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Jiangcheng Hani and Yi Autonomous County (simplified Chinese: 江城哈尼族彝族自治县; traditional Chinese: 江城哈尼族彝族自治縣; pinyin: Jiāngchéng Hānízú Yízú Zìzhìxiàn) is an autonomous county under the jurisdiction of Pu'er City, in southern Yunnan, China, bordering Laos and Vietnam to the south, making it the only county in the province to border more than one country. By road, its seat, the town of Menglie (勐烈镇), is 520 km (320 mi) from Kunming and 145 km (90 mi) from Simao District, the municipal seat of Pu'er.[3]

Geography and climate

Jiangcheng has latitude range of 22°20'−22°36' N and longitude range of 101°14'−102°19' E. Its seat, the town of Menglie (勐烈镇), has an elevation of 1,119 m (3,671 ft). Located at an altitude of above 1,100 m (3,600 ft), Jiangcheng, as with much of southern Yunnan, has a warm humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cwa), with muddled distinction between the seasons and daytime temperatures remaining warm year-round. Highs peak in April and May before the core of the rainy season and reach a minimum in December; however, the warmest and coolest months are June and December, respectively at 22.8 °C (73.0 °F) and 13.1 °C (55.6 °F); the annual mean is 18.75 °C (65.8 °F). June thru September accounts for nearly 70% of the annual rainfall of 2,253.3 mm (89 in) and during this time, some rainfall occurs on most days.

Ethnic groups

The Jiangcheng County Almanac (1989:351-368) lists the following ethnic subgroups, as well as locations.

  • Yi
    • Luoluo 倮倮 (Gaisu 改苏 branch)
    • Xiangtang 香堂 (Lalu 腊鲁 branch)
    • Alu 阿鲁 (Lalu 腊鲁 branch)
    • Laowu 老乌/Lawu 拉乌: (Awu 阿武 branch)
    • Azong 阿宗 (allonym for an Yi subgroup)
    • Menghua 蒙化
  • Dai
    • Dry Dai 旱傣: Mankelao 曼克老, Zhongping 中坪, Basan 坝伞
    • Water Dai 水傣: Zhengdong township 整董乡
    • Flowery-Waist Dai 花腰傣: Shuicheng township 水城乡
    • White Dai 白傣: Baliu 坝溜, Lazhu township 拉朱乡 and Tukahe 土卡河,[4] Longtan township 龙塘乡
  • Yao: pop. 2,965 (1986)
  • Lahu: pop. 1,321 (1986)
    • Banhe Lahu Ethnic Township 板河拉祜族乡
    • Chashulin 茶树林, Gale Township 嘎勒乡

Hani

Hani subgroups in Jiangcheng County are (Jiangcheng County Almanac 1989:351):

Other names for the Hani include:

  • Baike 白壳
  • Benren 本人
  • Aka 阿卡
  • Podu 颇都
  • Mahei 麻黑
  • Woni 窝尼

References

Menglie (勐烈镇), has an elevation of 1,119 m (3,671 ft). Located at an altitude of above 1,100 m (3,600 ft), Jiangcheng, as with much of southern Yunnan, has a warm humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cwa), with muddled distinction between the seasons and daytime temperatures remaining warm year-round. Highs peak in April and May before the core of the rainy season and reach a minimum in December; however, the warmest and coolest months are June and December, respectively at 22.8 °C (73.0 °F) and 13.1 °C (55.6 °F); the annual mean is 18.75 °C (65.8 °F). June thru September accounts for nearly 70% of the annual rainfall of 2,253.3 mm (89 in) and during this time, some rainfall occurs on most days.