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Coordinates: 43°4′0″N 22°41′7″E / 43.06667°N 22.68528°E / 43.06667; 22.68528

Jerma

The Erma Gorge, Bulgaria

Native name Јерма, Ерма

Country Serbia, Bulgaria

Physical characteristics

Main source near Lake Vlasina, Serbia

River mouth Nišava
Nišava
near Pirot, Serbia

Length 74 km (46 mi)

The Jerma
Jerma
(Serbian: Јерма) or Erma (Bulgarian: Ерма) is a river in southeastern Serbia
Serbia
and western Bulgaria. Even though it is compact (74 km), it is notable for passing the Serbian-Bulgarian border twice.

Contents

1 Course

1.1 Serbia 1.2 Bulgaria 1.3 Returning to Serbia 1.4 Hydroelectricity

2 References

Course[edit] Serbia[edit] The Jerma
Jerma
originates in the undeveloped and sparsely populated area of Krajište, in the southeastern corner of Serbia. Starting from the area between the artificial Lake Vlasina
Lake Vlasina
and the Bulgarian border, it flows to the northwest on the eastern slopes of the Gramada mountain, passing through the village of Klisura, after which it enters the area of Знепоље (Znepolje, Bulgarian: Знеполе, Znepole), an arid region stretching over the border into Bulgaria. This is where the Jerma
Jerma
crosses the border for the first time, at the border crossing of Strezimirovci.

The Erma Gorge, near Poganovo
Poganovo
Serbia

The Erma valley, seen from the village Yarlovo across towards Ruy mountain, Bulgaria

Bulgaria[edit] Continuing through the Bulgarian part of Znepole curving around the eastern side of the Ruy mountain, the river, now called Erma, is also known as Transka reka after the town of Tran, a regional centre of this area. The Erma passes close to the villages of Glavanovtsi and Turokovtsi, where it turns north, running through Tran. After Tran, the Erma cut the famous gorge Transko zhdrelo ("Gorge of Tran"). After the gorge, Erma flows through the Bulgarian part of the village of Petačinci. Erma receives its major tributary, the Yablanitsa, right before it re-enters Serbia
Serbia
after a 26 km travel through Bulgaria. The river crosses the border for the second time about a kilometer after Petachinci. Returning to Serbia[edit] The Jerma
Jerma
continues to flow generally to the north, passing next to the village of Iskrovci and the picturesque spa of Zvonačka Banja. Proceeding between the mountains of Greben and Vlaška planina, it runs close to the villages of Trnsko-Odorovce and Vlasi, and the monasteries of Sveti Jovan, Sveti Nikolaj and Sveta Bogorodica, before it empties into the Nišava
Nišava
River, southeast of Pirot
Pirot
after a total of 48 km in Serbia
Serbia
(thus belonging to the Black Sea
Black Sea
drainage area). In this last section, the Jerma
Jerma
flows through the Sukovo
Sukovo
coal basin, named after the village Sukovo, which is not on the banks of the Jerma itself, but slightly to the west. Despite the hard coal's high quality (7,000 cal), the coal mine near Pirot
Pirot
was shut down and coal is not being extracted any more. In this final section, the Jerma
Jerma
is also known as Sukovska reka (Cyrillic: Суковска река; "river of Sukovo"). Hydroelectricity[edit] Hydroelectric plant Etalyx has been constructed as of August 13, 2017. The hydroelectric plant offers power to the Pirot
Pirot
area. References[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Erma ( Jerma
Jerma
River).

Mala Prosvetina Enciklopedija, Third edition (1985); Prosveta; ISBN 86-07-00001-2 Jovan Đ. Marković (1990): Enciklopedijski geografski leksikon Jugoslavije; Svjetlost-Sarajevo; ISBN 86-01-02651-6

v t e

Protected areas of Serbia

National parks

Đerdap Fruška Gora Kopaonik Šar Mountain Tara

Nature reserves

Bagremara Brzansko Moravište Bukovo Stari Begej – Carska Bara Danilova kosa Deliblato Sand Goč Gornje Podunavlje Jelašnička river Gorge Jerma Karađorđevo Koviljsko-petrovaradinski rit Kraljevac Lake Ludaš Obedska bara Okanj Pastures of the Great Bustard Prebreza Prokop Selevenjske pustare Slano Kopovo Suva Planina Titelski Breg Trešnjica
Trešnjica
river Gorge Uvac Venerina padina Vinatovača Zasavica

Nature parks

Begečka jama Golija Grmija Jegricka Nature Park Kamaraš Šargan - Mokra Gora Palić lake Ponjavica Sićevačka Gorge Stara Planina Tikvara Stara Tisa Zlatibor

Landscapes of outstanding features

Avala Đetinja
Đetinja
Gorge Gradac Gorge Kamena Gora Kosmaj Ćelije hydroacumulation Mali Rzav
Mali Rzav
Springs Miruša Waterfalls Ovčar-Kablar Gorge River Pčinja Valley Radan Lepterija - Soko Grad Ras - *Sopoćani Subotička Peščara Veliko Ratno Ostrvo Vlasina Vršac Mountains Zaovine

Natural monuments (selection)

Đavolja Varoš Marble cave Resavska cave Rugova Canyon Šalinac

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