JASTREBARSKO (pronounced ; Hungarian : Jaska) is a town in Zagreb
* 1 History
* 1.1 Antiquity
* 1.2 Modern settlement
* 2 Geography
* 3 Transport
* 4 Climate
* 5 Demographics
* 5.1 Settlements
* 6 Notable inhabitants
* 7 References
* 7.1 Endnotes
* 8 External links
Erdödy Castle in Jastrebarsko, originally built by Croatian ban
Matija Gereb .
In 1865, remnants of a Roman settlement were uncovered in
Klinča Sela , a village in
Jastrebarsko metropolitan area. Further
archeological investigation in the late 20th century classified them
as a villa rustica and a necropolis consisting of six tumuli , both
dating to the early
Roman Empire period. The remnants are deemed to be
the westernmost group of Noric -Pannonian tumuli and they make a very
rare occasion of tombstones located directly on top of tumuli, which
is in the rest of
Croatia recorded only in
Donji Čehi . The location
of this archeological site on the fluvial terraces of the local
Konjava stream is attributed to the peaceful state of the central
Roman Empire, which in turn led to formation of settlements in river
Sveta Marija pod Okićem (English: Saint Mary under Okić) (locally
nicknamed Grič), an archeological site located some 2.5 kilometers
(1.6 mi) north of
Repišće dating to 4th century, shows a migration
from easily accessible locations to steeper hills and creation of
isolated walled refugia . This is attributed to the loss of stability
in the Pannonian region and in the Empire overall. A necropolis
belonging to Sveta Marija was found on the small valley of Popov Dol
and small items were excavated therefrom. Those were mostly bronze
bracelets and glass chalices, items that Romans buried with their
deceased. Two similar sites were found in the vicinity: Pavlovčani
and Plešivica pass .
Jastrebarsko is derived from jastreb, the Croatian word for
'hawk' or 'falcon'. This can be attributed to the practicers of
falconry (Croatian : jastrebar, pl. jastrebari), who were active in
the area of southwest
Zagreb County. A remnant of falconry can also be
found in the
Jastrebarsko coat of arms , which features a yellow
goshawk on a blue blackground. The first mention of this name is
found in a 1249 document of the Croatian ban
Stjepan Gutkeled as
"lands of Jastraburcza" (Latin : forenses de Jastraburcza). The town
is therein described as a trade and judicial center. In 1257
Croato-Hungarian King Bela IV awarded
Jastrebarsko the status of a
"free royal trading center " (Croatian : slobodno kraljevsko
trgovište) by the means of a golden bull . This status helped
Jastrebarsko combat the interests of local feudal lords until the
abolishment of the feudal system by ban
Josip Jelačić in 1848.
From 1518 to 1848
Jastrebarsko is heavily influenced by the
Croato-Hungarian noble family
Erdödy . The bans Petar II and Toma II
Erdödy were known for their victories against the spreading Ottoman
Empire . Toma, son of Petar, won the 1593
Battle of Sisak
Battle of Sisak , a major
and decisive battle in the Ottomans' centuries-long occupation of
Balkans . Later, in 1809 during the expansion of
Napoleon 's First
French Empire ,
Jastrebarsko was for a short time incorporated in the
Illyrian Provinces . This lasted until Summer 1813, when the French
retreated from Croatia.
Jastrebarsko started to rapidly develop following the 1848
abolishment of feudalism. The
Karlovac railway was built in
1865, providing the town with a major source of employment. The local
elementary school, founded in the 17th century, was augmented by a
number of other cultural, social and sports organization, including a
library, the singing society "Javor", association of tamburica
players, a volunteer fire brigade and a theater and others.
In the late 19th and early 20th century,
Jastrebarsko was a district
capital in the
Zagreb County of the
Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia .
The town was the site of a concentration camp for Serb children
operated by the authorities of the Independent State of
World War II. This was the only concentration camp during World War
II that was opened for children only.
Jastrebarsko is located in the
Prigorje region of Central
built around the Reka Creek (Croatian : Potok Reka; reka is Kajkavian
dialect word for river). On the west,
Jastrebarsko is bordered by the
Žumberak Mountain (Croatian : Žumberačka gora), a mountain range
spreading through southeast
Slovenia and southwest Prigorje,
Žumberak municipality and City of
Samobor . The average
altitude of the city is 154 metres (505 ft) and the highest elevation
Jastrebarsko metropolitan area is recorded on the 1,181-metre
Sveta Gera summit of the
Žumberak mountain, also claimed
ADJACENT PLACES OF JASTREBARSKO
Jastrebarsko lies on both Zagreb–Split (Adriatic -Ionian highway)
Rijeka (Corridor Vb) rail and road corridors. There is a
highway exit near
Jastrebarsko on the A1 highway , located between the
Lučko interchange near
Zagreb and the
Karlovac interchange. This
37-kilometer (23 mi) stretch is the oldest modern highway in Croatia,
dating back to 1970. The Zagreb–Karlovac–
Rijeka magistral railroad
M202, part of the Pan-European corridor Vb , passes through
Jastrebarsko is served by a high-speed tilting train
Rijeka and commuter trains operating
between the town and Zagreb. The city administration has called for a
traffic study in 2007 by Ivan Dadić , a Croatian traffic expert, to
solve the transport problems riddling Jastrebarsko's roads.
