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Jiangmen, formerly romanized in Cantonese
Cantonese
as Kongmoon, is a prefecture-level city in Guangdong
Guangdong
Province in southern China. Its 3 urban districts are now part of the Guangzhou– Shenzhen
Shenzhen
conurbation and the entire prefecture had a population of about 4.45 million in 2010.

Contents

1 Names 2 History 3 Geography 4 Climate 5 Economy

5.1 Manufacturing industries

5.1.1 Uranium processing plant

5.2 Jiangmen
Jiangmen
port

6 Administration 7 Culture 8 Tourism 9 Education 10 Transport

10.1 Railway

11 Notable people 12 See also 13 References 14 External links

Names[edit] Jiangmen
Jiangmen
is the pinyin romanization of the Chinese name 江門 or 江门, based on its pronunciation in the Mandarin dialect. Its former Wade-Giles spelling was Chiang-men. The Postal Map spelling "Kongmoon" was based upon the same name's Cantonese
Cantonese
pronunciation Gong¹-mun⁴. Other forms of the name include Kong Moon,[citation needed] Kongmun,[1] and Kiangmoon.[citation needed] The name is often the butt of local jokes, since both Jiangmen
Jiangmen
and Gāngmén (肛門, 肛门), the scientific name for the anus, are pronounced identically as Gōngmùhn in Cantonese.[2] This has led to proposals to change the name of the city, such as a 2009 campaign to rename it Qiáodū (t 僑都, s 侨都), "Capital of the Overseas Chinese", in honor of the region's contributions to the Chinese diaspora.[3] Jiangmen
Jiangmen
is also known as Pengjiang.[clarification needed][why?] Its rural hinterland is known to the Chinese diaspora
Chinese diaspora
as the "Four Counties" (q.v.), although the addition of Heshan to Jiangmen
Jiangmen
has prompted the remaining locals to begin calling it the "Five Counties" instead. History[edit] Historically, Jiangmen
Jiangmen
Town was a community under the administration of nearby Xinhui
Xinhui
County. Jiangmen, however, was forced to open to western trade in 1902. A legacy of this period is a historic waterfront district lined with western-style buildings. The city has an ongoing renewal project which is restoring many of these buildings. Jiangmen
Jiangmen
was proclaimed a city in 1951 and later became the prefectural seat for the "Four County" region including Taishan, Kaiping, Xinhui, Enping. (In Mainland China
Mainland China
but not abroad, the area became known as the "Five Counties" when Heshan was added to Jiangmen's jurisdiction.) In 2011, the city banned pet dogs in public after rabies killed 42 people over the preceding 3 years.[4] The city reserved a 13-acre site to allow rural Chinese to adopt the 30,000 dogs,[4][5] but public outcry led to a softer implementation where violators would be told to leave rather than have the dog confiscated.[6] Geography[edit] The city is located on the lower reaches of the Xijiang
Xijiang
or West River, in the west of the Pearl River Delta
Pearl River Delta
in the middle of southern Guangdong
Guangdong
Province. It faces the South China Sea
South China Sea
in the south and is 100 kilometres (62 mi) away from Guangzhou
Guangzhou
and Zhuhai
Zhuhai
by highway. Jiangmen
Jiangmen
city has an area of 9,260 square kilometres (3,580 sq mi), about one quarter the size of the Pearl River Delta. Climate[edit] The climate is subtropical with monsoonal influences. The annual average temperature is 22.36 °C (72.25 °F).

Climate data for Jiangmen
Jiangmen
(1981−2010)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 27.8 (82) 29.4 (84.9) 31.6 (88.9) 34.0 (93.2) 36.1 (97) 37.6 (99.7) 38.3 (100.9) 37.7 (99.9) 37.4 (99.3) 34.5 (94.1) 32.4 (90.3) 30.5 (86.9) 38.3 (100.9)

Average high °C (°F) 18.3 (64.9) 19.1 (66.4) 21.9 (71.4) 26.0 (78.8) 29.7 (85.5) 31.4 (88.5) 32.7 (90.9) 32.6 (90.7) 31.2 (88.2) 28.6 (83.5) 24.4 (75.9) 20.2 (68.4) 26.34 (79.43)

