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The JAPAN GROUND SELF-DEFENSE FORCE (陸上自衛隊, Rikujō Jieitai), or JGSDF, is the main branch of the Japan
Japan
Self-Defense Forces , responsible for land-based military operations, and is the de facto army of Japan
Japan
. Created on July 1, 1954, it is the largest of the three services of the Japan
Japan
Self-Defense Forces.

New military guidelines, announced in December 2010, direct the Self-Defense Forces away from their Cold War focus on the Soviet Union to a new focus on China, especially in respect of the dispute over the Senkaku Islands
Senkaku Islands
. The JGSDF is chiefly tasked with maintaining internal security in Japan.

The Force operates under the command of the chief of the ground staff, based in the city of Ichigaya
Ichigaya
, Shinjuku
Shinjuku
, Tokyo
Tokyo
. The present chief of staff is General Koji Yamazaki (Japanese : 山崎 幸二). The JGSDF numbered around 150,000 soldiers in 2008. As of 2010, the number remained the same at approximately 150,000 personnel.

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 2 Current deployment

* 2.1 Personnel * 2.2 Equipment

* 3 Organization

* 3.1 Armies * 3.2 Division * 3.3 Other units * 3.4 Tactical organization * 3.5 Special
Special
Forces

* 4 Ranks

* 4.1 Officers(幹部) * 4.2 Warrant Officer "> JGSDF soldiers from the 22nd Infantry Regiment train with U.S. Army
Army
soldiers in a bilateral exercise at Fort Lewis' Leschi Town in October 2008.

In 1989, basic training for lower-secondary and upper-secondary academy graduates began in the training brigade and lasted approximately three months. Specialized enlisted and non-commissioned officer (NCO) candidate courses were available in branch schools and qualified NCOs could enter an eight-to-twelve-week officer candidate program. Senior NCOs and graduates of an eighty-week NCO pilot course were eligible to enter officer candidate schools, as were graduates of the National Defense Academy at Yokosuka
Yokosuka
and graduates of all four-year universities. Advanced technical, flight, medical and command and staff officer courses were also run by the JGSDF. Like the maritime and air forces , the JGSDF ran a youth cadet program offering technical training to lower-secondary school graduates below military age in return for a promise of enlistment.

Because of population density and urbanization on the Japanese islands, only limited areas are available for large-scale training, and, even in these areas, noise restrictions are extensive. The JGSDF has adapted to these conditions by conducting command post exercises, map manoeuvres, investing in simulators and other training programs, as well as conducting live fire exercises overseas at locations such as the Yakima Training Center
Yakima Training Center
in the United States
United States
.

The JGSDF has two reserve components: the rapid-reaction reserve component (即応予備自衛官制度) and the main reserve component (一般予備自衛官制度). Members of the rapid-reaction component train 30 days a year. Members of the main reserve train five days a year. As of December 2007, there were 8,425 members of the rapid-reaction reserve component and 22,404 members of the main reserve component.

EQUIPMENT

Main article: List of modern equipment of the Japan
Japan
Ground Self-Defense Force

*

Type 10
Type 10
Main Battle Tank *

Type 90 Main Battle Tank *

Type 16 Maneuver Combat Vehicle *

Type 87 Self-propelled Anti-aircraft Gun *

Type 96 Armored Personnel Carrier *

Type 89 Infantry
Infantry
Fighting Vehicle *

Type 87 Armoured Recon and Patrol Vehicle

ORGANIZATION

Operational Structure of the Japan
Japan
Ground Self-Defense Force 2016. (Click to enlarge)

ARMIES

Disposition of JGSDF combat units

* NORTHERN ARMY , headquartered in Sapporo, Hokkaido
Sapporo, Hokkaido
* NORTH EASTERN ARMY , headquartered in Sendai, Miyagi
Sendai, Miyagi
* EASTERN ARMY , headquartered in Nerima, Tokyo
Tokyo
* CENTRAL ARMY , headquartered in Itami, Hyōgo
Itami, Hyōgo
* WESTERN ARMY , headquartered at Kumamoto, Kumamoto
Kumamoto, Kumamoto

DIVISION

JGSDF currently has 9 active duty divisions (1 armored, 8 infantry),6 active Brigades

* 1ST DIVISION , in Nerima
Nerima
. * 2ND DIVISION , in Asahikawa . * 3RD DIVISION , in Itami
Itami
. * 4TH DIVISION , in Kasuga . * 5TH BRIGADE , at Camp Obihiro in Obihiro , responsible for the defense of North Eastern Hokkaidō * 6TH DIVISION , in Higashine . * 7TH DIVISION (7th Armored division), in Chitose . * 8TH DIVISION , in Kumamoto . * 9TH DIVISION , in Aomori . * 10TH DIVISION , in Nagoya
Nagoya
. * 11TH BRIGADE , at Camp Makomanai in Sapporo, responsible for the defense of South Western Hokkaidō * 12TH BRIGADE ( Air Assault
Air Assault
), at Camp Soumagahara in Shintō , responsible for the defense of Gunma , Nagano , Niigata and Tochigi prefectures. * 13TH BRIGADE , in Kaita , responsible for the defense of the Chūgoku region
Chūgoku region
. * 14TH BRIGADE , in Zentsūji , responsible for the defense of Shikoku
Shikoku
. * 15TH BRIGADE , in Naha , responsible for the defense of Okinawa Prefecture

