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JEANNE MOREAU (French pronunciation: ​ ; 23 January 1928 – 31 July 2017) was a French actress, singer, screenwriter and director. She won the Cannes Film Festival Award for Best Actress for Seven Days... Seven Nights (1960), the BAFTA Award for Best Foreign Actress for Viva Maria! (1965), and the César Award for Best Actress for The Old Lady Who Walked in the Sea (1992). She was also the recipient of several lifetime awards, including a BAFTA Fellowship in 1996.

Moreau made her theatrical debut in 1947, and established herself as one of the leading actresses of the Comédie-Française . She began playing small roles in films in 1949, with impressive performances in the Fernandel vehicle Meurtres? (Three Sinners, 1950) and alongside Jean Gabin
Jean Gabin
as a showgirl/gangster's moll in the film Touchez pas au grisbi (1954). She achieved prominence as the star of Elevator to the Gallows (1958), directed by Louis Malle
Louis Malle
, and Jules et Jim (1962), directed by François Truffaut . Most prolific during the 1960s, Moreau continued to appear in films into her eighties.

CONTENTS

* 1 Early life and education * 2 Career * 3 Personal life * 4 Death

* 5 Selected filmography

* 5.1 Actress * 5.2 Director

* 6 Awards and nominations

* 6.1 Films * 6.2 Theater

* 7 References * 8 External links

EARLY LIFE AND EDUCATION

Moreau was born in Paris
Paris
, the daughter of Katherine (née Buckley), a dancer who performed at the Folies Bergère (d. 1990), and Anatole-Désiré Moreau, a restaurateur (d. 1975). Moreau's father was French; her mother was English, a native of Oldham
Oldham
, Lancashire
Lancashire
, England
England
and of part Irish descent. Moreau's father was Catholic and her mother, originally a Protestant, converted to Catholicism upon marriage. When a young girl, "the family moved south to Vichy , spending vacations at the ancestral village of Mazirat
Mazirat
, a town of 30 houses in a valley in the Allier
Allier
. "It was wonderful there", Moreau said. "Every tombstone in the cemetery was for a Moreau". During the war , the family was split and Moreau lived with her mother in Paris. Moreau ultimately lost interest in school at age 16 and, after attending a performance of Jean Anouilh
Jean Anouilh
's Antigone , found her calling as an actor. She later studied at the Conservatoire de Paris
Paris
. Her parents separated permanently while Moreau was at the conservatory and her mother, "after 24 difficult years in France, returned to England
England
with Jeanne's sister, Michelle."

CAREER

In 1947, Moreau made her theatrical debut at the Avignon Festival . She debuted at the Comédie-Française in Ivan Turgenev
Ivan Turgenev
's A Month in the Country and, by her twenties, was already one of leading actresses in the theatre's troupe. After 1949, she began appearing in films with small parts but continued primarily active in the theatre for several years—a year at the Théâtre National Populaire opposite among others Gérard Philipe
Gérard Philipe
and Robert Hirsch , then a breakout two years in dual roles in The Dazzling Hour by Anna Bonacci, then Jean Cocteau
Jean Cocteau
's La Machine Infernale and others before another two-year run, this time in Shaw 's Pygmalion . From the late 1950s, after appearing in several successful films, she began to work with the emerging generation of French film-makers. Elevator to the Gallows (1958) with first-time director Louis Malle
Louis Malle
was followed by Malle's The Lovers (Les Amants, 1959). Moreau with Juliette Binoche at the Elysee Biarritz theatre in Paris, 22 October 2009

Largely thanks to these films, Moreau went on to work with many of the best known New Wave and avant-garde directors. François Truffaut 's New Wave film Jules et Jim (1962), her biggest success internationally, is centred on her magnetic starring role. She also worked with a number of other notable directors such as Michelangelo Antonioni ( La notte
La notte
and Beyond the Clouds ), Orson Welles
Orson Welles
(The Trial , Chimes at Midnight and The Immortal Story ), Luis Buñuel (Diary of a Chambermaid ), Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(The Last Tycoon ), Rainer Werner Fassbinder ( Querelle ), Wim Wenders ( Until the End of the World ), Carl Foreman (Champion and The Victors ), and Manoel de Oliveira (Gebo et l\'Ombre ).

