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James Maury "Jim" Henson (September 24, 1936 – May 16, 1990) was an American puppeteer, artist, cartoonist, inventor, screenwriter, and filmmaker who achieved international fame as the creator of the Muppets. He was born in Greenville, Mississippi
Greenville, Mississippi
and raised in Leland, Mississippi and Hyattsville, Maryland.[2] Henson began developing puppets while attending high school. He created Sam and Friends while he was a freshman at the University of Maryland, College Park, a five-minute sketch-comedy puppet show that appeared on television. He graduated from the University of Maryland with a degree in home economics, after which he produced coffee advertisements and developed some experimental films. He founded Muppets, Inc.
Muppets, Inc.
in 1958, which became the Jim Henson
Jim Henson
Company. Henson became famous in 1969 when he joined the children's educational television program Sesame Street
Sesame Street
where he helped to develop characters for the series. He also appeared on the sketch comedy show Saturday Night Live. He produced The Muppet Show
The Muppet Show
in 1976, after scrapping plans for a Broadway show. He won fame for his creations, particularly Kermit the Frog, Rowlf the Dog, and Ernie, and he was involved with Sesame Street
Sesame Street
for over 20 years. During the later years of his life, he also founded the Jim Henson Foundation
Jim Henson Foundation
and Jim Henson's Creature Shop. He won the Emmy Award
Emmy Award
twice for his involvement in The Storyteller and The Jim Henson
Jim Henson
Hour. Henson died of toxic shock syndrome on May 16, 1990 at age 53, twenty hours after experiencing a medical emergency; this unexpected event was widely lamented in the media and entertainment industry.[3][4] In the weeks following his death, he was celebrated with a wave of tributes. He was posthumously inducted into the Hollywood Walk of Fame in 1991, and was selected to be one of the Disney Legends
Disney Legends
in 2011.

Contents

1 Biography

1.1 Early life: 1936–1961 1.2 Television and Muppets: 1961–1969 1.3 Sesame Street: 1969 1.4 Expansion of audience: 1970–1977 1.5 Transition to the big screen: 1979–1982 1.6 Later life and death: 1983–1990