Preliminary opinion by Dadić called for construction of four
additional interchanges on the Zagreb–
Karlovac stretch that would
Jastrebarsko from being the bottleneck exit for all commuters
living on the A1 corridor.
The climate of
Jastrebarsko is classified as maritime temperate with
a slightly drier winter (Cfwbx in Köppen climate classification
system ). The city experiences four separate seasons. Winters are mild
and summers are cool and the dry season spans through the winter and
early spring. The average January low is around −6 °C (21 °F ),
while the July high tends to be near 22 °C (72 °F). The average
yearly temperature is 10 °C (50 °F). Record temperatures have been
encountered in July 1983 (35.5 °C or 95.9 °F) and January 1985
(−25.5 °C or −13.9 °F). There are scientifically documented
claims that the global warming affects the climate in
increasing average yearly temperature by 1.2 °C (2.1 °F).
CLIMATE DATA FOR JASTREBARSKO
RECORD HIGH °C (°F)
AVERAGE HIGH °C (°F)
DAILY MEAN °C (°F)
AVERAGE LOW °C (°F)
RECORD LOW °C (°F)
AVERAGE PRECIPITATION MM (INCHES)
In the 2011 census , the city of
Jastrebarsko has a total population
of 15,866, 5,493 of whom live in the settlement of
(naselje ). The settlement (naselje ) of
nearly a third of the total population of the town, but less than a
tenth of the total area. The records from the earlier censuses show a
decrease in total population from a high of 17,895 in 1991, although
the population of the seat settlement has been continuously increasing
since at least 1981.
Jastrebarsko metropolitan area includes the City of
three adjacent municipalities:
Klinča Sela ,
The area is fairly large at 628 square kilometers (242 sq mi), but has
a low population density and encompasses only 29,697 people.
The settlements in the city administrative area are:
* Belčići , population 91
* Brebrovac , population 74
* Brezari , population 66
* Breznik Plešivički , population 123
* Bukovac Svetojanski , population 85
Celine , population 68
* Crna Mlaka , population 30
Cvetković , population 616
* Čabdin , population 139
Čeglje , population 373
* Črnilovec , population 123
* Dolanjski Jarak , population 32
* Domagović , population 541
* Donja Reka , population 349
* Donji Desinec , population 799
* Draga Svetojanska , population 153
* Dragovanščak , population 101
Goljak , population 59
* Gorica Svetojanska , population 116
Gornja Kupčina , population 148
* Gornja Reka , population 359
* Gornji Desinec , population 651
Grabarak , population 0
* Gračac Slavetićki , population 5
* Guci Draganički , population 302
* Hrastje Plešivičko , population 182
* Hrašća , population 86
* Ivančići , population 198
* Izimje , population 221
* Jastrebarsko, population 5,493
* Jurjevčani , population 99
* Kupeć Dol , population 97
Lanišće , population 0
* Lokošin Dol , population 95
* Malunje , population 211
* Miladini , population 58
Novaki Petrovinski , population 292
* Orešje Okićko , population 16
* Paljugi , population 10
* Pavlovčani , population 290
* Pesak , population 13
Petrovina , population 246
* Plešivica , population 292
* Prhoć , population 235
* Prilipje , population 225
* Prodin Dol , population 97
* Rastoki , population 109
* Redovje , population 29
* Slavetić , population 84
* Srednjak , population 45
* Stankovo , population 370
* Špigelski Breg , population 0
* Tihočaj , population 3
* Toplice , population 96
* Vlaškovec , population 120
* Volavje , population 398
* Vranov Dol , population 137
* Vukšin Šipak , population 310
* Zdihovo , population 306
Vladko Maček memorial in
Jastrebarsko was home to two important Croatian Roman Catholic
Aloysius Stepinac (1898–1960) and Franjo Kuharić
Aloysius Stepinac (Croatian : Alojzije Stepinac) was
Krašić municipality in
Jastrebarsko metropolitan area and
made Archbishop of
Zagreb in 1937 and later cardinal in 1952. He is
recognized for trying to protect the Jews , Serbs ,
Romani people and
other minorities in
Croatia from the Nazi regime during the World War
II -era Croatian puppet state known as the Independent State of
Croatia . However, after the
World War II
World War II and takeover by Yugoslav
communists , Stepinac was sentenced in 1946 by a Yugoslav court to 16
years in prison for alleged collaborating with Nazis. He was released
five years later and died in home confinement . He was buried in the
Zagreb Cathedral and
Franjo Šeper succeeded him as the new Archbishop
of Zagreb. The other cardinal was
Franjo Kuharić , also from
Krašić. He became a priest in 1945 and succeeded Šeper (then
already a cardinal) as the Archbishop of
Zagreb in 1970. In 1983 pope
John Paul II chose him as a cardinal. Kuharić remained on that duty
until his retirement in 1997.
