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An ethnonym is the name applied to a given ethnic group. Ethnonyms can be divided into two categories: exonyms (where the name of the ethnic group has been created by another group of people) and autonyms or endonyms (self-designation; where the name is created and used by the ethnic group itself). This article does not cover ethnic slurs .

CONTENTS

* 1 List * 2 Obsolete * 3 See also * 4 Footnotes * 5 References

LIST

This list is incomplete ; you can help by expanding it .

Albanian çIFUT (I/JA) (ethnic)

HEBRE (U/JA) (ethnic)

IZRAELIT (I/JA)

Arabic يهودي Yahūdī (sl.); يهود Yahūd (pl.) بنو إسرائيل Banū Isra’il عبري ʕibrī

Armenian հրեա hrea (sing.); հրեաներ (pl.); ջհուդ jhud (sing., pejorative)

Basque JUDU or JUDUTAR

Bengali YEUHUDI

Bulgarian Евреин, evrein (masc.); еврейка, evreika (fem.); евреи, evrei (pl.); юдеи, yudei (pl., archaic)

Bosnian JEVREJ,JEVREJIN, ŽIDOV, ĆIFUT, ĆIFO/ĆIFKO (probably from Turkish (Çıfıt) or Kurdish (Cihû), derogatory)

Catalan JUEU (masc. sig.); JUEUS (masc. pl.), JUEVA (fem. sing.); JUEVES (fem. pl.)

Chinese 猶太人, Chinese, Traditional

犹太人, Chinese, Simplified, pinyin : Yóutài Rén

Cornish YEDHOWETH

Croatian ŽIDOV

Czech ŽID (as a member of nation) or žID (as a confessor of Judaism
Judaism
)

Danish JøDE (SING.); JøDER (PL.)

Dutch JOOD

English JEWS , see Jew (word)
Jew (word)
1 , old formal term ISRAéLITE (as in the Crémieux Decree
Crémieux Decree
)

HEBREWS 2

ISRAELITES or CHILDREN OF ISRAEL 3

Esperanto
Esperanto
JUDOJ. L.L. Zamenhof described himself as hebreo.

Estonian JUUT

Finnish JUUTALAINEN

French JUIF (masc.); JUIVE (fem.)

Galego XUDEU (masc. sing.); XUDíA (fem. sing.); XUDEUS (masc. pl.); XUDíAS (fem. pl.)

Georgian ებრაელი, Ebraeli

German JUDE (masc.); JüDIN (fem.); JUDEN (pl.)

Greek Ἰουδαῖος, Ioudaios 1

Ἑβραῖος, Hebraios (from Evrei)2

Ἰσραηλίτης, ISRAELITES (FROM ISRAEL)3

Hebrew
Hebrew
יהודי, Yehudi (sl.m); יהודיה, Yehudia (sl.f);יהודים, Yehudim/Yehudioth (pl.) 1

עברי, Ivri (sl.m); עבריה, Ivria (sl.f); עברים, Ivrim/Ivrioth 2

בני ישׂראל, Bnei Yisrael (pl.)3

Hindi
Hindi
YAHUDI

Hungarian ZSIDó

Icelandic GYðINGUR (sl.)

Indonesian /Malay YAHUDI, BANī ISRAEL

Irish GIúDACH

Italian GIUDEO (masc. sing.); GIUDEI (masc. pl.);

EBREO (masc. sing.); EBREI (masc. pl.); EBREA (fem. sing.); EBREE (fem. pl.)

Japanese ユダヤ人, Yudayajin

Korean 유태인, Yutae-in

Kurdish CIHû, MûSAYî/مووسایی, CûLEKE/جوله که

Ladino DJUDIO, JUDIO (singular)

LOS EBREOS (the Jews)

Latin
Latin
IUDAEUS1

Latvian EBREJS (sg.), EBREJI (pl.)

Lithuanian ŽYDAS (sg.), ŽYDAI (pl.)

Norwegian JøDE

Ojibwe ZHOODAWI (from the French : judéité) or JOOWIWI (from the English : Jew)

Persian جهود or يهود -- Johud (Persian) or Yahūdī (from Arabic); former sometimes considered pejorative.

کلیمی, Kalimi (religious) a follower of Kalim Allah , also a euphemism for Johud.

Polish ŻYD (sg.), ŻYDZI (pl. neutral), , ŻYDOWIE (pl. respectful), ŻYDY (pl. contemptuous)

Portuguese JUDEU ; JUDEUS (masc. pl.); JUDIA ; JUDIAS (fem. pl.). Also HEBREUS and ISRAELITAS (both masc. pl.)

Romanian EVREU, ISRAELIT, JIDOV(archaic), OVREI (archaic and demeaning), JIDAN (highly pejorative)

Russian Еврей, Yevrey (sg.); Евреи, Yevrei2 (pl.): Typically denotes the ethnicity ; жид, zhid (masc. sing, pejorative), жидовка, zhidovka (fem. sing., pejorative); Russian language being rich in inflection , there is a large number of pejorative forms derived from the two basic ones.

Иудей, Iudey (sg.); Иудеи, Iudei1 (pl.): Typically denotes the followers of Judaism
Judaism
.

Serbian Јевреј Jevrej

Slovak ŽID

Spanish JUDíO (m. sing) JUDíA (f. sing) JUDíOS (plu) JUDíAS (f. plu)

HEBREO (m. sing) HEBREA (f. sing) HEBREOS (plu) HEBREAS (f. plu)

ISRAELITA (sing) ISRAELITAS (plu) as in "Asociación Mutual Israelita Argentina ".

Swahili YAHUDI

Swedish JUDE

Tagalog HUDYO, ISRAELITA (both derived from Spanish)

Thai คนยิว, khon yiu (from the English : Jew)

Tibetan YAHUTAPA

Ukrainian Жид (sl.); Жиди (pl.)

Urdu YAHUDI (sl.); YAHUD (pl.)

Vietnamese NGườI DO THáI

Turkish YAHUDI, ÇıFıT (religious) something related to, or a follower of Judaism
Judaism
, latter usually considered pejorative.

MUSEVI, (religious) a follower of Moses
Moses
, also a euphemism for Yahudi.

İBRANI, (ethnic) a Hebrew
Hebrew
.

Welsh IDDEWON

Yiddish
Yiddish
איד,ייִד Yid 1 (pronounced ) (sing.); ייִדן, Yidn (pronounced ) (pl.)

OBSOLETE

* Jews
Jews
were often called (and occasionally called themselves) Palestinians, but after the emergence of Arab
Arab
Palestinian nationalism and the establishment of the State of Israel
State of Israel
in 1948, the term "Palestinians" came to be used almost exclusively for Palestinian Arabs . (See Definitions of Palestinian
Definitions of Palestinian
)

SEE ALSO

* Jew (word)
Jew (word)

FOOTNOTES

* 1 Ioudaios , Yehudi, Jewish, a "Judaean", "from the land of Yehuda (Judah, Judea)". * 2 Ivri, Hebrew, "one who passes over", a reference to the Biblical patriarch Abraham
Abraham
(or possibly Eber
Eber
). * 3 Israel , "one who has struggled with God
God
", the name given to the Biblical
Biblical
patriarch Jacob
Jacob
.

REFERENCES

* ^ http://www.wordreference.com/iten/giudeo * ^ Anna Wierzbicka, The Semantics of Grammar, ISBN 9027230196 , 1988, p. 456

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