Jiaozuo
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Jiaozuo ( ; postal: Tsiaotso) is a
prefecture-level city A road sign shows distance to the "Huangshi urban area" () rather than simply " Yangxin County from the neighboring Xianning), but still from the Huangshi main urban area. A prefectural-level municipality (), prefectural-level city or prefect ...
in the northwest of
Henan Henan (; ; alternatively Honan) is a landlocked province of China Provincial-level administrative divisions () or first-level administrative divisions (), are the highest-level Chinese administrative divisions. There are 34 such divisio ...

Henan
province A province is almost always an administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region, subnational entity, first-level subdivision, as well as many similar terms, are gen ...
, China. Sitting on the northern bank of the
Yellow River The Yellow River (Chinese: , Jin Chinese, Jin: uə xɔ Standard Beijing Mandarin, Mandarin: ''Huáng hé'' ) is the second-longest river in China, after the Yangtze River, and the List of rivers by length, sixth-longest river system in ...
, it borders the provincial capital of
Zhengzhou Zhengzhou is the capital and largest city of Henan Province in the central part of the People's Republic of China. Located in north-central Henan, it is one of the National Central Cities in China, the centre of Central Plain (China), Central ...

Zhengzhou
to the south,
Xinxiang Xinxiang ( ; postal: Sinsiang) is a prefecture-level city Image:Yangxin-renmin-huanyin-ni-0022.jpg, A road sign shows distance to the "Huangshi urban area" () rather than simply "Huangshi" (). This is a useful distinction, because the sign is loc ...

Xinxiang
to the east,
Jiyuan Jiyuan () is a sub-prefecture-level city in northwestern Henan Henan (; Chinese postal romanization, alternatively Honan) is a landlocked Provinces of China, province of China, in the Central China, central part of the country. Henan is of ...

Jiyuan
to the west,
Luoyang Luoyang is a city located in the confluence area of Luo River (Henan), Luo River and Yellow River in the west of Henan province. Governed as a prefecture-level city, it borders the provincial capital of Zhengzhou to the east, Pingdingshan to t ...

Luoyang
to the southwest, and the province of
Shanxi Shanxi (; ; Chinese postal romanization, formerly romanised as Shansi) is a landlocked Provinces of China, province of the China, People's Republic of China and is part of the North China region. The capital and largest city of the province is T ...

Shanxi
to the north. Jiaozuo is one of the core cities of the Central Plains urban agglomeration and a regional central city along the Shanxi–Henan border area. Its population was 3,590,700 as of the 2018 estimate whom 1,424,500 lived in the built-up area made of 4 urban districts ( Jiefang, Shanyang, Zhongzhan and
Macun
Macun
) and Bo'ai County largely being urbanized.


Administration

The
prefecture-level city A road sign shows distance to the "Huangshi urban area" () rather than simply " Yangxin County from the neighboring Xianning), but still from the Huangshi main urban area. A prefectural-level municipality (), prefectural-level city or prefect ...
of Jiaozuo administers 4
districts A district is a type of administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region, subnational entity, first-level subdivision, as well as many similar terms, are generic na ...
, 2
county-level cities A county-level municipality (), county-level city or county city, formerly known as prefecture-controlled city (1949–1970: ; 1970–1983: ), is a county-level administrative division of the People's Republic of China China, ...
and 4
counties A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposes Chambers Dictionary, L. Brookes (ed.), 2005, Chambers Harrap Publishers Ltd, Edinburgh in certain modern nations. The term is derived from the Old French ...
. * Jiefang District () * Shanyang District () * Zhongzhan District () * Macun District () *Qinyang City () *Mengzhou City () *Xiuwu County () *Wuzhi County () *Wen County, Henan, Wen County () *Bo'ai County ()


History

The city was founded on an industrial site left by the British after the First Opium War, First and Second Opium Wars (18391860). Jiaozuo was established as a city in 1953. Mao Zedong has written praise about the hard work of people from Jiaozuo in the coal industry.


Geography

Jiaozuo has a temperate semi-arid climate (Köppen climate classification, Köppen ''BSk'') with four distinct seasons; owing to the shielding influence of the Taihang Mountains, temperatures in the urban core of Jiaozuo are warmer than in
Xinxiang Xinxiang ( ; postal: Sinsiang) is a prefecture-level city Image:Yangxin-renmin-huanyin-ni-0022.jpg, A road sign shows distance to the "Huangshi urban area" () rather than simply "Huangshi" (). This is a useful distinction, because the sign is loc ...

Xinxiang
and
Zhengzhou Zhengzhou is the capital and largest city of Henan Province in the central part of the People's Republic of China. Located in north-central Henan, it is one of the National Central Cities in China, the centre of Central Plain (China), Central ...