2 Legacy

2.1 Tributes

3 Muppet performance credits 4 Archive 5 See also 6 References 7 Further reading 8 External links

Biography[edit] Early life: 1936–1961[edit] James Maury Henson was born in Greenville, Mississippi
Greenville, Mississippi
on September 24, 1936, the younger of two children of Paul Ransom Henson (1904–1994), an agronomist for the United States Department of Agriculture, and his wife Betty Marcella (née Brown, 1904–1992).[5] He was raised as a Christian Scientist and spent his early childhood in Leland, Mississippi, before moving with his family to University Park, Maryland
University Park, Maryland
in the late 1940s, near Washington, D.C.[6] He remembered the arrival of the family's first television as "the biggest event of his adolescence,"[7] having been heavily influenced by radio ventriloquist Edgar Bergen
Edgar Bergen
and the early television puppets of Burr Tillstrom
Burr Tillstrom
on Kukla, Fran and Ollie
Kukla, Fran and Ollie
and Bil and Cora Baird.[7] He remained a Christian Scientist at least into his twenties when he would teach Sunday School, but he wrote to a Christian Science
Christian Science
church in 1975 to inform them that he was no longer a practicing member.[8][9] Henson began working for WTOP-TV (now WUSA-TV) in 1954 while attending Northwestern High School, creating puppets for a Saturday morning children's show called The Junior Morning Show. He enrolled at the University of Maryland, College Park
University of Maryland, College Park
as a studio arts major upon graduation, thinking that he might become a commercial artist.[10] A puppetry class offered in the applied arts department introduced him to the craft and textiles courses in the College of Home Economics, and he graduated in 1960 with a BS in home economics. As a freshman, he had been asked to create Sam and Friends, a five-minute puppet show for WRC-TV. The characters on Sam and Friends were forerunners of the Muppets, and the show included a prototype of Henson's most famous character Kermit the Frog.[11] He remained at WRC from 1954 to 1961. In the show, Henson began experimenting with techniques that changed the way in which puppetry was used on television, including using the frame defined by the camera shot to allow the puppet performer to work from off-camera. He believed that television puppets needed to have "life and sensitivity"[12] and began making characters from flexible, fabric-covered foam rubber, allowing them to express a wider array of emotions at a time when many puppets were made of carved wood.[5] A marionette's arms are manipulated by strings, but Henson used rods to move his Muppets' arms, allowing greater control of expression. Additionally, he wanted the Muppet characters to "speak" more creatively than was possible for previous puppets, which had random mouth movements, so he used precise mouth movements to match the dialogue. When Henson began work on Sam and Friends, he asked fellow University of Maryland sophomore Jane Nebel to assist him. The show was a financial success but, after graduating from college, he began to have doubts about going into a career performing with puppets. He spent several months in Europe, where he was inspired by European puppet performers who looked on their work as an art form.[13] He and Jane began dating after his return to the United States. They were married in 1959 and had five children: Lisa (b. 1960), Cheryl (b. 1961), Brian (b. 1963), John (b. 1965, d. 2014),[14] and Heather (b. 1970). Television and Muppets: 1961–1969[edit] Despite the success of Sam and Friends, Henson spent much of the next two decades working in commercials, talk shows, and children's projects before being able to realize his dream of the Muppets
Muppets
as "entertainment for everybody".[7] The popularity of his work on Sam and Friends in the late 1950s led to a series of guest appearances on network talk and variety shows. Henson himself appeared as a guest on many shows, including The Steve Allen Show, The Jack Paar
Jack Paar
Program and The Ed Sullivan Show
The Ed Sullivan Show
(although on his appearance on the September 11, 1966, episode of the show — released to DVD on 2011 as part of a collection of episodes featuring the Rolling Stones—Sullivan mis-introduced Henson as "Jim Newsom and his Puppets"). This first national television broadcast greatly increased exposure, which led to hundreds of commercial appearances by Henson characters throughout the sixties. Among the most popular of Henson's commercials was a series for the local Wilkins Coffee company in Washington, D.C.,[15] in which his Muppets
Muppets
were able to get away with a greater level of slapstick violence than might have been acceptable with human actors and would later find its way into many acts on The Muppet Show. In the first Wilkins ad, a Muppet named Wilkins is poised behind a cannon seen in profile. Another Muppet named Wontkins is in front of its barrel. Wilkins asks, "What do you think of Wilkins Coffee?" and Wontkins responds gruffly, "Never tasted it!" Wilkins fires the cannon and blows Wontkins away, then turns the cannon directly toward the viewer and ends the ad with, "Now, what do you think of Wilkins?" Henson later explained, "Till then, advertising agencies believed that the hard sell was the only way to get their message over on television. We took a very different approach. We tried to sell things by making people laugh."[16] The first seven-second commercial for Wilkins was an immediate hit and was syndicated and re-shot by Henson for local coffee companies across the United States;[15] he ultimately produced more than 300 coffee ads.[16] The same setup was used to pitch Kraml Milk in the Chicago area, Red Diamond coffee, several bread products, and even Faygo. In 1963, Henson and his wife moved to New York City, where the newly formed Muppets, Inc., would reside for some time. Jane quit performing to raise their children. Henson hired writer Jerry Juhl in 1961 and puppet performer Frank Oz
Frank Oz
in 1963 to replace her.[17] Henson later credited both with developing much of the humor and character of his Muppets.[18] Henson and Oz developed a close friendship and a performing partnership that lasted 27 years; their teamwork is particularly evident in their portrayals of the characters of Bert and Ernie, Kermit and Miss Piggy, and Kermit and Fozzie Bear.[19] Henson's 1960s talk show appearances culminated when he devised Rowlf, a piano-playing anthropomorphic dog. Rowlf became the first Muppet to make regular appearances on a network show, The Jimmy Dean
Jimmy Dean
Show. Henson was so grateful for this break that he offered Jimmy Dean
Jimmy Dean
a 40% interest in his production company, but Dean declined, stating that Henson deserved all the rewards for his own work, a decision of conscience Dean never regretted.[20] From 1963 to 1966, Henson began exploring film-making and produced a series of experimental films.[2][21] His nine-minute experimental film, Time Piece, was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Live Action Short Film in 1966. The year 1969 saw the production of The Cube, another Henson-produced experimental movie. Also around this time, the first drafts of a live-action experimental movie script were written with Jerry Juhl, which would eventually become Henson's last unproduced full-length screenplay, Tale of Sand. The script remained in the Henson Company archives until the screenplay was adapted in the 2012 graphic novel Jim Henson's Tale of Sand. Sesame Street: 1969[edit] Main article: Sesame Street In 1969, television producer Joan Ganz Cooney
Joan Ganz Cooney
and her staff at the Children's Television Workshop, impressed by the quality and creativity of the Henson-led team, asked Henson and staff to work full-time on Sesame Street, a visionary children's program for public television. This union of talents would become legendary in television entertainment. Part of the show was set aside for a series of funny, colorful, puppet characters living on the titular street. These included Grover, Bert and Ernie, Cookie Monster, Elmo, Oscar the Grouch, and Big Bird. Henson performed the characters of Ernie, game-show host Guy Smiley, and Kermit, who appeared as a roving television news reporter. It was around this time that a frill was added around Kermit's neck to make him more frog-like. The collar was functional as well: it covered the joint where the Muppet's neck and body met. At first, Henson's Muppets
Muppets
appeared separately from the realistic segments on the Street, but after a poor test-screening in Philadelphia, the show was revamped to integrate the two, placing much greater emphasis on Henson's work. Though Henson would often downplay his role in Sesame Street’s success, Cooney frequently praised Jim's work and, in 1990, the Public Broadcasting Service called him "the spark that ignited our fledgling broadcast service."[7] The success of Sesame Street
Sesame Street
also allowed Henson to stop producing commercials. He later remembered that "it was a pleasure to get out of that world".[15] In addition to creating and performing Muppet characters, Henson was involved in producing various shows and animation insets during the first two seasons. During the first, Henson produced a series of counting films for the numbers 1 through 10, which always ended with a baker (voiced by Henson) falling down the stairs while carrying the featured number of desserts. For seasons two to seven, Henson worked on a variety of inserts for the numbers 2 through 12, in a number of different styles, including film ("Dollhouse", "Number Three Ball Film"), stop-motion ("King of Eight", "Queen of Six"), cut-out animation ("Eleven Cheer"), and computer animation ("Nobody Counts To 10"). He also directed the original C Is For Cookie. Concurrently with the first years of Sesame Street, Henson directed Tales from Muppetland, a short series of TV movie specials: comic retellings of classic fairy tales, aimed at a young audience and hosted by Kermit the Frog. The series included Hey, Cinderella!, The Frog Prince, and The Muppet Musicians of Bremen. Expansion of audience: 1970–1977[edit] Concerned that the company was becoming typecast solely as a purveyor of children's entertainment, Henson, Oz, and his team targeted an adult audience with a series of sketches on the first season of the groundbreaking comedy series Saturday Night Live. Eleven Land of Gorch sketches, aired between October 1975 and January 1976 [inclusive], with four additional appearances in March, April, May, and September [of 1976]. Henson recalled that "I saw what [creator Lorne Michaels] was going for and I really liked it and wanted to be a part of it, but somehow, what we were trying to do and what his writers could write for it never gelled."[15] The SNL writers never got comfortable writing for the characters, and frequently disparaged Henson's creations; one, Michael O'Donoghue, quipped, "I won't write for felt."[22] Around the time of Henson's characters' final appearances on SNL, he began developing two projects featuring the Muppets: a Broadway show and a weekly television series.[15] In 1976, the series was initially rejected by the American networks who believed that Muppets
Muppets
would appeal to only a child audience. Then Henson pitched the show to British impresario Lew Grade
Lew Grade
to finance the show. The show would be shot in the United Kingdom and syndicated worldwide.[13] That same year, he scrapped plans for his Broadway show and moved his creative team to England, where The Muppet Show
The Muppet Show
began taping. The Muppet Show featured Kermit as host, and a variety of other memorable characters, notably Miss Piggy, Gonzo the Great, and Fozzie Bear, along with other characters such as Animal. Kermit's role on The Muppet Show
The Muppet Show
was often compared by his co-workers to Henson's role in Muppet Productions: a shy, gentle boss with "A whim of steel"[19] who "[ran] things as firmly as it is possible to run an explosion in a mattress factory."[23] Caroll Spinney, the puppet performer of Big Bird
Big Bird
and Oscar the Grouch, remembered that Henson "would never say he didn't like something. He would just go 'Hmm.' That was famous. And if he liked it, he would say, 'Lovely!' "[6] Henson himself recognized Kermit as an alter-ego, though he thought that Kermit was bolder than he; he once said of the character, "He can say things I hold back."[24] In 1977, Henson produced the one-hour television special Emmet Otter's Jug-Band Christmas for HBO, which was based on the Russell Hoban
Russell Hoban
story of the same name. Transition to the big screen: 1979–1982[edit] Three years after the start of The Muppet Show, the Muppets
Muppets
appeared in their first theatrical feature film The Muppet Movie. The movie was both a critical and financial success;[25] it made US$65.2 million domestically and was at the time the 61st highest-grossing film ever made.[26] A song from the film, "The Rainbow Connection", sung by Henson as Kermit, hit number 25 on the Billboard Hot 100
Billboard Hot 100
and was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Original Song. In 1981, a Henson-directed sequel, The Great Muppet Caper, followed, and Henson decided to end the still-popular Muppet Show to concentrate on making films.[5] From time to time, the Muppet characters continued to appear in made-for-TV-movies and television specials. In addition to his own puppetry projects, Henson aided others in their work. In 1979, he was asked by the producers of the Star Wars
Star Wars
sequel The Empire Strikes Back
The Empire Strikes Back
to aid make-up artist Stuart Freeborn in the creation and articulation of enigmatic Jedi
Jedi
Master Yoda. Henson suggested to Star Wars
Star Wars
creator George Lucas, himself a Muppets
Muppets
fan, that he use Frank Oz
Frank Oz
as the puppeteer and voice of Yoda. Oz voiced Yoda
Yoda
in The Empire Strikes Back
The Empire Strikes Back
and each of the five subsequent Star Wars films. The naturalistic, lifelike Yoda
Yoda
became one of the most popular characters of the Star Wars
Star Wars
franchise. Lucas even lobbied unsuccessfully to have Oz nominated for an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor.[27]

