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The Javanese language has a DECIMAL NUMERAL SYSTEM with distinct words for the 'tweens' from 21 to 29, called _likuran_.

The basic numerals 1–10 have independent and combining forms, the latter derived via a suffix _-ng_. The combining forms are used to form the tens, hundreds, thousands, and millions. The numerals 1–5 and 10 have distinct high-register (_halus_, or in Javanese _krama_) and low register (_ngoko_) forms. The _halus_ forms are listed below in italics. (_Dasa_ 10 is derived from Sanskrit _désa_.)

Like English, Javanese has compound forms for the teens; however, it also has a series of compound 'tweens', 21–29. The teens are based on a root _-(wə)las_, the tweens on _-likur_, and the tens are formed by the combining forms. Hyphens are not used in the orthography, but have been added to the table below to clarify their derivation.

Final orthographic _-a_ tends to in many dialects, as does any preceding _a_ (as in _sanga_ 9).

JAVANESE HINDU–ARABIC UNIT TEENS TWEENS TENS

꧑ 1 ꦱꦶꦗꦶ siji ꦱꦼꦠꦸꦁꦒꦭ꧀ _setunggal_ ꦱꦼꦮꦼꦭꦱ꧀ sewelas/suwelas ꦱꦼꦠꦸꦁꦒꦭ꧀ꦮꦼꦭꦱ꧀ _setunggalwelas_ (11) ꦱꦼꦭꦶꦏꦸꦂ selikur ꦱꦼꦠꦸꦁꦒꦭ꧀ꦭꦏꦸꦂ _setunggallikur_ (21) ꦱꦼꦥꦸꦭꦸꦃ sepuluh (10) ꦱꦼꦢꦱ _sedasa_ ꦱꦼꦗꦶꦤꦃ sejinah (market term)

꧒ 2 ꦭꦺꦴꦫꦺꦴ loro ꦏꦭꦶꦃ _kalih_ ꦫꦺꦴꦭꦱ꧀ rolas ꦏꦭꦶꦃꦮꦼꦭꦱ꧀ _kalihwelas_ (12) ꦫꦺꦴꦭꦶꦏꦸꦂ rolikur/lolikur ꦏꦭꦶꦃꦭꦶꦏꦸꦂ _kalihlikur_ (22) ꦫꦺꦴꦁꦥꦸꦭꦸꦃ rongpuluh (20) ꦏꦭꦶꦃꦢꦱ _kalihdasa_ ꦫꦺꦴꦁꦗꦶꦤꦃ rong-jinah (market)

꧓ 3 ꦠꦼꦭꦸ telu ꦠꦶꦒ _tiga_ ꦠꦼꦭꦸꦭꦱ꧀ telulas (13) ꦠꦶꦒꦁꦮꦼꦭꦱ꧀ _tigangwelas_/_tigawelas_ ꦠꦼꦭꦸꦭꦶꦏꦸꦂ telulikur ꦠꦶꦒꦁꦭꦶꦏꦸꦂ _tiganglikur_ (23) ꦠꦶꦒꦭꦶꦏꦸꦂ _tigalikur_ ꦠꦼꦭꦸꦁꦥꦸꦭꦸꦃ telungpuluh (30) ꦠꦶꦒꦁꦢꦱ _tigangdasa_ ꦠꦼꦭꦸꦁꦗꦶꦤꦃ telungjinah (market)

꧔ 4 ꦥꦥꦠ꧀ papat ꦱꦼꦏꦮꦤ꧀ _sekawan_ ꦥꦠ꧀ꦧꦼꦭꦱ꧀ patbelas/pakbelas ꦱꦼꦏꦮꦤ꧀ꦧꦼꦭꦱ꧀ _sekawanwelas_ (14) ꦥꦠ꧀ꦭꦶꦏꦸꦂ patlikur/pakdelikur ꦱꦼꦏꦮꦤ꧀ꦭꦏꦸꦂ _sekawanlikur_ (24) ꦥꦠꦁꦥꦸꦭꦸꦃ patangpuluh/petangpuluh (40) ꦥꦠꦁꦢꦱ _patangdasa_/_petangdasa_ ꦥꦠꦁꦗꦶꦤꦃ patangjinah (market)

