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Jiang Qin (died 219),[1][2] courtesy name Gongyi, was a military general serving under the warlord Sun Quan
Sun Quan
in the late Eastern Han dynasty. He previously served under Sun Quan's elder brother and predecessor, Sun Ce, and participated in various battles throughout his service under the Sun family, including Sun Ce's conquests in Jiangdong, the Battle of Xiaoyao Ford and Lü Meng's invasion of Jing Province.

Contents

1 Service under Sun Ce 2 Service under Sun Quan 3 Anecdotes

3.1 Sun Quan's home visit 3.2 Incident with Xu Sheng

4 Descendants 5 See also 6 Notes 7 References

Service under Sun Ce[edit] Jiang Qin was from Shouchun County (壽春縣), Jiujiang Commandery (九江郡), which is in present-day Shou County, Anhui. He served as an Attendant (給事) under Sun Ce
Sun Ce
when Sun Ce
Sun Ce
gained independence from the warlord Yuan Shu. When Sun Ce
Sun Ce
crossed the Yangtze River
Yangtze River
to start his conquests of the territories in the Jiangdong region, Jiang Qin was appointed as a Major of Separate Command (別部司馬) and placed in command of some troops. He accompanied Sun Ce
Sun Ce
on the campaigns and assisted in the conquest of Yuzhang Commandery (豫章郡). He was later reassigned to be the Commandant of Geyang (葛陽尉) and was placed in charge of three counties. During his tenure, he defeated some bandits and was promoted to Commandant of the West (西部都尉).[3] When the bandits Lü He (呂合) and Qin Lang (秦狼) stirred up trouble in Kuaiji Commandery along the southern shore of Hangzhou Bay, Jiang Qin led his troops to fight them and succeeded in pacifying the five counties in Kuaiji and captured the two bandit chiefs. For his achievement, he was promoted to General of the Household Who Attacks the Yue (討越中郎將) and placed in charge of Jingqu (涇拘) and Zhaoyang (昭陽) counties. Jiang Qin later led 10,000 troops to assist He Qi in suppressing a rebellion in You County (黝縣).[4] Service under Sun Quan[edit] Jiang Qin participated in the Battle of Xiaoyao Ford in 214-215. When his lord, Sun Quan, came under attack by the enemy general Zhang Liao at Xiaoyao Ford, Jiang Qin fought bravely to protect Sun Quan
Sun Quan
and succeeded in buying time for Sun Quan
Sun Quan
to escape to safety. He was promoted to General Who Defeats Bandits (盪寇將軍) and Area Commander (督) of Ruxu (濡須) for his achievements. He was later recalled to the Wu capital and was commissioned as Right Protector of the Army (右護軍) and given additional responsibilities in the judiciary.[5] In 219, Sun Quan
Sun Quan
ordered Lü Meng
Lü Meng
to lead an army to invade Jing Province when its defender, Guan Yu
Guan Yu
(a general under Liu Bei), was away at the Battle of Fancheng. Jiang Qin participated in the campaign and led a naval force at Mian (沔). However, after the victory, Jiang Qin fell sick and died on the way back to Wu. Sun Quan
Sun Quan
personally donned mourning attire when he attended Jiang Qin's funeral. He also gave 200 taxable households and 200 acres (0.81 km2) of land in Wuhu
Wuhu
to Jiang Qin's family.[6] Anecdotes[edit] Sun Quan's home visit[edit] Sun Quan
Sun Quan
once visited Jiang Qin's house and saw that Jiang's mother had only a light bed-curtain and cotton blankets, while Jiang's wife and concubines wore only simple cloth dresses. Sun Quan
Sun Quan
was so impressed with Jiang Qin's frugality that he ordered his own household to make silk blankets for Jiang's mother and exchange her curtains for better ones. Jiang Qin's wife and concubines also received silk and embroidered garments.[7] Incident with Xu Sheng[edit] Once, when Jiang Qin was stationed in Xuancheng County (宣城縣) and was out fighting rebels in Yuzhang Commandery, Xu Sheng, who was then the Prefect (令) of Wuhu, arrested an officer under Jiang Qin and requested for permission from Sun Quan
Sun Quan
to have the officer executed. As Jiang Qin was away at that time, Sun Quan
Sun Quan
denied the request. Xu Sheng had since estranged himself from Jiang Qin. Later, during the Battle of Ruxu in 217, Jiang Qin and Lü Meng
Lü Meng
were put in charge of military discipline. Xu Sheng was constantly worried that Jiang Qin would find fault with him, but, much to his surprise, Jiang praised him instead, and Xu was very impressed by Jiang's virtuous behaviour. Jiang Qin became more highly regarded after this incident.[8] Sun Quan later asked Jiang Qin, " Xu Sheng offended you earlier on, but yet now you praise him. You wish to emulate Qi Xi,[b] don't you?" Jiang Qin replied, "I heard that one should not let his personal feuds affect his official duties. Xu Sheng is loyal and hardworking, possesses both courage and talent, and is capable of leading thousands of troops. Now, we've yet to accomplish our great task, so I should help to scout for and recommend talents to serve the state instead of letting my private problems cloud my judgment." Sun Quan
Sun Quan
was very pleased.[9] Descendants[edit] Jiang Qin's son, Jiang Yi (蔣壹), received the title "Marquis of Xuancheng" (宣城侯) and fought at the Battle of Xiaoting
Battle of Xiaoting
in 221-222 against Liu Bei's forces. He was later despatched to Nan Commandery (南郡) to join the Battle of Jiangling but died before participating in the battle. Jiang Yi had no son so his military post was inherited by his younger brother, Jiang Xiu (蔣休). Jiang Xiu was later discharged from service for committing an offence.[10] See also[edit]

