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JAPAN BUSINESS FEDERATION (日本経済団体連合会, Nippon Keizai-dantai Rengōkai) is an economic organization founded in May 2002 by amalgamation of Keidanren ( Japan
Japan
Federation of Economic Organizations, established 1946) and Nikkeiren ( Japan
Japan
Federation of Employers' Associations, established 1948), with Nikkeiren being absorbed into Keidanren.

The federation is commonly referred to as "Keidanren", its 1,601 members consist of 1,281 companies, 129 industrial associations, and 47 regional economic organizations (as of June 15, 2010).

For most of the post-war period, Keidanren has been the voice of big business in Japan
Japan
and is generally considered the most conservative of the country's three major private sector led business associations. The other two organizations are the Japan
Japan
Chamber of Commerce and Industry (日本商工会議所) and the Japan
Japan
Association of Corporate Executives (経済同友会).

According to the organization's official website, the mission of the Keidanren is to: accelerate growth of Japan's and world economy and to strengthen the corporations to create additional value to transform Japanese economy into one that is sustainable and driven by the private sector, by encouraging the idea of individuals and local communities.

The current chairman is Sadayuki Sakakibara of Toray Industries
Toray Industries
. He has been chairman of The Japan
Japan
Business Federation since May 2014.

CONTENTS

* 1 Political donations * 2 View on consumption tax * 3 Views on nuclear power * 4 Changes to board composition * 5 Yahoo! Japan
Japan

* 6 Current board

* 6.1 Past officeholders

* 7 See also * 8 References * 9 External links

POLITICAL DONATIONS

Keidanren and its predecessor bodies had a long history of providing substantial political donations to the Liberal Democratic Party . In the lead-up to the 2009 general election the Democratic Party of Japan made a pledge to ban political donations from companies and organizations. After the DPJ victory in that election, Keidanren stopped making political donations.

VIEW ON CONSUMPTION TAX

Keidanren supports the Noda governments efforts to raise Japan's consumption tax from 5% to 10%. It has called in the past for the consumption tax to be raised even higher, to 15%.

VIEWS ON NUCLEAR POWER

After the March 11th nuclear disaster and subsequent shutdown of all the nuclear plants in Japan, Keidanren called for their restart. This view was not shared by all business leaders, with Rakuten president Hiroshi Mikitani leaving the federation partly over this issue. Masayoshi Son
Masayoshi Son
of Softbank
Softbank
publicly objected to the focus on restarting the nuclear plants, but didn't leave the federation over it.

CHANGES TO BOARD COMPOSITION

In 2002, when Keidanren took on its current form, two-thirds of its 18 vice-chairmen were from manufacturing companies. As of July 2012, only 8 of the 18 are filled by executives of manufacturers.

YAHOO! JAPAN

Yahoo! Japan
Japan
was a founding member of Rakuten CEO Hiroshi Mikitani 's Japan
Japan
e-business association in February 2010, but after Rakuten withdrew from Keidanren in June 2011 and made moves to become the Japan
Japan
Association of New Economy as a rival to Keidanren, Yahoo! Japan withdrew from the e-business association in March 2012. It joined Keidanren in July 2012.

CURRENT BOARD

Below are the lists of Presidents, Chairmen, Vice-presidents and Vice-chairmen of Japan
Japan
Business Federation (as of July 1, 2011).

TITLE NAME AFFILIATION

Chairman Sadayuki Sakakibara Chairman of Toray Industries
Toray Industries

Vice-chairman Yoji Ohashi Chairman of All Nippon Airways

Hiromichi Iwasa President & CEO of Mitsui Fudosan

Katsuaki Watanabe Vice-chairman of Toyota
Toyota

Atsutoshi Nishida Chairman of Toshiba
Toshiba

Shoji Muneoka Representative Director and President of Nippon Steel Corporation

Takashi Kawamura Representative Executive Officer, Chairman and CEO and Board Director of Hitachi Ltd

Masahiro Sakane Chairman of Komatsu Limited

Satoshi Miura President & CEO of Nippon Telegraph and Telephone Corporation
Nippon Telegraph and Telephone Corporation

Yorihiko Kojima Chairman of Mitsubishi Corporation

Nobuo Kuroyanagi Chairman of The Bank of Tokyo-Mitsubishi UFJ

Norio Katsumata Chairman of Marubeni
Marubeni

Mutsutake Otsuka Chairman of East Japan
Japan
Railway Company

Katsutoshi Saito Chairman of Dai-ichi Life
Dai-ichi Life

Masayuki Oku Chairman of Sumitomo Mitsui Financial Group
Sumitomo Mitsui Financial Group