꧕ 5 ꦭꦶꦩ lima ꦒꦁꦱꦭ꧀ _gangsal_ ꦭꦶꦩꦭꦱ꧀ limalas ꦒꦁꦱꦭ꧀ꦮꦼꦭꦱ꧀ _gangsalwelas_ (15) ꦱꦼꦭꦮꦺ selawé ꦱꦼꦭꦁꦏꦸꦁ _selangkung_ (25) ꦱꦺꦏꦼꦠ꧀ sèket ꦱꦼꦠꦸꦁꦒꦭ꧀ꦭꦺꦏꦼꦠ꧀ _setunggalèket_ (50) ꦭꦶꦩꦁꦗꦶꦤꦃ limangjinah (market)

꧖ 6 ꦤꦼꦩ꧀ (e)nem ꦤꦼꦩ꧀ꦧꦼꦭꦱ꧀ nembelas (16) ꦤꦼꦩ꧀ꦭꦶꦏꦸꦂ nemlikur (26) ꦱꦼꦮꦶꦢꦏ꧀ sewidak/suwidak (60) ꦤꦼꦩ꧀ꦢꦱ_nemdasa_ ꦤꦼꦩ꧀ꦗꦶꦤꦃ nemjinah (market)

꧗ 7 ꦥꦶꦠꦸ pitu ꦥꦶꦠꦸꦭꦱ꧀ pitulas (17) ꦥꦶꦠꦸꦭꦶꦏꦸꦂ pitulikur (27) ꦥꦶꦠꦸꦁꦥꦸꦭꦸꦃ pitungpuluh (70) ꦥꦶꦠꦸꦁꦢꦱ _pitungdasa_ ꦥꦶꦠꦸꦁꦗꦶꦤꦃ pitungjinah (market)

꧘ 8 ꦮꦺꦴꦭꦸ wolu ꦮꦺꦴꦭꦸꦭꦱ꧀ wolulas (18) ꦮꦺꦴꦭꦸꦭꦶꦏꦸꦂ wolulikur (28) ꦮꦺꦴꦭꦸꦁꦥꦸꦭꦸꦃ wolungpuluh (80) ꦮꦺꦴꦭꦸꦁꦢꦱ _wolungdasa_ ꦮꦺꦴꦭꦸꦁꦗꦶꦤꦃ wolungjinah (market)

꧙ 9 ꦱꦔ sanga ꦱꦔꦭꦱ꧀ sangalas (19) ꦱꦔꦭꦶꦏꦸꦂ sangalikur (29) ꦱꦔꦁꦥꦸꦭꦸꦃ sangangpuluh (90) ꦱꦔꦁꦢꦱ_sangangdasa_ ꦱꦔꦁꦗꦶꦤꦃ sangangjinah (market)

Parallel to the tens are the hundreds (_satus, rongatus_); the thousands (_sèwu, rongèwu_), and the millions (_sayuta, rongyuta_), except that the compounds of five and six are formed with _limang-_ and _nem-_ (_séket_ 50 and _suwidak_/_sewidak_ 60 are suppletive ).

OLD JAVANESE NUMERALS

The names of the Old Javanese numerals were derived from their names in the Sanskrit language .

NATIVE UNIT TEENS TWEENS TENS

1 ꧑ eka esa éka-dasa 11 eka-dwidasa 21 dasa 10

2 ꧒ dwi dwi-dasa 12 dwi-dwidasa 22 wingsati 20

3 ꧓ tri tri-dasa 13 tri-dwidasa 23 trinisat 30

4 ꧔ catur catur-dasa 14 catur-dwidasa 24 catrawingsat 40

5 ꧕ panca panca-dasa 15 panca-dwidasa 25 pancasat 50

6 ꧖ sad sad-dasa 16 sad-dwidasa 26 sasthi 60

7 ꧗ sapta sapta-dasa 17 sapta-dwidasa 27 saptati 70

8 ꧘ asta asta-dasa 18 asta-dwidasa 28 astiti 80

9 ꧙ nawa nawa-dasa 19 nawa-dwidasa 29 nawati 90

SEE ALSO

* Balinese numerals , a related but yet more complex numeral system.

