Jian'ou dialect (Northern Min: Gṳ̿ing-é-dī / 建甌事; Chinese: simplified Chinese: 建瓯话; traditional Chinese: 建甌話; pinyin: Jiàn'ōu huà), also known as Kienow dialect, is a local dialect of Northern Min Chinese spoken in Jian'ou in the north of the Fujian province. It is regarded as the standard common language in Jian'ou.
According to The Eight Tones of Kien-chou (建州八音), a rime dictionary which published in 1795, Jian'ou dialect has 15 initials, 34 rimes and 7 tones in the 18th century. But there are only 6 tones in mordern dialect because "light level" (陽平) tone disappeared.
|Open syllable||Nasal coda|
|Open mouth||a||ɪ||ɛ||œ||ʊ||ɔ||ai||au||aŋ||aiŋ||eiŋ||œyŋ||ɔŋ |
|Closed mouth||u||ua||uɛ ||uai||uiŋ ||uaŋ||uaiŋ||uɔŋ|
|Round mouth||y||yɛ ||yiŋ |
Jian'ou has four tones, which are reduced to two in checked syllables.
|Tone number||Tone name||Tone contour|
|1||level (平聲)||˥˦ (54) or ˥ (5)|
|2||rising (上聲)||˨˩ (21) or ˩ (1)|
|3||dark departing (陰去)||˨ (2)|
|4||light departing (陽去)||˦ (4)|
|5||dark entering (陰入)||˨˦ (24)|
|6||light entering (陽入)||˦˨ (42)|
The entering tones in Jian'ou dialect don't have any entering tone coda (入聲韻尾) such as /-ʔ/, /-p̚/, /-t̚/ and /-k̚/. It's quite different from many other Chinese dialects.