Jefferson County, Idaho
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Jefferson County is a
county A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposesChambers Dictionary The ''Chambers Dictionary'' (''TCD'') was first published by William Chambers (publisher), William and Robert Chambers (publisher bo ...
located in the
U.S. state In the United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US), or America, is a country Contiguous United States, primarily located in North America. It consists of 50 U.S. state, states, a W ...
of
Idaho Idaho () is a in the region of the United States. It borders the state of to the east and northeast, to the east, and to the south, and and to the west. To the north, it shares a small portion of the with the province of . With a po ...

Idaho
. As of the
2010 census2010 census may refer to: * 2010 Chinese Census * 2010 Dominican Republic Census * 2010 Indonesian census * 2010 Malaysian Census * 2010 Russian Census * 2010 Turkish census * 2010 United States Census * 2010 Zambian census {{Disambiguation ...
, the population was 26,140. The
county seat A county seat is an administrative centerAn administrative centre is a seat of regional administration or local government Local government is a generic term for the lowest tiers of public administration within a particular sovereign state. Th ...
and largest city is Rigby. The county was established in 1913 and named after
Thomas Jefferson Thomas Jefferson (April 13, 1743 – July 4, 1826) was an American statesman, diplomat, lawyer, architect, philosopher, and Founding Father The following list of national founding figures is a record, by country, of people who were cr ...

Thomas Jefferson
, the third
U.S. President The president of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state A head of state (or chief of state) is the public persona who officially embodies a state (polity), state#Foakes, Foakes, pp. 110–11 " he head of statebeing an embodime ...

U.S. President
. Jefferson County is part of the
Idaho Falls Idaho Falls is a city in and the county seat A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or Parish (administrative division), civil parish. The term is used in Canada, China, Romania, Hungary and t ...
, ID
Metropolitan Statistical Area #REDIRECT Metropolitan statistical area#REDIRECT Metropolitan statistical area In the United States, a metropolitan statistical area (MSA) is a geographical region with a relatively high population density at its core and close economic ties throu ...
.


Geography

According to the
U.S. Census Bureau The United States Census Bureau (USCB), officially the Bureau of the Census, is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy. The Census Bureau is part of th ...
, the county has a total area of , of which is land and (1.1%) is water.


History

The Salt Lake City to Virginia City Stagecoach was established through the area in 1864. Stops were established at Market Lake (Roberts), Sand Hole (Hamer), and Camas. Small settlements grew up around the stagecoach stops with the most significant development occurring at Market Lake. The county's first post office was established at Market Lake on July 29, 1868, when the post office at Eagle Rock was relocated there. Initial settlement at Mud Lake also originated in 1868. The Utah and Northern Railway reached Camas on July 3, 1879, bringing with it a new wave of settlement, particularly at Camas and Market Lake. Mormon settlement of the county began when John R Poole settled the Menan area in April, 1879 with the settlement initially named Poole's Island. Settlement followed at Lewisville in 1882, Rigby in 1883 and Ririe in 1888. The Camas and Market Lake precincts are the first to emerge in census data under Bingham County in 1890. At that point, 379 residents were enumerated in the Camas precinct and Market Lake counted 218. By the 1900 census, precincts were added for Lewisville, Menan, Rigby, and Rudy (located between Ririe and Rigby). Together with Camas and Market Lake precincts, they contained a population of 3,046. By 1910 there were 10 precincts that would become part of Jefferson County three years later with additional precincts added for Grant, Hamer, Labelle, and Lorenzo. The 1910 census population for those precincts was 5,535. A common characteristic of Jefferson County's early settlements was their reliance upon a series of canals to deliver water from the Snake River. The first of these systems commenced at Menan in 1880 with construction of the Long Island Canal. The Butte-Market Lake Canal originated in 1884 with construction starting on the big Feeder Canal in 1895. The Owlsey Canal in western Jefferson County had its origins April 13, 1909. At the time of the first settlement in 1864, the territory east of the Snake River was part of Oneida County with the remainder being part of Alturas County. Mud Lake became the defining point for Oneida County's boundary with Alturas County in 1877 with a portion of the western boundary changed to a line drawn north from a point on the Snake River due south of the "sink of Camas Creek". The change transferred settlements at Camas and Market Lake to Oneida County. Bingham County was created in 1885 from Oneida County with no change in the boundary of Alturas until 1889 when the rest of the Mud Lake area was transferred to Bingham County. All of present Jefferson County became part of Fremont at its creation in 1893. After its creation in 1913, Jefferson County quickly took its present shape in 1917 at the formation of Butte County. Census data indicates Lewisville became the county's first incorporated village in 1904. It was followed by Rigby in 1906, Menan in 1907 and Roberts in 1910. Ririe was incorporated by 1920 with Hamer and Mud Lake incorporated after 1950.


