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Jaroslav Drobný
Jaroslav Drobný
(Czech pronunciation: [ˈjaroslav ˈdrobniː];[3] 12 October 1921 - 13 September 2001) was a former World No. 1 amateur tennis champion as well as being an ice hockey player. He left Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia
in 1949 and travelled as an Egyptian citizen before becoming a citizen of Great Britain in 1959, where he died in 2001. In 1954, he became the first and, to date, only player with African citizenship to win the Wimbledon Championships
Wimbledon Championships
(aside from dual citizen Roger Federer, who holds South African citizenship but officially represents only Switzerland in sports).

Contents

1 Tennis career

1.1 Defection 1.2 Resumé

2 Ice hockey
Ice hockey
career 3 Autobiography 4 Grand Slam finals

4.1 Singles: 8 (3 titles, 5 runners-up) 4.2 Doubles: 4 (1 title, 3 runner-up) 4.3 Mixed Doubles: 1 (1 title)

5 In popular culture 6 References 7 External links 8 Further reading

Tennis career[edit] Drobný began playing tennis at age five and, as a ball-boy, watched world-class players including compatriot Karel Koželuh.[4] He had an excellent swinging left-handed serve and a good forehand.[5] Drobny played in his first Wimbledon Championship
Wimbledon Championship
in 1938, losing in the first round to Alejandro Russell. After World War II
World War II
Drobný was good enough to be able to beat Jack Kramer
Jack Kramer
in the fourth round of the 1946 Wimbledon Championship
Wimbledon Championship
before losing in the semifinals.[6] In 1951 and 1952 he won the French Open, defeating in the final Eric Sturgess and then retaining the title the following year against Frank Sedgman.[7] Drobný was the losing finalist at Wimbledon in both 1949 and 1952 before finally winning it in 1954 by beating Ken Rosewall
Ken Rosewall
for the title, the first left-hander to capture Wimbledon since Norman Brookes.[8] He won three singles titles at the Italian Championships (1950, 1951 and 1953).[9][10][11] Drobný was ranked World No. 1 in 1954 by Lance Tingay of The Daily Telegraph.[2] He has also won the French Open
French Open
doubles title in 1948, playing with Lennart Bergelin, and he won the mixed doubles title paired with Patricia Canning Todd at 1948 French Open. Drobný held the distinction of having competed at Wimbledon under four different national identities. In 1938, at the age of 16, he started for his native Czechoslovakia. A year later, following the German invasion and occupation of Czechoslovakia, he was officially representing the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia. After World War II, he started at Wimbledon yet again as Czechoslovak but chose to defect from the communist regime in 1949 – he left Czechoslovakia for good on 11 July 1949.[12] Defection[edit] After the Czechoslovak coup d'état of 1948, Drobný became increasingly dissatisfied with the way the communist propaganda used him for its purposes. At the time, he was Czechoslovakia's most renowned athlete together with the phenomenal long-distance runner Emil Zátopek. Increasingly, it was becoming apparent to Drobný that he was no longer able to travel freely to tournaments and he grew dissatisfied with the new regime. This ultimately resulted in his defection from his native land. Drobný defected from Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia
together with a fellow Czech Davis Cup
Davis Cup
player Vladimír Černík while playing at a tennis tournament in Gstaad, Switzerland in July 1949. "All I had", he wrote later, "was a couple of shirts, the proverbial toothbrush and $50."[4] Drobný and Černík were the core of the Czechoslovak Davis Cup
Davis Cup
team. Twice, the two of them had carried their country to the Davis Cup semifinals, losing to Australia
Australia
in 1947 and in 1948. Drobný won 37 of his 43 Davis Cup
Davis Cup
matches.[7] Becoming stateless, Drobný attempted to gain Swiss, US and Australian papers until finally Egypt
Egypt
offered him citizenship. He represented Egypt
Egypt
at Wimbledon from 1950 through 1959, including his title winning run in 1954. He is the only Egyptian citizen ever to win a Grand Slam tennis tournament. At the time of his Wimbledon win in 1954 Drobný was already living in the United Kingdom but only in his final appearance at Wimbledon in 1960, at the age of 38, did he represent his new homeland Great Britain.[13] Resumé[edit] During his amateur career, Drobný won over 130 singles titles, and was world ranked in the top 10 from 1946–55. Drobný was inducted in the International Tennis Hall of Fame
International Tennis Hall of Fame
in Newport, Rhode Island
Newport, Rhode Island
in 1983. He is the only person to win the rare combination of Wimbledon in tennis and a world championship title in ice hockey. In total, Drobný started in Wimbledon 17 times, always sporting his trademark tinted prescription glasses as an old ice hockey injury affected his eyesight.[13] Drobný is the only male tennis player who ever won a Wimbledon singles title while wearing glasses. Billie-Jean King and Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
are the only female Wimbledon champions wearing glasses. Arthur Ashe, who was known for playing with spectacles, had switched to contact lenses by the time he won Wimbledon in 1975. Drobný has won the most clay court titles of any one player (over 90). [14][15] Ice hockey
Ice hockey
career[edit] From 1938 to 1949 Drobný played center in the Czechoslovak ice hockey league.[4] He was a Silver medalist with the Czechoslovak ice hockey team in the 1948 Olympics. In the final match, Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia
and Canada tied goalless but Canada won the gold medal due to a better overall goal average. Drobný scored 9 goals in 8 games at the Olympics. Jaroslav Drobný
Jaroslav Drobný
was also a member of the Czechoslovak national ice hockey team which won the gold medals at the 1947 World Ice Hockey Championships in Prague.[13] He scored 15 goals in 7 games in the tournament including a hat-trick in the decisive victory over USA which gave his country its first ever World Championships title. In 1997, Drobný was inducted in the International Ice Hockey Federation (IIHF) Hall of Fame.[16] Drobný could have become the first ever European player to start in the National Hockey League
National Hockey League
when the Boston Bruins
Boston Bruins
put him on their reserve in 1949. Apparently, he was offered $20,000 to come over to play for Boston but he refused, preferring to remain playing amateur ice hockey and retain the flexibility to play tennis during the summers.[17] The first European to play in the NHL eventually became Ulf Sterner
Ulf Sterner
from Sweden
Sweden
when he started for the New York Rangers
New York Rangers
for the first time on 27 January 1965.

