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Coordinates : 43°4′0″N 22°41′7″E / 43.06667°N 22.68528°E / 43.06667; 22.68528

JERMA

The Erma Gorge, Bulgaria
Bulgaria

NATIVE NAME Јерма, Ерма

COUNTRY Serbia
Serbia
, Bulgaria
Bulgaria

BASIN FEATURES

MAIN SOURCE near Lake Vlasina , Serbia
Serbia

RIVER MOUTH Nišava near Pirot
Pirot
, Serbia
Serbia

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

LENGTH 74 km (46 mi)

The JERMA (Serbian : Јерма) or ERMA (Bulgarian : Ерма) is a river in southeastern Serbia
Serbia
and western Bulgaria
Bulgaria
. Even though it is compact (74 km), it is notable for passing the Serbian-Bulgarian border twice.

CONTENTS

* 1 Course

* 1.1 Serbia
Serbia
* 1.2 Bulgaria
Bulgaria
* 1.3 Returning to Serbia
Serbia
* 1.4 Hydroelectricity

* 2 References

COURSE

SERBIA

The Jerma
Jerma
originates in the undeveloped and sparsely populated area of Krajište , in the southeastern corner of Serbia. Starting from the area between the artificial Lake Vlasina and the Bulgarian border, it flows to the northwest on the eastern slopes of the Gramada mountain, passing through the village of Klisura, after which it enters the area of Знепоље (Znepolje, Bulgarian: Знеполе, Znepole), an arid region stretching over the border into Bulgaria. This is where the Jerma
Jerma
crosses the border for the first time, at the border crossing of Strezimirovci . The Erma Gorge, near Poganovo Serbia
Serbia
The Erma valley, seen from the village Yarlovo across towards Ruy mountain, Bulgaria
Bulgaria

BULGARIA

Continuing through the Bulgarian part of Znepole curving around the eastern side of the Ruy mountain, the river, now called Erma, is also known as Transka reka after the town of Tran , a regional centre of this area. The Erma passes close to the villages of Glavanovtsi and Turokovtsi , where it turns north, running through Tran. After Tran, the Erma cut the famous gorge Transko zhdrelo ("Gorge of Tran"). After the gorge, Erma flows through the Bulgarian part of the village of Petačinci . Erma receives its major tributary, the Yablanitsa, right before it re-enters Serbia
Serbia
after a 26 km travel through Bulgaria. The river crosses the border for the second time about a kilometer after Petachinci.

RETURNING TO SERBIA

The Jerma
Jerma
continues to flow generally to the north, passing next to the village of Iskrovci and the picturesque spa of Zvonačka Banja . Proceeding between the mountains of Greben and Vlaška planina , it runs close to the villages of Trnsko-Odorovce and Vlasi, and the monasteries of Sveti Jovan, Sveti Nikolaj and Sveta Bogorodica, before it empties into the Nišava River , southeast of Pirot
Pirot
after a total of 48 km in Serbia
Serbia
(thus belonging to the Black Sea
Black Sea
drainage area). In this last section, the Jerma
Jerma
flows through the Sukovo coal basin, named after the village Sukovo , which is not on the banks of the Jerma
Jerma
itself, but slightly to the west. Despite the hard coal's high quality (7,000 cal), the coal mine near Pirot
Pirot
was shut down and coal is not being extracted any more. In this final section, the Jerma
Jerma
is also known as Sukovska reka (Cyrillic: Суковска река; "river of Sukovo").

HYDROELECTRICITY

A hydroelectric plant is being constructed on The Erma river between the Gorge of Tran and the village of Petačinci . It is expected to begin producing electricity in the near future.

REFERENCES

Wikimedia Commons has media related to ERMA (JERMA RIVER) .

* Mala Prosvetina Enciklopedija, Third edition (1985); Prosveta; ISBN 86-07-00001-2 * Jovan Đ. Marković (1990): Enciklopedijski geografski leksikon Jugoslavije; Svjetlost-Sarajevo; ISBN 86-01-02651-6

* v * t * e

Protected areas of Serbia
Serbia

NATIONAL PARKS

* Đerdap * Fruška Gora
Fruška Gora
* Kopaonik * Šar Mountain
Šar Mountain
* Tara

NATURE RESERVES

* Bagremara * Brzansko Moravište * Bukovo * Stari Begej – Carska Bara * Danilova kosa * Deliblato Sand * Goč * Gornje Podunavlje
Gornje Podunavlje
* Jelašnička river Gorge * Jerma * Karađorđevo * Koviljsko-petrovaradinski rit * Kraljevac * Lake Ludaš * Obedska bara * Okanj * Pastures of the Great Bustard * Prebreza * Prokop * Selevenjske pustare * Slano Kopovo * Suva Planina * Titelski Breg
Titelski Breg
* Trešnjica river Gorge * Uvac * Venerina padina * Vinatovača * Zasavica

NATURE PARKS

* Begečka jama * Golija
Golija
* Grmija * Jegricka Nature Park * Kamaraš * Šargan - Mokra Gora
Mokra Gora
* Palić lake * Ponjavica * Sićevačka Gorge * Stara Planina * Tikvara * Stara Tisa * Zlatibor
Zlatibor

Landscapes of outstanding features

* Avala
Avala
* Đetinja Gorge * Gradac Gorge * Kamena Gora * Kosmaj
Kosmaj
* Ćelije hydroacumulation * Mali Rzav Springs * Miruša Waterfalls * Ovčar-Kablar Gorge
Ovčar-Kablar Gorge
* River Pčinja Valley * Radan * Lepterija - Soko Grad * Ras - * Sopoćani
Sopoćani
* Subotička Peščara
Subotička Peščara
* Veliko Ratno Ostrvo * Vlasina * Vršac Mountains
Vršac Mountains
* Zaovine

Natural monuments (selection)

* Đavolja Varoš
Đavolja Varoš
* Marble cave * Resavska cave * Rugova Canyon
Rugova Canyon
* Šalinac Grove * Vlasina Lake

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Jerma
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