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Jiangyan District
Jiangyan District
(simplified Chinese: 姜堰区; traditional Chinese: 姜堰區; pinyin: Jiāngyàn Qū) is one of three urban districts of the city of Taizhou, Jiangsu
Jiangsu
province, China, having been, until December 2012, a county-level city.[4] Jiangyan is noted for being the birthplace of the former General Secretary of the Communist Party of China
China
Hu Jintao.

Contents

1 History 2 Administrative divisions 3 Geography 4 Transportation 5 Tourism

5.1 Qintong Boat Festival 5.2 Xique Lake 5.3 Museums

6 Schools 7 Notable people 8 References 9 External links

History[edit]

Formerly called Taixian or Taihsien (Traditional Chinese: 泰縣, Simplified Chinese: 泰县, pinyin: tāixīan), Jiangyan was a county by the end of the Western Han Dynasty. It has relics from the Zhou Dynasty and a Buddha statue from the Tang Dynasty. It was a town in the Qing Dynasty Jiangyan has previously also been called Hailu (Chinese: 海陆), Wuling (Chinese: 吴陵), and Taizhou (Chinese: 泰州). In July 1994, the name was changed to Jiangyan and city status obtained. The Qintong Boat Festival
Qintong Boat Festival
(Chinese: 溱潼会船) has a long history going back to the Ming Dynasty, and is growing in importance as a tourist destination in eastern China. The Baima Temple (Chinese: 白马庙, meaning white horse temple) in Jiangyan (now in Taizhou) is the birthplace of the Navy of the People's Liberation Army. The first Soviet base in northern Jiangsu
Jiangsu
was founded in Jiangyan by the No. 14 Red Army. Jiangyan has been working to modernize the district through enhanced education and technology opportunities. Many technologies have been developed in Jiangyan, and more than 70 patents have been registered. Jiangyan has been among the "Top 100 most economically competitive counties in China" since 1995. In 1990, Jiangyan was awarded the Global 500 Roll of Honor by the United Nations Environment Programme
United Nations Environment Programme
(UNEP) for its success in protecting the environment and increasing grain yield through wide use of marsh biogas ponds. Administrative divisions[edit] Jiangyan District
Jiangyan District
is divided into 15 towns:[5]

Jiangyan Town (姜堰镇) Qintong (溱潼镇) Jiangduo (蒋垛镇) Gugao (顾高镇) Dalun (大伦镇) Zhangdian (张甸镇) Liangxu (梁徐镇) Qiaotou (桥头镇) Yuxi (淤溪镇) Baimi (白米镇) Leizhuang (娄庄镇) Shengao (沈高镇) Xingtai (兴泰镇) Yuduo (俞垛镇) Huagang (华港镇)

Geography[edit] Located in the center of Jiangsu
Jiangsu
province, Jiangyan is bordered on the east by Hai'an and Dongtai. To the west lie the districts of Hailing and Gaogang. Taixing
Taixing
is to the south and Xinghua to the north. Transportation[edit]

The Nanjing-Jinjiang- Yancheng
Yancheng
Highway runs north-south through the district, and National Highway 328 runs east-west. Water transportation is by the Yangzhou
Yangzhou
Canal and by the Zhonggan, Jiangyan-Qintong and Jiangyan-Huangqiao rivers. There is bus service to Jiangyan from Shanghai
Shanghai
or Nanjing
Nanjing
via National Highway 328 and the Nanjing-Jinjiang- Yancheng
Yancheng
Highway. By road, Shanghai
Shanghai
can be reached from Jiangyan in under three hours. Jiangyan's railway station, located north of the town, has both ordinary trains (K/Z), on long distance routes, and modern, faster D-trains running from Nantong, Hai'an, Taizhou, Yangzhou, and Nanjing. When the Hutong Yangtze River
Yangtze River
bridge opens around 2020, D-train service will extend through to Shanghai, with a travel time from Jiangyan of about 90 minutes. Tourism[edit] Qintong Boat Festival[edit]

Dragon Boat Racing in Qintong Boat Festival

The Qintong Boat Festival
Qintong Boat Festival
is held every year in Qingming, around April 4–6. During the festival, boats from nearby villages and towns converge on Xique lake for a few days of celebration. Theatrical performances, dragon and lion dances, and other folk dances are held on the boats. A highlight of the festival is the racing of boats using long poles instead of paddles. The boat festival is an important tourist attraction and attracts foreign investment to the area. Xique Lake[edit] Xique Lake is located in Qintong, 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) north of Jiangyan, and makes up part of the Qintong Swamp. Museums[edit] Gao Ershi Museum is in Jiangyan. Schools[edit] There are 233 kindergartens, 280 primary schools, 50 middle schools, and 2 provincial special high schools. Jiangyan High School
Jiangyan High School
was named a model high school and promoted to be a provincial high school. Notable people[edit] Jiangyan is known for a number of notable people:

