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The Info List - Jerónimo Luis De Cabrera


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JERóNIMO LUIS DE CABRERA ( Sevilla
Sevilla
, Spain
Spain
, 1528 – Lima
Lima
, 17 August 1574) was a Spanish conquistador , early colonial governor over much of what today is northwestern Argentina
Argentina
, and founder of the city of Córdoba .

LIFE AND TIMES

Cabrera was born in Seville , Spain
Spain
, in 1528. He and an older brother, Pedro, migrated to the Viceroyalty of Perú in 1538, and following his enlistment in the Spanish Army , Jerónimo was eventually made a sergeant and stationed in the colonial nerve center of Cuzco , in 1549. He led numerous military campaigns in subsequent years, notably among them the suppression of revolts in Ica and Nazca , and following a post in the capital, Lima
Lima
, he was appointed in 1571 corregidor of Potosí
Potosí
.

Towards the end of 1571, Cabrera was designated adelantado for the purpose of exploring uncharted territories south of Potosí. The commission was followed by his appointment as governor of Tucumán Province , which then covered most of what later became the Argentine Northwest . Stationing his office in Santiago del Estero
Santiago del Estero
, he organized an expedition of 100 soldiers and 40 supply wagons during 1572, and parted towards the south with the intention of creating a strategic foothold. An initial settlement, Quisquisacate, failed within days of its June 24, 1573, establishment, and on July 6, the expedition chose a location on the banks of the Suquía River , around 250 mi (400 km) south of Santiago de Estero. Given the privilege of naming the settlement, Cabrera named it Córdoba de la Nueva Andalucía , in honor of his wife's birthplace.

Cabrera enjoyed relatively good relations with the area's native inhabitants, the Comechingones , and proved an able administrator of the new settlement, which within a year counted with the basic legal and administrative institutions of a stable village. He departed towards the east on his own initiative in 1574 and quickly reached the shores of the Paraná River
Paraná River
, over 200 mi (320 km) away, establishing the Fort of San Luis (near what today is Santa Fe, Argentina
Argentina
). Founding the Viceroyalty of Perú's first viable beach-head towards the Atlantic Ocean (via the highly-navigable Paraná), the feat met with the rivalry of Captain Juan de Garay
Juan de Garay
, who had been sent down the river from Asunción
Asunción
with orders from the Viceroy to do the same.

The ensuing dispute was judged by an official arbiter, Gonzalo de Abreu , who found Cabrera guilty of insubordination to the Viceroy (an infraction punishable by death). Spared being garroted on account of his being born to Spanish nobility , Cabrera was taken to Lima, where he was executed by decapitation , on August 17, 1574.

REFERENCES

* ^ A B C Historical Dictionary of Argentina. London: Scarecrow Press, 1978. * ^ Levene, Ricardo. A History of Argentina. University of North Carolina Press, 1937.

* v * t * e

Spanish Empire
Spanish Empire

TIMELINE

* Catholic Monarchs
Catholic Monarchs
* Habsburgs * Golden Age * Encomiendas * New Laws in favour of the indigenous * Expulsion of the Moriscos
Expulsion of the Moriscos
* Eighty Years\' War * Portuguese Restoration War * Bourbons * Napoleonic invasion * Independence of Spanish continental Americas * Liberal constitution * Carlist Wars * Spanish–American War
Spanish–American War
* German–Spanish Treaty (1899) * Spanish Civil War
Spanish Civil War
* Independence of Morocco ( Western Sahara conflict
Western Sahara conflict
)

TERRITORIES

* Kingdoms of Naples , Sicily and Sardinia * Milan * Union with Holy Roman Empire * Netherlands * Franche-Comté
Franche-Comté
* Portugal * Philippines * East Pacific (Guam, Mariana, Caroline, Palau, Marshall, Micronesia, Moluccas) * Northern Taiwan * Tidore
Tidore
* Florida * New Spain
Spain
(Western United States, Mexico, Central America, Spanish Caribbean) * Spanish Louisiana * Coastal Alaska * Haiti * Belize * Jamaica * Trinidad and Tobago * Venezuela, Northern and Western Guyana * New Granada (Panama, Colombia, Ecuador, a northernmost portion of Brazilian Amazon) * Peru (Peru, Acre) * Río de la Plata (Argentina, Paraguay, Charcas (Bolivia), Banda Oriental (Uruguay), Falkland Islands ) * Chile * Equatorial Guinea * Spanish North Africa ( Ifni , Cape Juby
Cape Juby
, Spanish Morocco and Western Sahara )