In 1983, she was head of the jury at the 33rd Berlin International Film Festival . In 2005, she was awarded with the Stanislavsky Award at the 27th Moscow International Film Festival .

Moreau was also a vocalist. She released several albums and once performed with Frank Sinatra
Frank Sinatra
at Carnegie Hall
Carnegie Hall
. In addition to acting, Moreau worked behind the camera, as a writer, director and producer. Her blended accomplishments were the subject of a film profile, Calling the Shots (1988), by Janis Cole and Holly Dale .

PERSONAL LIFE

Jeanne Moreau
Jeanne Moreau
and Marcello Mastroianni in 1991

Throughout her life, Moreau maintained friendships with prominent writers such as Jean Cocteau
Jean Cocteau
, Jean Genet
Jean Genet
, Henry Miller
Henry Miller
and Marguerite Duras (an interview with Moreau is included in Duras's book Outside: Selected Writings). She was formerly married to Jean-Louis Richard (1949–1964) and then to American film director William Friedkin (1977–1979). Director Tony Richardson left his wife, Vanessa Redgrave , for her in 1967 but they never married. She also had affairs with directors Louis Malle
Louis Malle
and François Truffaut , fashion designer Pierre Cardin , jazz trumpeter Miles Davis
Miles Davis
and Theodoros Roubanis, the Greek actor/playboy.

Moreau was a close friend of Sharon Stone
Sharon Stone
, who presented a 1998 American Academy of Motion Pictures life tribute to Moreau. Orson Welles called her "the greatest actress in the world", and she remained one of France's most accomplished actresses.

DEATH

Moreau died on 31 July 2017, at the age of 89.