Jaroslav Drobný's plaque at the 1st Czech Lawn Tennis Club in Prague

Jaroslav Drobný
Jaroslav Drobný
(r), playing for Egypt, being congratulated by 18-year-old Lew Hoad
Lew Hoad
(l) after Drobný's victory in the final of the 1953 Italian Championships in Rome.

Autobiography[edit] In 1955, Jaroslav Drobný
Jaroslav Drobný
published his autobiography titled Champion in Exile. He was married to Rita Anderson Jarvis, onetime English tournament player. He died 13 September 2001 in Tooting, London aged 79.[13][18] Grand Slam finals[edit] Singles: 8 (3 titles, 5 runners-up)[edit]

Result Year Championship Surface Opponent in the final Score in the final

Runner-up 1946 French Championships Clay Marcel Bernard 3–6, 2–6, 6–1, 6–4, 6–3

Runner-up 1948 French Championships Clay Frank Parker 6–4, 7–5, 5–7, 8–6

Runner-up 1949 Wimbledon Grass Ted Schroeder 3–6, 6–0, 6–3, 4–6, 6–4

Runner-up 1950 French Championships Clay Budge Patty 6–1, 6–2, 3–6, 5–7, 7–5

Winner 1951 French Championships Clay Eric Sturgess 6–3, 6–3, 6–3

Winner 1952 French Championships (2) Clay Frank Sedgman 6–2, 6–0, 3–6, 6–4

Runner-up 1952 Wimbledon Grass Frank Sedgman 4–6, 6–2, 6–3, 6–2

Winner 1954 Wimbledon Grass Ken Rosewall 13–11, 4–6, 6–2, 9–7

Doubles: 4 (1 title, 3 runner-up)[edit]

Result Year Championship Surface Partner Opponents in the final Score in the final

Winner 1948 French Championships Clay Lennart Bergelin Harry Hopman Frank Sedgman 8–6, 6–1, 12–10