General Chen Yi commanded the Battle of Huangqiao in Qujiang Tower, in downtown Jiangyan. Ming dynasty
Ming dynasty
general Tang Shunzhi (唐顺之) fought the Japanese wokou in Jiangyan. Yue Fei
Yue Fei
(岳飞) and Wen Tianxiang
Wen Tianxiang
(文天祥) were both stationed in Jiangyan to fight against the Jin and Mongol invaders during the Song dynasty. Wang Dong (王栋), one of the founders of the 'Taizhou clique' philosophy, taught in Jiangyan for decades in the Wanggong Temple ("王公祠"). The temple is now preserved as a museum. Liu Jingting (Chinese: 柳敬亭) was Master of Yangzhou
Yangzhou
Pingtan, a form of traditional Chinese opera. The artist Tang Zhique (唐志契), along with his brother Tang Zhiyi (唐志尹) and nephew Tang Riyin (唐日艮), the so-called 'Three Tangs', were from Jiangyan during the Ming dynasty. Huang Longshi (Chinese :黄龙士) was a Master of go in the Qing Dynasty. Gao Ershi (Chinese: 高二适) was a calligrapher in modern times. Lu Fubao (卢福保) was the consule of Taiwan. Hu Jintao(胡锦涛, the former General Secretary of the Communist Party, was born in Jiangyan.

References[edit]

^ Google
Google
(2014-07-02). "Jiangyan" (Map). Google
Google
Maps. Google. Retrieved 2014-07-02.  ^ Taizhou Statistical Yearbook 2012/《泰州统计年鉴2012》.(in Chinese) Accessed 9 July 2014. ^ China
China
2010 Census County-by-county Statistics/《中国2010年人口普查分县资料》.(in Chinese) Accessed 9 July 2014. ^ "泰州姜堰撤市设区已获国务院和江苏省政府批准". People.com.cn. 4 January 2013. Retrieved 2013-01-07.  ^ 2011年统计用区划代码和城乡划分代码:姜堰市 (in Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. Retrieved 2013-01-07. [permanent dead link]

External links[edit]

Official website of Jiangyan, Jiangsu Jiangyan English guide (Jiangsu.NET) Official website of Qintong Boat Festival

v t e

County-level divisions of Jiangsu
Jiangsu
Province

Nanjing
Nanjing
(capital)

Sub-provincial city

Nanjing

Xuanwu District Qinhuai District Jianye District Gulou District Pukou District Luhe District Qixia District Yuhuatai District Jiangning District Lishui District Gaochun District

Prefecture-level cities

Wuxi

Binhu District Huishan District Xishan District Liangxi District Xinwu District Jiangyin
Jiangyin
City Yixing
Yixing
City

Xuzhou

Yunlong District Gulou District Jiawang District Tongshan District Quanshan District Pizhou
Pizhou
City Xinyi City Suining County Pei County Feng County

Changzhou

Zhonglou District Tianning District Xinbei District Wujin District Jintan District Liyang
Liyang
City

Suzhou

Gusu District Huqiu District Wuzhong District Xiangcheng District Wujiang District Kunshan
Kunshan
City Taicang
Taicang
City Changshu
Changshu
City Zhangjiagang
Zhangjiagang
City

Nantong

Chongchuan District Gangzha District Tongzhou District Haimen
Haimen
City Qidong City Rugao
Rugao
City Rudong County Hai'an County

Lianyungang

Haizhou District Lianyun District Ganyu District Guanyun County Donghai County Guannan County

Huai'an

Qingjiangpu District Huai'an
Huai'an
District Huaiyin District Hongze District Jinhu County Xuyi County Lianshui County

Yancheng

Tinghu District Yandu District Dafeng District Dongtai
Dongtai
City Sheyang County Funing County Binhai County Xiangshui County Jianhu County

Yangzhou

Guangling District Hanjiang District Jiangdu District Yizheng
Yizheng
City Gaoyou
Gaoyou
City Baoying County

Zhenjiang

Jingkou District Runzhou District Dantu District Yangzhong
Yangzhong
City Danyang City Jurong City

Taizhou

Hailing District Gaogang District Jiangyan District Jingjiang
Jingjiang
City Taixing
Taixing
City Xinghua City

Suqian

Sucheng District Suyu District Shuyang County Siyang County Sihong County

v t e

Jiangsu
Jiangsu
topics

Nanjing
Nanjing
(capital)

General

History Politics Economy

Geography

Cities Grand Canal of China Yellow Sea East China
China
Sea Xishan Island Yangtze River Lake Tai Hongze Lake Yangcheng Lake Huai River Qixia Mountain

Education

Nanjing
Nanjing
University Southeast University Hohai University Nanjing
Nanjing
Normal University Nanjing
Nanjing
University of Science and Technology

Culture

Wuyue culture Shuochang Cuisine Chinese opera Ge Yuan Garden

Visitor attractions

Purple Mountain Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum Jiming Temple Nanjing
Nanjing
Yangtze River
Yangtze River
Bridge Hanshan Temple Huqiu Tower Grand Buddha at Ling Shan Chaotian Palace Qixia Temple Tianning Temple Pagoda Zhouzhuang

.