Jeffrey David Sachs (/sæks/; born November 5, 1954) is an American
economist and director of the Earth Institute at Columbia University,
where he holds the title of University Professor, the highest rank
Columbia bestows on its faculty. He is known as one of the world's
leading experts on economic development and the fight against poverty.
Sachs is the Quetelet Professor of Sustainable Development at
School of International and Public Affairs
School of International and Public Affairs and a professor
of health policy and management at Columbia's School of Public Health.
As of 2017, he serves as special adviser to the
United Nations (UN)
António Guterres on the Sustainable Development
Goals (SDGs), a set of 17 global goals adopted at a UN summit meeting
in September 2015. He held the same position under the previous UN
Ban Ki-Moon and prior to 2016 a similar advisory
position related to the earlier Millennium Development Goals
(MDGs), eight internationally sanctioned objectives to reduce
extreme poverty, hunger and disease by the year 2015. In connection
with the MDGs, he had first been appointed special adviser to the UN
Secretary-General in 2002 during the term of Kofi Annan.
In 1995, Sachs became a member of the International Advisory Council
of the Center for Social and Economic Research (CASE). He is
co-founder and chief strategist of
Millennium Promise Alliance, a
nonprofit organization dedicated to ending extreme poverty and hunger.
From 2002 to 2006, he was director of the
United Nations Millennium
Project's work on the MDGs. He is director of the UN Sustainable
Development Solutions Network and co-editor of the World Happiness
John F. Helliwell
John F. Helliwell and Richard Layard. In 2010, he became a
commissioner for the Broadband Commission for Sustainable Development,
whose stated aim is to boost the importance of broadband in
international policy. Sachs has written several books and received
1 Early life and education
2 Academic career
2.1 Harvard University
2.2 Columbia University
3 Scholarship and commentary
3.1 Advising in post-communist economies
3.2 Work on global economic development
4 Critical reception
5 Personal life
6 Awards and honors
6.1 Honorary degrees
7.1 Selected works
8 See also
10 External links
Early life and education
Sachs was raised in Oak Park, a suburb of Detroit, Michigan, the son
of Joan (née Abrams) and Theodore Sachs, a labor lawyer. He
graduated from Oak Park High School and attended Harvard College,
where he received his bachelor of arts summa cum laude in 1976. He
went on to receive his MA and Ph.D. in economics from Harvard with his
thesis titled Factor Costs and Macroeconomic Adjustment in the Open
Economy: Theory and Evidence, and was invited to join the Harvard
Society of Fellows while still a Harvard graduate student.
In 1980 he joined the Harvard faculty as an assistant professor and
was promoted to associate professor in 1982. A year later, at the age
of 28, Sachs became a full professor of economics with tenure at
During the next 19 years at Harvard, he became the Galen L. Stone
Professor of International Trade, director of the Harvard
International Development at the Kennedy School of
Government (1995–1999), and director of the Center for International
From 2002 to 2016 Sachs served as director of the Earth Institute of
Columbia University, a university-wide organization of more than
850 professionals from natural science and social science disciplines,
with a common mission to address complex issues facing the Earth, in
support of sustainable development. Sachs's classes are taught at the
School of International and Public Affairs
School of International and Public Affairs and the Mailman School of
Public Health, and his course "Challenges of Sustainable Development"
is taught at the undergraduate level.
Sachs has consistently advocated for the expansion of university
education on sustainable development. He helped to introduce the Ph.D.
in sustainable development at Columbia University, one of the first
Ph.D. programs of its kind in the U.S., and championed the new Masters
of Development Practice (MDP), which led to a consortium of major
universities around the world offering the new degree. The Earth
Institute also guided the adoption of sustainable development as a new
major at Columbia College.
