Jiangyan District (simplified Chinese: 姜堰区; traditional Chinese:
姜堰區; pinyin: Jiāngyàn Qū) is one of three urban districts of
the city of Taizhou,
Jiangsu province, China, having been, until
December 2012, a county-level city. Jiangyan is noted for being the
birthplace of the former General Secretary of the Communist Party of
China Hu Jintao.
2 Administrative divisions
5.1 Qintong Boat Festival
5.2 Xique Lake
7 Notable people
9 External links
Formerly called Taixian or Taihsien (Traditional Chinese: 泰縣,
Simplified Chinese: 泰县, pinyin: tāixīan), Jiangyan was a county
by the end of the Western Han Dynasty. It has relics from the Zhou
Dynasty and a Buddha statue from the Tang Dynasty. It was a town in
the Qing Dynasty
Jiangyan has previously also been called Hailu (Chinese: 海陆),
Wuling (Chinese: 吴陵), and Taizhou (Chinese: 泰州). In July 1994,
the name was changed to Jiangyan and city status obtained.
Qintong Boat Festival
Qintong Boat Festival (Chinese: 溱潼会船) has a long history
going back to the Ming Dynasty, and is growing in importance as a
tourist destination in eastern China.
The Baima Temple (Chinese: 白马庙, meaning white horse temple) in
Jiangyan (now in Taizhou) is the birthplace of the Navy of the
People's Liberation Army.
The first Soviet base in northern
Jiangsu was founded in Jiangyan by
the No. 14 Red Army.
Jiangyan has been working to modernize the district through enhanced
education and technology opportunities. Many technologies have been
developed in Jiangyan, and more than 70 patents have been registered.
Jiangyan has been among the "Top 100 most economically competitive
counties in China" since 1995.
In 1990, Jiangyan was awarded the Global 500 Roll of Honor by the
United Nations Environment Programme
United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) for its success in
protecting the environment and increasing grain yield through wide use
of marsh biogas ponds.
Jiangyan District is divided into 15 towns:
Jiangyan Town (姜堰镇)
Located in the center of
Jiangsu province, Jiangyan is bordered on the
east by Hai'an and Dongtai. To the west lie the districts of Hailing
Taixing is to the south and Xinghua to the north.
Yancheng Highway runs north-south through the
district, and National Highway 328 runs east-west. Water
transportation is by the
Yangzhou Canal and by the Zhonggan,
Jiangyan-Qintong and Jiangyan-Huangqiao rivers.
There is bus service to Jiangyan from
Nanjing via National
Highway 328 and the Nanjing-Jinjiang-
Shanghai can be reached from Jiangyan in under three hours.
Jiangyan's railway station, located north of the town, has both
ordinary trains (K/Z), on long distance routes, and modern, faster
D-trains running from Nantong, Hai'an, Taizhou, Yangzhou, and Nanjing.
When the Hutong
Yangtze River bridge opens around 2020, D-train
service will extend through to Shanghai, with a travel time from
Jiangyan of about 90 minutes.
Qintong Boat Festival
Dragon Boat Racing in Qintong Boat Festival
Qintong Boat Festival
Qintong Boat Festival is held every year in Qingming, around April
4–6. During the festival, boats from nearby villages and towns
converge on Xique lake for a few days of celebration. Theatrical
performances, dragon and lion dances, and other folk dances are held
on the boats.
A highlight of the festival is the racing of boats using long poles
instead of paddles.
The boat festival is an important tourist attraction and attracts
foreign investment to the area.
Xique Lake is located in Qintong, 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) north of
Jiangyan, and makes up part of the Qintong Swamp.
Gao Ershi Museum is in Jiangyan.
There are 233 kindergartens, 280 primary schools, 50 middle schools,
and 2 provincial special high schools.
Jiangyan High School
Jiangyan High School was named
a model high school and promoted to be a provincial high school.
Jiangyan is known for a number of notable people:
General Chen Yi commanded the
Battle of Huangqiao in Qujiang Tower, in
Ming dynasty general Tang Shunzhi (唐顺之) fought the Japanese
wokou in Jiangyan.
Yue Fei (岳飞) and
Wen Tianxiang (文天祥) were both stationed in
Jiangyan to fight against the Jin and Mongol invaders during the Song
Wang Dong (王栋), one of the founders of the 'Taizhou clique'
philosophy, taught in Jiangyan for decades in the Wanggong Temple
("王公祠"). The temple is now preserved as a museum.
Liu Jingting (Chinese: 柳敬亭) was Master of
Yangzhou Pingtan, a
form of traditional Chinese opera.
The artist Tang Zhique (唐志契), along with his brother Tang Zhiyi
(唐志尹) and nephew Tang Riyin (唐日艮), the so-called 'Three
Tangs', were from Jiangyan during the Ming dynasty.
Huang Longshi (Chinese :黄龙士) was a Master of go in the Qing
Gao Ershi (Chinese: 高二适) was a calligrapher in modern times.
Lu Fubao (卢福保) was the consule of Taiwan.
Hu Jintao(胡锦涛, the former General Secretary of the Communist
Party, was born in Jiangyan.
Google (2014-07-02). "Jiangyan" (Map).
Google Maps. Google.
^ Taizhou Statistical Yearbook 2012/《泰州统计年鉴2012》.(in
Chinese) Accessed 9 July 2014.
China 2010 Census County-by-county
Accessed 9 July 2014.
People.com.cn. 4 January 2013. Retrieved 2013-01-07.
^ 2011年统计用区划代码和城乡划分代码：姜堰市 (in
Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of
China. Retrieved 2013-01-07. [permanent dead link]
Official website of Jiangyan, Jiangsu
Jiangyan English guide (Jiangsu.NET)
Official website of Qintong Boat Festival
County-level divisions of
Grand Canal of China
Nanjing Normal University
Nanjing University of Science and Technology
Ge Yuan Garden
Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum
Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum
Yangtze River Bridge
Grand Buddha at Ling Shan
Tianning Temple Pagoda