1 Categories 2 A cultural/ancestral concept 3 In contemporary sociology 4 Antisemitism and Jewish identity 5 See also 6 References 7 External links
Categories Jewish identity can be described as consisting of three interconnected parts:
Jewish peoplehood, an ethnic identity composed of several subdivisions that evolved in the Diaspora. Jewish religion, observance of spiritual and ritual tenets of Judaism. Jewish culture, celebration of traditions, secular and religious alike.
A cultural/ancestral concept Jewish identity can be cultural, religious, and/or through ancestry. There are religious, cultural, and ancestral components to Jewish identity due to its fundamental non-proselytizing nature, as opposed to Christian or Muslim identity which are both "universal" religions in that they ascribe to the notion that their faith is meant to be spread throughout all of humanity, regardless of nationality, (and still are, though to a far lesser extent than throughout its history in the case of Christianity). However, Jewish identity is firmly intertwined with Jewish ancestry dating back to the historical Kingdom of Israel, which was largely depopulated by the Roman Empire c. first century CE, leading to what is known as today as the Jewish Diaspora. In contemporary sociology See also: Sociology of Jewry Jewish identity began to gain the attention of Jewish sociologists in the United States with the publication of Marshall Sklare's "Lakeville studies". Among other topics explored in the studies was Sklare's notion of a "good Jew". The "good Jew" was essentially an idealized form of Jewish identity as expressed by the Lakeville respondents. Today, sociological measurements of Jewish identity have become the concern of the Jewish Federations who have sponsored numerous community studies across the U.S.; policy decisions (in areas such as funding, programming, etc.) have been shaped in part due to studies on Jewish identity. Antisemitism and Jewish identity According to the social-psychologist Simon Herman, antisemitism plays a part in shaping Jewish identity. This view is echoed by religious leaders such as Rabbi Jonathan Sacks who writes that modern Jewish communities and the modern Jewish identity are deeply influenced by antisemitism. See also
Basic Laws of Israel Cultural diversity Cultural identity Ethnic identity development Ethnogenesis Group identity Halakha Identity (social science) Identity formation Identity politics Jewish assimilation Jewish atheism Jewish diaspora Jewish peoplehood Jewish population Law of Return Matrilineality National identity Passing (racial identity) Politics of Israel Secular Jewish culture Self-concept Social identity Who is a Jew?
^ Spinoza, Liberalism, and the Question of Jewish Identity. Yale University Press, 1997. ^ Galatians 6:11, Romans 16:22, Colossians 4:18, 2 Thessalonians 3:17 ^ Sklare, Marshall, Joseph Greenblum, and Benjamin Bernard Ringer. The Lakeville Studies. Under the Dir. of Marshall Sklare. Basic books, 1967. ^ Sklare, Marshall. "The Image of the Good Jew in Lakeville." Observing America’s Jews. Brandeis University Press, 1993. ^ Sheskin, Ira M. "Comparisons between local Jewish community studies and the 2000–01 National Jewish Population Survey." Contemporary Jewry 25, no. 1 (2005): 158-192. ^ Herman, Simon N. Jewish identity: A social psychological perspective. Transaction Pub, (1989): 51. ^ Love, Hate, and Jewish Identity Archived 14 April 2012 at the Wayback Machine., by Jonathan Sacks. First Things, November 1997.
Leadel.NET - Leading Jewish Inspiration. What makes Jewish Identity on the web? HERMAN, Simon N. Jewish Identity: A Social Psychological Perspective. Transaction, 1977. GOLDBERG, David Theo & KRAUSZ, Michael. Jewish Identity. Temple University Press, 1993. Half-jewish Three Intellectuals and a People, by Laurent Cohen (an article about the Jewish Identity of Hannah Arendt, Gershom Scholem and Simone Weil). Eretz Acheret, 5 No