jim Prentice
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wins on 1st ballot". CBC News. September 6, 2014. Retrieved September 6, 2014. * ^ Mertz, Emily. "Jim Prentice’s cabinet: Who’s in and who’s out?". Global News. Retrieved 19 February 2016. * ^ " Jim Prentice
Jim Prentice
resigns after orange wave sweeps Alberta". CBC News. 5 May 2015. Retrieved 25 February 2016. * ^ A B C "Former Alberta
Alberta
premier Jim Prentice
Jim Prentice
among 4 killed in B.C. plane crash". CBC News
CBC News
. October 13, 2016. Retrieved October 14, 2016. * ^ http://www.legacy.com/obituaries/calgaryherald/obituary.aspx?pid=167483831M * ^ "Mawhinney, Wilma Lyle Marea and Prentice, Eric Dayton , (Married)". * ^ Who Else is a Fiji? - www.phigam.ca - retrieved 8 December 2008 * ^ Speaking Points - The Honourable Jim Prentice
Jim Prentice
- Canadian Council of Chief Executives Luncheon, Toronto, Ontario, November 21, 2007 - Industry Canada - retrieved 11 June 2008 * ^ The Commissioners - Indian Claims Commission - retrieved 11 June 2008 * ^ Michelle Lepage, "\'To lose two family members at once is unbelievably painful\': Prentice family," The Edmonton Journal , 14 October 2016, URL accessed 14 October 2016. * ^ http://www.trilateral.org/download/file/TC_%20list_5-12%20(2).pdf Archived 2012-05-26 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. * ^ "A 1986 photo of Jim Prentice". Ottawa Citizen. Postmedia. September 6, 2014. Retrieved 19 February 2016. * ^ Plamondon, Bob (Nov 21, 2014). Full Circle: Death and Resurrection In Canadian Conservative Politics. eBookIt.com. pp. 370–375. ISBN 9781456623166 . Retrieved 19 February 2016. * ^ "2003 PROGRESSIVE CONSERVATIVE LEADERSHIP CONVENTION". cpac.ca. Retrieved 19 February 2016. * ^ Robson Fletcher, "Former Alberta
Alberta
premier Jim Prentice
Jim Prentice
among 4 killed in B.C. plane crash," CBC News
CBC News
, 14 October 2016, URL accessed 14 October 2016. * ^ Stuart Thomson, " Jim Prentice
Jim Prentice
timeline: A long career of public service," The Edmonton Journal , 14 October 2016, URL accessed 14 October 2016 * ^ James Wood and Chris Varcoe, "Jim Prentice: A career that changed Conservative politics," The Calgary
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Herald , 14 October 2016, URL accessed 14 October 2016 * ^ "244 Calgary
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North Centre". CBC News. * ^ "38th Parliament, 1st Session. Edited Hansard, number 019, Monday, November 1, 2004". .parl.gc.ca. Retrieved 2010-07-05. * ^ Notes for an Address by The Honourable Jim Prentice
Jim Prentice
to the Canadian Energy Pipeline Association Annual Dinner, Calgary, Alberta, May 23, 2006 - Indian and Northern Affairs Canada * ^ The Mackenzie Valley pipeline, CBC, March 12, 2007 * ^ "Prentice\'s appointment as INAC minister welcomed". Cbc.ca. 2006-02-06. Retrieved 2014-04-15. * ^ Cryderman, Kelly (2014-05-05). " Jim Prentice
Jim Prentice
tries to counter "Red Tory" label with high profile recruit". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 2016-10-15. * ^ "Gay marriage bill reveals party divisions". Ctv.ca. 2005-02-03. Retrieved 2010-07-05. * ^ Jim Bell, "Berger urges big, bold fix for Inuit
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education," The Nunatsiaq News , 31 March 2006, URL accessed 14 October 2016. * ^ A B C D Urquhart, Ian. "Just another empty white man\'s promise". The Toronto Star. Archived from the original on 2012-10-08. Retrieved 2008-06-15. * ^ Harper, Stephen J., "Apology to Former Students of Indian Residential Schools" House of Commons Debates, Official Reports (Hansard) 39th Parl., 2nd Sess. (June 11, 2008) (Online) * ^ " The Honourable Jim Prentice, PC, QC, 2014-2015," Legislative Assembly of Alberta
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, URL accessed 14 October 2016. * ^ Jim Prentice
