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JASTREBARSKO (pronounced ; Hungarian : Jaska) is a town in Zagreb County , Croatia
Croatia
.

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 1.1 Antiquity * 1.2 Modern settlement

* 2 Geography * 3 Transport * 4 Climate

* 5 Demographics

* 5.1 Settlements

* 6 Notable inhabitants

* 7 References

* 7.1 Endnotes

* 8 External links

HISTORY

Erdödy Castle in Jastrebarsko, originally built by Croatian ban Matija Gereb .

ANTIQUITY

In 1865, remnants of a Roman settlement were uncovered in Repišće , Klinča Sela , a village in Jastrebarsko
Jastrebarsko
metropolitan area. Further archeological investigation in the late 20th century classified them as a villa rustica and a necropolis consisting of six tumuli , both dating to the early Roman Empire
Roman Empire
period. The remnants are deemed to be the westernmost group of Noric -Pannonian tumuli and they make a very rare occasion of tombstones located directly on top of tumuli, which is in the rest of Croatia
Croatia
recorded only in Donji Čehi . The location of this archeological site on the fluvial terraces of the local Konjava stream is attributed to the peaceful state of the central Roman Empire, which in turn led to formation of settlements in river valleys.

Sveta Marija pod Okićem (English: Saint Mary under Okić) (locally nicknamed Grič), an archeological site located some 2.5 kilometers (1.6 mi) north of Repišće dating to 4th century, shows a migration from easily accessible locations to steeper hills and creation of isolated walled refugia . This is attributed to the loss of stability in the Pannonian region and in the Empire overall. A necropolis belonging to Sveta Marija was found on the small valley of Popov Dol and small items were excavated therefrom. Those were mostly bronze bracelets and glass chalices, items that Romans buried with their deceased. Two similar sites were found in the vicinity: Pavlovčani and Plešivica pass .

MODERN SETTLEMENT

The name Jastrebarsko
Jastrebarsko
is derived from jastreb, the Croatian word for 'hawk' or 'falcon'. This can be attributed to the practicers of falconry (Croatian : jastrebar, pl. jastrebari), who were active in the area of southwest Zagreb
Zagreb
County. A remnant of falconry can also be found in the Jastrebarsko
Jastrebarsko
coat of arms , which features a yellow goshawk on a blue blackground. The first mention of this name is found in a 1249 document of the Croatian ban Stjepan Gutkeled as "lands of Jastraburcza" (Latin : forenses de Jastraburcza). The town is therein described as a trade and judicial center. In 1257 Croato-Hungarian King Bela IV awarded Jastrebarsko
Jastrebarsko
the status of a "free royal trading center " (Croatian : slobodno kraljevsko trgovište) by the means of a golden bull . This status helped Jastrebarsko
Jastrebarsko
combat the interests of local feudal lords until the abolishment of the feudal system by ban Josip Jelačić in 1848.

From 1518 to 1848 Jastrebarsko
Jastrebarsko
is heavily influenced by the Croato-Hungarian noble family Erdödy . The bans Petar II and Toma II Erdödy were known for their victories against the spreading Ottoman Empire . Toma, son of Petar, won the 1593 Battle of Sisak
Battle of Sisak
, a major and decisive battle in the Ottomans' centuries-long occupation of Balkans . Later, in 1809 during the expansion of Napoleon
Napoleon
's First French Empire , Jastrebarsko
Jastrebarsko
was for a short time incorporated in the Illyrian Provinces . This lasted until Summer 1813, when the French retreated from Croatia.

Jastrebarsko
Jastrebarsko
started to rapidly develop following the 1848 abolishment of feudalism. The Zagreb
Zagreb
Karlovac railway was built in 1865, providing the town with a major source of employment. The local elementary school, founded in the 17th century, was augmented by a number of other cultural, social and sports organization, including a library, the singing society "Javor", association of tamburica players, a volunteer fire brigade and a theater and others.

In the late 19th and early 20th century, Jastrebarsko
Jastrebarsko
was a district capital in the Zagreb County
Zagreb County
of the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia .

The town was the site of a concentration camp for Serb children operated by the authorities of the Independent State of Croatia
Croatia
during World War II. This was the only concentration camp during World War II that was opened for children only.

GEOGRAPHY

Jastrebarsko
Jastrebarsko
is located in the Prigorje region of Central Croatia
Croatia
, built around the Reka Creek (Croatian : Potok Reka; reka is Kajkavian dialect word for river). On the west, Jastrebarsko
Jastrebarsko
is bordered by the Žumberak Mountain (Croatian : Žumberačka gora), a mountain range spreading through southeast Slovenia
Slovenia
and southwest Prigorje, specifically Žumberak municipality and City of Samobor . The average altitude of the city is 154 metres (505 ft) and the highest elevation in the Jastrebarsko
Jastrebarsko
metropolitan area is recorded on the 1,181-metre (3,875 ft) Sveta Gera
Sveta Gera
summit of the Žumberak mountain, also claimed by Slovenia.

