Jibril Agreement was a prisoner exchange deal which took place on
May 21, 1985 between the Israeli government, then headed by Shimon
Peres, and the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine - General
Command (an organization often known as just 'PFLP-GC'). As part of
the agreement, Israel released 1,150 security prisoners held in
Israeli prisons in exchange for three Israeli prisoners (Yosef Grof,
Nissim Salem, Hezi Shai) captured during the First Lebanon War. This
was one of several prisoner exchange agreements carried out between
Israel and groups it classified as terrorist organizations around that
time. Among the prisoners released by Israel were
Kozo Okamoto -
one of the perpetrators of the
Lod Airport Massacre
Lod Airport Massacre in May 1972, who
had been sentenced to life imprisonment, and Ahmed Yassin, a Gazan
Muslim Brotherhood leader who was sentenced to 13 years imprisonment
in 1983 and who later became the spiritual leader of Hamas). Another
prisoner released was Ali Jiddah who had served 17 years for planting
of a bomb near a Jerusalem hospital in 1968 that wounded nine
Israelis. Abdullah Nimar Darwish, on the other hand, has renounced
violence by Palestinians within Israeli borders.
The Israeli government faced harsh public criticism for agreeing to
release the 1,150 security prisoners, among them those sentenced to
life imprisonment and responsible for the killing of many Israeli
citizens, particularly since the exchange did not include the three
Israelis who were captured in the
Battle of Sultan Yacoub
Battle of Sultan Yacoub in 1982. One
of the Israeli negotiators resigned in protest against the agreement.
All of the government ministers, with the exception of Yitzhak Navon,
supported the agreement.
A large number of the Palestinian prisoners released in this agreement
later went on to form the backbone of the leadership of the First
Intifada, which broke out less than three years after the
The agreement with the PFLP-GC reportedly took nearly a year to
negotiate. The nickname for the agreement came about as a reference to
Palestinian militant leader Ahmed Jibril.
On 30 June 1985, 39 foreigners seized on a
TWA Flight 847
TWA Flight 847 en route
from Athens to Rome, hijacked to Beirut, were released. On July 1
1985, Israel announced that it was ready to release Shia detainees
from its prisons. Over the next several weeks, Israel released over
700 Shia prisoners, but Israel denied that the prisoners' release was
related to the hijacking. In July 1985, 331 Lebanese Shias freed
from Israeli detention claimed their release was part of a prisoner
exchange deal, but the Israeli government formally denied that
List of Israeli prisoner exchanges
Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine - General Command
^ See מלחמת שלום הגליל Archived 2008-02-04 at the
Wayback Machine. Website of IDF Spokesman and The Committee for the
Investigation of the Lebanon War 2006,  Archived 2015-03-23 at the
Wayback Machine. Final Report pages 502-503.
^ The Algemeiner, October 19, 2016, CNN Political Commentator Urges
Twitter Followers to Support Crowdfunding Campaign of Palestinian
^ a b "Timeline: Past prisoner swaps". aljazeera.com. 18 October 2011.
Retrieved 21 June 2014.
^ Lebanon -