The JIBRIL AGREEMENT was a prisoner exchange deal which took place on
May 21, 1985 between the Israeli government , then headed by Shimon
Peres , and the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine -
General Command (an organization often known as just 'PFLP-GC'). As
part of the agreement, Israel released 1,150 security prisoners held
in Israeli prisons in exchange for three Israeli prisoners (Yosef
Grof, Nissim Salem, Hezi Shai) captured during the First Lebanon War .
This was one of several prisoner exchange agreements carried out
between Israel and groups it classified as terrorist organizations
around that time. Among the prisoners released by Israel were Kozo
Okamoto - one of the perpetrators of the
Lod Airport Massacre in May
1972, who had been sentenced to life imprisonment, and
Ahmed Yassin ,
Muslim Brotherhood leader who was sentenced to 13 years
imprisonment in 1983 and who later became the spiritual leader of
The Israeli government faced harsh public criticism for agreeing to release the 1,150 security prisoners, among them those sentenced to life imprisonment and responsible for the killing of many Israeli citizens, particularly since the exchange did not include the three Israelis who were captured in the Battle of Sultan Yacoub in 1982. One of the Israeli negotiators resigned in protest against the agreement. All of the government ministers, with the exception of Yitzhak Navon , supported the agreement.
A large number of the Palestinian prisoners released in this agreement later went on to form the backbone of the leadership of the First Intifada , which broke out less than three years after the agreement.
The agreement with the PFLP-GC reportedly took nearly a year to negotiate. The nickname for the agreement came about as a reference to Palestinian militant leader Ahmed Jibril .
On 30 June 1985, 39 foreigners seized on a
TWA Flight 847
* Israel portal
* ^ See מלחמת שלום הגליל Website of IDF Spokesman and
The Committee for the Investigation of the Lebanon War 2006, Archived
2015-03-23 at the