ADJACENT PLACES OF JASTREBARSKO

Žumberak Samobor Klinča Sela

Krašić

Klinča Sela

JASTREBARSKO

Karlovac County Karlovac County Pisarovina

TRANSPORT

Jastrebarsko
Jastrebarsko
lies on both Zagreb–Split (Adriatic -Ionian highway) and Zagreb- Rijeka
Rijeka
(Corridor Vb) rail and road corridors. There is a highway exit near Jastrebarsko
Jastrebarsko
on the A1 highway , located between the Lučko interchange near Zagreb
Zagreb
and the Karlovac interchange. This 37-kilometer (23 mi) stretch is the oldest modern highway in Croatia, dating back to 1970. The Zagreb–Karlovac– Rijeka
Rijeka
magistral railroad M202, part of the Pan-European corridor Vb , passes through Jastrebarsko. Jastrebarsko
Jastrebarsko
is served by a high-speed tilting train running between Zagreb
Zagreb
and Rijeka
Rijeka
and commuter trains operating between the town and Zagreb. The city administration has called for a traffic study in 2007 by Ivan Dadić , a Croatian traffic expert, to solve the transport problems riddling Jastrebarsko's roads. Preliminary opinion by Dadić called for construction of four additional interchanges on the Zagreb– Karlovac stretch that would stop Jastrebarsko
Jastrebarsko
from being the bottleneck exit for all commuters living on the A1 corridor.

CLIMATE

The climate of Jastrebarsko
Jastrebarsko
is classified as maritime temperate with a slightly drier winter (Cfwbx in Köppen climate classification system ). The city experiences four separate seasons. Winters are mild and summers are cool and the dry season spans through the winter and early spring. The average January low is around −6 °C (21 °F ), while the July high tends to be near 22 °C (72 °F). The average yearly temperature is 10 °C (50 °F). Record temperatures have been encountered in July 1983 (35.5 °C or 95.9 °F) and January 1985 (−25.5 °C or −13.9 °F). There are scientifically documented claims that the global warming affects the climate in Jastrebarsko
Jastrebarsko
by increasing average yearly temperature by 1.2 °C (2.1 °F).

CLIMATE DATA FOR JASTREBARSKO

MONTH JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC YEAR

RECORD HIGH °C (°F) 19.0 (66.2) 21.0 (69.8) 26.0 (78.8) 27.0 (80.6) 30.0 (86) 32.5 (90.5) 35.5 (95.9) 34.5 (94.1) 33.5 (92.3) 29.5 (85.1) 21.5 (70.7) 22.5 (72.5) 35.5 (95.9)

AVERAGE HIGH °C (°F) 3.7 (38.7) 5.9 (42.6) 8.5 (47.3) 12.4 (54.3) 18.1 (64.6) 20.1 (68.2) 21.8 (71.2) 20.3 (68.5) 18.5 (65.3) 12.0 (53.6) 6.6 (43.9) 3.9 (39) 10.8 (51.4)

DAILY MEAN °C (°F) −0.4 (31.3) 1.4 (34.5) 5.6 (42.1) 9.8 (49.6) 14.9 (58.8) 17.8 (64) 19.8 (67.6) 18.9 (66) 15.1 (59.2) 9.9 (49.8) 4.1 (39.4) 0.9 (33.6) 9.8 (49.6)

AVERAGE LOW °C (°F) −6.1 (21) −4.2 (24.4) 1.4 (34.5) 7.7 (45.9) 12.1 (53.8) 16.6 (61.9) 18.0 (64.4) 16.3 (61.3) 12.6 (54.7) 6.5 (43.7) 0.8 (33.4) −2.2 (28) 8.8 (47.8)

RECORD LOW °C (°F) −25.5 (−13.9) −24.0 (−11.2) −18.0 (−0.4) −4.5 (23.9) −2.0 (28.4) 3.5 (38.3) 5.5 (41.9) 3.0 (37.4) −2.0 (28.4) −5.8 (21.6) −14.5 (5.9) −19.0 (−2.2) −25.5 (−13.9)

AVERAGE PRECIPITATION MM (INCHES) 54.1 (2.13) 60.1 (2.366) 69.1 (2.72) 68.2 (2.685) 80.0 (3.15) 98.3 (3.87) 82.2 (3.236) 88.6 (3.488) 95.3 (3.752) 81.7 (3.217) 88.5 (3.484) 64.7 (2.547) 928.2 (36.543)

