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JEANNE MOREAU (French pronunciation: ​ ; 23 January 1928 – 31 July 2017) was a French actress, singer, screenwriter and director. She won the Cannes Film Festival Award for Best Actress for Seven Days... Seven Nights (1960), the BAFTA Award for Best Foreign Actress for Viva Maria!
Viva Maria!
(1965), and the César Award for Best Actress for The Old Lady Who Walked in the Sea (1992). She was also the recipient of several lifetime awards, including a BAFTA Fellowship in 1996.

Moreau made her theatrical debut in 1947, and established herself as one of the leading actresses of the Comédie-Française
Comédie-Française
. She began playing small roles in films in 1949, with impressive performances in the Fernandel
Fernandel
vehicle Meurtres? (Three Sinners, 1950) and alongside Jean Gabin
Jean Gabin
as a showgirl/gangster's moll in the film Touchez pas au grisbi (1954). She achieved prominence as the star of Elevator to the Gallows (1958), directed by Louis Malle
Louis Malle
, and Jules et Jim
Jules et Jim
(1962), directed by François Truffaut
François Truffaut
. Most prolific during the 1960s, Moreau continued to appear in films into her eighties.

CONTENTS

* 1 Early life and education * 2 Career * 3 Personal life * 4 Death

* 5 Selected filmography

* 5.1 Actress * 5.2 Director

* 6 Awards and nominations

* 6.1 Films * 6.2 Theater

* 7 References * 8 External links

EARLY LIFE AND EDUCATION

Moreau was born in Paris
Paris
, the daughter of Katherine (née Buckley), a dancer who performed at the Folies Bergère
Folies Bergère
(d. 1990), and Anatole-Désiré Moreau, a restaurateur (d. 1975). Moreau's father was French; her mother was English, a native of Oldham
Oldham
, Lancashire
Lancashire
, England
England
and of part Irish descent. Moreau's father was Catholic and her mother, originally a Protestant, converted to Catholicism upon marriage. When a young girl, "the family moved south to Vichy
Vichy
, spending vacations at the ancestral village of Mazirat , a town of 30 houses in a valley in the Allier
Allier
. "It was wonderful there", Moreau said. "Every tombstone in the cemetery was for a Moreau". During the war , the family was split and Moreau lived with her mother in Paris. Moreau ultimately lost interest in school at age 16 and, after attending a performance of Jean Anouilh
Jean Anouilh
's Antigone , found her calling as an actor. She later studied at the Conservatoire de Paris
Paris
. Her parents separated permanently while Moreau was at the conservatory and her mother, "after 24 difficult years in France, returned to England
England
with Jeanne's sister, Michelle."

CAREER

In 1947, Moreau made her theatrical debut at the Avignon Festival . She debuted at the Comédie-Française
Comédie-Française
in Ivan Turgenev
Ivan Turgenev
's A Month in the Country and, by her twenties, was already one of leading actresses in the theatre's troupe. After 1949, she began appearing in films with small parts but continued primarily active in the theatre for several years—a year at the Théâtre National Populaire opposite among others Gérard Philipe
Gérard Philipe
and Robert Hirsch , then a breakout two years in dual roles in The Dazzling Hour by Anna Bonacci, then Jean Cocteau
Jean Cocteau
's La Machine Infernale and others before another two-year run, this time in Shaw 's Pygmalion . From the late 1950s, after appearing in several successful films, she began to work with the emerging generation of French film-makers. Elevator to the Gallows (1958) with first-time director Louis Malle
Louis Malle
was followed by Malle's The Lovers (Les Amants, 1959). Moreau with Juliette Binoche
Juliette Binoche
at the Elysee Biarritz theatre in Paris, 22 October 2009