Runner-up 1950 French Championships Clay Bill Talbert Tony Trabert Eric Sturgess 6–2, 1–6, 10–8, 6–2

Runner-up 1950 Australian Championships Grass Eric Sturgess John Bromwich Adrian Quist 6–3, 5–7, 4–6, 6–3, 8–6

Runner-up 1951 Wimbledon Grass Eric Sturgess Ken McGregor Frank Sedgman 3–6, 6–2, 6–3, 3–6, 6–3

Mixed Doubles: 1 (1 title)[edit]

Result Year Championship Surface Partner Opponents in the final Score in the final

Winner 1948 French Championships Clay Patricia Canning Todd Doris Hart Frank Sedgman 6–3, 3–6, 6–3

In popular culture[edit] Ivan Blatný wrote a poem called Wimbledon which addresses Drobný.[9][19][20] References[edit]

^ Garcia, Gabriel. "Jaroslav Drobny: Career match record". thetennisbase.com. Madrid, Spain: Tennismem SL. Retrieved 19 November 2017.  ^ a b United States
United States
Lawn Tennis Association (1972). Official Encyclopedia of Tennis (First Edition), p. 426. ^ "Jaroslav" in isolation: [ˈjaroslaf]. ^ a b c "Jaroslav Drobny". The Guardian. 5 September 2001. Retrieved 5 July 2012.  ^ "Jaroslav Drobny". www.tennis.co.nf.  ^ "Wimbledon – The Championships 1946 – Gentlemen's Singles" (PDF). AELTC.  ^ a b "Jaroslav Drobný, 79, a Star In Tennis and Olympic Hockey". The New York Times. 16 September 2001.  ^ "Wimbledon draws archive – 1954 Gentlemen's Singles". AELTC.  ^ a b "Hall of Famers – Jaroslav Drobny". International Tennis Hall of Fame.  ^ "Hoad Beaten By Drobny". The Newcastle Sun. NSW. 12 May 1953. p. 12 – via National Library of Australia.  ^ "Muster wins another clay court title". Star-News. AP. 20 May 1996.  ^ Sarah Kirkham (7 August 2014). "Throwback Thursday: The many faces of Jaroslav Drobný". www.wimbledon.com. AELTC. Archived from the original on 18 May 2015.  ^ a b c d Jaroslav Drobný
Jaroslav Drobný
Archived 8 October 2014 at the Wayback Machine.. sports-reference.com ^ Garcia, Gabriel. "Jaroslav Drobny: Career tournament results - Clay". thetennisbase.com. Madrid, Spain: Tennismem SL. Retrieved 19 November 2017.  ^ Velickkovic, Nikola (29 June 2017). "Jaroslav Drobny Wimbledon Champion from Africa". Intelligencer Post. Retrieved 19 November 2017.  ^ "IIHF Hall of Fame". International Ice Hockey Federation.  ^ Grasso, John (2011). Historical Dictionary of Tennis. Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press. pp. 88, 89. ISBN 978-0810872370.  ^ "Jaroslav Drobny". Telegraph Newspaper. 15 September 2001. Retrieved 19 November 2013.  ^ Martin Tharp, Rachel Mikos, David Vaughan (22 February 2004) Ivan Blatny: the strange story of a Czech poet in English exile. radio.cz ^ Jaroslav Drobný. International Ice Hockey Federation

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Jaroslav Drobný.

Tennis portal

Jaroslav Drobný
Jaroslav Drobný
at the International Tennis Hall of Fame Jaroslav Drobný
Jaroslav Drobný
at the International Tennis Federation Jaroslav Drobný
Jaroslav Drobný
at the Association of Tennis Professionals Jaroslav Drobný
Jaroslav Drobný
at the Davis Cup

Further reading[edit]

Wallechinsky, David and Jaime Loucky (2009). "Ice Hockey: Men". In The Complete Book of the Winter Olympics: 2010 Edition. London: Aurum Press Limited. p. 23. Drobný, Jaroslav (1955). Champion in Exile: The Autobiography of Jaroslav Drobny. London: Hodder and Stoughton. OCLC 1115128. 