Two influential Croatian politicians are known to have lived in
Vladko Maček , a Croatian politician from the first
half of the 20th century also hails from Jastrebarsko. Born in a
Kupinec , Maček led the Croatian Peasant Party
fighting for the independence of
Croatia since the assassination of
Stjepan Radić until
World War II
World War II and the establishment of the
Independent State of
Croatia by the
Axis powers which defeated the
Kingdom of Yugoslavia
Kingdom of Yugoslavia in 1941.
Ante Starčević , termed "Father of
the Croatian homeland" (Croatian : Otac domovine), fought for the
independence and the democratical re-establishment of the medieval
Croatia , opposing the Hungarian sympathizer and ban of
Khuen-Héderváry . He lived in
Jastrebarsko for seven years
while working in a law practice.
* ^ A B C D E F G H I Škrabe, Nino . "
history". Town of Jastrebarsko. Archived from the original on
2010-03-09. Retrieved 2009-02-05.
* ^ "Riječ gradonačelnika" (in Croatian). Retrieved 28 July 2012.
* ^ A B C "PPZŽ: 126.96.36.199. Naselja".
Zagreb County (in Croatian).
Archived from the original on 2007-06-11. Retrieved 2009-01-22.
* ^ A B "Jastrebarsko".
United Nations . Retrieved 2009-02-07.
* ^ A B C "Population by Age and Sex, by Settlements, 2011 Census:
Jastrebarsko". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011.
Croatian Bureau of Statistics . December 2012.
* ^ "Pročišćeni popis mjesta u RH - aktualno stanje rujan
2008.". Croatian Mail (in Croatian). Archived from the original on
December 19, 2008. Retrieved 2008-12-27.
* ^ A B Gregl, Zoran (1992-12-18). "Antičko nalazište Repišće
kod Jastrebarskog". Archeological Museum in
Zagreb (in Croatian).
Retrieved 2009-02-02. PDF, 121 KB
* ^ http://www.jusp-jasenovac.hr/Default.aspx?sid=7384
* ^ "Mountains and mountain peaks above 500 meters" (PDF). Croatian
Bureau of Statistics.
(in English and Croatian). Retrieved 2009-02-07. External link in
work= (help )
* ^ Jergović, Miljenko (2008-12-23). "Na zapadu Sveta Gera, na
istoku bliska povijest".
Jutarnji list (in Croatian). Retrieved
* ^ "Željezničke pruge od značaja za međunarodni promet".
Croatian Railways (in Croatian). Retrieved 2009-01-24.
* ^ "Suspendiran strojovođa nagibnog vlaka koji je izbjegao
frontalni sudar kod Jastrebarskog". Vijesti.net (in Croatian).
2006-08-28. Retrieved 2009-01-24.
* ^ "Studija prometa za grad Jastrebarsko". Town of Jastrebarsko
(in Croatian). 2007-10-19. Retrieved 2009-01-24.
* ^ A B Milković, Juraj; Medvedović, Juraj (2006-10-09). "Weather
Jastrebarsko and its surroundings in the years 2002,
2003 and 2004". Forest Research Institute in
Jastrebarsko (in Croatian
and English). Retrieved 2009-01-24.
* ^ "PPZZ – Uvjeti razgraničenja prostora prema obilježju,
korištenju i namjeni" (in Croatian). Archived from the original on
June 11, 2007. Retrieved 2008-12-25.
* ^ "Population by sex and age, by settlements, census 2001 –
Croatian Bureau of Statistics (in Croatian). Retrieved
* ^ A B "Alojzije Viktor Stepinac". Moljac (in Croatian). Retrieved
* ^ A B "Kardinal Franjo Kuharić". Katolici.org (in Croatian).
* ^ A B Szabo, Gjuro (1971). Stari
Zagreb (Old Zagreb) (in
Zagreb : Spektar. access-date= requires url= (help )
* ^ Also mentioned as Gonjeva by Gregl.
* ^ Although Škrabe refers to an estimate of 600 years, the period
of Jastrebarsko's free royal trading center actually could have lasted
only 591 years. See
Gjuro Szabo 's book Stari
Zagreb for a detailed
explanation of free royal towns of Croatia.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to JASTREBARSKO .
* Official website (in Croatian)
Zagreb County official website (in Croatian)