Sachs's policy and academic works span the challenges of
globalization, and include the relationship of trade and economic
growth, the resource curse and extractive industries, public health
and economic development, economic geography, strategies of economic
reform, international financial markets, macroeconomic policy, global
competitiveness, climate change, and the end of poverty. He has
written or co-authored hundreds of scholarly articles and several
books, including three bestsellers and a textbook on
In 2011 Sachs called for the creation of a third U.S. political party,
the Alliance for the Radical Center.
Scholarship and commentary
Advising in post-communist economies
Sachs has worked as an economic adviser to governments in Latin
America, Eastern Europe, and the former Soviet Union. A trained
macroeconomist, he advised a number of national governments in the
transition from communism or developmentalism to market economies.
In 1985, when Bolivia was shifting from a dictatorship to a democracy
through national elections, Sachs was invited by the party of Bolivian
dictator Hugo Banzer to advise him on an anti-inflation economic plan
to implement once he was voted to office. This stabilization plan
centered around price deregulation, particularly for oil, as well as
cuts to the national budget. Sachs stated that his plan could end
Bolivian hyperinflation, which had reached up to 14,000%, in a single
day. Though Banzer ultimately lost the race to the party of former
elected president and traditionally developmentalist Victor Paz
Estenssoro, Sachs's plan was still implemented through plans that
excluded most of Paz's cabinet.
Inflation quickly stabilized in
In 1989 Sachs advised Poland's anticommunist Solidarity movement and
the government of Prime Minister Tadeusz Mazowiecki. He wrote a
comprehensive plan for the transition from central planning to a
market economy, which became incorporated into Poland's reform program
led by Finance Minister Leszek Balcerowicz. Sachs was the main
architect of Poland's successful debt reduction operation. Sachs and
IMF economist David Lipton advised the rapid conversion of all
property and assets from public to private ownership. Closure of many
uncompetitive factories ensued. In Poland, Sachs was firmly on the
side of rapid transition to "normal" capitalism. At first he proposed
U.S.-style corporate structures, with professional managers answering
to many shareholders and a large economic role for stock markets. That
did not fly with the Polish authorities, but he then proposed that
large blocks of the shares of privatized companies be placed in the
hands of private banks. As a result, there were some economic
shortages and inflation, but prices in Poland eventually
stabilized.[third-party source needed] The government of Poland
awarded Sachs with one of its highest honors in 1999, the Commander's
Cross of the Order of Merit. He also received an honorary
doctorate from the Cracow University of Economics.
Sachs's ideas and methods of transition from central planning were
adopted throughout the transition economies. He advised Slovenia
Estonia (1992) in the introduction of new stable and
convertible currencies. Based on Poland's success, he was invited
first by Soviet president
Mikhail Gorbachev and then by Russian
Boris Yeltsin on the transition to a market economy. He
served as adviser to Prime Minister
Yegor Gaidar and Finance Minister
Boris Federov during 1991–93 on macroeconomic policies. He received
the Leontief Medal of the Leontief Centre, St. Petersburg, for his
contributions to Russia's economic reforms.
Work on global economic development
More recently, Sachs has turned to global issues of economic
development, poverty alleviation, health and aid policy, and
environmental sustainability. He has written extensively on climate
change, disease control, and globalization. Since 1995, he has been
engaged in efforts to alleviate poverty in Africa.
Sachs at a UN meeting, 2009
In his 2005 work, The End of Poverty, Sachs wrote, "Africa's
governance is poor because Africa is poor." According to Sachs, with
the right policies and key interventions, extreme poverty—defined as
living on less than $1 a day—can be eradicated within 20 years.