v t e

French Championships men's singles champions

(1891) H. Briggs (1892) Jean Schopfer (1893) Laurent Riboulet (1894) André Vacherot (1895) André Vacherot (1896) André Vacherot (1897) Paul Aymé (1898) Paul Aymé (1899) Paul Aymé (1900) Paul Aymé (1901) André Vacherot (1902) Michel Vacherot (1903) Max Decugis (1904) Max Decugis (1905) Maurice Germot (1906) Maurice Germot (1907) Max Decugis (1908) Max Decugis (1909) Max Decugis (1910) Maurice Germot (1911) André Gobert (1912) Max Decugis (1913) Max Decugis (1914) Max Decugis (1915–1919) No competition (due to World War I) (1920) André Gobert (1921) Jean Samazeuilh (1922) Henri Cochet (1923) François Blanchy (1924) Jean Borotra (1925) René Lacoste (1926) Henri Cochet (1927) René Lacoste (1928) Henri Cochet (1929) René Lacoste (1930) Henri Cochet (1931) Jean Borotra (1932) Henri Cochet (1933) Jack Crawford (1934) Gottfried von Cramm (1935) Fred Perry (1936) Gottfried von Cramm (1937) Henner Henkel (1938) Don Budge (1939) Don McNeill (1940–1945) No competition (due to World War II) (1946) Marcel Bernard (1947) József Asbóth (1948) Frank Parker (1949) Frank Parker (1950) Budge Patty (1951) Jaroslav Drobný (1952) Jaroslav Drobný (1953) Ken Rosewall (1954) Tony Trabert (1955) Tony Trabert (1956) Lew Hoad (1957) Sven Davidson (1958) Mervyn Rose (1959) Nicola Pietrangeli (1960) Nicola Pietrangeli (1961) Manuel Santana (1962) Rod Laver (1963) Roy Emerson (1964) Manuel Santana (1965) Fred Stolle (1966) Tony Roche (1967) Roy Emerson

v t e

Pre Open Era Wimbledon gentlemen's singles champions

(1877) Spencer Gore (1878) Frank Hadow (1879) John Hartley (1880) John Hartley (1881) William Renshaw (1882) William Renshaw (1883) William Renshaw (1884) William Renshaw (1885) William Renshaw (1886) William Renshaw (1887) Herbert Lawford (1888) Ernest Renshaw (1889) William Renshaw (1890) Willoughby Hamilton (1891) Wilfred Baddeley (1892) Wilfred Baddeley (1893) Joshua Pim (1894) Joshua Pim (1895) Wilfred Baddeley (1896) Harold Mahony (1897) Reginald Doherty (1898) Reginald Doherty (1899) Reginald Doherty (1900) Reginald Doherty (1901) Arthur Gore (1902) Laurence Doherty (1903) Laurence Doherty (1904) Laurence Doherty (1905) Laurence Doherty (1906) Laurence Doherty (1907) Norman Brookes (1908) Arthur Gore (1909) Arthur Gore (1910) Anthony Wilding (1911) Anthony Wilding (1912) Anthony Wilding (1913) Anthony Wilding (1914) Norman Brookes (1915–18) No competition (due to World War I) (1919) Gerald Patterson (1920) Bill Tilden (1921) Bill Tilden (1922) Gerald Patterson (1923) Bill Johnston (1924) Jean Borotra (1925) René Lacoste (1926) Jean Borotra (1927) Henri Cochet (1928) René Lacoste (1929) Henri Cochet (1930) Bill Tilden (1931) Sidney Wood (1932) Ellsworth Vines (1933) Jack Crawford (1934) Fred Perry (1935) Fred Perry (1936) Fred Perry (1937) Don Budge (1938) Don Budge (1939) Bobby Riggs (1940–45) No competition (due to World War II) (1946) Yvon Petra (1947) Jack Kramer (1948) Bob Falkenburg (1949) Ted Schroeder (1950) Budge Patty (1951) Dick Savitt (1952) Frank Sedgman (1953) Vic Seixas (1954) Jaroslav Drobný (1955) Tony Trabert (1956) Lew Hoad (1957) Lew Hoad (1958) Ashley Cooper (1959) Alex Olmedo (1960) Neale Fraser (1961) Rod Laver (1962) Rod Laver (1963) Chuck McKinley (1964) Roy Emerson (1965) Roy Emerson (1966) Manuel Santana (1967) John Newcombe