Daily mean °C (°F) 14.3 (57.7) 15.3 (59.5) 18.2 (64.8) 22.4 (72.3) 25.7 (78.3) 27.6 (81.7) 28.5 (83.3) 28.4 (83.1) 27.2 (81) 24.6 (76.3) 20.2 (68.4) 15.9 (60.6) 22.36 (72.25)

Average low °C (°F) 11.4 (52.5) 12.8 (55) 15.7 (60.3) 19.9 (67.8) 23.0 (73.4) 24.9 (76.8) 25.5 (77.9) 25.4 (77.7) 24.4 (75.9) 21.7 (71.1) 17.2 (63) 12.8 (55) 19.56 (67.2)

Record low °C (°F) 2.4 (36.3) 2.5 (36.5) 3.3 (37.9) 8.6 (47.5) 15.4 (59.7) 18.0 (64.4) 22.3 (72.1) 21.8 (71.2) 16.6 (61.9) 10.7 (51.3) 4.9 (40.8) 1.8 (35.2) 1.8 (35.2)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 34.0 (1.339) 60.6 (2.386) 65.6 (2.583) 182.5 (7.185) 253.6 (9.984) 317.9 (12.516) 257.5 (10.138) 289.2 (11.386) 214.7 (8.453) 68.3 (2.689) 37.8 (1.488) 26.5 (1.043) 1,808.2 (71.19)

Average relative humidity (%) 71 79 82 84 83 84 82 82 79 72 67 65 77.5

Source: China Meteorological Data Service Center

Economy[edit] Jiangmen
Jiangmen
was selected by the Chinese state as a pilot city for a nationwide information programme. It was also chosen by the Pacific Economic Cooperation Council (PECC) as a trial city for the Regional Integration for Sustainable Economics (RISE) project. According to the "Report on Investment Environment in China 2003" by the World Bank, Jiangmen
Jiangmen
ranked the fourth after Shanghai, Hangzhou
Hangzhou
and Dalian
Dalian
of 23 cities under evaluation in China. Among various indicators, Jiangmen excelled in infrastructure, labour redundancy, proportion of joint ventures in all firms, informal payments to government, taxation, productivity and the investment rate. The economic development strategies within Jiangmen
Jiangmen
focus on the three urban districts, and the south, middle and north lines. It is planned to develop four main economic areas: the central urban district of the city, the Yinzhou Lake (銀州湖) economic area, and two economic areas along the various transport axes. Manufacturing industries[edit] Similar to other cities in the western Pearl River Delta, the manufacturing sector plays a significant role in Jiangmen's economy. The chief industries include manufacturing of motorcycles, household appliances, electronics, paper, food processing, synthetic fibers and garments, as well as textiles and stainless steel products. Some worldwide brand names have factories in Jiangmen
Jiangmen
such as Asia Pacific Resources International Holdings, ABB Group
ABB Group
and Lee Kum Kee
Lee Kum Kee
foods. Uranium processing plant[edit] The city was the proposed site of a $6.5 billion, 40 billion renminbi, uranium processing plant which would have supplied about half of the enriched uranium needed by China's nuclear power plants. Announcement of the plant in July 2013 was met by public protests.[7] The proposal was withdrawn out of "respect for public opinion" shortly thereafter.[8] Jiangmen
Jiangmen
port[edit] Jiangmen
Jiangmen
Port is the second largest river port in Guangdong
Guangdong
province. The local government plans to develop a harbour industrial zone with heavy industries to include petrochemical and machinery plants, as well as an ocean-based economy. Administration[edit]

Administrative divisions of Jiangmen

Pengjiang Jianghai Xinhui Taishan (City) Kaiping (City) Heshan (City) Enping (City)

Division code[9] English name Chinese Pinyin Area in km2[10] Population 2010[11] Seat Postal code Divisions[12]