Adjacent counties

*
Clark CountyClark County is the name of twelve counties in the United States. Most, though not all, are named after two brothers: military hero George Rogers Clark in the Midwest, and explorer William Clark (explorer), William Clark in the West. *Clark County, ...
- north * Fremont County - northeast *
Madison CountyMadison County may refer to: *Madison County, Alabama *Madison County, Arkansas *Madison County, Florida *Madison County, Georgia *Madison County, Idaho *Madison County, Illinois *Madison County, Indiana *Madison County, Iowa *Madison County, Kentuc ...
- east * Bonneville County - south * Bingham County - southwest * Butte County - west


Major highways

*
Interstate 15 Interstate 15 (I-15) is a major Interstate Highway in the western United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US), or America, is a country Contiguous United States, primarily located in ...
*
US 20 U.S. Route 20 or U.S. Highway 20 (US 20) is an east–west United States highway that stretches from the Pacific Northwest all the way to New England. The "0" in its route number indicates that US 20 is a major coast-to-coast route. Span ...
* SH-22 * Idaho State Highway 28, SH-28 * Idaho State Highway 33, SH-33 * Idaho State Highway 48, SH-48


National protected area

* Camas National Wildlife Refuge * Targhee National Forest (part)


Demographics


2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 19,155 people, 5,901 households, and 4,880 families living in the county. The population density was 18 people per square mile (7/km2). There were 6,287 housing units at an average density of 6 per square mile (2/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 90.87% Race (United States Census), White, 0.28% Race (United States Census), Black or Race (United States Census), African American, 0.46% Race (United States Census), Native American, 0.23% Race (United States Census), Asian, 0.08% Race (United States Census), Pacific Islander, 6.76% from Race (United States Census), other races, and 1.33% from two or more races. 9.96% of the population were Race (United States Census), Hispanic or Race (United States Census), Latino of any race. 32.7 were of English people, English, 10.9% Germans, German and 9.2% United States, American ancestry. There were 5,901 households, out of which 47.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 72.60% were Marriage, married couples living together, 6.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 17.30% were non-families. 15.20% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.23 and the average family size was 3.62. In the county, the population was spread out, with 36.30% under the age of 18, 9.60% from 18 to 24, 25.50% from 25 to 44, 19.30% from 45 to 64, and 9.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29 years. For every 100 females there were 102.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.00 males. The median income for a household in the county was $37,737, and the median income for a family was $41,530. Males had a median income of $31,298 versus $19,755 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,838. About 8.00% of families and 10.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.00% of those under age 18 and 8.70% of those age 65 or over.


2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 26,140 people, 8,146 households, and 6,698 families living in the county. The population density was . There were 8,722 housing units at an average density of . The racial makeup of the county was 91.2% white, 0.8% American Indian, 0.4% Asian, 0.2% black or African American, 0.1% Pacific islander, 5.8% from other races, and 1.5% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 10.1% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 31.4% were English people, English, 13.9% were Germans, German, 8.2% were Americans, American, 5.9% were Danes, Danish, and 5.3% were Irish people, Irish. Of the 8,146 households, 47.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 70.6% were married couples living together, 7.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 17.8% were non-families, and 15.0% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 3.20 and the average family size was 3.57. The median age was 30.0 years. The median income for a household in the county was $51,579 and the median income for a family was $55,705. Males had a median income of $42,177 versus $27,314 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,019. About 7.7% of families and 10.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.7% of those under age 18 and 9.0% of those age 65 or over.


Politics

Jefferson County is an overwhelmingly Republican and conservative county. The last Democrat who carried the county in a presidential election was Harry S. Truman in 1948. In 2012 President Obama received just 11.4 percent of the vote. In the 1972 United States presidential election, 1972 Presidential election Richard Nixon won the county with then John Birch Society member John G. Schmitz reportedly receiving 27.51 percent of the county's vote. The last Democratic candidate to receive more than twenty percent of the county's vote was Jimmy Carter in 1976.The New York Times Electoral Map (Zoom in on Idaho)
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Communities


Cities

*Hamer, Idaho, Hamer *Lewisville, Idaho, Lewisville *Menan, Idaho, Menan *Mud Lake, Idaho, Mud Lake * Rigby *Ririe, Idaho, Ririe *Roberts, Idaho, Roberts


Unincorporated communities

*Grant, Idaho, Grant *Heise, Idaho, Heise *Monteview, Idaho, Monteview *Terreton, Idaho, Terreton *LaBelle, Idaho, LaBelle


Notable people

* Earl W. Bascom, rodeo pioneer, inventor, actor, cowboy artist, inductee of the Idaho Rodeo Hall of Fame. * Philo Taylor Farnsworth, Philo Farnsworth, American inventor and television pioneer. * Pat Friday, American singer.


See also

*National Register of Historic Places listings in Jefferson County, Idaho


References


External links

* {{Coord, 43.82, -112.31, display=title, type:adm2nd_region:US-ID_source:UScensus1990 Jefferson County, Idaho, Idaho counties 1913 establishments in Idaho Populated places established in 1913 Idaho Falls metropolitan area counties