India and China serve as examples, with the latter lifting 300 million
people out of extreme poverty during the last two decades. Sachs has
said that a key element to accomplishing this is raising aid from $65
billion in 2002 to $195 billion a year by 2015. He emphasizes the role
of geography and climate, as much of Africa is landlocked and
disease-prone. However, he stresses that these problems can be
overcome.[third-party source needed]
Sachs suggests that with improved seeds, irrigation, and fertilizer,
the crop yields in Africa and other places with subsistence farming
can be increased from 1 ton per hectare to 3 to 5 tons per hectare. He
reasons that increased harvests would significantly increase the
income of subsistence farmers, thereby reducing poverty. Sachs does
not believe that increased aid is the only solution. He also supports
establishing credit and microloan programs, which are often lacking in
impoverished areas. Sachs advocates the distribution of free
insecticide-treated bed nets to combat malaria. The economic impact of
malaria has been estimated to cost Africa $12 billion per year. Sachs
estimates that malaria can be controlled for $3 billion per year, thus
suggesting that anti-malaria projects would be an economically
The Millennium Villages Project, which he directs, operates in more
than a dozen African countries and covers more than 500,000 people.
The MVP has engendered considerable controversy associated as critics
have questioned both the design of the project and claims made for its
success. In 2012 The
Economist reviewed the project and concluded "the
evidence does not yet support the claim that the millennium villages
project is making a decisive impact." Critics have pointed to the
failure to include suitable controls that would allow an accurate
determination of whether the Projects methods were responsible for any
observed gains in economic development. A 2012 Lancet paper claiming a
3-fold increase in the rate of decline in childhood mortality was
criticized for flawed methodology, and the authors later admitted that
the claim was "unwarranted and misleading".
Sachs works closely with the
Islamic Development Bank
Islamic Development Bank to scale up
programs of integrated rural development and sustainable agriculture
among the bank's member countries. One such project supports
pastoralist communities in Eastern Africa, with six participating
nations: Djibouti, Ethiopia, Somalia, Kenya, Uganda, and South
Following the adoption of the
Millennium Development Goals
Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), in
2000, Sachs was the leading academic scholar and practitioner on the
MDGs. He chaired the WHO Commission on Macroeconomics
and Health (2000–01), which played a pivotal role in scaling up the
financing of health care and disease control in the low-income
countries to support MDGs 4, 5, and 6. He worked with UN
Kofi Annan in 2000–2001 to design and launch The
Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria. He also
worked with senior officials of the
George W. Bush administration
George W. Bush administration to
develop the PEPFAR program to fight HIV/AIDS, and the PMI to fight
malaria. On behalf of Annan, from 2002 to 2006 he chaired the UN
Millennium Project, which was tasked with developing a concrete action
plan to achieve the MDGs. The UN General Assembly adopted the key
recommendations of the
UN Millennium Project at a special session in
September 2005. The recommendations for rural Africa are currently
being implemented and documented in the Millennium Villages, and in
several national scale-up efforts such as in Nigeria.
Presently a special adviser to secretary-general António
Guterres, Sachs is an advocate for the 2015 Sustainable
Development Goals, which build upon and supersede the MDGs.
In his capacity as a special adviser at the UN, Sachs has frequently
met with foreign dignitaries and heads of state. He developed a
friendship with international celebrities
Bono and Angelina Jolie, who
traveled to Africa with Sachs to witness the progress of the
Sachs has consistently criticised the
International Monetary Fund
International Monetary Fund and
its policies around the world, and blamed international bankers for
what he claims is a pattern of ineffective investment strategies.
Greek government-debt crisis
Greek government-debt crisis in July 2015, Sachs, with
Heiner Flassbeck, Thomas Piketty,
Dani Rodrik and Simon Wren-Lewis,
published an open letter to the Chancellor of Germany, Angela Merkel,
regarding Greek debt.
Sachs is one of the founders of the Deep Decarbonization Pathways
Sachs's economic philosophies have been the subject of both praise and
criticism. One of Sachs's strongest critics is William Easterly, a
professor of economics at New York University. Easterly reproached The
End of Poverty in his review for The Washington Post, and Easterly's
2006 book White Man's Burden is a response to Sachs's argument that
poor countries are stuck in a "poverty trap" from which there is no
escape except by massively scaled-up foreign aid. Sachs himself has
emphasized the need for a multifaceted approach to economic
development, of which increased and responsible foreign aid is nearly
always a necessary part. Easterly presents statistical evidence
that he claims proves that many emerging markets attained their higher
status without the large amounts of foreign aid Sachs proposes.