List of people of the Three Kingdoms

Notes[edit]

^ The Sanguozhi mentioned that Jiang Qin died of illness on his way back to Wu after participating in Lü Meng's invasion of Jing Province in 219.[1] ^ Qi Xi (祁奚) was a politician in the Jin state during the Spring and Autumn period. He once recommended Xie Hu (解狐), whom he had a personal feud with, to assist Duke Dao of Jin.

References[edit]

^ a b (權討關羽,欽督水軍入沔,還,道病卒。) Sanguozhi vol. 55. ^ de Crespigny, Rafe (2007). A biographical dictionary of Later Han to the Three Kingdoms (23–220 AD). Brill. p. 377. ISBN 978-90-04-15605-0.  ^ (蔣欽字公弈,九江壽春人也。 ... 孫策之襲袁術,欽隨從給事。及策東渡,拜別部司馬,授兵。與策周旋,平定三郡,又從定豫章。調授葛陽尉,歷三縣長,討平盜賊,遷西部都尉。) Sanguozhi vol. 55. ^ (會稽冶賊呂合、秦狼等為亂,欽將兵討擊,遂禽合、狼,五縣平定,徙討越中郎將,以涇拘、昭陽為奉邑。 ... 賀齊討黝賊,欽督萬兵,與齊并力,黝賊平定。) Sanguozhi vol. 55. ^ (從征合肥,魏將張遼襲權於津北,欽力戰有功,遷盪寇將軍,領濡須督。後召還都,拜津右護軍,典領辭訟。) Sanguozhi vol. 55. ^ (權討關羽,欽督水軍入沔,還,道病卒。 ... 權素服舉哀,以蕪湖民二百戶、田二百頃,給欽妻子。) Sanguozhi vol. 55. ^ (權甞入其堂內,母踈帳縹被,妻妾布裙。權歎其在貴守約,即勑御府為母作錦被,改易帷帳,妻妾衣服悉皆錦繡。) Sanguozhi vol. 55. ^ (初,欽屯宣城,甞討豫章賊。蕪湖令徐盛收欽屯吏,表斬之,權以欽在遠不許,盛由是自嫌於欽。曹公出濡須,欽與呂蒙持諸軍節度。盛常畏欽因事害己,而欽每稱其善。盛旣服德,論者美焉。) Sanguozhi vol. 55. ^ (江表傳曰:權謂欽曰:「盛前白卿,卿今舉盛,欲慕祁奚邪?」欽對曰:「臣聞公舉不挾私怨,盛忠而勤彊,有膽略器用,好萬人督也。今大事未定,臣當助國求才,豈敢挾私恨以蔽賢乎!」權嘉之。) Jiang Biao Zhuan annotation in Sanguozhi vol. 55. ^ (子壹封宣城侯,領兵拒劉備有功,還赴南郡,與魏交戰,臨陣卒。壹無子,弟休領兵,後有罪失業。) Sanguozhi vol. 55.

