1 Garden plan 2 History 3 Access 4 See also 5 Gallery 6 References 7 External links
Garden plan The grounds of the Jardin des plantes include four buildings containing exhibited specimens. These buildings are officially considered as museums following the French law (they are labelled musée de France) and the French Museum of Natural History calls them galeries (French for 'galleries'):
The grande galerie de l'Évolution ('Gallery of Evolution') was inaugurated in 1889 as the galerie de Zoologie ('Gallery of Zoology'). In 1994 the gallery was renamed with its current name, grande galerie de l'Évolution, and its exhibited specimens were completely reorganised so that the visitor is oriented by the common thread of the evolution as the major subject treated by the gallery. The galerie de Minéralogie et de Géologie ('Gallery of Mineralogy and Geology'), a mineralogy museum, built as of 1833, inaugurated in 1837. The galerie de Paléontologie et d'Anatomie comparée ('Gallery of Paleontology and Comparative Anatomy'), a comparative anatomy museum in the ground floor and a paleontology museum in the first and second floors. The building was inaugurated in 1898. The galerie de Botanique ('Gallery of Botany'), inaugurated in 1935 thanks to funds provided by the Rockefeller Foundation, contains botany laboratories and the French Muséum's National Herbarium (the biggest in the world with a collection of almost 8 million samples of plants). The building also contains a small permanent exhibition about botany.
In addition to the gardens and the galleries, there is also a small zoo, the ménagerie du Jardin des plantes, founded in 1795 by Bernardin de Saint-Pierre from animals of the ménagerie royale de Versailles, the menagerie at Versailles, dismantled during the French Revolution. The Jardin des plantes maintains a botanical school, which trains botanists, constructs demonstration gardens, and exchanges seeds to maintain biotic diversity. About 4,500 plants are arranged by family on a one hectare (10,000 m²) plot. Three hectares are devoted to horticultural displays of decorative plants. An Alpine garden has 3,000 species with world-wide representation. Specialized buildings, such as a large Art Deco winter garden, and Mexican and Australian hothouses display regional plants, not native to France. The Rose Garden, created in 1990, has hundreds of species of roses and rose trees. History Founded in 1626, the garden was not planted by Guy de La Brosse, Louis XIII's physician, until 1635 as a medicinal herb garden. It was originally known as the Jardin du Roi. In 1640 it opened to the public. After a period of decline, Jean-Baptiste Colbert took administrative control of the gardens. Dr. Guy-Crescent Fagon was appointed in 1693, and he surrounded himself with a team of experienced botanists, including Joseph Pitton de Tournefort, Antoine de Jussieu, Antoine Laurent de Jussieu and his son Adrien-Henri. The holdings include 6,963 specimens of the herbarium collection of Joseph Tournefort, donated on his death to the Jardin du Roi. The Comte de Buffon became the curator in 1739 and he expanded the gardens greatly, adding a maze, the labyrinth, which remains today. In 1792 the Royal Menagerie was moved to the gardens from Versailles. Access
Located near the Métro stations: Quai de la Rapée, Jussieu, Place Monge and Gare d'Austerlitz.
List of botanical gardens in France
Plan of the Jardin des plantes from 1820
The Nouvelle Calédonie's Hothouse built (1834–36) by Charles Rohault de Fleury, an early example of French glass and metal architecture
Map of the Jardin des plantes
Inside the grande galerie de l'Évolution
A fruiting tree of Trifoliate oranges
^ "Tourism in Paris: Key Figures 2016". Paris Visitors and Convention Bureau. p. 19. Retrieved 24 March 2018. ^ Jardin des plantes et Muséum national d'histoire naturelle, note number PA00088482, base Mérimée, French Ministry of Culture ^ "Herbarium J.P. de Tournefort (1656-1708)". brill.com. Retrieved 29 September 2014.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Jardin des plantes de Paris.
Official website (in French) Paris Botanical Garden (photo gallery)
WorldCat Identities BNF: cb123766026 (data) GND: 16130288-9 ISNI: 0000 0001 2184 6644 SUDOC: 027704017 ULAN: 500309993 VIA