Henson and producer George Lucas
George Lucas
working on Labyrinth in 1986

In 1982, Henson founded the Jim Henson Foundation
Jim Henson Foundation
to promote and develop the art of puppetry in the United States. Around that time, he began creating darker and more realistic fantasy films that did not feature the Muppets
Muppets
and displayed "a growing, brooding interest in mortality."[19] With 1982's The Dark Crystal, which he co-directed with Frank Oz
Frank Oz
and co-wrote, Henson said he was "trying to go toward a sense of realism—toward a reality of creatures that are actually alive [where] it's not so much a symbol of the thing, but you're trying to [present] the thing itself."[15] To provide a visual style distinct from the Muppets, the puppets in The Dark Crystal
The Dark Crystal
were based on conceptual artwork by Brian Froud. The Dark Crystal
The Dark Crystal
was a financial and critical success and, a year later, the Muppet-starring The Muppets
The Muppets
Take Manhattan (directed by Frank Oz) did fair box-office business, grossing $25.5 million domestically and ranking as one of the top 40 films of 1984.[28] However, 1986's Labyrinth, a Crystal-like fantasy that Henson directed by himself, was considered (in part due to its cost) a commercial disappointment. Despite some positive reviews (The New York Times called it "a fabulous film"),[29] the commercial failure of Labyrinth demoralized Henson to the point that son Brian Henson
Brian Henson
remembered the time of its release as being "the closest I've seen him to turning in on himself and getting quite depressed."[19] The film later became a cult classic.[30] Henson and his wife separated the same year, although they remained close for the rest of his life.[6] Jane later said that Jim was so involved with his work that he had very little time to spend with her or their children.[6] All five of his children began working with Muppets
Muppets
at an early age, partly because, as Cheryl Henson remembered, "one of the best ways of being around him was to work with him."[12] Later life and death: 1983–1990[edit] Henson continued creating children's television, such as Fraggle Rock and the animated Muppet Babies. He also continued to sink into darker, mature themes with the folk tale and mythology-oriented show The Storyteller (1988), which won an Emmy for Outstanding Children's Program. The next year, he returned to television with The Jim Henson Hour, which mixed lighthearted Muppet fare with riskier material. The show was critically well-received and won him another Emmy for Outstanding Directing in a Variety or Music Program, but it was canceled after 13 episodes due to low ratings. Henson blamed its failure on NBC's constant rescheduling.[31] In late 1989, Henson entered into negotiations to sell his company to The Walt Disney Company
The Walt Disney Company
for almost $150 million, hoping that he would "be able to spend a lot more of my time on the creative side of things" with Disney handling business matters.[31] By 1990, he had completed production on the television special The Muppets
The Muppets
at Walt Disney World and the Walt Disney World
Walt Disney World
attraction Muppet*Vision 3D, and he was developing film ideas and a television series entitled Muppet High.[6] On May 12, Henson traveled to Ahoskie, North Carolina
Ahoskie, North Carolina
with his daughter Cheryl to visit his father and stepmother. They returned to New York on May 13, and he canceled a Muppet recording session scheduled for the next day.[6] His estranged wife Jane came to visit that night. Henson suffered a medical emergency several hours later on May 15; he was having trouble breathing and began coughing up blood. He suggested to his wife that he might be dying, but he did not want to take time from his schedule to visit a hospital. Two hours later, he agreed to be taken by taxi to New York Hospital
New York Hospital
in New York City, arriving there at 4:58 a.m. He stopped breathing, and an X-ray revealed that he had abscesses in his lungs. He was placed on a ventilator, but his condition deteriorated rapidly despite aggressive treatment with multiple antibiotics. Henson died at 1:21 a.m. on May 16 at New York Hospital
New York Hospital
following 20 hours in intensive care. He was 53 years old. News of his death spread quickly and fans from around the world responded with tributes and condolences. Many of Henson's co-stars and directors from Sesame Street, the Muppets, and other works also shared their thoughts on his death.[32] Doctor David Gelmont first announced that Henson had died from Streptococcus pneumoniae, an infection that causes bacterial pneumonia.[7] However, he confirmed on May 29 that Henson's cause of death was organ dysfunction resulting from streptococcal toxic shock syndrome caused by Streptococcus pyogenes.[3][4] On May 21, Henson's public memorial service was conducted in New York City at the Cathedral of Saint John the Divine. Another was conducted on December 2 at St Paul's Cathedral
St Paul's Cathedral
in London. In accordance with Henson's letters, no one in attendance wore black, and the Dirty Dozen Brass Band finished the service by performing "When the Saints Go Marching In". Harry Belafonte
Harry Belafonte
sang "Turn the World Around," a song that he had debuted on The Muppet Show, as each member of the congregation waved a brightly colored foam butterfly attached to a puppet performer's rod.[33][34] Later, Caroll Spinney
Caroll Spinney
walked onto the stage dressed as Big Bird
Big Bird
and sang Kermit the Frog's signature song "Bein' Green".[35] Dave Goelz, Frank Oz, Kevin Clash, Steve Whitmire, Jerry Nelson, and Richard Hunt sang a medley of Jim Henson's favorite songs in their characters' voices, ending with a performance of "Just One Person".[36] The funeral was described by Life as "an epic and almost unbearably moving event."[19] Legacy[edit] The Jim Henson Company
The Jim Henson Company
and the Jim Henson Foundation
Jim Henson Foundation
continued after his death, producing new series and specials. Jim Henson's Creature Shop, founded by Henson, also continues to build creatures for a large number of other films and series (e.g. the science-fiction production Farscape, the film adaptation of The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy, and the movie MirrorMask) and is considered one of the most advanced and well respected creators of film creatures. As of 2017, his eldest son Brian and eldest daughter Lisa are the co-chairs and co-CEOs of the company; his daughter Cheryl is the president of the foundation. Steve Whitmire, a veteran member of the Muppet puppeteering crew, assumed the roles of Kermit the Frog
Kermit the Frog
and Ernie, the most famous characters formerly played by Jim Henson.[37] Whitmire also assumed the roles of Link Hogthrob, starting with the video game Muppet RaceMania, as well as The Muppet Newsman, starting in 2008, with Muppet.com viral online videos. However in 2017 Whitmire was fired from the Muppets
Muppets
Studio and as a result, Matt Vogel has taken over the role of Kermit. Muppeteer veteran Bill Barretta has taken over for Henson's fairly deeper voiced roles, such as the Swedish Chef, Mahna Mahna, Rowlf the Dog, and Dr. Teeth. Guy Smiley, in recent years, has been taken over by Eric Jacobson, and the role of Waldorf, in 1992, was assumed by Muppet performer veteran Dave Goelz. As of 2017, Ernie is now performed by puppeteer Peter Linz. On February 17, 2004, it was announced that the non-Sesame Street/ Fraggle Rock
Fraggle Rock
Muppets
Muppets
and the Bear in the Big Blue House properties had been sold by Henson's heirs to The Walt Disney
Walt Disney
Company (the Sesame Street
Sesame Street
characters are separately owned by Sesame Workshop, and the Fraggle Rock
Fraggle Rock
characters are still owned by The Jim Henson Company) . However, as a result, Sesame Workshop
Sesame Workshop
also lost the rights to Kermit the Frog, and thus he would not appear on new material on Sesame Street
Sesame Street
for some time. However, Sesame Workshop
Sesame Workshop
has since obtained permission from Disney to use Kermit, allowing him to make an appearance on the premiere of the show's 40th season on November 10, 2009. In addition, Sesame Workshop
Sesame Workshop
has made many of Kermit's previous segments on the show available for viewing on their YouTube
YouTube
account. One of Henson's last projects was a show attraction in Walt Disney World and Disneyland
Disneyland
featuring the Muppets, called Muppet*Vision 3D, which opened in 1991, shortly after his death. The Jim Henson Company
The Jim Henson Company
retains the Creature Shop, as well as the rest of its film and television library including Fraggle Rock
Fraggle Rock
(one of the few Muppet-related properties still owned by The Jim Henson
Jim Henson
Company), Farscape, The Dark Crystal, and Labyrinth.[38] In 2010, it was announced that the first major biography of Henson, sanctioned by the family and the Jim Henson
Jim Henson
Legacy, was to be published.[39] The biography by Brian Jay Jones was published on September 24, 2013, Henson's 77th birthday.[40] On February 14, 2014, Henson's youngest son John died of a heart attack after playing in the snow with his daughter; he was 48 years old.[41] Tributes[edit]

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Disney artists Joe Lanzisero and Tim Kirk drew this tribute of Mickey Mouse consoling Kermit the Frog, which appeared in the Summer 1990 issue of WD Eye, Walt Disney
Walt Disney
Imagineering's employee magazine.