Zhengzhou
. Winters are cool and relatively dry while summers are hot and often rainy. The normal monthly mean temperature ranges from in January to in July, with the annual mean temperature at . Precipitation averages annually.


Economy

Jiaozuo is noted for its blast furnaces and machine construction industry (economics), industries. The total GDP of the city in 2017 was 234.28 billion yuan, an increase of 7.4% over the previous year. Among them, the added value of the primary industry was 13.733 billion yuan, up 4.6%; the added value of the secondary industry was 13.841 billion yuan, up 6.7%; the added value of the tertiary industry was 81.143 billion yuan, up 9.1%. The per capita GDP reached 65,936 yuan. The three industrial structures changed from 6.4:59.3:34.3 of 2016 to 5.9:59.5:34.6.


Transport

Jiaozuo is the northern terminus of the Jiaozuo-Liuzhou Railway and the southern terminus of the Taiyuan-Jiaozuo Railway. The city is linked via rail to nearby cities
Luoyang Luoyang is a city located in the confluence area of Luo River (Henan), Luo River and Yellow River in the west of Henan province. Governed as a prefecture-level city, it borders the provincial capital of Zhengzhou to the east, Pingdingshan to t ...

Luoyang
,
Xinxiang Xinxiang ( ; postal: Sinsiang) is a prefecture-level city Image:Yangxin-renmin-huanyin-ni-0022.jpg, A road sign shows distance to the "Huangshi urban area" () rather than simply "Huangshi" (). This is a useful distinction, because the sign is loc ...

Xinxiang
and Nanyang, Henan, Nanyang in
Henan Henan (; ; alternatively Honan) is a landlocked province of China Provincial-level administrative divisions () or first-level administrative divisions (), are the highest-level Chinese administrative divisions. There are 34 such divisio ...

Henan
and Jincheng in
Shanxi Shanxi (; ; Chinese postal romanization, formerly romanised as Shansi) is a landlocked Provinces of China, province of the China, People's Republic of China and is part of the North China region. The capital and largest city of the province is T ...

Shanxi
.


Colleges and universities

Henan Polytechnic University (HPU), with a history of nearly 100 years, is the first mining university in Chinese history. Its former is Jiaozuo Coal Mining School which was established by the British Syndicate Co. Ltd., in 1909. It has changed its names several times in the course of development, namely, FuZhong Coal Mining University, Jiaozuo Private Institute of Technology, North-west Institute of Technology, Jiaozuo National Institute of Technology, Jiaozuo Mining Institute and Jiaozuo Institute of Technology. The University resumed its name of Henan Polytechnic University in 2004.


Natural Scenery

Jiaozuo is located adjacent to the
Yellow River The Yellow River (Chinese: , Jin Chinese, Jin: uə xɔ Standard Beijing Mandarin, Mandarin: ''Huáng hé'' ) is the second-longest river in China, after the Yangtze River, and the List of rivers by length, sixth-longest river system in ...
and is just south of the Taihang Mountain. In the southern foothills of the Taihang Mountains in the northern part of Jiaozuo, there are about 500 square miles of gravel slopes. The geology is hard and stable, and the strata have great endurance. It is also close to mines, water sources, traffic arteries and cities and towns. It is an ideal industrial land. Very suitable for the construction of high-rise buildings. In Shanyang distinct, Fengshanzhen mountain is a leisure and entertainment place for people living around it. Yuntai Mountain (Henan), Yuntai Mountain, Qing Tian River, Qing Long Cape, Shen Nong Mountain, Feng Lin Cape, and so on. Yuntai Mountain is said to have the waterfall with main cascade of 314 meters in height, together with numerous smaller cascades. On February 13, 2004, Yuntai Mountain as the fifth in the world, the third in the country China, was named the world's first Global Geoparks Network, World Geopark by UNESCO and caused attention at home and abroad. Meanwhile, Yuntaishan is also a national scenic spot, National Civilized Scenic Area, the first national AAAAA-level Tourist Attraction Rating Categories of China, scenic spot, national natural heritage, national forest parks, national macaque nature reserve. Yuntain Mountain also has Asia's highest head drop waterfall.


Other landmarks

Amongst Jiaozuo's best sights are: * Old city with tombs * Old rocks-hanging Taiping temple with cave grottoes * Giant red new Jiaozuo temple * TV tower * Large futuristic Jiaozuo Sport centre * Renmin bridge * Building of People's government * City's tallest building File:Jiaozuo Jingyingsi.png, Taiping hanging temple File:Tv station of Jiaozuo city.JPG, Jiaozuo TV Tower File:Jiaozuo sports center4.png, Jiaozuo Sport centre File:Jiaozuo Renmin bridge.png, Renmin bridge


References


External links


Government website of Jiaozuo
(in Simplified Chinese)
Jiaozuo Travel Bureau
(in English) {{Authority control Jiaozuo, Cities in Henan