Largely thanks to these films, Moreau went on to work with many of the best known New Wave and avant-garde directors. François Truffaut 's New Wave film Jules et Jim
Jules et Jim
(1962), her biggest success internationally, is centred on her magnetic starring role. She also worked with a number of other notable directors such as Michelangelo Antonioni ( La notte and Beyond the Clouds ), Orson Welles
Orson Welles
(The Trial , Chimes at Midnight
Chimes at Midnight
and The Immortal Story ), Luis Buñuel
Luis Buñuel
(Diary of a Chambermaid ), Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(The Last Tycoon ), Rainer Werner Fassbinder ( Querelle
Querelle
), Wim Wenders
Wim Wenders
( Until the End of the World
Until the End of the World
), Carl Foreman (Champion and The Victors ), and Manoel de Oliveira
Manoel de Oliveira
(Gebo et l\'Ombre ).

In 1983, she was head of the jury at the 33rd Berlin International Film Festival . In 2005, she was awarded with the Stanislavsky Award at the 27th Moscow International Film Festival .

Moreau was also a vocalist. She released several albums and once performed with Frank Sinatra
Frank Sinatra
at Carnegie Hall
Carnegie Hall
. In addition to acting, Moreau worked behind the camera, as a writer, director and producer. Her blended accomplishments were the subject of a film profile, Calling the Shots (1988), by Janis Cole and Holly Dale .

PERSONAL LIFE

Jeanne Moreau
Jeanne Moreau
and Marcello Mastroianni
Marcello Mastroianni
in 1991

Throughout her life, Moreau maintained friendships with prominent writers such as Jean Cocteau
Jean Cocteau
, Jean Genet
Jean Genet
, Henry Miller
Henry Miller
and Marguerite Duras (an interview with Moreau is included in Duras's book Outside: Selected Writings). She was formerly married to Jean-Louis Richard (1949–1964) and then to American film director William Friedkin (1977–1979). Director Tony Richardson
Tony Richardson
left his wife, Vanessa Redgrave
Vanessa Redgrave
, for her in 1967 but they never married. She also had affairs with directors Louis Malle
Louis Malle
and François Truffaut
François Truffaut
, fashion designer Pierre Cardin
Pierre Cardin
, jazz trumpeter Miles Davis
Miles Davis
and Theodoros Roubanis, the Greek actor/playboy.

Moreau was a close friend of Sharon Stone
Sharon Stone
, who presented a 1998 American Academy of Motion Pictures life tribute to Moreau. Orson Welles called her "the greatest actress in the world", and she remained one of France's most accomplished actresses.

DEATH

Moreau died on 31 July 2017, at the age of 89.

SELECTED FILMOGRAPHY

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ACTRESS

YEAR TITLE ROLE DIRECTOR

1950 Meurtres ? (fr) Martine Annequin PottierRichard Pottier

1952 The Man in My Life Suzanne Dubreuil Lefranc Guy Lefranc

1953 Dortoir des grandes Julie Decoin Henri Decoin
Henri Decoin

Julietta Rosie Facibey Allégret Marc Allégret
Marc Allégret

1954 Touchez pas au grisbi Josy Becker Jacques Becker

Les Intrigantes Mona Rémi DecoinHenri Decoin

La Reine Margot Margaret of Valois
Margaret of Valois
Dréville Jean Dréville

1958 Ascenseur pour l\'échafaud Florence Carala Malle Louis Malle
Louis Malle

The Lovers (Les amants) TournierJeanne Tournier

1959 Les liaisons dangereuses Juliette de Merteuil Vadim Roger Vadim
Roger Vadim

The 400 Blows
The 400 Blows
(cameo appearance) Truffaut François Truffaut
François Truffaut

1960 Dialogue with the Carmelites Mère Marie de l'Incarnation Agostini Philippe Agostini

Moderato Cantabile Anne Desbarèdes Brook Peter Brook
Peter Brook

1961 A Woman Is a Woman
A Woman Is a Woman
(uncredited cameo, discussing Jules et Jim
Jules et Jim
) Godard Jean-Luc Godard
Jean-Luc Godard