Source:

DEMOGRAPHICS

In the 2011 census , the city of Jastrebarsko
Jastrebarsko
has a total population of 15,866, 5,493 of whom live in the settlement of Jastrebarsko
Jastrebarsko
itself (naselje ). The settlement (naselje ) of Jastrebarsko
Jastrebarsko
encompasses nearly a third of the total population of the town, but less than a tenth of the total area. The records from the earlier censuses show a decrease in total population from a high of 17,895 in 1991, although the population of the seat settlement has been continuously increasing since at least 1981.

Jastrebarsko
Jastrebarsko
metropolitan area includes the City of Jastrebarsko
Jastrebarsko
and three adjacent municipalities: Klinča Sela , Krašić and Žumberak . The area is fairly large at 628 square kilometers (242 sq mi), but has a low population density and encompasses only 29,697 people.

SETTLEMENTS

The settlements in the city administrative area are:

* Belčići , population 91 * Brebrovac , population 74 * Brezari , population 66 * Breznik Plešivički , population 123 * Bukovac Svetojanski , population 85 * Celine , population 68 * Crna Mlaka , population 30 * Cvetković , population 616 * Čabdin , population 139 * Čeglje , population 373 * Črnilovec , population 123 * Dolanjski Jarak , population 32 * Domagović , population 541 * Donja Reka , population 349 * Donji Desinec , population 799 * Draga Svetojanska , population 153 * Dragovanščak , population 101 * Goljak , population 59 * Gorica Svetojanska , population 116 * Gornja Kupčina , population 148 * Gornja Reka , population 359 * Gornji Desinec , population 651 * Grabarak , population 0 * Gračac Slavetićki , population 5 * Guci Draganički , population 302 * Hrastje Plešivičko , population 182 * Hrašća , population 86 * Ivančići , population 198 * Izimje , population 221 * Jastrebarsko, population 5,493 * Jurjevčani , population 99 * Kupeć Dol , population 97 * Lanišće , population 0 * Lokošin Dol , population 95 * Malunje , population 211 * Miladini , population 58 * Novaki Petrovinski , population 292 * Orešje Okićko , population 16 * Paljugi , population 10 * Pavlovčani , population 290 * Pesak , population 13 * Petrovina , population 246 * Plešivica , population 292 * Prhoć , population 235 * Prilipje , population 225 * Prodin Dol , population 97 * Rastoki , population 109 * Redovje , population 29 * Slavetić , population 84 * Srednjak , population 45 * Stankovo , population 370 * Špigelski Breg , population 0 * Tihočaj , population 3 * Toplice , population 96 * Vlaškovec , population 120 * Volavje , population 398 * Vranov Dol , population 137 * Vukšin Šipak , population 310 * Zdihovo , population 306

NOTABLE INHABITANTS

Vladko Maček memorial in Jastrebarsko
Jastrebarsko

Jastrebarsko
Jastrebarsko
was home to two important Croatian Roman Catholic cardinals : Aloysius Stepinac
Aloysius Stepinac
(1898–1960) and Franjo Kuharić (1919–2002). Aloysius Stepinac
Aloysius Stepinac
(Croatian : Alojzije Stepinac) was born in Krašić municipality in Jastrebarsko
Jastrebarsko
metropolitan area and made Archbishop of Zagreb
Zagreb
in 1937 and later cardinal in 1952. He is recognized for trying to protect the Jews , Serbs , Romani people and other minorities in Croatia
Croatia
from the Nazi regime during the World War II -era Croatian puppet state known as the Independent State of Croatia
Croatia
. However, after the World War II
World War II
and takeover by Yugoslav communists , Stepinac was sentenced in 1946 by a Yugoslav court to 16 years in prison for alleged collaborating with Nazis. He was released five years later and died in home confinement . He was buried in the Zagreb
Zagreb
Cathedral and Franjo Šeper succeeded him as the new Archbishop of Zagreb. The other cardinal was Franjo Kuharić
Franjo Kuharić
, also from Krašić. He became a priest in 1945 and succeeded Šeper (then already a cardinal) as the Archbishop of Zagreb
Zagreb
in 1970. In 1983 pope John Paul II chose him as a cardinal. Kuharić remained on that duty until his retirement in 1997.

