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The Info List - Jenderal Besar


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JENDERAL BESAR, translated literally as "grand general", is the highest rank of the Army
Army
of Indonesia
Indonesia
. It is the equivalent of a general of the army , and is used to translate that rank into Indonesian. Within the Indonesian Armed Forces ranking system , jenderal besar is the equivalent of laksamana besar (admiral of the fleet ) and marsekal besar (marshal of the air force ).

Currently the rank has been held only by three persons, all granted in 1997 on the 50th anniversary of Indonesian National Armed Forces
Indonesian National Armed Forces
.

* Sudirman
Sudirman
, also styled panglima besar ("grand commander"), the commander of the armed forces during the Indonesian War of Independence . The rank was granted posthumously. * Abdul Haris Nasution , a national hero , twice appointed Army Chief of Staff, and a survivor of an assassination attempt in the 1965 incident . * Suharto
Suharto
, the President of Indonesia
Indonesia
for 31 years. His rank was granted during his own rule.

A jenderal besar could technically be appointed if ever Indonesia became engaged in a major war or suffered from a massive invasion. A jenderal besar would then, most likely, become supreme commander of all Indonesian military forces.

The insignia for jenderal besar is five golden stars arranged in a pentagon formation. Thus, the insignia is very similar to the United States Army
Army
rank of general of the army .

* v * t * e

Highest military ranks

* General officer
General officer
* Flag officer * Air officer

* Imperator * Marshal of Italy * Generalissimo
Generalissimo
* Generalissimus of the Soviet Union * Supreme Allied Commander * Admiral of the Navy * General of the Armies
General of the Armies
* General of the Air Force * Generalfeldmarschall
Generalfeldmarschall
* Mareşal * Marshal of the air force
Marshal of the air force
* Marshal of the Soviet Union
Marshal of the Soviet Union
* Marshal of the Russian Federation
Marshal of the Russian Federation
* Mushir * Magister militum
Magister militum
* Spahbed * Ispahsalar * Beylerbey * Bojni Vojvoda * Chom Thap Thai * Constable of France
Constable of France
* Domestic of the Schools * Grand Domestic * Shogun
Shogun
* Dux bellorum * Grand marshal * Hetman
Hetman
* Jenderal besar * Polemarch * Reichsmarschall * Federal General of Switzerland * Sardar
Sardar
* Serasker * Autokrator * First marshal of the empire * Da yuan shuai * Dai-gensui * Taewonsu * Yuan shuai * Wonsu * Marshal of Y