SELECTED FILMOGRAPHY

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ACTRESS

YEAR TITLE ROLE DIRECTOR

1950 Meurtres ? (fr) Martine Annequin PottierRichard Pottier

1952 The Man in My Life Suzanne Dubreuil Lefranc Guy Lefranc

1953 Dortoir des grandes Julie Decoin Henri Decoin

Julietta Rosie Facibey Allégret Marc Allégret
Marc Allégret

1954 Touchez pas au grisbi Josy Becker Jacques Becker

Les Intrigantes Mona Rémi DecoinHenri Decoin

La Reine Margot Margaret of Valois
Margaret of Valois
Dréville Jean Dréville

1958 Ascenseur pour l\'échafaud Florence Carala Malle Louis Malle
Louis Malle

The Lovers (Les amants) TournierJeanne Tournier

1959 Les liaisons dangereuses Juliette de Merteuil Vadim Roger Vadim
Roger Vadim

The 400 Blows (cameo appearance) Truffaut François Truffaut

1960 Dialogue with the Carmelites Mère Marie de l'Incarnation Agostini Philippe Agostini

Moderato Cantabile Anne Desbarèdes Brook Peter Brook
Peter Brook

1961 A Woman Is a Woman (uncredited cameo, discussing Jules et Jim ) Godard Jean-Luc Godard
Jean-Luc Godard

La Notte
La Notte
Lidia Antonioni Michelangelo Antonioni
Michelangelo Antonioni

1962 The Trial Miss Burstner Welles Orson Welles
Orson Welles

Jules et Jim Catherine TruffautFrançois Truffaut

Eva Eva Olivier Losey Joseph Losey

1963 Banana Peel (Peau de banane) Cathy Ophüls Marcel Ophüls

The Victors the French lady Foreman Carl Foreman

The Fire Within (Le feu follet) Eva MalleLouis Malle

Bay of Angels Jacqueline "Jackie" Demaistre Demy Jacques Demy

1964 Diary of a Chambermaid Célestine Buñuel Luis Buñuel

The Train Christine Frankenheimer John Frankenheimer
John Frankenheimer

The Yellow Rolls-Royce Eloise, Marchioness of Frinton Asquith Anthony Asquith

Mata Hari, Agent H21 Mata Hari
Mata Hari
Richard Jean-Louis Richard

1965 Viva Maria! Maria I MalleLouis Malle

Chimes at Midnight Doll Tearsheet Welles Orson Welles
Orson Welles

1966 Mademoiselle "Mademoiselle" Richardson Tony Richardson

1967 The Oldest Profession (episode "Mademoiselle Mimi") Mimi Guillotine de Broca Philippe de Broca

The Sailor from Gibraltar Anna Richardson Tony Richardson

1968 The Immortal Story Virginie Ducrot WellesOrson Welles

Great Catherine Catherine FlemyngGordon Flemyng

The Bride Wore Black Julie Kohler TruffautFrançois Truffaut

1970 The Little Theatre of Jean Renoir the singer Renoir Jean Renoir
Jean Renoir

Monte Walsh Martine Bernard Fraker William A. Fraker

1972 Chère Louise Louise de Broca Philippe de Broca

Nathalie Granger "the other woman" Duras Marguerite Duras

1974 Les Valseuses Jeanne Pirolle Blier Bertrand Blier

1975 Joanna Francesa Joanna Diegues Cacá Diegues

Hu-man Sylvana LaperousazJérôme Laperrousaz

1976 The Last Tycoon Didi Kazan Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan

Monsieur Klein
Monsieur Klein
Florence LoseyJoseph Losey

1982 Querelle Lysiane Fassbinder Rainer Werner Fassbinder

La Truite Lou LoseyJoseph Losey

1986 Le Tiroir secret (TV miniseries ) Vivi (different directors)

1987 The Miracle Sabine Mocky Jean-Pierre Mocky

1990 Nikita Amande Besson Luc Besson

Alberto Express the Baroness Joffé Arthur Joffé

1991 Anna Karamazoff the Lady KhamdamovRustam Khamdamov

To meteoro vima tou pelargou the Lady Angelopoulos Theo Angelopoulos

The Old Lady Who Walked in the Sea Lady M HeynemannLaurent Heynemann

Until the End of the World Edith Farber Wenders Wim Wenders

1992 The Absence the writer's wife Handke Peter Handke

1993 A Foreign Field
A Foreign Field
Angelique Sturridge Charles Sturridge

Catherine the Great Empress Elizabeth Petrovna Chomsky Marvin J. Chomsky

Map of the Human Heart Sister Banville WardVincent Ward

The Summer House Lili HusseinWaris Hussein

1995 Beyond the Clouds a Lady Antonioni Michelangelo Antonioni
Michelangelo Antonioni
and Wim Wenders

1996 The Proprietor Adrienne Mark Merchant Ismail Merchant
Ismail Merchant

I Love You, I Love You Not Nana HopkinsBilly Hopkins

1997 Witch Way Love Eglantine ManzorRené Manzor

1998 Ever After
Ever After
Grande Dame Tennant Andy Tennant

2001 Cet amour-là (fr) Marguerite Duras Dayan Josée Dayan

2003 Love Actually Lady at Marseilles Airport (cameo) Curtis Richard Curtis
Richard Curtis

Les parents terribles Tante Leo DayanJosée Dayan

2005 Time to Leave Laura Ozon François Ozon

Les Rois maudits (fr) (TV miniseries) Mahaut, Countess of Artois DayanJosée Dayan

2006 Roméo et Juliette Laurence DesgagnésYves Desgagnés

2007 Désengagement Françoise Gitai Amos Gitai

2009 Face Jeanne Tsai Ming-liang Tsai

2012 Gebo et l\'Ombre Candidinha de Oliveira Manoel de Oliveira

2012 Une estonienne à Paris
Paris
(fr) Frida Raag Ilmar Raag

DIRECTOR

* Lumière (1976) * L\'Adolescente (1979) * Lillian Gish (1983, TV documentary)

AWARDS AND NOMINATIONS

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FILMS

YEAR GROUP AWARD FILM RESULT

2008 César Awards Honorary César Lifetime achievement Won

2005 Moscow International Film Festival Stanislavsky Prize Lifetime achievement Won

2003 Cannes Film Festival
Cannes Film Festival
Honorary Golden Palm
Golden Palm
Lifetime achievement Won

2003 Taormina International Film Festival Taormina Arte Award Lifetime achievement Won

2001 Pusan International Film Festival Hand Printing (tribute) Lifetime achievement Won

2000 Berlin International Film Festival
Berlin International Film Festival
Honorary Golden Berlin Bear Lifetime achievement Won