Chen, Shou. Records of the Three Kingdoms
Records of the Three Kingdoms
(Sanguozhi). Pei, Songzhi. Annotations to Records of the Three Kingdoms
Records of the Three Kingdoms
(Sanguozhi zhu).

v t e

Notable people at the end of the Han dynasty (189–220)

Emperors

Ling Shao Xian

Empresses and noble ladies

Empress Dowager Dong Empress He Consort Tang Empress Fu Empress Cao

Regents

He Jin Dong Zhuo Wang Yun Li Jue & Guo Si Cao Cao Cao Pi

Warlords

Bao Xin Bian Zhang Ding Yuan Gao Gan Gongsun Du Gongsun Gong Gongsun Kang Gongsun Zan Han Fu Han Sui Han Xuan Jin Xuan Kong Rong Kong Zhou Liu Bei Liu Biao Liu Cong Liu Du Liu Qi Liu Xun Liu Yan Liu Yao Liu Yu Liu Zhang Lü Bu Ma Chao Ma Teng Qiao Mao Shi Xie Sun Ce Sun Jian Sun Quan Tao Qian Wang Kuang Wang Lang Xu Gong Yan Baihu Yang Qiu Yuan Tan Yuan Shao Yuan Shang Yuan Shu Yuan Xi Yuan Yi Zang Hong Ze Rong Zhang Jue Zhang Lu Zhang Xiu Zhang Yan Zhang Yang Zhao Fan

Civil officers

Cai Yong Cao Song Chang Lin Chen Deng Chen Gong Chen Gui Chen Ji Chen Lin Cheng Yu Chenggong Ying Cui Yan Ding Yi Fa Zheng Gao You Gu Hui Gu Shao Guan Jing Guo Jia Guo Tu Guo Yuan Han Ji He Kui Hua Xin Jia Xu Jian Yong Ju Shou Kuai Liang Kuai Yue Li Ru Liang Mao Liu Dai Liu Fu Liu Hong Lou Gui Lu Kang Ma Liang Ma Midi Mao Jie Mi Fang Mi Zhu Pang Ji Pang Tong Pang Xi Pang Yu Pei Qian Peng Yang Qiao Xuan Qin Song Shen Pei Sheng Xian Shi Ren Sima Fang Sima Lang Sima Zhi Su Ze Sun Qian Tian Feng Wang Can Wang Xiu Wei Kang Wu Zhi Xin Pi Xin Ping Xing Yong Xu Shao Xu Shu Xu Yi Xu You Xun Chen Xun Shuang Xun You Xun Yu Xun Yue Yan Wen Yan Xiang Yang Biao Yang Jun Yang Xiu Ying Shao Yuan Huan Zhang Cheng Zhang Fan Zhang Hong Zhang Miao Zhang Song Zhang Wen Zhang Yu Zhang Zhao Zhao Ang Zhao Qi Zhong Yao Zhou Qun Zhuge Liang Zhuge Xuan

Military officers

Bu Zhi Cai Mao Cao Bao Cao Chun Cao Hong Cao Ren Cao Xing Cao Xiu Cao Zhang Chen Shi Chen Wu Cheng Pu Chunyu Qiong Dian Wei Ding Feng Dong Cheng Dong Xi Fan Chou Gan Ning Gao Shun Gu Li Guan Yu Guan Ping Guo Yuan Han Dang Han Hao Han Xian Hao Meng He Qi Hou Cheng Hu Zhen Hua Xiong Huang Gai Huang Quan Huang Zhong Huang Zu Huangfu Song Ji Ling Jia Kui Jiang Qin Jiang Xu Li Dian Li Su Li Tong Li Yan Liao Hua Ling Cao Ling Tong Liu Feng Lu Su Lu Xun Lu Zhi Lü Fan Lü Meng Man Chong Meng Da Niu Fu Niu Jin Pan Zhang Pang De Qian Zhao Qin Yilu Qu Yi Ren Jun Sima Yi Sun Ben Sun Fu Sun Jiao Sun Jing Sun Yi Sun Yu Taishi Ci Tian Kai Wang Zhong Wen Chou Wen Ping Wu Jing Wu Yi Xiahou Dun Xiahou Yuan Xu Chu Xu Huang Xu Rong Xu Sheng Yan Liang Yan Rou Yan Xing Yan Yan Yang Feng Yin Li Yu Jin Yue Jin Zang Ba Zhang Fei Zhang He Zhang Ji Zhang Liao Zhang Ren Zhao Yan Zhao Yun Zhou Ang Zhou Tai Zhou Xin Zhou Yu Zhou Yu
Zhou Yu
(Renming) Zhu Huan Zhu Jun Zhu Ling Zhu Ran Zhu Zhi Zhuge Jin

Other notable women

Lady Bian Bu Lianshi Cai Yan Lady Gan Lady Mi Two Qiaos Lady Sun Wang Yi Lady Wu Zhang Chunhua Lady Zhen

Other notable figures

Bing Yuan Cao Ang Cao Chong Cao Xiong Cao Zhi Gan Ji Guan Lu Hua Tuo Huang Chengyan Ji Ben Jian Shuo Jiang Gan Liu Bao Mi Heng Qiuliju Sima Hui Sun Kuang Tadun Ten Attendants Tian Chou Zhan

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