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(2007-12-08). Meeting Jim Prentice, the Minister of Industry. Calgary, AB: Andy Doan. Event occurs at 1:50 minutes. Retrieved 2008-06-05. * ^ A B Hagen, Gregory. A Note on Integrity in Treaty Making & Copyright Law. Ablawg. * ^ "Canadian approach to copyright". The Star. Toronto. June 17, 2008. Retrieved May 6, 2010. * ^ David George-Cosh, Tories eye $500 fine for illegal downloads - Financial Post, 2 June 2008. Retrieved 11 June 2008. * ^ CBC Radio. " Jim Prentice
Jim Prentice
says no". www.cbc.ca. Archived from the original on April 22, 2008. Retrieved 2008-06-07. * ^ The Canadian Press. "New Canadian copyright bill on downloading delayed". www.ctv.ca. Retrieved 2008-06-04. * ^ Government of Canada to Table Bill to Amend the Copyright Act - Industry Canada website. Retrieved 11 June 2008. * ^ Government of Canada. "Bill C-61 - Government of Canada". www2.parl.gc.ca. Retrieved 2008-06-12. * ^ CBC Radio (June 12, 2008). "Copyright law could result in \'police state,\' critic warns". www.cbc.ca. Retrieved 2008-06-12. * ^ Brown, Jesse. "Search Engine podcast: Jim Prentice
Jim Prentice
Unlocked (1:00-11:00)". CBC News. Archived from the original on June 27, 2008. * ^ A B Nowak, Peter (June 4, 2008). "Government buffing Prentice\'s entry". Canada: CBC News. Retrieved 2008-06-04. * ^ Cheadle, Bruce. "Rewrite war rages on over Prentice biography and copyright law". cnews.canoe.ca. Archived from the original on June 7, 2008. Retrieved 2008-06-05. * ^ Blackwell, Richard. "Prentice rejects auto subsidies". The Globe and Mail. Toronto. Archived from the original on 2008-06-08. Retrieved 2008-06-04. * ^ Les Whittington, "Liberals demand PM fire Flaherty," The Toronto Star , 5 June 2008. * ^ A B Hartley, Matt (April 2, 2008). "Prentice mum on ISP throttling debate". Toronto: The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 2008-06-09.

* ^ "CRTC opens net neutrality debate to public". CBC news. May 15, 2008. Retrieved 2008-06-09. * ^ Industry minister calls on Bell, Telus to explain new text charges (2008.07.09) – retrieved 2009.01.05 * ^ Government won\'t interfere in wireless texting charges: Prentice (2008.08.08) – retrieved 2009.02.16 * ^ " The Honourable Jim Prentice
Jim Prentice
Minister of the Environment". Pm.gc.ca. Retrieved 2010-07-05. * ^ "François Cardinal : Les cerveaux du climat désertent le Canada Environnement". Cyberpresse.ca. Retrieved 2010-07-05. * ^ "Conservatives for Prentice: Welcome to CONSERVATIVES for PRENTICE!". Conservativesforprentice.blogspot.com. 2008-11-28. Retrieved 2010-07-05. * ^ "Mysterious websites want Baird, Prentice for leader - CTV News". Ctv.ca. 2008-11-30. Retrieved 2010-07-05. * ^ Jim Prentice
Jim Prentice
leave politics for CIBC. The Globe and Mail , November 4, 2010. * ^ Whittington, Les. " Jim Prentice
Jim Prentice
resigns from Harper cabinet". The Star. Retrieved 19 February 2016. * ^ "‘Draft Jim Prentice’ movement urging ex-Harper minister to leave CIBC and run for Alberta
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PC leadership". National Post. April 9, 2014. Retrieved May 6, 2014. * ^ "Prentice enters Alberta
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PC Party Leadership race". CTV News. May 15, 2014. Retrieved May 15, 2014. * ^ " Jim Prentice
Jim Prentice
forming team for Alberta
Alberta
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Tory
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Jim Prentice
wins on 1st ballot". CBC News. September 6, 2014. Retrieved September 6, 2014. * ^ A B "Prentice promises ‘new way of doing things’ as smaller cabinet sworn in". Edmonton Journal , September 15, 2014. * ^ "Premier Prentice to run in Calgary-Foothills in October byelection". Global News , September 29, 2014. * ^ CBC News
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(27 October 2014). " Alberta