La Notte Lidia Antonioni Michelangelo Antonioni
Michelangelo Antonioni

1962 The Trial Miss Burstner Welles Orson Welles
Orson Welles

Jules et Jim
Jules et Jim
Catherine TruffautFrançois Truffaut

Eva Eva Olivier Losey Joseph Losey
Joseph Losey

1963 Banana Peel (Peau de banane) Cathy Ophüls Marcel Ophüls

The Victors the French lady Foreman Carl Foreman
Carl Foreman

The Fire Within
The Fire Within
(Le feu follet) Eva MalleLouis Malle

Bay of Angels Jacqueline "Jackie" Demaistre Demy Jacques Demy
Jacques Demy

1964 Diary of a Chambermaid Célestine Buñuel Luis Buñuel
Luis Buñuel

The Train Christine Frankenheimer John Frankenheimer
John Frankenheimer

The Yellow Rolls-Royce
The Yellow Rolls-Royce
Eloise, Marchioness of Frinton Asquith Anthony Asquith
Anthony Asquith

Mata Hari, Agent H21
Mata Hari, Agent H21
Mata Hari
Mata Hari
Richard Jean-Louis Richard

1965 Viva Maria!
Viva Maria!
Maria I MalleLouis Malle

Chimes at Midnight
Chimes at Midnight
Doll Tearsheet Welles Orson Welles
Orson Welles

1966 Mademoiselle "Mademoiselle" Richardson Tony Richardson
Tony Richardson

1967 The Oldest Profession (episode "Mademoiselle Mimi") Mimi Guillotine de Broca Philippe de Broca

The Sailor from Gibraltar Anna Richardson Tony Richardson
Tony Richardson

1968 The Immortal Story Virginie Ducrot WellesOrson Welles

Great Catherine Catherine FlemyngGordon Flemyng

The Bride Wore Black
The Bride Wore Black
Julie Kohler TruffautFrançois Truffaut

1970 The Little Theatre of Jean Renoir the singer Renoir Jean Renoir
Jean Renoir

Monte Walsh Martine Bernard Fraker William A. Fraker

1972 Chère Louise Louise de Broca Philippe de Broca

Nathalie Granger "the other woman" Duras Marguerite Duras

1974 Les Valseuses
Les Valseuses
Jeanne Pirolle Blier Bertrand Blier

1975 Joanna Francesa Joanna Diegues Cacá Diegues

Hu-man Sylvana LaperousazJérôme Laperrousaz

1976 The Last Tycoon Didi Kazan Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan

Monsieur Klein Florence LoseyJoseph Losey

1982 Querelle
Querelle
Lysiane Fassbinder Rainer Werner Fassbinder
Rainer Werner Fassbinder

La Truite Lou LoseyJoseph Losey

1986 Le Tiroir secret (TV miniseries ) Vivi (different directors)

1987 The Miracle Sabine Mocky Jean-Pierre Mocky
Jean-Pierre Mocky

1990 Nikita Amande Besson Luc Besson
Luc Besson

Alberto Express the Baroness Joffé Arthur Joffé

1991 Anna Karamazoff the Lady KhamdamovRustam Khamdamov

To meteoro vima tou pelargou the Lady Angelopoulos Theo Angelopoulos
Theo Angelopoulos

The Old Lady Who Walked in the Sea Lady M HeynemannLaurent Heynemann

Until the End of the World
Until the End of the World
Edith Farber Wenders Wim Wenders
Wim Wenders