Subdistricts Towns Residential communities Administrative villages

440700 Jiangmen
Jiangmen
City 江门市 Jiāngmén Shì 9505.42 4,450,703 Pengjiang District 529000 15 61 264 1051

440703 Pengjiang District 蓬江区 Péngjiāng Qū 321.97 719,146 Huanshi Subdistrict 529000 6 3 84 56

440704 Jianghai District 江海区 Jiānghǎi Qū 109.16 254,313 Jiangnan Subdistrict 529000 3 0 23 36

440705 Xinhui
Xinhui
District 新会区 Xīnhuì Qū 1354.72 849,155 Huicheng Subdistrict 529100 1 10 31 193

440781 Taishan
Taishan
City 台山市 Táishān Shì 3286.30 941,095 Taicheng Subdistrict 529200 1 16 36 277

440783 Kaiping
Kaiping
City 开平市 Kāipíng Shì 1656.94 699,242 Changsha Subdistrict 529300 2 13 41 226

440784 Heshan City 鹤山市 Hèshān Shì 1082.73 494,938 Shaping Subdistrict 529700 1 9 26 112

440785 Enping
Enping
City 恩平市 Ēnpíng Shì 1693.60 492,814 Encheng Subdistrict 529400 1 10 23 151

Culture[edit]

Changdi Lu in Jiangmen

Jiangmen
Jiangmen
is the homeland of 3.68 million overseas Chinese, who live in 107 countries and regions throughout the world. Strong oversea connections are especially found in the villages. Tourism[edit]

Gudou Hotspring Resort - Tang palace (唐宫)

A significant amount of historical heritage survives from the period of mass emigration prior to World War II. The most significant are the fortified multi-story towers found mainly in Kaiping. These are known as "Gold Mountain Towers" or diaolou. A number of natural hotspring resorts has been developed successfully by using its wealthy natural heated ground water resources such as Gudou Hotspring Resort (古兜温泉). Guifeng Mountain, a mountain visited by many tourists, is the peak of Jiangmen
Jiangmen
with an elevation of 545 meters above sea level. The local government's economic development strategies emphasize the development of tourism and protection of the environment. Education[edit] Wuyi University is the main university in Jiangmen. The only international school in Jiangmen
Jiangmen
is Boren Sino-Canadian School, while bilingual schools include WuYi Country Garden Bilingual School and China- Hong Kong
Hong Kong
English School. Jiangmen
Jiangmen
Polytechnic College, located at Chaolian Island, enrolls about 13,000 students in various technical and humanities programs. Jiangmen No. 1 Middle School
Jiangmen No. 1 Middle School
is claimed to be the top middle school in the district. It used to be one of the best middle schools in Guangdong
Guangdong
Province in the 1980s and 1990s. However, the quality of its education has been dropping in recent years and within the district of Jiangmen, its status is being constantly challenged by schools such as Xinhui
Xinhui
No. 1 Middle School in Xinhui, Kaiqiao ( Kaiping
Kaiping
Emigrant) Middle School in Kiaping and Heshan No.1 Middle School in Heshan. Transport[edit]

Local bus

Jiangmen
Jiangmen
has a mature network of inter-city highway (between Guangzhou, Foshan, Zhuhai, Zhongshan, Yangjiang
Yangjiang
etc.). It sits astride a key route between Guangzhou
Guangzhou
and the southwest region of its home province, and also Guangxi
Guangxi
Province. A network of intra-city roadways has been built since the late 1990s to facilitate industrial integration within the city. Railway[edit]

Guangzhou– Zhuhai
Zhuhai
Intercity Mass Rapid Transit

Jiangmen
Jiangmen
East railway station Xinhui
Xinhui
railway station

Railways came to Jiangmen
Jiangmen
fairly recently. The city is served by the Xinhui
Xinhui
branch of the Guangzhou– Zhuhai
Zhuhai
Intercity Mass Rapid Transit (opened 2011), which provides frequent service to Guangzhou
Guangzhou
South Railway Station, where connections to the nation's high-speed railway network are available. Since the late 2012, Jiangmen
Jiangmen
is also served by the freight-only Guangzhou– Zhuhai
Zhuhai
Railway. Making use of the Jiangmen
Jiangmen
Port facilities, Chu Kong Passenger Transport (CKS) connects Jiangmen
Jiangmen
with high speed ferry services to Hong Kong
Hong Kong
(95 nautical miles) taking about 2.5 hours each way. Notable people[edit]

