Jean Laurent Robert Borotra (French pronunciation: [ʒɑ̃ ʁɔbɛʁ bɔ.ʁotʁa], Basque pronunciation: [borotɾa]; 13 August 1898 – 17 July 1994) was a French tennis champion. He was one of the famous "Four Musketeers" from his country who dominated tennis in the late 1920s and early 1930s. Borotra was imprisoned in Itter Castle during the latter years of World War II and subsequently fought in the Battle for Castle Itter.
Known as "the Bounding Basque", he won four Grand Slam singles titles in the French, Australian, and All England championships. The 1924 French Championship does not count towards his grand slam total as the French was only open to French nationals and members of French clubs. He only failed to win the U.S. Championships, as he was defeated in the final by his countryman René Lacoste in straight sets, thus missing a career Grand Slam. His 1924 Wimbledon victory made him the first player from outside the English-speaking world to win the tournament. His first appearance was in the French Davis Cup team of 1921. He also made the final of the World Covered Court Championships in 1922, losing to Henri Cochet, but won the doubles and mixed doubles. The other major he did well in was the World Hard Court Championships (played on clay) – he won the doubles with Henri Cochet there in 1922.
A member of François de la Rocque's Parti social français (PSF), he became 1st General Commissioner for Education and Sports from August 1940 to April 1942 during Vichy France, leading the Révolution nationale's efforts in sports policy.
Arrested by the Gestapo in November 1942, Borotra was deported to a concentration camp in Germany and then Itter Castle in North Tyrol until May 1945. He was freed from the castle after the Battle for Castle Itter, in which he played a courageous role by vaulting from the fortress and running to a nearby town to summon reinforcements.
In 1974, Borotra was one of the last three people to be awarded the Olympic Diploma of Merit. The Four Musketeers were inducted simultaneously into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in Newport, Rhode Island in 1976. In 1984, Borotra received a Distinguished Service award from the United States Sports Academy in recognition of his achievements. As the oldest living gentleman's singles champion, Borotra was invited to present the singles champion his trophy at the 100th Wimbledon Championship in 1986.
The International Fair Play Committee, which recognises achievements annually, awards a Jean Borotra World Fair Play Trophy.
|Winner||1924||Wimbledon||Grass||René Lacoste||6–1, 3–6, 6–1, 3–6, 6–4|
|Runner-up||1925||French Championships||Clay||René Lacoste||5–7, 1–6, 4–6|
|Runner-up||1925||Wimbledon||Grass||René Lacoste||3–6, 3–6, 6–4, 6–8|
|Winner||1926||Wimbledon||Grass||Howard Kinsey||8–6, 6–1, 6–3|
|Runner-up||1926||U.S. National Championships||Grass||René Lacoste||4–6, 0–6, 4–6|
|Runner-up||1927||Wimbledon||Grass||Henri Cochet||6–4, 6–4, 3–6, 4–6, 5–7|
|Winner||1928||Australian Championships||Grass||Jack Cummings||6–4, 6–1, 4–6, 5–7, 6–3|
|Runner-up||1929||French Championships||Clay||René Lacoste||3–6, 6–2, 0–6, 6–2, 6–8|
|Runner-up||1929||Wimbledon||Grass||Henri Cochet||4–6, 3–6, 4–6|
|Winner||1931||French Championships||Clay||Christian Boussus||2–6, 6–4, 7–5, 6–4|
|Winner||1925||French Championships||Clay||René Lacoste|| Henri Cochet
|7–5, 4–6, 6–3, 2–6, 6–3|
|Winner||1925||Wimbledon||Grass||René Lacoste|| John Hennesey
|6–4, 11–9, 4–6, 1–6, 6–3|
|Winner||1928||Australian Championships||Grass||Jacques Brugnon|| Gar Moon
|6–2, 4–6, 6–4, 6–4|
|Runner-up||1927||French Championships||Clay||René Lacoste|| Henri Cochet
|6–2, 2–6, 0–6, 6–1, 4–6|
|Winner||1928||French Championships||Clay||Jacques Brugnon|| Henri Cochet
René de Buzelet
|6–4, 3–6, 6–2, 3–6, 6–4|
|Winner||1929||French Championships||Clay||René Lacoste|| Henri Cochet
|6–3, 3–6, 6–3, 3–6, 8–6|
|Winner||1932||Wimbledon||Grass||Jacques Brugnon|| Pat Hughes
|6–0, 4–6, 3–6, 7–5, 7–5|
|Winner||1933||Wimbledon||Grass||Jacques Brugnon|| Ryosuki Nunoi
|4–6, 6–3, 6–3, 7–5|
|Winner||1934||French Championships||Clay||Jacques Brugnon|| Jack Crawford
|11–9, 6–3, 2–6, 4–6, 9–7|
|Runner-up||1934||Wimbledon||Grass||Jacques Brugnon|| George Lott
|2–6, 3–6, 4–6|
|Winner||1936||French Championships||Clay||Marcel Bernard|| Pat Hughes
|6–2, 3–6, 9–7, 6–1|
|Runner-up||1939||French Championships||Clay||Jacques Brugnon|| Don McNeill
|6–4, 4–6, 0–6, 6–2, 8–10|
|Winner||1925||Wimbledon||Grass||Suzanne Lenglen|| Elizabeth Ryan
Uberto de Morpurgo
|Winner||1926||U.S. National Championships||Grass||Elizabeth Ryan|| Hazel Hotchkiss
|Winner||1927||French Championships||Clay||Marguerite Broquedis|| Lilí Álvarez
|6–4, 2–6, 6–2|
|Winner||1928||Australian Championships||Grass||Daphne Akhurst|| Esna Boyd
|Winner||1934||French Championships||Clay||Colette Rosambert|| Elizabeth Ryan
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