Henson is honored both as himself and as Kermit the Frog
Kermit the Frog
on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. Only three other people have received this honor: Walt Disney
Walt Disney
as both himself and Mickey Mouse; Mel Blanc
Mel Blanc
as both himself and Bugs Bunny; and Mike Myers
Mike Myers
as both himself and Shrek. Henson was posthumously inducted into the Walk of Fame in 1991.[42] Henson was inducted into the Television Hall of Fame in 1987. The theater at his alma mater, Northwestern High School, in Hyattsville, MD, is named in his honor. Originally produced for season 5, The Cosby Show
The Cosby Show
episode "Cliff's Nightmare", which featured puppets from The Jim Henson
Jim Henson
Hour, was not aired until the following season, on January 11, 1990, five months before his death. After his death, this episode was dedicated to his memory with an in-memory note after the closing credits, when the episode was rerun the following summer, and appears on all subsequent prints, including syndicated reruns as well as on the DVD. Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles II: The Secret of the Ooze and The Muppet Christmas Carol are both dedicated to him.[citation needed] Stephen Lynch produced a song titled "Jim Henson's Dead", in which he pays homage to many of the characters from The Muppet Show
The Muppet Show
and Sesame Street. Henson featured in The American Adventure in Epcot
Epcot
at the Walt Disney World Resort. Philip Roth
Philip Roth
often quotes Jim Henson
Jim Henson
in his Sabbath's Theater
Sabbath's Theater
as the "great regret" for Mickey Sabbath. The Jim Henson
Jim Henson
Museum, located in Leland, Mississippi, features an assortment of original Muppet characters, official certificates from the Mississippi Legislature
Mississippi Legislature
honoring Henson and his characters, and a statue of Kermit in the middle of the stream behind the museum. The 1990 television special The Muppets
The Muppets
Celebrate Jim Henson
Jim Henson
allowed the Muppets
Muppets
themselves to pay tribute to Henson. The special featured interviews with Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
and others. Celtic singer, musician, and songwriter Heather Alexander
Heather Alexander
wrote a song titled "Storyteller" in 1990 as a tribute to Jim Henson, which harkens to his "Storyteller" series as well as his role as a modern storyteller. Tom Smith's Henson tribute song, "A Boy and His Frog", won the Pegasus Award for Best Filk
Filk
Song in 1991. Henson was featured in Boyz II Men's 1991 video, "It's So Hard to Say Goodbye to Yesterday". Episode 2880 of Sesame Street
Sesame Street
(which aired on November 15, 1991) was dedicated in his memory, with a memorial card following the closing credits. The classes of 1994, 1998, and 1999 at the University of Maryland, College Park, Henson's alma mater, commissioned a life-size statue of Henson and Kermit the Frog, which was dedicated on September 24, 2003, which would have been Henson's 67th birthday. The statue cost $217,000 and is displayed outside Maryland's student union.[43] In 2006, Maryland introduced 50 statues of their school mascot, Testudo the Terrapin, with various designs chosen by different sponsoring groups. Among them was Kertle, a statue by Washington, DC artist Elizabeth Baldwin, designed to look like Kermit the Frog. On the evening of October 25, 2000, Comedy Central
Comedy Central
had a banner sign that said: Jim Henson
Jim Henson
[1936–1990]. In 2003, Jim Henson
Jim Henson
was honored at the annual Norsk Høstfest in Minot, North Dakota.[44] Our Atlan, Thibaut Berland, and Damien Ferri wrote, directed, and animated a 3D tribute to Henson entitled Over Time that was shown as part of the 2005 Electronic Theater at SIGGRAPH. On September 28, 2005, the U.S. Postal Service issued a sheet of commemorative stamps honoring Henson and the Muppets. On August 9, 2011, Jim Henson
Jim Henson
posthumously received the Disney Legends Award. Two of his characters, Kermit the Frog
Kermit the Frog
and Rowlf the Dog, performed "The Rainbow Connection" in his honor.[45] On September 24, 2011, Leland renamed one of their bridges "The Rainbow Connection" to honor Henson and his work.[46] He was also honored with a Google doodle on his 75th birthday; the Google logo
Google logo
had six Muppets
Muppets
that were clickable using the "hand" buttons.[47] The Center for Puppetry
Puppetry
Arts in Atlanta
Atlanta
opened a gallery of Muppets exhibits within the Worlds of Puppetry
Puppetry
exhibition at the Center in November 2015, a greatly scaled-down version of what was announced in 2007 to have been a wing honoring Henson.[48][49][50] A 300-exhibit tribute was opened by the Museum of the Moving Image, next door to the Kaufman Astoria Studios
Kaufman Astoria Studios
in Queens, New York, in July 2017.[51]

Muppet performance credits[edit]

Sam and Friends as Sam, Harry the Hipster, Kermit the Frog, Professor Madcliffe, Omar, Yorick, Pierre the French Rat, and others Sesame Street
Sesame Street
as Ernie, Kermit the Frog, Guy Smiley, Mahna Mahna, Dan, Henry, Lance, Captain Vegetable, Mr. Nose, The King, Stan, Harold Happy, Sammy the Snake, and others Hey, Cinderella! as Kermit the Frog, and others The Frog Prince as Kermit the Frog, and others The Muppets
The Muppets
Valentine Show as Wally, Kermit the Frog, Rowlf the Dog, Ernie, and others The Muppet Show: Sex and Violence as Nigel, George Washington, The Swedish Chef, Dr. Teeth, Waldorf, Kermit the Frog, and others The Muppet Show
The Muppet Show
as Kermit the Frog, Rowlf the Dog, Dr. Teeth, Waldorf, The Swedish Chef, Link Hogthrob, The Newsman, and others Emmet Otter's Jug-Band Christmas as Kermit the Frog, Harvey Beaver, Howard Snake, and Mayor Harrison Fox The Muppet Movie
The Muppet Movie
as Kermit the Frog, Rowlf the Dog, Dr. Teeth, Waldorf, Swedish Chef, and others Christmas Eve on Sesame Street
Sesame Street
as Kermit the Frog
Kermit the Frog
and Ernie The Great Muppet Caper
The Great Muppet Caper
as Kermit the Frog, Rowlf the Dog, Dr. Teeth, Waldorf, Swedish Chef, The Newsman, and others Big Bird
Big Bird
in China as Ernie Fraggle Rock
Fraggle Rock
as Cantus the Minstrel and Convincing John The Muppets
The Muppets
Take Manhattan as Kermit the Frog, Rowlf the Dog, Dr. Teeth, Waldorf, Swedish Chef, The Newsman, Ernie, and others Sesame Street
Sesame Street
Presents Follow That Bird as Ernie and Kermit the Frog Little Muppet Monsters
Little Muppet Monsters
as Kermit the Frog
Kermit the Frog
(live-action puppet only), Dr. Teeth The Tale of the Bunny Picnic as the Dog The Muppets: A Celebration of 30 Years as Kermit the Frog, Rowlf the Dog, Dr. Teeth, Waldorf, The Swedish Chef, Link Hogthrob, Ernie, Harry the Hipster, and others The Christmas Toy
The Christmas Toy
as Jack-in-the-Box and Kermit the Frog A Muppet Family Christmas
A Muppet Family Christmas
as Kermit the Frog, Rowlf the Dog, Dr. Teeth, Waldorf, Swedish Chef, The Newsman, Ernie, Guy Smiley, Baby Kermit, Baby Rowlf, and others Sing-Along, Dance-Along, Do-Along as Rowlf the Dog, Penguins, and Kermit the Frog Sesame Street: 20 and Still Counting as Ernie, Kermit the Frog, and others Muppet*Vision 3D
Muppet*Vision 3D
as Kermit the Frog, Waldorf, The Swedish Chef, Link Hogthrob, Rowlf the Dog, and others The Muppets
The Muppets
at Walt Disney World
Walt Disney World
as Kermit the Frog, Rowlf the Dog, Dr. Teeth, Waldorf, Link Hogthrob, and The Swedish Chef Basil Hears A Noise as Additional characters Sesame Street
Sesame Street
Numbers[52] as Ernie and Kermit the Frog
Kermit the Frog
(voice only) Sesame Street
Sesame Street
Letters[52] as Ernie and Kermit the Frog
Kermit the Frog
(voice only)

Archive[edit] The moving image collection of Jim Henson
Jim Henson
is held at the Academy Film Archive. The collection contains the film work of Jim Henson
Jim Henson
and the Jim Henson
Jim Henson
Company.[53] See also[edit]

Maryland portal Biography portal Animation portal Muppets
Muppets
portal

References[edit]