Nina Munk, author of the 2013 book The Idealist:
Jeffrey Sachs and the
Quest to End Poverty, says that poverty eradication projects endorsed
by Sachs, although well intended, have - years later - "left people
even worse off than before". Author Paul Theroux, commenting on
Sachs's $120 million effort to aid Africa, says these temporary
measures failed to create sustaining improvements but only "created
Sachs lives in
New York City
New York City with his wife Sonia Ehrlich Sachs, a
pediatrician. They have three children: Lisa, Adam, and Hannah
Awards and honors
In 2015 Sachs was awarded the
Blue Planet Prize for his contributions
to solving global environmental problems. In 2004 and 2005 he was
named one of the 100 Most Influential People in the World by Time
Magazine. He was also named one of the "500 Most Influential People in
the Field of Foreign Policy" by the World Affairs Councils of
In 2005 he received the Sargent Shriver Award for Equal Justice. In
2007 Sachs was awarded the Padma Bhushan, the third highest civilian
honor bestowed by the government of India. Also in 2007, he
received the Cardozo Journal of Conflict Resolution International
Advocate for Peace Award and the Centennial Medal from the Harvard
Graduate School of Arts and Sciences for his contributions to
In 2007 Sachs received the S. Roger Horchow Award for Greatest Public
Service by a Private Citizen, an award given out annually by Jefferson
From 2000 to 2001, Sachs was chairman of the Commission on
Macroeconomics and Health of the World Health Organization, and
from 1999 to 2000 he served as a member of the International Financial
Institution Advisory Commission established by the U.S. Congress.
Sachs has been an adviser to the World Bank, the Organization for
Economic Cooperation and Development, the World Health Organization,
the International Monetary Fund, and the
United Nations Development
Program. He is a member of the Institute of Medicine, the American
Academy of Arts and Sciences, Harvard Society of Fellows, the Fellows
of the World Econometric Society, the Brookings Panel of Economists,
the National Bureau of Economic Research, and the Board of Advisers of
the Chinese Economists Society, among other international
organizations. Sachs is first holder of the Royal Professor Ungku
Aziz Chair in Poverty Studies at the Centre for Poverty and
Development Studies at the
University of Malaya
University of Malaya in Kuala Lumpur,
Malaysia for 2007–09. He holds an honorary professorship at the
Universidad del Pacifico in Peru. He has lectured at the London School
of Economics, the University of Oxford, and Yale University, and in
Tel Aviv and Jakarta.
In September 2008 Vanity Fair magazine ranked Sachs 98th on its list
of 100 members of the New Establishment. In July 2009 Sachs became a
member of the SNV Netherlands Development Organisation's International
Advisory Board. In 2009 Princeton University's American
Whig-Cliosophic Society awarded Sachs the James Madison Award for
Distinguished Public Service.
Sachs has received honorary degrees from Bryant University, the
College of the Atlantic, Connecticut College, Cracow University of
Economics in Poland, Iona College, Lehigh University, the Lingnan
College of Hong Kong, McGill University, the Mount Sinai School of
Medicine, Ohio Wesleyan University, Pace University, St. John's
University, Simon Fraser University, Southern Methodist University,
Southern New Hampshire University, the State University of New York,
University of Brescia
University of Brescia in Italy,
University of St. Gallen
University of St. Gallen in
Switzerland, the University of
Economics Varna in Bulgaria,
Whitman College and the University of
Sachs has written hundreds of academic articles and many books,
including three New York Times bestsellers: The End of Poverty:
Economic Possibilities for Our Time (Penguin, 2005), Common Wealth:
Economics for a Crowded Planet (Penguin, 2008), and The Price of
Civilization: Reawakening American Virtue and Prosperity (Random
House, 2011). His Building the New American Economy was published in
He writes a monthly foreign affairs column for Project Syndicate, a
nonprofit association of newspapers around the world that is
circulated in 145 countries. He is also a frequent contributor to
such major publications as the Financial Times, Scientific
American, Time Magazine, and The Huffington Post.