Adrienne Clarkson
Adrienne Clarkson
(born 1939), Broadcast journalist and Governor General of Canada (1999–2005) Alan Chin (born 1987), American contemporary artist Andy Lau
Andy Lau
(born 1961), Hong Kong's most commercially successful film actor Anna May Wong
Anna May Wong
(1905–1961), actress Annie Wu Suk-ching, Founder of Beijing Air Catering Ltd. and member of the Standing Committee of the National Committee of Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference Anthony Wong (born 1961), Award-winning British Hong Kong
Hong Kong
actor, screenwriter and film director Arthur Chin
Arthur Chin
(1913–1997), Kuomintang fighter pilot and flying ace Bill Lann Lee
Bill Lann Lee
(born 1949), U.S. Assistant Attorney General for Civil Rights in the Clinton Administration Chen Yunchang (1919–2016), Actress considered to be the third "Queen of Chinese Cinema" Chin Siu Dek, Grandmaster of Kung Fu San Soo Danny Chan
Danny Chan
(1958–1993), Hong Kong
Hong Kong
singer Donnie Yen
Donnie Yen
(born 1963), Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Chinese martial artist, actor, director, fight choreographer and producer Ed Lee (1952–2017), Mayor of San Francisco (2011–2017), born in Seattle but parents were immigrants from Taishan Evan Low
Evan Low
(born 1983), Mayor of Campbell, California Flora Chan (born 1970), Hong Kong
Hong Kong
actress and singer Gary Locke
Gary Locke
(born 1950), Governor of Washington State (1996–2006), U.S. Secretary of Commerce (2009–2011) and U.S. Ambassador to China (2011–2014) Gordon Lam
Gordon Lam
(born 1967), Hong Kong
Hong Kong
actor Hiram Fong
Hiram Fong
(1906–2004), U.S. Senator from Hawaii (1959–1977) Hu Die
Hu Die
(1908–1989), Actress considered to be the first "Queen of Chinese Cinema" Inky Mark (born 1947), Canadian politician, mayor of Dauphin (1994–1997) and Member of Parliament (1997–2004) Jack Yan
Jack Yan
(born 1972), Magazine publisher in New Zealand James Hong
James Hong
(born 1929), American actor with over 500 television, film and video game credits, and former civil engineer James Tak Wu, Founder of Maxim's Catering Limited, Hong Kong's largest food and beverage corporation and restaurant chain James Wong Howe
James Wong Howe
(1899–1976), American cinematographer John Tsang
John Tsang
(born 1951), Financial Secretary of Hong Kong Julius Chan (born 1939), Prime Minister of Papua New Guinea (1980–1982, 1994–1997, 1997) Ken Hom
Ken Hom
(born 1949), American chef, author and television–show presenter Kylie Kwong
Kylie Kwong
(born 1969), Australian chef, restaurateur, author and television-show presenter Leland Yee
Leland Yee
(born 1948), California State Senator and accused arms dealer Li Enliang (1912–2008), Chinese civil engineer and educator Margaret Chin
Margaret Chin
(born 1954), American politician on the New York City Council representing Chinatown Matt Fong (1953–2011), Treasurer of the State of California (1995–1999) Mel Chin
Mel Chin
(born 1951), American contemporary conceptual artist Myolie Wu (born 1979), Hong Kong
Hong Kong
actress and singer Norman Kwong
Norman Kwong
(born 1929), championship-winning Canadian football player (1948, 1954, 1955, 1956) and Lieutenant-Governor of Alberta (2005-2010) Patrick Yu (born 1922), Hong Kong
Hong Kong
lawyer, Crown Counsel and founder of its first law school Wong Koon Chung (born 1964), Lead guitarist for Beyond Raymond "Shrimp Boy" Chow
Raymond "Shrimp Boy" Chow
(born 1959), Mobster and Dragon Head of the San Francisco Chinese Freemasons Shawn Yue
Shawn Yue
(born 1981), Hong Kong
Hong Kong
actor and singer Tony Leung (born 1962), Hong Kong
Hong Kong
actor Tyrus Wong
Tyrus Wong
(born 1910), American painter, muralist, ceramicist, lithographer, designer and kite maker William Poy Lee (born 1951), American author of The Eighth Promise Wong Ka Keung (born 1964), Bassist for Beyond Wong Ka Kui (1962–1993), Lead singer of Beyond Wong Kim Ark
Wong Kim Ark
(born c.1871), Defendant in United States v. Wong Kim Ark - 169 U.S. 649 (1898) Wu Lien-teh
Wu Lien-teh
(1879–1960), doctor Yip Sai Wing (born 1963), Drummer for Beyond