^ "The Jim Henson
Jim Henson
Company". henson.com. Archived from the original on February 3, 2016.  ^ a b "Jim Henson". Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Encyclopædia Britannica
Encyclopædia Britannica
Inc. 2012. Archived from the original on October 15, 2012. Retrieved September 24, 2012.  ^ a b Altman, Lawrence (May 29, 1990). "The Doctor's World; Henson Death Shows Danger of Pneumonia". The New York Times. Archived from the original on October 16, 2007. Retrieved June 19, 2007.  ^ a b Ryan KJ; Ray CG (editors) (2004). Sherris Medical Microbiology (4th ed.). McGraw Hill. pp. 276–286. ISBN 0-8385-8529-9. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link) ^ a b c Padgett, John B. "Jim Henson". The Mississippi Writers Page. University of Mississippi
University of Mississippi
Department of English. February 17, 1999. Archived from the original on August 29, 2007. Retrieved June 19, 2007.  ^ a b c d e f Schindehette, Susan; J. D. Podolsky (June 18, 1990). "Legacy of a Gentle Genius" (reprint). People. Time. pp. 88–96. Archived from the original on February 21, 2012. Retrieved February 24, 2012.  ^ a b c d e Blau, Eleanor (May 17, 1990). "Jim Henson, Puppeteer, Dies; The Muppets' Creator Was 53". The New York Times. Retrieved May 1, 2007.  ^ Phoenix New Times Archived March 13, 2005, at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Toledo Blade". News.google.com. July 1, 1990. Retrieved April 23, 2014.  ^ Finch (1993). p. 9. ^ Finch (1993). p. 102. ^ a b Collins, James (June 8, 1998). "Time 100: Jim Henson". TIME. Archived from the original on April 28, 2007. Retrieved May 1, 2007.  ^ a b "The Man Behind the Frog". TIME. December 25, 1978. Archived from the original on September 30, 2007. Retrieved May 1, 2007.  ^ "It is with great sadness that we confirm... - The Jim Henson Company". Facebook. Archived from the original on July 3, 2015. Retrieved April 23, 2014.  ^ a b c d e f Harris, Judy (September 21, 1998). "Muppet Master: An Interview with Jim Henson". Muppet Central. Archived from the original on September 26, 2015. Retrieved May 5, 2007.  ^ a b Finch (1993). p. 22. ^ Plume, Kenneth. "Interview with Frank Oz". IGN
IGN
FilmForce. IGN, February 10, 2000. Archived from the original on February 28, 2007. Retrieved May 6, 2007.  ^ Freeman, Don (1979). " Muppets
Muppets
on His Hands". The Saturday Evening Post 251.8.  pp. 50–53, 126. ^ a b c d e Harrigan, Stephen (July 1990). "It's Not Easy Being Blue" (reprint). LIFE. Archived from the original on August 5, 2007. Retrieved May 6, 2007.  ^ "A Hell of a Man Himself". The Bluegrass Special.com. Archived from the original on October 20, 2011. Retrieved October 18, 2011.  ^ "Jim Henson's Experimental Period". zenbullets.com. Archived from the original on April 22, 2009. Retrieved January 7, 2010.  ^ Shales, Tom; Miller, James Andrew (2002). Live From New York: An Uncensored History of Saturday Night Live. Boston, MA: Little, Brown and Company. pp. 79–80. ISBN 0-316-78146-0.  ^ Skow, John (December 25, 1978). "Those Marvelous Muppets". TIME. Archived from the original on October 16, 2007. Retrieved May 1, 2007.  ^ Seligmann, J.; Leonard, E. (May 28, 1990). "Jim Henson: 1936–1990". Newsweek.  ^ Finch (1993). p. 128. ^ "The Muppet Movie". Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on October 17, 2013. Retrieved November 5, 2013.  ^ Finch (1993). p. 176. ^ "1984 Yearly Box Office Results". Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on November 3, 2013. Retrieved November 5, 2013.  ^ Darnton, Nina (June 27, 1986). "Jim Henson's "Labyrinth"". The New York Times. Retrieved November 5, 2013.  ^ Sparrow, A.E. (September 11, 2006). "Return to Labyrinth Vol. 1 Review". IGN. Archived from the original on February 21, 2014. Retrieved November 5, 2013.  ^ a b "Dialogue on Film: Jim Henson". American Film. American Film Institute. November 1989. pp. 18–21.  ^ "Youtube News Coverage". Archived from the original on September 3, 2015. Retrieved November 5, 2013.  ^ Blau, Eleanor (May 22, 1990). "Henson Is Remembered as a Man With Artistry, Humanity and Fun". The New York Times. Retrieved May 14, 2007.  ^ Jim Henson
Jim Henson
Memorial 'Turn The World Around' Sung by Harry Belafonte. May 22, 1990. Archived from the original on June 25, 2013. Retrieved December 21, 2009.  ^ Barry, Chris (September 7, 2005). "Saying "Goodbye" to Jim". JimHillMedia.com. Archived from the original on November 5, 2013. Retrieved November 5, 2013.  ^ "At Jim Henson's funeral, the Muppets
Muppets
(and their human handlers) sang his favorite songs". NPR Fresh Air. Archived from the original on February 6, 2015. Retrieved November 5, 2013.  ^ Plume, Kenneth (July 19, 1999). "Ratting Out: An Interview with Muppeteer Steve Whitmire". Muppet Central. Archived from the original on September 26, 2007. Retrieved July 11, 2007.  ^ Meier, Barry (February 18, 2004). "Kermit and Miss Piggy
Miss Piggy
Join Stable of Walt Disney
Walt Disney
Stars". The New York Times. Retrieved April 8, 2008.  ^ Jason Boog (July 27, 2010). " Jim Henson
Jim Henson
Biography Acquired by Ballantine". Archived from the original on October 16, 2013. Retrieved November 5, 2013.  ^ Jones, Brian Jay. Jim Henson : the biography. New York: Ballantine Books. ISBN 978-0345526113.  ^ Botelho, Craig (February 18, 2014). "John Henson -- son of the iconic Jim Henson
Jim Henson
-- dies of heart attack at 48". CNN. Archived from the original on April 27, 2014. Retrieved April 27, 2014.  ^ "Jim Henson: Hollywood Walk of Fame". Archived from the original on February 19, 2014.  ^ " Jim Henson
Jim Henson
Statue & Memorial FAQ". UMD Newsdesk. University of Maryland. July 28, 2004. Retrieved June 19, 2007.  ^ "''Jim Henson.10/8/2003'' (Scandinavian-American Hall of Fame)". Hostfest.com. October 8, 2003. Archived from the original on October 5, 2011. Retrieved September 24, 2011.  ^ Goldhaber, Mark (September 2, 2011). " Disney Legends
Disney Legends
Class of 2011: Modern princesses, the Muppet master and more". USA Today. Archived from the original on November 1, 2013. Retrieved September 16, 2013.  ^ " Muppets
Muppets
Creator Jim Henson
Jim Henson
Honored on 75th Birthday". The Hollywood Reporter. September 24, 2011. Archived from the original on October 12, 2016. Retrieved September 17, 2016.  ^ Cavna, Michael (September 24, 2011). "JIM HENSON's MUPPETS: New Google Doodle celebrates late creator's 75th birthday". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on September 24, 2011. Retrieved September 24, 2011.  ^ Pousner, Howard (December 2, 2011). "With Muppets
Muppets
on-screen, puppet center works to secure Henson legacy". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Archived from the original on 2012-01-14. Retrieved December 30, 2011.  ^ "Nation's Largest Puppetry
Puppetry
Center to Open Jim Henson
Jim Henson
Wing in Atlanta" (PDF) (Press release). Center for Puppetry
Puppetry
Arts. July 25, 2007. Archived (PDF) from the original on November 24, 2011. Retrieved December 30, 2011.  ^ Lee, Barry. "It Belongs In a Museum: The New Henson Exhibit in Atlanta". Toughpigs. Retrieved 15 July 2017.  ^ Hoffman, Jordan (July 20, 2017). "Psychedelia, clubbing and Muppets: inside the world of Jim Henson". The Guardian. Archived from the original on July 20, 2017. Retrieved July 21, 2017.  ^ a b " Jim Henson
Jim Henson
at Behind the Voice Actors" Retrieved September 22, 2017. ^ " Jim Henson
Jim Henson
Collection". Academy Film Archive. Archived from the original on July 3, 2016. 

Further reading[edit]

Finch, Christopher (1981). Of Muppets
Muppets
and Men: The Making of The Muppet Show. New York: Muppet Press/Alfred A. Knopf. ISBN 0-394-52085-8.  Finch, Christopher (1993). Jim Henson: The Works—The Art, the Magic, the Imagination. New York: Random House. ISBN 0-679-41203-4.  Jones, Brian Jay (2013). Jim Henson: The Biography. New York: Ballantine Books. ISBN 978-0-345-52611-3. 