OTHER UNITS

* Other Units and Organizations

* Material Control Command * Ground Research "> JGSDF Chief of Staff Eiji Kimizuka, speaks with a U.S. Marine officer aboard the USS Essex (LHD-2)
USS Essex (LHD-2)
, in March 2011. JGSDF Middle Army
Army
headquarters in Itami, Japan
Japan

TACTICAL ORGANIZATION

The GSDF consists of the following tactical units:

* one armored division (7th ), * eight infantry divisions, each with three battalion-sized infantry regiments, * six infantry brigades (5th Brigade , 11th Brigade , 12th Brigade , 13th Brigade , 14th Brigade , and 15th Brigade ) * one airborne brigade (1st Airborne Brigade ), * five combined (training) brigades, * one artillery brigade, * two air defense brigades, * four engineer brigades, * one helicopter brigade with twenty-four squadrons and two anti-tank helicopter platoons.

JGSDF divisions and brigades are combined arms units with infantry, armored, and artillery units, combat support units and logistical support units. They are regionally independent and permanent entities. The divisions strength varies from 6,000 to 9,000 personnel. The brigades are smaller with 3,000 to 4,000 personnel.

SPECIAL FORCES

Special
Special
Forces units consist of the following:

* CRF: Central Readiness Force (中央即応集団 Chūō Sokuō Shūdan): ~4,500 personnel combination of: 1st Airborne Brigade , 1st Helicopter Brigade , Japanese Special
Special
Forces Group , and the 101st NBC Protection Unit

* Headquarters – Camp Asaka, Nerima, Tokyo
Tokyo
with 230 personnel

* 1st Airborne Brigade – Camp Narashino, Funabashi, Chiba
Funabashi, Chiba
with 1,900 personnel * 1st Helicopter Brigade – Camp Kisarazu, Kisarazu, Chiba
Kisarazu, Chiba
with 900 personnel * Central Readiness Force Regiment – Camp Utsunomiya, Utsunomiya, Tochigi with 700 personnel * Japanese Special
Special
Forces Group – Camp Narashino, Funabashi, Chiba with 600 personnel * Central Nuclear Biological Chemical Weapon Defense Unit – Camp Ōmiya, Kita-ku, Saitama
Kita-ku, Saitama
with 155 personnel * NBC Counter Medical Unit – Camp Asaka, Nerima, Tokyo
Tokyo
with 70 personnel * International Peace Cooperation Activities Training Unit – Camp Komakado , Gotemba, Shizuoka
Gotemba, Shizuoka
with 80 personnel

* Western Army
Army
Infantry
Infantry
Regiment (西部方面普通科連隊 Seibu Hōmen Futsū-ka Rentai), light infantry unit trained for amphibious operations .

RANKS

JAPAN GROUND SELF-DEFENSE FORCE 陸上自衛隊 (Rikujō Jieitai)

COMMAND

Ground Staff Office

COMPONENTS

Northern Army
Army

North Eastern Army
Army

Eastern Army
Army

Central Army
Army

Western Army
Army

Central Readiness Force

JGSDF Reserve

JGSDF Reserve Candidate

OFFICERS(幹部)

INSIGNIA OF-9 Full General 統合幕僚長 および 陸上幕僚長 たる陸将 OF-8 Lieutenant General 陸将 OF-7 Major General 陸将補 OF-5 Colonel
Colonel
1等陸佐 OF-4 Lieutenant Colonel 2等陸佐 OF-3 Major
Major
3等陸佐 OF-2 Captain 1等陸尉 OF-1 First Lieutenant 2等陸尉 OF-1 Second Lieutenant 3等陸尉

Type A (甲階級章)

Type B (乙階級章)

Miniature (略章)

WARRANT OFFICER -webkit-column-width: 30em; column-width: 30em; list-style-type: decimal;">

* ^ IISS Military Balance 2008, Routledge, London, 2008, p.384 * ^ A B IISS 2010 , pp. 408–411 * ^ Encyclopædia Britannica, Self Defense Force, accessed February 2015. * ^ Frank Kowalski, An Inoffensive Rearmament: The Making of the Postwar Japanese Army, Naval Institute Press, 2014, p.72 * ^ " Japan
Japan
Self-Defense Force Defending Japan". Defendingjapan.wordpress.com. Retrieved 2014-08-03. * ^ Zbigniew Brzezinski, The Fragile Blossom (Harper, 1972) p.95, in James H. Buck, ‘The Japanese Military in the 1980s, in James H. Buck (ed.), The Modern Japanese Military System, Sage Publications, Beverly Hills/London, 1975, p.220 * ^ Archived March 9, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
.

EXTERNAL LINKS

Wikimedia Commons has media related to JAPAN GROUND SELF-DEFENSE FORCE .

* Japan
Japan
Ground Self-Defense Force (in Japanese) * Japan * Globalsecurity.org JGSDF section * Number of Tanks and Major
Major
Artillery
Artillery
and Performance

.