The JIBRIL AGREEMENT was a prisoner exchange deal which took place on
May 21, 1985 between the Israeli government , then headed by Shimon
Peres , and the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine -
General Command (an organization often known as just 'PFLP-GC'). As
part of the agreement, Israel released 1,150 security prisoners held
in Israeli prisons in exchange for three Israeli prisoners (Yosef
Grof, Nissim Salem, Hezi Shai) captured during the First Lebanon War .
This was one of several prisoner exchange agreements carried out
between Israel and groups it classified as terrorist organizations
around that time. Among the prisoners released by Israel were Kozo
Okamoto - one of the perpetrators of the
Lod Airport Massacre
The Israeli government faced harsh public criticism for agreeing to
release the 1,150 security prisoners, among them those sentenced to
life imprisonment and responsible for the killing of many Israeli
citizens, particularly since the exchange did not include the three
Israelis who were captured in the
Battle of Sultan Yacoub in 1982. One
of the Israeli negotiators resigned in protest against the agreement.
All of the government ministers, with the exception of
A large number of the Palestinian prisoners released in this agreement later went on to form the backbone of the leadership of the First Intifada , which broke out less than three years after the agreement.
The agreement with the PFLP-GC reportedly took nearly a year to negotiate. The nickname for the agreement came about as a reference to Palestinian militant leader Ahmed Jibril .
On 30 June 1985, 39 foreigners seized on a TWA Flight 847 en route from Athens to Rome, hijacked to Beirut, were released. On July 1 1985, Israel announced that it was ready to release Shia detainees from its prisons. Over the next several weeks, Israel released over 700 Shia prisoners, but Israel denied that the prisoners' release was related to the hijacking. In July 1985, 331 Lebanese Shias freed from Israeli detention claimed their release was part of a prisoner exchange deal, but the Israeli government formally denied that connection.
* Israel portal
* ^ See מלחמת שלום הגליל Website of IDF Spokesman and The Committee for the Investigation of the Lebanon War 2006, Archived 2015-03-23 at the Wayback Machine . Final Report pages 502-503. * ^ The Algemeiner, October 19, 2016, CNN Political Commentator Urges Twitter Followers to Support Crowdfunding Campaign of Palestinian Terrorist * ^ A B "Timeline: Past prisoner swaps". aljazeera.com . 18 October 2011. Retrieved 21 June 2014. * ^ Lebanon - The Hostage Crisis