External links[edit]

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on IMDb Jim Henson
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at the TCM Movie Database Jim Henson
Jim Henson
at Find a Grave Art Directors Club biography and portrait Jim Henson
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Biography - Book Summary and Quotes The Jim Henson
Jim Henson
Works at the University of Maryland: 70+ digital videos available to students, scholars and visitors at the University of Maryland (College Park, MD) Early Jim Henson
Jim Henson
films in the AT&T Archives: "Robot" and "Charlie Magnetico," two films that Henson created for the Bell Data Communications Seminar in the early 1960s Jim Henson
Jim Henson
Documentary produced by the PBS
PBS
Series In Their Own Words

Preceded by None Performer of Kermit the Frog 1955–1990 Succeeded by Steve Whitmire
Steve Whitmire
(1990-2016)

Preceded by None Performer of Ernie 1969–1990, posthumously 1990-1993 Succeeded by Steve Whitmire
Steve Whitmire
(1993-2014)

Preceded by None Performer of The Muppet Newsman 1976–1989 Succeeded by Jerry Nelson

Preceded by None Performer of Link Hogthrob 1977–1990 Succeeded by Steve Whitmire

Preceded by None Performer of Rowlf the Dog 1962–1990 Succeeded by Bill Barretta

Preceded by None Performer of The Swedish Chef 1975–1990 Succeeded by David Rudman

Preceded by None Performer of Dr. Teeth 1975–1990 Succeeded by John Kennedy

Preceded by None Performer of Mahna Manah 1969–1986 Succeeded by Bill Barretta

Preceded by None Performer of Waldorf 1975–1990 Succeeded by Dave Goelz

Preceded by None Performer of Guy Smiley 1969–1990 Succeeded by Don Reardon

v t e

The Jim Henson
Jim Henson
Company

Henson Family

Jim Henson Jane Henson Lisa Henson Cheryl Henson Brian Henson John Henson Heather Henson

Major works

The Muppets† Sesame Street‡

TV series

Fraggle Rock
Fraggle Rock
(1983–1987) Fraggle Rock: The Animated Series (1987–1988) The Storyteller (1988–1991) The Jim Henson Hour (1989) The Ghost of Faffner Hall (1989) Jim Henson's Mother Goose Stories (1990–1992) Dinosaurs (1991–1994) Dog City
Dog City
(1992–1994) CityKids (1993–1994) Secret Life of Toys (1994) Jim Henson's Animal Show
Jim Henson's Animal Show
(1994–1997) Aliens in the Family (1996) The Wubbulous World of Dr. Seuss (1996–1998) Bear in the Big Blue House
Bear in the Big Blue House
† (1997–2006) Brats of the Lost Nebula (1998) Farscape
Farscape
(1998–2002) Construction Site (1999) Family Rules (1999) Mopatop's Shop (1999–2005) The Fearing Mind (2000) The Hoobs (2001–2003) Telling Stories with Tomie dePaola (2001) Animal Jam
Animal Jam
(2003) Bambaloo (2003-2007) Five Minutes More (2006) Pajanimals (2008, 2011–2013) Sid the Science Kid
Sid the Science Kid
(2008–2013) Dinosaur Train (2009–2017) Me and My Monsters (2010–2011) That Puppet Game Show
That Puppet Game Show
(2013–2014) The Doozers (2013–2014) Jim Henson's Creature Shop
Jim Henson's Creature Shop
Challenge (2014) Hi Opie! (2014–2016) Splash and Bubbles
Splash and Bubbles
(2016-present) Dot.
Dot.
(2016-present) Julie's Greenroom
Julie's Greenroom
(2017) The Dark Crystal: Age of Resistance (2019)

TV specials

The Great Santa Claus Switch (1970) Emmet Otter's Jug-Band Christmas (1977) The Christmas Toy
The Christmas Toy
(1986) Monster Maker (1989) The Song of the Cloud Forest (1989) Mr. Willowby's Christmas Tree (1995)

Theatrical films

The Dark Crystal
The Dark Crystal
(1982) Labyrinth (1986) The Witches (1990) Buddy (1997) Rat (2000) Good Boy!
Good Boy!
(2003) Five Children and It (2004) MirrorMask
MirrorMask
(2005) Alexander and the Terrible, Horrible, No Good, Very Bad Day (2014) The Star (2017) The Happytime Murders
The Happytime Murders
(2018)

Other projects

Time Piece (1965, short film) The Cube (1969, teleplay) Gulliver's Travels (1996, miniseries) Jack and the Beanstalk: The Real Story (2001, miniseries) Farscape: The Peacekeeper Wars (2004, miniseries) The Sam Plenty Cavalcade of Action Show Plus Singing! (2008, web series) Unstable Fables (2008, DTV film) Oscar's Hotel for Fantastical Creatures (2015, web series) Turkey Hollow
Turkey Hollow
(2015, TV film)

Henson Alternative

Puppet Up! (2006–present) Late Night Liars
Late Night Liars
(2010) Simian Undercover Detective Squad (2011) Neil's Puppet Dreams (2012–2013) No, You Shut Up!
No, You Shut Up!
(2013–2016) Good Morning Today (2013–2014)

Divisions

Jim Henson's Creature Shop Henson Recording Studios Jim Henson
Jim Henson
Home Entertainment Jim Henson
Jim Henson
Pictures Jim Henson
Jim Henson
Records Jim Henson
Jim Henson
Television

Related

Jim Henson
Jim Henson
Company Lot Jim Henson
Jim Henson
Foundation HIT Entertainment

† Sold to The Walt Disney Company
The Walt Disney Company
in 2004, ‡ Muppet characters only; sold to Sesame Workshop
Sesame Workshop
in 2000

v t e

Films directed by Jim Henson

Time Piece (1965) The Cube (1969) Hey, Cinderella! (1969) King of Eight (1970) The Frog Prince (1971) The Muppet Musicians of Bremen
The Muppet Musicians of Bremen
(1972) Emmet Otter's Jug-Band Christmas (1977) The Great Muppet Caper
The Great Muppet Caper
(1981) The Dark Crystal
The Dark Crystal
(1982) The Tale of the Bunny Picnic (1986) Labyrinth (1986) Muppet*Vision 3D
Muppet*Vision 3D
(1991)

v t e

The Muppets

The Muppets
The Muppets
Studio

Characters

Kermit the Frog Miss Piggy Fozzie Bear Gonzo Rowlf the Dog Scooter Pepe the King Prawn Rizzo the Rat Animal Walter Sam Eagle Dr. Bunsen Honeydew Beaker Swedish Chef Statler and Waldorf Dr. Teeth and The Electric Mayhem

Cast performers

Current

Bill Barretta Dave Goelz Eric Jacobson Peter Linz David Rudman Matt Vogel

Former

Kevin Clash Brian Henson Jane Henson Jim Henson John Henson Richard Hunt Jerry Juhl Kathryn Mullen Jerry Nelson Frank Oz Steve Whitmire

Television

Series

Sam and Friends (1955–1961) The Muppet Show
The Muppet Show
(1976–1981) Muppet Babies
Muppet Babies
(1984–1991) Little Muppet Monsters
Little Muppet Monsters
(1985) The Jim Henson Hour (1989) Muppets Tonight (1996–1998) The Muppets
The Muppets
(2015–2016) Muppet Babies
Muppet Babies
(2018)

Segments

The Jimmy Dean Show
The Jimmy Dean Show
("Rowlf the Dog", 1963–65) The Mike Douglas Show
The Mike Douglas Show
(1966–79) The Ed Sullivan Show
The Ed Sullivan Show
(including The Great Santa Claus Switch, 1966–71) NBC's Saturday Night (The Land of Gorch, 1975–76)

Specials

Hey, Cinderella! (1969) The Muppets
The Muppets
on Puppets (1970) The Great Santa Claus Switch (1970) The Frog Prince (1971) The Muppet Musicians of Bremen
The Muppet Musicians of Bremen
(1972) The Muppets
The Muppets
Valentine Show (1974) The Muppet Show: Sex and Violence (1975) John Denver and the Muppets: A Christmas Together (1979) The Muppets
The Muppets
Go Hollywood (1979) The Muppets
The Muppets
Go to the Movies (1981) The Fantastic Miss Piggy
Miss Piggy
Show (1982) Rocky Mountain Holiday
Rocky Mountain Holiday
(1983) The Muppets: A Celebration of 30 Years (1986) A Muppet Family Christmas
A Muppet Family Christmas
(1987) Cartoon All-Stars to the Rescue
Cartoon All-Stars to the Rescue
(1990) The Earth Day Special
Special
(1990) The Muppets
The Muppets
at Walt Disney World
Walt Disney World
(1990) The Muppets
The Muppets
Celebrate Jim Henson
Jim Henson
(1990) Mr. Willowby's Christmas Tree (1995) Studio DC: Almost Live (2008) A Muppets
Muppets
Christmas: Letters to Santa (2008) Lady Gaga and the Muppets Holiday Spectacular
Lady Gaga and the Muppets Holiday Spectacular
(2013)