Sachs, Jeffrey (2017). Building the New American Economy: Smart, Fair,
Columbia University Press
Sachs, Jeffrey (March 3, 2015). The Age of Sustainable Development.
Columbia University Press ISBN 0231173156
Sachs, Jeffrey (June 4, 2013). To Move the World: JFK's Quest for
Peace. Random House, ISBN 978-0812994926
Sachs, Jeffrey (October 4, 2011). The Price of Civilization:
Reawakening American Virtue and Prosperity Random House
Sachs, Jeffrey (2008). Common Wealth:
Economics for a Crowded Planet
Penguin Press HC ISBN 978-1-59420-127-1
Humphreys, Macartan, Sachs, Jeffrey, and Stiglitz, Joseph (eds.).
"Escaping the Resource Curse"
Columbia University Press
Sachs, Jeffrey (2005). The End of Poverty: Economic Possibilities for
Penguin Press HC ISBN 1-59420-045-9
Sachs, Jeffrey (2003). Macroeconomics in the Global Economy Westview
Press ISBN 0-631-22004-6
Sachs, Jeffrey (2002). A New Global Effort to Control Malaria
(Science), Vol. 298, October 4, 2002
Sachs, Jeffrey (2002). Resolving the Debt Crisis of Low-Income
Countries (Brookings Papers on Economic Activity), 2002:1
Sachs, Jeffrey (2001). The Strategic Significance of Global Inequality
(The Washington Quarterly), Vol. 24, No. 3, Summer 2001
Sachs, Jeffrey (1997). Development
Economics Blackwell Publishers
Sachs, Jeffrey and Pistor, Katharina (1997). The Rule of Law and
Economic Reform in Russia (John M. Olin Critical Issues Series
Westview Press ISBN 0-8133-3314-8
Sachs, Jeffrey (1994). Poland's Jump to the Market Economy (Lionel
MIT Press ISBN 0-262-69174-4
Sachs, Jeffrey and Larrain, Felipe (1993). Macroeconomics in the
Prentice Hall ISBN 0-13-102252-0
Sachs, Jeffrey (ed) (1991). Developing Country Debt and Economic
Performance, Volume 1 : The International Financial System
National Bureau of Economic Research Project Report) University of
Chicago Press ISBN 0-226-73332-7
Sachs, Jeffrey and
Warwick McKibbin Global Linkages: Macroeconomic
Interdependence and Co-operation in the World Economy, Brookings
Institution, June, 277 pages. (ISBN 0-8157-5600-3)
Sachs, Jeffrey (ed) (1989). Developing Country Debt and the World
National Bureau of Economic Research Project Report)
University of Chicago Press
University of Chicago Press ISBN 0-226-73338-6
Bruno, Michael and Sachs, Jeffrey (1984), "Stagflation in the World
Sustainable development portal
Criticism of debt
Deep Decarbonization Pathways Project (DDPP)
Gro Harlem Brundtland
The Shock Doctrine
^ "Janet Shan, "Keynesian Economist,
Jeffrey Sachs Says President
Obama's Stimulus has Failed", June 7, 2010". Hinterlandgazette.com.
2010-06-07. Retrieved 2014-02-19. [unreliable source?]
^ Sachs's CV
^ Burda, Michael C. "CV" (PDF). Humboldt University of Berlin.
Retrieved 9 March 2017.
^ a b c d "Jeffrey D. Sachs". UCL Institute for Innovation and Public
Purpose. University College London. ucl.ac.uk. Retrieved 2017-07-17.
^ a b Shaw, Adam (April 10, 2017). "UN tensions with Trump
administration mount as both sides dig in". Fox News. foxnews.com.