Koji Miyahara Chairman of NYK

Hideaki Omiya President of Mitsubishi Heavy Industries

Yoshio Nakamura Secretary-General of Japan
Japan
Business Federation

TITLE NAME AFFILIATION

Council Chair Fumiaki Watari Advisor of JX Holdings

Vice-chairman Yu Nomaguchi Honorary Adviser of Mitsubishi Electric

Yoshiya Hara Senior Advisor Head Office of Daiwa Securities Group
Daiwa Securities Group

Naotake Okubo Board Counsel of Sekisui Chemical

Akihiko Ide Chairman of Mitsubishi Materials
Mitsubishi Materials
Corporation

Tsuneji Uchida President of Canon

Norio Yamaguchi Chairman of Ajinomoto

Kazuhisa Shinoda President of Oji Paper Company

Go Ojita Chairman of Asahi Group Holdings
Asahi Group Holdings

芦田昭充 Chairman of Mitsui O.S.K. Lines
Mitsui O.S.K. Lines

Kunio Ishihara Chairman of Tokio Marine & Nichido Fire Insurance Co., Ltd.

Kaoru Yano Chairman of NEC
NEC

Atsushi Kamei President of Ito-Yokado

Fumio Ohtsubo President of Panasonic Corporation

Shinzo Maeda Chairman of Shiseido
Shiseido

Susumu Kato President of Sumitomo Corporation

Eiza Kobayashi Chairman of Itochu
Itochu
Corporation

PAST OFFICEHOLDERS

OLD BUSINESS FEDERATION ORDER PAST CHAIRMAN AFFILIATION TENURE

1 Ichiro Ishikawa Nissan Chemical Industries March 1948 - February 1956

2 Taizo Ishizaka Tokyo
Tokyo
Shibaura Electric February 1956 - May 1968

3 Uemura Kōgorō Keidanren Secretariat May 1968 - May 1974

4 Toshiwo Doko Tokyo
Tokyo
Shibaura Electric May 1974 - May 1980

5 Inayama Yoshihiro Nippon Steel May 1980 - May 1986

6 Eishiro Saito Nippon Steel May 1986 - December 1990

7 Gaishi Hiraiwa Tokyo
Tokyo
Electric Power December 1990 - May 1994

8 Shoichiro Toyoda Toyota May 1994 - May 1998

9 Takashi Imai Nippon Steel May 1998 - May 2002

FORMER JAPAN FEDERATION OF EMPLOYERS\' ASSOCIATIONS ORDER Past president (permanent typical secretary) AFFILIATION TENURE

1 Kanichi Moroi Taiheiyo Cement March 1948 - April 1968

2 Miki Takashi Yawata Iron & Steel Co.,Ltd. April 1949 - April 1952

3 Kato Masato Daiwabo Co., Ltd. April 1949 - August 1963

4 Takeshi Sakurada Nisshinbo Industries April 1960 - May 1979

5 Bunpei Otsuki Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Mining ">

* ^ Japan
Japan
Times Keidanren-Nikkeiren tieup scheduled for May 2002 start December 21 2000 Retrieved on July 22, 2012 * ^ Nippon Keidanren website About Nippon Keidanren Retrieved on January 16th 2011 * ^ Asahi Shimbun EDITORIAL: Political donations 2010/03/01 Retrieved on July 20, 2012 * ^ Nikkei Weekly Business lobbies in state of flux June 16, 2012 page 28 * ^ Keidanren urges gov\'t to raise consumption tax to 10% or higher+ Retrieved on July 20, 2012 * ^ Kyodo News Keidanren chief renews call for restart of nuclear plants Retrieved on July 20, 2012 * ^ Asahi Shimbun Softbank\'s Son denounces Keidanren\'s energy proposal Retrieved on July 20, 2012 * ^ Nikkei Weekly Business lobbies in state of flux June 16, 2012 page 28 * ^ The Daily Yomiuri Keidanren welcomes new member Yahoo August 1 2012 Retrieved on August 1, 2012 * ^ Nippon Keidanren website "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-12-26. Retrieved 2011-02-04. Officers of Nippon Keidanren -Chairman, Vice Chairmen

EXTERNAL LINKS

* Daimon, Sayuri, "The