Films

Feature

The Muppet Movie
The Muppet Movie
(1979) The Great Muppet Caper
The Great Muppet Caper
(1981) The Muppets
The Muppets
Take Manhattan (1984) The Muppet Christmas Carol (1992) Muppet Treasure Island
Muppet Treasure Island
(1996) Muppets from Space
Muppets from Space
(1999) The Muppets
The Muppets
(2011) Muppets Most Wanted
Muppets Most Wanted
(2014)

Television

The Christmas Toy
The Christmas Toy
(1986) It's a Very Merry Muppet Christmas Movie
It's a Very Merry Muppet Christmas Movie
(2002) The Muppets' Wizard of Oz
The Muppets' Wizard of Oz
(2005)

Direct-to- video

Muppet Classic Theater
Muppet Classic Theater
(1994) Kermit's Swamp Years
Kermit's Swamp Years
(2002)

Music

Albums

The Muppet Show
The Muppet Show
(1977) The Muppet Show
The Muppet Show
2 (1978) The Muppet Movie: Original Soundtrack Recording (1979) John Denver and the Muppets: A Christmas Together (1979) The Great Muppet Caper: The Original Soundtrack (1981) The Muppets
The Muppets
Take Manhattan: The Original Soundtrack (1984) The Muppet Christmas Carol: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack (1992) Ol' Brown Ears is Back (1993) Muppet Beach Party
Muppet Beach Party
(1993) Kermit Unpigged
Kermit Unpigged
(1994) The Muppet Treasure Island: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack (1996) The Muppet Show: Music, Mayhem, and More (2002) Best of the Muppets
Muppets
featuring The Muppets' Wizard of Oz
The Muppets' Wizard of Oz
(2005) The Muppets: A Green and Red Christmas (2006) A Muppets
Muppets
Christmas: Letters to Santa (2008) Muppets: The Green Album (2011) The Muppets
The Muppets
(2011) Muppets Most Wanted
Muppets Most Wanted
(2014)

Songs

"Rainbow Connection" "Bein' Green" "Mahna Mahna" "When the River Meets the Sea" "Bohemian Rhapsody" "Man or Muppet"

Web series

Statler and Waldorf: From the Balcony (2005–06) The Muppets
The Muppets
Kitchen with Cat Cora (2010)

Video games

Muppet Adventure: Chaos at the Carnival (1989) Muppets
Muppets
Inside (1996) Muppet RaceMania
Muppet RaceMania
(2000) Muppet Monster Adventure
Muppet Monster Adventure
(2000) Spy Muppets: License to Croak (2003) Muppets
Muppets
Party Cruise (2003) Disney Universe
Disney Universe
(2011) The Muppets
The Muppets
Movie Adventures (2014)

Other media

Muppet*Vision 3D
Muppet*Vision 3D
(1991–present) Muppet Mobile Lab
Muppet Mobile Lab
(2007–present) The Muppets
The Muppets
Present...Great Moments in American History (2016–present) Comics series Before You Leap

Puppet Heap The Jim Henson
Jim Henson
Company

Creature Shop Fraggle Rock
Fraggle Rock
characters

Sesame Workshop

Sesame Street
Sesame Street
Muppets

Muppets
Muppets
portal

v t e

Sesame Street

General

Fictional location Sesame Workshop

productions

Characters

Muppets human animated

Educational goals Format Influence Licensing Recurring segments Accolades

People

Joan Ganz Cooney Lloyd Morrisett Gerald S. Lesser Jon Stone Jim Henson Joe Raposo Kevin Clash Kermit Love Joey Mazzarino Carol-Lynn Parente List of guest stars List of puppeteers

Production

History Research International co-productions

characters

Elmo's World "Snuffy's Parents Get a Divorce" Music

discography songs theme song

Films

Sesame Street
Sesame Street
Presents: Follow That Bird (1985) The Adventures of Elmo
Elmo
in Grouchland (1999)

Television specials

Julie on Sesame Street
Sesame Street
(1973) Out to Lunch (1974) Christmas Eve on Sesame Street
Sesame Street
(1978) A Special
Special
Sesame Street
Sesame Street
Christmas (1978) Big Bird
Big Bird
in China (1982) Don't Eat the Pictures: Sesame Street
Sesame Street
at the Metropolitan Museum of Art (1983) A Muppet Family Christmas
A Muppet Family Christmas
(1987) Big Bird
Big Bird
in Japan (1988) Sesame Street… 20 Years & Still Counting (1989) Big Bird's Birthday or Let Me Eat Cake (1991) Sesame Street: 25 Wonderful Years (1993) Sesame Street
Sesame Street
Jam: A Musical Celebration (1994) The Best of Elmo
Elmo
(1994) Sesame Street
Sesame Street
Stays Up Late! (1993) Elmo
Elmo
Saves Christmas (1996) Elmopalooza (1998) The Best of Kermit on Sesame Street
Sesame Street
(1998) Cinder Elmo
Elmo
(1999) Elmo's Christmas Countdown (2007) Abby in Wonderland
Abby in Wonderland
(2008) The Cookie Thief
The Cookie Thief
(2015) Once Upon a Sesame Street
Sesame Street
Christmas (2016) The Magical Wand Chase (2017)

U.S. spin-offs

Play with Me Sesame Sesame Beginnings Bert and Ernie's Great Adventures

International Sesame Street versions and spin-offs

Open Sesame (worldwide) 1, rue Sésame (France) 5, Rue Sésame (France) Alam Simsim (Egypt) Baghch-e-Simsim (Afghanistan) Barrio Sésamo (Spain) Batibot (Philippines) The Furchester Hotel
The Furchester Hotel
(UK) Galli Galli Sim Sim (India) Hikayat Simsim (Jordan) Iftah Ya Simsim
Iftah Ya Simsim
(Kuwait/Arab world) Jalan Sesama (Indonesia) Kilimani Sesame (Tanzania) Plaza Sésamo
Plaza Sésamo
(Mexico/Latin America) Rechov Sumsum (Israel) Sabai Sabai Sesame (Cambodia) Sesam Stasjon
Sesam Stasjon
(Norway) Sesame Park
Sesame Park
(Canada) Sesame Square (Nigeria) Sesame Tree
Sesame Tree
(UK) Sesamstraat
Sesamstraat
(Netherlands) Sesamstraße
Sesamstraße
(Germany) Shalom Sesame (Israel) Shara'a Simsim (Palestine) Sim Sim Hamara (Pakistan) Sisimpur
Sisimpur
(Bangladesh) Susam Sokağı (Turkey) Svenska Sesam (Sweden) Takalani Sesame (South Africa) Ulica Sezamkowa (Poland) Ulitsa Sezam (Russia) Vila Sésamo (Brazil) Zhima Jie (China) Sesamisutorīto (Japan) Szezám utca (Hungary)

Books

The Monster at the End of This Book
The Monster at the End of This Book
(1971) Sesame Street
Sesame Street
Together Book (1971) Monster Bubbles: A Counting Book (1976) The Sesame Street
Sesame Street
Bedtime Storybook (1978) Ernie's Work of Art
Ernie's Work of Art
(1979) The House of Seven Colors (1985) Happy Birthday, Cookie Monster (1986)

Literature

Children and Television: Lessons from Sesame Street Street Gang: The Complete History of Sesame Street The Sesame Street
Sesame Street
Dictionary Sesame Street
Sesame Street
Magazine

Video games

Alpha Beam with Ernie The Adventures of Elmo
Elmo
in Grouchland Elmo's A-to-Zoo Adventure Cookie's Counting Carnival Ready, Set, Grover! Once Upon a Monster Elmo's Musical Monsterpiece Kinect Sesame Street
Sesame Street
TV

Attractions

Air Grover Grover's Alpine Express Sesame Place Spaghetti Space Chase

Related

Sesame Street
Sesame Street
in the UK Sesame Street
Sesame Street
Live Comic strip Syndication packages The Muppets Being Elmo: A Puppeteer's Journey I Am Big Bird: The Caroll Spinney
Caroll Spinney
Story The World According to Sesame Street Big Bag Oobi Panwapa Teletape Studios Kaufman Astoria Studios The Joan Ganz Cooney
Joan Ganz Cooney
Center

v t e

Saturday Night Live

Seasons

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43

History

1975–80 1980–85 1985–90 1990–95 1995–2000 2000–05 2005–10 2010–15 2015–present

Related lists

Commercials Cast members Writers Guests

A–D E–H I–L M–P Q–T U–Z

Awards DVD releases Incidents

Recurring characters and sketches

Chronological Alphabetical By cast member Musical sketches TV show sketches Weekend Update characters TV Funhouse
TV Funhouse
segments