Retrieved 2017-07-17. "Guterres’ spokesman Stephane Dujarric
confirmed ... this week that Jeffrey Sachs, a world-renowned
economist who has served as a senior U.N. adviser since 2002, will
continue in that role."
^ "Commissioners". Broadband Commission for Sustainable Development.
^ "Theodore Sachs Labor Lawyer, 72 – New York Times".
Nytimes.com. 2001-03-13. Retrieved 2014-02-19.
^ a b Jeffrey D. Sachs". Earth Institute, Center for Sustainable
Development. Columbia University. csd.columbia.edu. Retrieved
^ "Factor Costs and Macroeconomic Adjustment in the Open Economy:
Theory and Evidence".
Harvard University Library.
^ "Columbia gets Star Professor from Harvard".
^ a b "Jeffrey D. Sachs." Contemporary Authors Online. Detroit: Gale,
2016. Retrieved via Biography in Context database, 2017-07-19.
^ "Developmental Troubles". Harvard Magazine. harvardmagazine.com.
September–October 2002. Retrieved 2017-07-19.
^ "Undergraduate Program in Sustainable Development".
^ Sachs, Jeffrey R. (2011). The Price of Civilization: Reawakening
American Virtue and Prosperity. Random House, pp. 247–48.
^ Sachs, Jeffrey D. (2005). : Economic Possibilities for Our TimeThe
End of Poverty. New York: Penguin. pp. 90–93.
^ Conaghan and Malloy (1994). Unsettling Statecraft: Democracy and
Neoliberalism in the Central Andes. Pittsburgh: University of
Pittsburgh Press. p. 198.
^ Bridges, Tyler (June 29, 1987). "Dallas Morning News". Bolivia Turns
to Free Enterprise Among Hard Times.
^ Hardy, Jane (2009). Poland's New Capitalism. London: Pluto
^ Doug Henwood. "Left Business Observer #111, August 2005".
Leftbusinessobserver.com. Retrieved 2014-02-19.
Jeffrey Sachs and David Lipton (1990-06-01). "Lipton, David and
Sachs, Jeffrey. Foreign Affairs, 1990". Foreignaffairs.org. Archived
from the original on 2009-01-06. Retrieved 2014-02-19.
^ a b c d e "
The Earth Institute
The Earth Institute at Columbia University, 2008" (PDF).
Archived from the original on February 5, 2009. Retrieved
2008-07-22. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
United Nations Millennium Project, 2006". Unmillenniumproject.org.
2007-01-01. Retrieved 2014-02-19.
^ "Booth, Mindy. UN Capital Development Fund, 2005". Archived from the
original on June 8, 2007. Retrieved 2008-07-22. CS1 maint: BOT:
original-url status unknown (link)
^ "Medical News Today, 2007". Medicalnewstoday.com. 2007-06-24.
Jeffrey Sachs and the millennium villages: Millennium bugs".
Retrieved September 10, 2015.
^ "Does It Take a Village?". June 24, 2013.
^ Kidder, Tracy (2003). Mountains Beyond Mountains. New York: Random
House. p. 257.
^ "Purcell, Myrlia. Look to the Stars: The World of Celebrity Giving,
2006". Looktothestars.org. Retrieved 2014-02-19.
^ "Sachs, Jeffrey. The Financial Times, 1997". Uv.es. Retrieved
^ "Jetzt ist der Zeitpunkt, die gescheiterte Sparpolitik zu
überdenken". tagesspiegel.de. 2015-07-07. Retrieved 2015-07-08.
^ Justin Gillis (1 December 2015). "A Path Beyond the Paris Climate
Change Conference". The New York Times. Retrieved 1 December 2015. Dr.