v t e

French Championships men's doubles champions

(1891) B. Desjoyau / T. Legrand (1892) Diaz Albertini / J. Havet (1893) J. Goldsmith / Jean Schopfer (1894) Gérard Brosselin / J. Lesage (1895) André Vacherot / Christian Winzer (1896) Francky Wardan / Wynes (1897) Paul Aymé / Paul Lebreton (1898) Xenophon Casdagli / Michel Vacherot (1899) Paul Aymé / Paul Lebreton (1900) Paul Aymé / Paul Lebreton (1901) André Vacherot / Michel Vacherot (1902) Max Decugis
Max Decugis
/ Jacques Worth (1903) Max Decugis
Max Decugis
/ Jacques Worth (1904) Max Decugis
Max Decugis
/ Maurice Germot (1905) Max Decugis
Max Decugis
/ Jacques Worth (1906) Max Decugis
Max Decugis
/ Maurice Germot (1907) Max Decugis
Max Decugis
/ Maurice Germot (1908) Max Decugis
Max Decugis
/ Maurice Germot (1909) Max Decugis
Max Decugis
/ Maurice Germot (1910) Max Decugis
Max Decugis
/ Maurice Germot (1911) Max Decugis
Max Decugis
/ Maurice Germot (1912) Max Decugis
Max Decugis
/ Maurice Germot (1913) Max Decugis
Max Decugis
/ Maurice Germot (1914) Max Decugis
Max Decugis
/ Maurice Germot (1915 – 1919) No competition (due to World War I) (1920) Max Decugis
Max Decugis
/ Maurice Germot (1921) André Gobert
André Gobert
/ William Laurentz (1922) Jacques Brugnon
Jacques Brugnon
/ Marcel Dupont (1923) Jean- François Blanchy / Jean Samazeuilh (1924) Jean Borotra
Jean Borotra
/ René Lacoste (1925) Jean Borotra
Jean Borotra
/ René Lacoste (1926) Vincent Richards
Vincent Richards
/ Howard Kinsey (1927) Henri Cochet
Henri Cochet
/ Jacques Brugnon (1928) Jean Borotra
Jean Borotra
/ Jacques Brugnon (1929) René Lacoste
René Lacoste
/ Jean Borotra (1930) Henri Cochet
Henri Cochet
/ Jacques Brugnon (1931) George Lott / John Van Ryn (1932) Henri Cochet
Henri Cochet
/ Jacques Brugnon (1933) Pat Hughes / Fred Perry (1934) Jean Borotra
Jean Borotra
/ Jacques Brugnon (1935) Jack Crawford / Adrian Quist (1936) Jean Borotra
Jean Borotra
/ Marcel Bernard (1937) Gottfried von Cramm
Gottfried von Cramm
/ Henner Henkel (1938) Bernard Destremau
Bernard Destremau
/ Yvon Petra (1939) Don McNeill / Charles Harris (1940-1945) No competition (due to World War II) (1946) Marcel Bernard / Yvon Petra (1947) Eustace Fannin / Eric Sturgess (1948) Lennart Bergelin
Lennart Bergelin
/ Jaroslav Drobný (1949) Pancho Gonzales
Pancho Gonzales
/ Frank Parker (1950) Bill Talbert / Tony Trabert (1951) Ken McGregor
Ken McGregor
/ Frank Sedgman (1952) Ken McGregor
Ken McGregor
/ Frank Sedgman (1953) Lew Hoad
Lew Hoad
/ Ken Rosewall (1954) Vic Seixas
Vic Seixas
/ Tony Trabert (1955) Vic Seixas
Vic Seixas
/ Tony Trabert (1956) Don Candy / Bob Perry (1957) Malcolm Anderson
Malcolm Anderson
/ Ashley Cooper (1958) Ashley Cooper / Neale Fraser (1959) Nicola Pietrangeli
Nicola Pietrangeli
/ Orlando Sirola (1960) Roy Emerson
Roy Emerson
/ Neale Fraser (1961) Roy Emerson
Roy Emerson
/ Rod Laver (1962) Roy Emerson
Roy Emerson
/ Neale Fraser (1963) Roy Emerson
Roy Emerson
/ Manuel Santana (1964) Roy Emerson
Roy Emerson
/ Ken Fletcher (1965) Roy Emerson
Roy Emerson
/ Fred Stolle (1966) Clark Graebner / Dennis Ralston (1967) John Newcombe
John Newcombe
/ Tony Roche