1992 The Absence the writer's wife Handke Peter Handke
Peter Handke

1993 A Foreign Field Angelique Sturridge Charles Sturridge

Catherine the Great Empress Elizabeth Petrovna Chomsky Marvin J. Chomsky

Map of the Human Heart Sister Banville WardVincent Ward

The Summer House Lili HusseinWaris Hussein

1995 Beyond the Clouds a Lady Antonioni Michelangelo Antonioni
Michelangelo Antonioni
and Wim Wenders

1996 The Proprietor
The Proprietor
Adrienne Mark Merchant Ismail Merchant

I Love You, I Love You Not Nana HopkinsBilly Hopkins

1997 Witch Way Love Eglantine ManzorRené Manzor

1998 Ever After Grande Dame Tennant Andy Tennant
Andy Tennant

2001 Cet amour-là (fr) Marguerite Duras Dayan Josée Dayan

2003 Love Actually
Love Actually
Lady at Marseilles Airport (cameo) Curtis Richard Curtis
Richard Curtis

Les parents terribles Tante Leo DayanJosée Dayan

2005 Time to Leave Laura Ozon François Ozon
François Ozon

Les Rois maudits (fr) (TV miniseries) Mahaut, Countess of Artois
Mahaut, Countess of Artois
DayanJosée Dayan

2006 Roméo et Juliette Laurence DesgagnésYves Desgagnés

2007 Désengagement Françoise Gitai Amos Gitai

2009 Face Jeanne Tsai Ming-liang Tsai

2012 Gebo et l\'Ombre Candidinha de Oliveira Manoel de Oliveira
Manoel de Oliveira

2012 Une estonienne à Paris
Paris
(fr) Frida Raag Ilmar Raag
Ilmar Raag

DIRECTOR

* Lumière (1976) * L\'Adolescente (1979) * Lillian Gish (1983, TV documentary)

AWARDS AND NOMINATIONS

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FILMS

YEAR GROUP AWARD FILM RESULT

2008 César Awards
César Awards
Honorary César Lifetime achievement Won

2005 Moscow International Film Festival
Moscow International Film Festival
Stanislavsky Prize Lifetime achievement Won

2003 Cannes Film Festival
Cannes Film Festival
Honorary Golden Palm Lifetime achievement Won

2003 Taormina International Film Festival Taormina Arte Award Lifetime achievement Won

2001 Pusan International Film Festival
Pusan International Film Festival
Hand Printing (tribute) Lifetime achievement Won

2000 Berlin International Film Festival
Berlin International Film Festival
Honorary Golden Berlin Bear
Golden Berlin Bear
Lifetime achievement Won

1999 Hamptons International Film Festival Distinguished Achievement Award Lifetime achievement Won

1999 Créteil International Women\'s Film Festival Homage Lifetime achievement Won

1998 Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences
Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences
Tribute Lifetime achievement Won

1997 European Film Awards
European Film Awards
Life Achievement Award Lifetime achievement Won

1997 San Sebastián International Film Festival
San Sebastián International Film Festival
Donostia Lifetime Achievement Award Lifetime achievement Won

1996 BAFTA Awards
BAFTA Awards
Academy Fellowship Lifetime achievement Won

1995 César Awards Honorary César Lifetime achievement Won

1994 Women in Film Crystal Award International Award Lifetime achievement Won

1992 Venice Film Festival
Venice Film Festival
Career Golden Lion Lifetime achievement Won

1992 César Awards Best Actress The Old Lady Who Walked in the Sea Won

1988 César Awards Best Actress Le Miraculé Nominated

1987 César Awards Best Supporting Actress Le Paltoquet Nominated

1984 Razzie Awards Golden Raspberry Award for Worst Original Song Querelle
Querelle
– song: "Young and Joyful Bandit" Nominated

1979 Berlin International Film Festival Golden Berlin Bear L\'adolescente Nominated

1979 Chicago International Film Festival
Chicago International Film Festival
Gold Hugo L'adolescente Nominated

1976 Chicago International Film Festival Gold Hugo Lumière Nominated

1976 Taormina International Film Festival Golden Charybdis Lumière Nominated

1967 BAFTA Awards Best Foreign Actress Viva Maria!
Viva Maria!
Won

1964 Karlovy Vary International Film Festival
Karlovy Vary International Film Festival
Best Actress Diary of a Chambermaid Won

1963 BAFTA Awards Best Foreign Actress Jules et Jim
Jules et Jim
Nominated

1962 Jussi Award