Sachs helped start what is perhaps the most serious effort to draw up
a detailed road map for the energy transition: the Deep
Decarbonization Pathways Project, based in Paris and New York. Over
the past couple of years, the effort enlisted teams from 16 countries,
which account for the large majority of global emissions, to devise
^ Sachs, Jeffrey (2005). The End of Poverty
^ "A Modest Proposal". Washingtonpost.com. 2005-03-13. Retrieved
^ "Anna Maria Tremonti, "The Quest to End Poverty: Nina Munk", CBC
Radio, 2013-09-10". Cbc.ca. 2013-09-10. Retrieved 2014-02-19.
Paul Theroux (Nov 30, 2013). "Africa's Aid Mess". Barron's.
^ "Bio". Adam Ehrlich Sachs. Retrieved 2017-08-10.
^ Nadboy, Michelle (December 22, 2011). "The Many Pressures of Dr.
Sonia Sachs: Mother of Three, Implementing Large Scale Poverty
Eradication for Millions". Consilience: The Journal of Sustainable
Development. Retrieved 2017-08-10.
^ "Jeffrey Sachs's $200 Billion Dream". News. Target Health Global
Blog. May 16, 2008. Retrieved 2017-08-10.
^ "Page 888". Michigan Obituary and Death Notice Archive. GenLookups.
Retrieved 2017-08-10. Sachs, Theodore, Beloved husband of Joan. Dear
father of Andrea Sachs, Jeffrey (Dr. Sonia Ehrlich) Sachs. Grandmother
of Lisa, Adam and Hannah Sachs. Brother of the late Maurice Sachs, the
late Sidney Sachs, the late Sol Sachs, and the late Freda Handelsman.
Brother-in-law of Dr. Gerald and Gloria Abrams, Mary Sachs.
^ "ブループラネット賞英米2経済学者に" (in Japanese).
Portal (Japan Science and Technology Agency). 2015-06-19.
^ "British Broadcasting Company, 2007". Bbc.co.uk. 2007-04-11.
^ "Padma Awards" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India.
2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on November 15, 2014. Retrieved
July 21, 2015.
^ "National Winners public service awards". Jefferson Awards.org.
^ "WHO Commission on Macroeconomics and Health (CMH)". Who.int.
Archived from the original on 2013-10-27. Retrieved 2014-02-19.
^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on July 28, 2011.
^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on May 9, 2009.
Retrieved 2012-05-15. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown
Jeffrey Sachs receives honorary degree, calls Bryant’s
blend of business and liberal arts ‘truly pathbreaking’ Archived
2012-07-25 at the Wayback Machine.,
Bryant University News and Media
Relations, May 19, 2012
^ "Laurea Honoris Causa a Jeffrey D. Sachs" (in Italian). Retrieved 27
^ "Laurea Honoris Causa Jeffrey D. Sachs" (PDF) (in Italian).
Retrieved 27 January 2018.
^ Project Syndicate, 2014
^ i.e. ft.com April 29, 2013: Austerity exposes the global threat from
^ "List of articles". Search.ft.com. 2013-12-02. Retrieved
Wikiquote has quotations related to: Jeffrey Sachs
Media related to
Jeffrey Sachs at Wikimedia Commons
UN Sustainable Development Solutions Network
Earth Institute Director's Page
Millennium Villages Project
Roberts, Russ (April 15, 2013). "Sachs on the Crisis, the Recovery,
and the Future". EconTalk. Library of
Economics and Liberty.