Two influential Croatian politicians are known to have lived in Jastrebarsko. Vladko Maček , a Croatian politician from the first half of the 20th century also hails from Jastrebarsko. Born in a nearby village, Kupinec , Maček led the Croatian Peasant Party fighting for the independence of Croatia
Croatia
since the assassination of Stjepan Radić until World War II
World War II
and the establishment of the Independent State of Croatia
Croatia
by the Axis powers which defeated the Kingdom of Yugoslavia
Kingdom of Yugoslavia
in 1941. Ante Starčević , termed "Father of the Croatian homeland" (Croatian : Otac domovine), fought for the independence and the democratical re-establishment of the medieval Kingdom of Croatia
Croatia
, opposing the Hungarian sympathizer and ban of Croatia
Croatia
Khuen-Héderváry . He lived in Jastrebarsko
Jastrebarsko
for seven years while working in a law practice.

REFERENCES

* ^ A B C D E F G H I Škrabe, Nino . " Jastrebarsko
Jastrebarsko
through history". Town of Jastrebarsko. Archived from the original on 2010-03-09. Retrieved 2009-02-05. * ^ "Riječ gradonačelnika" (in Croatian). Retrieved 28 July 2012.

* ^ A B C "PPZŽ: 1.1.2.1. Naselja". Zagreb County
Zagreb County
(in Croatian). Archived from the original on 2007-06-11. Retrieved 2009-01-22. * ^ A B "Jastrebarsko". United Nations
United Nations
. Retrieved 2009-02-07. * ^ A B C "Population by Age and Sex, by Settlements, 2011 Census: Jastrebarsko". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics . December 2012. * ^ "Pročišćeni popis mjesta u RH - aktualno stanje rujan 2008.". Croatian Mail (in Croatian). Archived from the original on December 19, 2008. Retrieved 2008-12-27. * ^ A B Gregl, Zoran (1992-12-18). "Antičko nalazište Repišće kod Jastrebarskog". Archeological Museum in Zagreb
Zagreb
(in Croatian). Retrieved 2009-02-02. PDF, 121 KB * ^ http://www.jusp-jasenovac.hr/Default.aspx?sid=7384 * ^ "Mountains and mountain peaks above 500 meters" (PDF). Croatian Bureau of Statistics. http://www.dzs.hr/Eng/censuses/Census2001/Popis/E01_01_01/e01_01_01_zup01-1694.html. (in English and Croatian). Retrieved 2009-02-07. External link in work= (help ) * ^ Jergović, Miljenko (2008-12-23). "Na zapadu Sveta Gera, na istoku bliska povijest". Jutarnji list (in Croatian). Retrieved 2009-02-07. * ^ "Željezničke pruge od značaja za međunarodni promet". Croatian Railways (in Croatian). Retrieved 2009-01-24. * ^ "Suspendiran strojovođa nagibnog vlaka koji je izbjegao frontalni sudar kod Jastrebarskog". Vijesti.net (in Croatian). 2006-08-28. Retrieved 2009-01-24. * ^ "Studija prometa za grad Jastrebarsko". Town of Jastrebarsko (in Croatian). 2007-10-19. Retrieved 2009-01-24. * ^ A B Milković, Juraj; Medvedović, Juraj (2006-10-09). "Weather conditions in Jastrebarsko
Jastrebarsko
and its surroundings in the years 2002, 2003 and 2004". Forest Research Institute in Jastrebarsko
Jastrebarsko
(in Croatian and English). Retrieved 2009-01-24. * ^ "PPZZ – Uvjeti razgraničenja prostora prema obilježju, korištenju i namjeni" (in Croatian). Archived from the original on June 11, 2007. Retrieved 2008-12-25. * ^ "Population by sex and age, by settlements, census 2001 – Zagreb
Zagreb
County". Croatian Bureau of Statistics (in Croatian). Retrieved 2008-12-25. * ^ A B "Alojzije Viktor Stepinac". Moljac (in Croatian). Retrieved 2009-01-27. * ^ A B "Kardinal Franjo Kuharić". Katolici.org (in Croatian). Retrieved 2009-01-27. * ^ A B Szabo, Gjuro (1971). Stari Zagreb
Zagreb
(Old Zagreb) (in Croatian). Zagreb
Zagreb
: Spektar. access-date= requires url= (help )

ENDNOTES

* ^ Also mentioned as Gonjeva by Gregl. * ^ Although Škrabe refers to an estimate of 600 years, the period of Jastrebarsko's free royal trading center actually could have lasted only 591 years. See Gjuro Szabo 's book Stari Zagreb
Zagreb
for a detailed explanation of free royal towns of Croatia.

EXTERNAL LINKS

Wikimedia Commons has media related to JASTREBARSKO .

* Official website (in Croatian) * Zagreb County
Zagreb County
official website (in Croatian)

* v * t * e

Subdivisions