1999 Hamptons International Film Festival Distinguished Achievement Award Lifetime achievement Won

1999 Créteil International Women\'s Film Festival Homage Lifetime achievement Won

1998 Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences
Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences
Tribute Lifetime achievement Won

1997 European Film Awards Life Achievement Award Lifetime achievement Won

1997 San Sebastián International Film Festival Donostia Lifetime Achievement Award Lifetime achievement Won

1996 BAFTA Awards
BAFTA Awards
Academy Fellowship Lifetime achievement Won

1995 César Awards Honorary César Lifetime achievement Won

1994 Women in Film Crystal Award International Award Lifetime achievement Won

1992 Venice Film Festival
Venice Film Festival
Career Golden Lion Lifetime achievement Won

1992 César Awards Best Actress The Old Lady Who Walked in the Sea Won

1988 César Awards Best Actress Le Miraculé Nominated

1987 César Awards Best Supporting Actress Le Paltoquet Nominated

1984 Razzie Awards Golden Raspberry Award for Worst Original Song Querelle – song: "Young and Joyful Bandit" Nominated

1979 Berlin International Film Festival Golden Berlin Bear L\'adolescente Nominated

1979 Chicago International Film Festival
Chicago International Film Festival
Gold Hugo L'adolescente Nominated

1976 Chicago International Film Festival Gold Hugo Lumière Nominated

1976 Taormina International Film Festival Golden Charybdis Lumière Nominated

1967 BAFTA Awards Best Foreign Actress Viva Maria! Won

1964 Karlovy Vary International Film Festival
Karlovy Vary International Film Festival
Best Actress Diary of a Chambermaid Won

1963 BAFTA Awards Best Foreign Actress Jules et Jim Nominated

1962 Jussi Awards Diploma of Merit – Foreign Actress La notte
La notte
Won

1961 Fotogramas de Plata Best Foreign Performer Le dialogue des Carmélites Won

1960 Cannes Film Festival Best Actress Moderato cantabile Won

1958 Venice Film Festival Best Actress Les amants Won

THEATER

YEAR GROUP AWARD PLAY RESULT

1988 Molière Awards Best Actress Le Récit de la servante Zerline Won

REFERENCES

* ^ A B C D E Farrell, Barry , "Actresses: Making the Most of Love", Time cover story pp. 4–5, 5 March 1965. Retrieved 22 December 2010. * ^ " Jeanne Moreau
Jeanne Moreau
Biography (1928-)". Filmreference.com. * ^ A B C D E F G H Stated in interview at Inside the Actors Studio

* ^ A B "Jeanne Moreau: French screen icon and star of Jules et Jim, dies at 89". BBC
BBC
. 31 July 2017. Retrieved 31 July 2017. * ^ Famous French people of immigrant origin, Eupedia : France Guide * ^ " Jeanne Moreau
Jeanne Moreau
Biography". Yahoo! Movies. Archived from the original on 22 May 2011. * ^ Chapman, Peter (31 July 2017). "Jeanne Moreau, actress, 1928-2017". Financial Times. Retrieved 31 July 2017. * ^ "Berlinale: 1983 Juries". berlinale.de. Retrieved 14 November 2010. * ^ " 27th Moscow International Film Festival (2005)". MIFF. Archived from the original on 3 April 2013. Retrieved 13 April 2013. * ^ " Jeanne Moreau
Jeanne Moreau
: bio de Jeanne Moreau". Gala.fr (in French). Archived from the original on 5 February 2009. Retrieved 17 March 2013. * ^ Roubanis was previously the companion of Henry Plumer McIlhenny . The relationship with McIlhenny was cited in Welsh and Tibbett's The Cinema of Tony Richardson (SUNY Press, 1999). Roubanis later married Lady Sarah Churchill. Lady Sarah Spencer-Churchill obituary, The Telegraph, 19 October 2000. * ^ "People Jeanne Moreau". Salon . Archived from the original on 24 May 2007. * ^ Gates, Anita (31 July 2017). "Jeanne Moreau, Femme Fatale of French New Wave, Is Dead at 89". The New York Times. Retrieved 31 July 2017.

EXTERNAL LINKS

Wikimedia Commons has media related to JEANNE MOREAU .

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