Appearances on C-SPAN
Padma Bhushan award recipients (2000–09)
V. K. Aatre
Ram Narain Agarwal
Sharan Rani Backliwal
Pavaguda V. Indiresan
B. B. Lal
Raghunath Anant Mashelkar
H. Y. Sharada Prasad
Begum Aizaz Rasul
Pakkiriswamy Chandra Sekharan
Karamshi Jethabhai Somaiya
Harbans Singh Wasir
B. R. Barwale
Baldev Raj Chopra
K. M. George
Shiv K. Kumar
Mohan Singh Oberoi
Rajendra K. Pachauri
Abdul Karim Parekh
B. V. Raju
Chitranjan Singh Ranawat
Palle Rama Rao
Kum Uma Sharma
H. P. S. Ahluwalia
Sushantha Kumar Bhattacharyya
Pravinchandra Varjivan Gandhi
B. K. S. Iyengar
Faquir Chand Kohli
V. C. Kulandaiswamy
Jagat Singh Mehta
Ramanujam Varatharaja Perumal
Maharaja Krishna Rasgotra
Kottayan Katankot Venugopal
K. J. Yesudas
Ammannur Madhava Chakyar
B. Rajam Iyer
Shri Krishna Joshi
Madurai Narayanan Krishnan
Bagicha Singh Minhas
P. S. Narayanaswamy
Trichur V. Ramachandran
Kantilal Hastimal Sancheti
T. V. Sankaranarayanan
T. V. R. Shenoy
Ram Badan Singh
Hari Shankar Singhania
Umayalpuram K. Sivaraman
O. V. Vijayan
Herbert Alexandrovich Yefremov
Thoppil Varghese Antony
Chandrashekhar Shankar Dharmadhikari
Sardara Singh Johl
M. V. Kamath
Gopi Chand Narang
Poornima Arvind Pakvasa
C. H. Hanumantha Rao
Thiruvengadam Lakshman Sankar
T. N. Seshagopalan
Bijoy Nandan Shahi
Chandi Prasad Bhatt
Tumkur Ramaiya Satish Chandran
Mrinal Datta Chaudhuri
Tarlochan Singh Kler
Brijmohan Lall Munjal
M. T. Vasudevan Nair
Syed Mir Qasim
G. V. Iyer Ramakrishna
V. S. Ramamurthy
K. Srinath Reddy
Girish Chandra Saxena
P. S. Appu
Ganga Prasad Birla
Dinesh Nandini Dalmia
A. K. Hangal
Abdul Halim Jaffer Khan
Ghulam Mustafa Khan
K. P. P. Nambiar
M. V. Pylee
N. S. Ramaswamy
Pavani Parameswara Rao
Hira Lall Sibal
Billy Arjan Singh
K. G. Subramanyan
K. K. Talwar
Vijay Shankar Vyas
V. Mohini Giri
Jamshed Jiji Irani
Gurcharan Singh Kalkat
Prithipal Singh Maini
Rajan and Sajan Mishra
Rajan and Sajan Mishra
Kavalam Narayana Panicker
Syed Mohammad Sharfuddin Quadri
Vilayanur S. Ramachandran
S. H. Raza
Chandra Prasad Saikia
L. Z. Sailo
Shiv Kumar Sarin
T. N. Srinivasan
K. T. Thomas
Mian Bashir Ahmed
Jagjit Singh Chopra
Rahim Fahimuddin Dagar
Nirmal Kumar Ganguly
B. N. Goswamy
K. V. Kamath
Asad Ali Khan
D. R. Mehta
Suresh Kumar Neotia
T. K. Oommen
Sushil Kumar Saxena
Sri Lal Sukla
S. R. Srinivasa Varadhan
Isher Judge Ahluwalia
Inderjit Kaur Barthakur
V. P. Dhananjayan
Sarvagya Singh Katiyar
R. C. Mehta
A. Sreedhara Menon
S. K. Misra
A. M. Naik
C. K. Prahalad
Gurdip Singh Randhawa
Brijendra Kumar Rao
Bhakta B. Rath
C. S. Seshadri
V. Ganapati Sthapati
# Posthumous conferral
The Earth Institute
The Earth Institute of Columbia University
Center for Rivers and Estuaries
The Center on Capitalism and Society
The Black Rock Forest Consortium
Millennium Villages Project
Millennium Cities Initiative
Illicit financial flows
New international division of labour
Race to the bottom
K. Anthony Appiah
Andre G. Frank
John R. Saul
ISNI: 0000 0001 1081 8410
BNF: cb12280124q (data)