v t e

French Championships mixed doubles champions

(1902) Helene Prevost / Réginald Forbes (1903) Helene Prevost / Réginald Forbes (1904) Kate Gillou / Max Decugis (1905) Yvonne de Pfooffel / Max Decugis (1906) Yvonne de Pfooffel / Max Decugis (1907) A. Péan / Robert Wallet (1908) Kate Gillou / Max Decugis (1909) Jeanne Matthey
Jeanne Matthey
/ Max Decugis (1910) Marguerite Mény / Édouard Mény de Marangue (1911) Marguerite Broquedis
Marguerite Broquedis
/ Andre Gobert (1912) Daisy Speranza / William Laurentz (1913) Daisy Speranza / William Laurentz (1914) Suzanne Lenglen
Suzanne Lenglen
/ Max Decugis (1915–1919) No competition (due to World War I) (1920) Suzanne Lenglen
Suzanne Lenglen
/ Max Decugis (1921) Suzanne Lenglen
Suzanne Lenglen
/ Jacques Brugnon (1922) Suzanne Lenglen
Suzanne Lenglen
/ Jacques Brugnon (1923) Suzanne Lenglen
Suzanne Lenglen
/ Jacques Brugnon (1924) Marguerite Broquedis
Marguerite Broquedis
/ Jean Borotra (1925) Suzanne Lenglen
Suzanne Lenglen
/ Jacques Brugnon (1926) Suzanne Lenglen
Suzanne Lenglen
/ Jacques Brugnon (1927) Marguerite Broquedis
Marguerite Broquedis
Bordes / Jean Borotra (1928) Eileen Bennett / Henri Cochet (1929) Eileen Bennett / Henri Cochet (1930) Cilly Aussem
Cilly Aussem
/ Bill Tilden (1931) Betty Nuthall
Betty Nuthall
/ Pat Spence (1932) Betty Nuthall
Betty Nuthall
/ Fred Perry (1933) Margaret Scriven
Margaret Scriven
/ Jack Crawford (1934) Colette Rosambert / Jean Borotra (1935) Lolette Payot / Marcel Bernard (1936) Billie Yorke / Marcel Bernard (1937) Simonne Mathieu
Simonne Mathieu
/ Yvon Petra (1938) Simonne Mathieu
Simonne Mathieu
/ Dragutin Mitić (1939) Sarah Palfrey Fabyan / Elwood Cooke (1940–1945) No competition (due to World War II) (1946) Pauline Betz
Pauline Betz
/ Budge Patty (1947) Sheila Piercey / Eric Sturgess (1948) Patricia Canning Todd / Jaroslav Drobný (1949) Sheila Piercey / Eric Sturgess (1950) Barbara Scofield / Enrique Morea (1951) Doris Hart
Doris Hart
/ Frank Sedgman (1952) Doris Hart
Doris Hart
/ Frank Sedgman (1953) Doris Hart
Doris Hart
/ Vic Seixas (1954) Maureen Connolly
Maureen Connolly
/ Lew Hoad (1955) Darlene Hard / Gordon Forbes (1956) Thelma Coyne Long
Thelma Coyne Long
/ Luis Ayala (1957) Věra Pužejová / Jiří Javorský (1958) Shirley Bloomer / Nicola Pietrangeli (1959) Yola Ramírez Ochoa / William Knight (1960) Maria Bueno
Maria Bueno
/ Robert Howe (1961) Darlene Hard / Rod Laver (1962) Renée Schuurman / Robert Howe (1963) Margaret Smith / Ken Fletcher (1964) Margaret Smith / Ken Fletcher (1965) Margaret Smith / Ken Fletcher (1966) Annette Van Zyl
Annette Van Zyl
/ Frew McMillan (1967) Billie Jean King
Billie Jean King
/ Owen Davidson

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 84113103

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