ADMINISTRATION

* Council of the Indies * Cabildo * Trial of residence * Laws of the Indies
Laws of the Indies
* Royal Decree of Graces * Exequatur * Papal bull * School of Salamanca

ADMINISTRATIVE SUBDIVISIONS

VICEROYALTIES

* New Spain
Spain
* New Granada * Perú * Río de la Plata

AUDIENCIAS

* Bogotá * Buenos Aires * Caracas * Charcas * Concepción * Cusco * Guadalajara * Guatemala * Lima
Lima
* Manila * Mexico * Panamá * Quito * Santiago * Santo Domingo

CAPTAINCIES GENERAL

* Chile * Cuba * Guatemala * Philippines * Puerto Rico * Santo Domingo * Venezuela * Yucatán * Provincias Internas

GOVERNORATES

* Castilla de Oro
Castilla de Oro
* Cuba * New Andalusia (1501–1513) * New Andalusia * New Castile * New Toledo * Paraguay * Río de la Plata

ECONOMY

CURRENCIES

* Dollar * Real * Maravedí
Maravedí
* Escudo * Columnario

TRADE

* Manila galleon * Spanish treasure fleet
Spanish treasure fleet
* Casa de Contratación * Guipuzcoan Company of Caracas * Camino Real de Tierra Adentro

MILITARY

ARMIES

* Tercio
Tercio
* Army of Flanders * Spanish Armada
Spanish Armada
* Indian auxiliaries
Indian auxiliaries
* Legión

WARRIORS

* Duke of Alba * Antonio de Leyva * Martín de Goiti * Alfonso d\'Avalos * García de Toledo Osorio * Duke of Savoy * Álvaro de Bazán the Elder * John of Austria
John of Austria
* Charles Bonaventure de Longueval * Pedro de Zubiaur * Ambrosio Spinola * Bernardo de Gálvez
Bernardo de Gálvez

SAILORS

* Christopher Columbus
Christopher Columbus
* Pinzón brothers
Pinzón brothers
* Ferdinand Magellan
Ferdinand Magellan
* Juan Sebastián Elcano * Juan de la Cosa
Juan de la Cosa
* Juan Ponce de León
Juan Ponce de León
* Miguel López de Legazpi * Pedro Menéndez de Avilés
Pedro Menéndez de Avilés
* Sebastián de Ocampo * Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca
Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca
* Alonso de Ojeda * Vasco Núñez de Balboa
Vasco Núñez de Balboa
* Alonso de Salazar * Andrés de Urdaneta
Andrés de Urdaneta
* Antonio de Ulloa * Ruy López de Villalobos * Diego Columbus * Alonso de Ercilla
Alonso de Ercilla
* Nicolás de Ovando * Juan de Ayala * Sebastián Vizcaíno * Juan Fernández * Felipe González de Ahedo

CONQUISTADORS

* Hernán Cortés
Hernán Cortés
* Francisco Pizarro
Francisco Pizarro
* Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada * Hernán Pérez de Quesada * Francisco Vázquez de Coronado * Diego Velázquez de Cuéllar * Pedro de Valdivia
Pedro de Valdivia
* Pedro de Alvarado
Pedro de Alvarado
* Martín de Ursúa * Diego de Almagro * Pánfilo de Narváez
Pánfilo de Narváez
* Diego de Mazariegos * Jerónimo Luis de Cabrera

BATTLES

OLD WORLD

WON

* Bicocca * Landriano * Pavia * Tunis * Mühlberg * St. Quentin * Gravelines * Malta * Lepanto * Antwerp * Azores * Siege of Mons * Gembloux * Siege of Ostend
Siege of Ostend
*