Characters and sketches

The Barry Gibb Talk
Talk
Show Bill Brasky Bill Swerski's Superfans Blizzard Man The Blues Brothers The Boston
Boston
Teens Canteen Boy Celebrity Jeopardy! The Chris Farley Show The Church Lady Coffee Talk The Coneheads The Continental Debbie Downer Ed Grimley Emily Litella Father Guido Sarducci The Folksmen Gerald "T-Bones" Tibbons Hanukkah Harry Hans and Franz Happy Fun Ball The Land of Gorch Land Shark Larry the Lobster The Last Voyage of the Starship Enterprise MacGruber Mango Mary Katherine Gallagher Matt Foley More Cowbell Mr. Bill The Nerds Olympia Café Pat David S. Pumpkins

Halloween Special

Roseanne Roseannadanna Samurai Futaba The Spartan Cheerleaders Sprockets Stefon Stuart Smalley Theodoric of York, Medieval Barber TV Funhouse

The Ambiguously Gay Duo The X-Presidents

Unfrozen Caveman Lawyer Wayne's World Weekend Update What Up with That

Impersonations

Bill Clinton Donald Trump Hillary Clinton Sarah Palin

Digital Shorts

Boombox Dick in a Box Hugs I Just Had Sex I'm on a Boat Jizz in My Pants Lazy Sunday Like a Boss Jack Sparrow The Creep YOLO 3-Way (The Golden Rule)

Films based on sketches

Mr. Mike's Mondo Video (1979) The Blues Brothers (1980) Mr. Bill's Real Life Adventures (1986) Bob Roberts (1992) Mr. Saturday Night (1992) Wayne's World (1992) Wayne's World 2 (1993) Coneheads (1993) It's Pat (1994) Stuart Saves His Family (1995) A Night at the Roxbury (1998) Blues Brothers 2000 (1998) Superstar (1999) The Ladies Man (2000) A Mighty Wind (2003) Harold (2008) MacGruber
MacGruber
(2010)

Anniversary specials

15th (1989) 25th (1999) 40th (2015)

Related topics

Broadway Video "Generalissimo Francisco Franco is still dead" "A Limo For A Lame-O" "Live from New York, it's Saturday Night!" The Lonely Island discography Saturday Night Saturday Night Live
Saturday Night Live
Band Saturday Night Live
Saturday Night Live
in the 2000s Saturday Night Live
Saturday Night Live
Weekend Update Thursday Saturday Night Live
Saturday Night Live
Korea (episodes) SNL Milano SNL Québec SNL Studios Strategery

v t e

TCA Award for Outstanding Achievement in Youth Programming

Faerie Tale Theatre
Faerie Tale Theatre
(1985) WonderWorks (1986) Pee-wee’s Playhouse (1987) Degrassi Junior High
Degrassi Junior High
(1988) The Jim Henson Hour (1989) Jim Henson
Jim Henson
(1990) War in the Gulf: Questions & Answers with Peter Jennings
Peter Jennings
(1991) Peggy Charren – Action for Children’s Television (1992) Nick News (1993) Nick News (1994) Nick News (1995) Wishbone (1996) Bill Nye the Science Guy
Bill Nye the Science Guy
/ Wishbone (1997) Blue’s Clues (1998) Blue’s Clues (1999) Between the Lions
Between the Lions
(2000) Between the Lions
Between the Lions
/ Sesame Street
Sesame Street
(2001) SpongeBob SquarePants
SpongeBob SquarePants
(2002) Reading Rainbow
Reading Rainbow
(2003) Nick News (2004) Degrassi: The Next Generation (2005) High School Musical
High School Musical
(2006) Kyle XY
Kyle XY
(2007) WordGirl
WordGirl
(2008) Yo Gabba Gabba!
Yo Gabba Gabba!
(2009) Yo Gabba Gabba!
Yo Gabba Gabba!
(2010) Sesame Street
Sesame Street
(2011) Switched at Birth (2012) Bunheads
Bunheads
(2013) The Fosters (2014) The Fosters (2015) Daniel Tiger's Neighborhood
Daniel Tiger's Neighborhood
(2016) Speechless (2017)

v t e

TCA Career Achievement Award

Grant Tinker
Grant Tinker
(1985) Walter Cronkite
Walter Cronkite
(1986) Hill Street Blues
Hill Street Blues
(1987) David Brinkley
David Brinkley
(1988) Lucille Ball
Lucille Ball
(1989) Jim Henson
Jim Henson
(1990) Brandon Tartikoff
Brandon Tartikoff
(1991) Johnny Carson
Johnny Carson
(1992) Bob Hope
Bob Hope
(1993) Charles Kuralt
Charles Kuralt
(1994) Ted Turner
Ted Turner
(1995) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
(1996) Fred Rogers
Fred Rogers
(1997) Roone Arledge (1998) Norman Lear
Norman Lear
(1999) Dick Van Dyke
Dick Van Dyke
(2000) Sid Caesar
Sid Caesar
(2001) Bill Cosby
Bill Cosby
(2002) Carl Reiner
Carl Reiner
(2003) Don Hewitt
Don Hewitt
(2004) Bob Newhart
Bob Newhart
(2005) Carol Burnett
Carol Burnett
(2006) Mary Tyler Moore
Mary Tyler Moore
(2007) Lorne Michaels
Lorne Michaels
(2008) Betty White
Betty White
(2009) James Garner
James Garner
(2010) Oprah Winfrey
Oprah Winfrey
(2011) David Letterman
David Letterman
(2012) Barbara Walters
Barbara Walters
(2013) James Burrows (2014) James L. Brooks
James L. Brooks
(2015) Lily Tomlin
Lily Tomlin
(2016) Ken Burns
Ken Burns
(2017)

v t e

Television Hall of Fame Class of 1987

Johnny Carson Jacques Cousteau Leonard Goldenson Jim Henson Bob Hope Ernie Kovacs Eric Sevareid

v t e

International Emmy Founders Award

Jim Henson
Jim Henson
(1980) Shaun Sutton / Roone Arledge (1981) Michael Landon
Michael Landon
(1982) Herbert Brodkin (1983) David L. Wolper (1984) David Attenborough
David Attenborough
(1985) Donald L. Taffner (1986) Jacques Cousteau
Jacques Cousteau
(1987) Goar Mestre (1988) Paul Fox (1989) Joan Ganz Cooney
Joan Ganz Cooney
(1990) Adrian Cowell (1991) Bill Cosby
Bill Cosby
(1992) Richard Dunn (1993) Film on Four (1994) Don Hewitt
Don Hewitt
(1995) Reg Grundy
Reg Grundy
(1996) Jac Venza
Jac Venza
(1997) Robert Halmi Sr. (1998) Hisashi Hieda
Hisashi Hieda
(1999) John Hendricks (2000) Pierre Lescure
Pierre Lescure
(2001) Howard Stringer
Howard Stringer
(2002) HBO
HBO
(2003) MTV International
MTV International
(2004) Oprah Winfrey
Oprah Winfrey
(2005) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(2006) Al Gore
Al Gore
(2007) Dick Wolf
Dick Wolf
(2008) David Frost
David Frost
(2009) Simon Cowell
Simon Cowell
(2010) Nigel Lythgoe
Nigel Lythgoe
(2011) Ryan Murphy / Norman Lear
Norman Lear
/ Alan Alda
Alan Alda
(2012) J. J. Abrams
J. J. Abrams
(2013) Matthew Weiner
Matthew Weiner
(2014) Julian Fellowes
Julian Fellowes
(2015) Shonda Rhimes
Shonda Rhimes
(2016)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 46762408 LCCN: n78067058 ISNI: 0000 0000 7822 2974 GND: 119198053 SELIBR: 322198 SUDOC: 026919516 BNF: cb11907295m (data) MusicBrainz: 53d60b8a-133b-42da-bd67-e1f55ce73863 BNE: XX1012

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