* v * t * e

Javanese language

OVERVIEWS

* Language * History * Romanization * Influence on other languages

LINGUISTICS

* Phonology * Grammar * Register

SCRIPTS

* Pegon * Aksara * Latin

LETTERS OF THE AKSARA JAWA

_Nglegena_ consonants

* Ha (ꦲ) * Na (ꦤ) * Ca (ꦕ) * Ra (ꦫ) * Ka (ꦏ) * Da (ꦢ) * Ta (ꦠ) * Sa (ꦱ) * Wa (ꦮ) * La (ꦭ) * Pa (ꦥ) * Dha (ꦢ) * Ja (ꦗ) * Ya (ꦪ) * Nya (ꦚ) * Ma (ꦩ) * Ga (ꦒ) * Ba (ꦧ) * Tha (ꦛ) * Nga (ꦔ)

_Murda_ consonants

* Ka murda (ꦑ) * Ga murda (ꦓ) * Na murda (ꦟ) * Ta murda (ꦡ) * Pa murda (ꦦ) * Ba murda (ꦨ) * Sa murda (ꦯ) * Seldom used: Ca murda (ꦖ) * Nya murda (ꦘ)

Extended consonants

* Often used: Pa cerek (ꦉ) * Nga lelet (ꦊ) * Seldom used: Nga lelet Raswadi (ꦋ) * Ra agung (ꦬ) * Ka sasak (ꦐ) * Ja mahaprana (ꦙ) * Tha mahaprana (ꦜ) * Dha mahaprana (ꦞ) * Da mahaprana (ꦣ) * Sa mahaprana (ꦰ)

Final and Medial Consonants

* Cecak (ꦁ) * Layar (ꦂ) * Wignyan (ꦃ) * Cakra (ꦿ) * Cakra keret (ꦽ) * Pengkal (ꦾ) * Pangkon /virama (꧀)

VOWELS

* Wulu (ꦶ) * Suku (ꦸ) * Pepet (ꦼ) * Taling (ꦺ) * Tarung (ꦴ) * Tolong (ꦵ) * Dirga mure (ꦻ) * Wulu melik (ꦷ) * Suku mendut (ꦹ) * Foreign: A (ꦄ) * I (ꦆ) * U (ꦈ) * E (ꦌ) * Ai (ꦍ) * O (ꦎ)

NUMBERS

* 0 (꧐) * 1 (꧑) * 2 (꧒) * 3 (꧓) * 4 (꧔) * 5 (꧕) * 6 (꧖) * 7 (꧗) * 8 (꧘) * 9 (꧙) * Pada pangkat (꧇)

PUNCTUATIONS

* Pada lingsa (꧈) * Pada lungsi (꧉) * Pada adeg (꧊) * Pada adeg-adeg (꧋) * Pada piseleh (꧌ and ꧍) * Pada luhur (꧅) * Pada madya (꧄) * Pada andhap (꧃) * Pada tirta tumetes (꧞) * Pada isen-isen (꧟) * Pada windu (꧆) * Pangrangkep (ꧏ) * Cecak telu (꦳) * Panyangga (ꦀ) * Rerenggan (꧁ and ꧂)

DEVELOPMENT

* Old Javanese * Middle Javanese * New Javanese * Modern Javanese

NOTABLE VARIANT

STANDARDIZED

* Mataraman * Modern Javanese

REGIONAL DIALECTS

* Suriname * Banyumasan * Arekan * Pekalongan * Banten * Blora * Cirebon * Kedu * Madiunan * Semarangan * Pesisir-Lor Kulon * Osing * Tenggerese

RELATED

* Literature * Names * Numerals * Javanese Language Congress * Javanese historical texts * Javanese poetry

REFERENCES

* ^ http://seffindinata.blogspot.co.id/2009/04/bilangan-sansekerta.html

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