See also[edit]

List of prefecture-level divisions of China

References[edit]

^ Ball, J. Dyer. (1900). "The Shun Tak Dialect" (PDF). The China Review, or notes & queries on the Far East. 25 (2): 57–68.  ^ "彈指春秋:別讓江門死於肛門", Oriental Daily News, 29 August 2010, retrieved 3 November 2011  ^ ""江门"与"肛门"相距甚远", Guangzhou
Guangzhou
Net, 5 November 2009, retrieved 3 November 2011  ^ a b "Chinese city bans dogs". The Telegraph. 4 August 2011.  ^ Branigan, Tania. (2011). "Cull of 30,000 pet dogs ordered after deadly rabies outbreak in Chinese city". The Guardian.  ^ " Jiangmen
Jiangmen
ditches ban on pet dogs". South China Morning Post. 2011.  ^ Andrew Jacobs (12 July 2013). "Rare Protest in China Against Uranium Plant Draws Hundreds". The New York Times. Retrieved 12 July 2013.  ^ Gerry Mullany (13 July 2013). "After Rare Protest, China Cancels Plans for Uranium Plant". The New York Times. Retrieved 13 July 2013.  ^ "中华人民共和国县以上行政区划代码". 中华人民共和国民政部.  ^ 广东省统计局、国家统计局广东调查总队 (September 2014). 《广东统计年鉴2014》. 中国统计出版社. ISBN 978-7-5037-7174-3. 数字为第二次全国土地调查数据 ^ shi, Guo wu yuan ren kou pu cha ban gong; council, Guo jia tong ji ju ren kou he jiu ye tong ji si bian = Tabulation on the 2010 population census of the people's republic of China by township / compiled by Population census office under the state; population, Department of; statistics, employment statistics national bureau of (2012). Zhongguo 2010 nian ren kou pu cha fen xiang, zhen, jie dao zi liao (Di 1 ban. ed.). Beijing Shi: Zhongguo tong ji chu ban she. ISBN 978-7-5037-6660-2.  ^ 中华人民共和国民政部 (August 2014). 《中国民政统计年鉴2014》. 中国统计出版社. ISBN 978-7-5037-7130-9. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Jiangmen.

Jiangmen
Jiangmen
International Website (in Chinese)

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merged into the Yong→Yu

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merged into the Yong→Yu

tributaries of Zuo & You Nanning

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Guiping merged into the Xun

Qian

Liu

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Yizhou merged into the Liu

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Liuzhou

Liubei Liunan Chengzhong Yufeng

merged into the Liu

tributaries of Long & Rong merged into the Qian

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Beipan

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Liuzhi

merged into the Hongshui

Nanpan

Qujing

Qilin

merged into the Hongshui

tributaries of Beipan & Nanpan Heshan Laibin

Xingbin

merged into the Qian

tributaries of Liu & Hongshui Guiping merged into the Xun

tributaries of Yong→Yu & Qian Wuzhou

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merged into the Xi

tributaries of Gui→Li & Xun Wuzhou

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Nanhai

Guangzhou

Liwan Haizhu Yuexiu Tianhe Huangpu

Dongguan Shiziyang

Shiziyang

Pearl tributary of Dong Dongguan Guangzhou

Panyu tributary of Bei Nansha

waterways with Xi

Lingdingyang

Lingdingyang

Shiziyang Guangzhou

Nansha District

waterways with Xi Zhongshan Shenzhen

Bao'an District Guangming New District Longhua New District Nanshan District, Shenzhen Futian District Luohu District Yantian District Longgang District Pingshan New District Dapeng New District

Zhuhai

Xiangzhou Jinwan District Doumen District

Hong Kong

New Territories Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Island Kowloon

Macau

Macau
Macau
Peninsula Taipa Coloane Cotai

Jiuzhouyang

Jiuzhouyang

Lingdingyang South China Sea

Major cities along the Yangtze River · Major cities along the Yellow River

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 247867

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