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JANUS PANNONIUS (Latin : Ioannes Pannonius , Croatian : Ivan Česmički, Hungarian : Csezmiczei János, or Kesencei; 29 August 1434 – 27 March 1472) was a Croat -Hungarian Latinist , poet , diplomat and Bishop of Pécs
Bishop of Pécs
. He was the most significant poet of the Renaissance
Renaissance
in the Kingdom of Hungary and one of the better-known figures of Humanist poetry in Europe.

CONTENTS

* 1 Life * 2 References * 3 Sources * 4 Works

LIFE

Born in , Slavonia
Slavonia
,

Janus’s father was a Croatian whose social status and relation to the nobility is unclear. His mother, Borbála Vitéz, was Hungarian .

Pope Pius II
Pope Pius II
wrote that Pannonius was of Slavonian origin (de origine Slavonica). His biographer and friend Vespasiano da Bisticci said that he was of Slavic nationality According to Ronsano of Palermo, he was from Dalmatia (di natione Dalmata). M. Franičević, in citing Ronsano, notes that many Italians saw all “Croats” as Dalmatians. Ludovik Tuberon Crijević, writing of Pannonius, says that he was born a Slav (genere itidem Sclavenum) in that part of interior Dalmatia that lies between the Sava and Drava rivers.

Pannonius was brought up by his mother; in 1447 his uncle sent him to Italy for a humanist schooling. He attended the School of Guarino da Verona at Ferrara
Ferrara
, where the pupils were educated in Latin and Greek authors under the guidance of a noted teacher of the Italian Renaissance
Renaissance
. The boy was considered the brightest pupil of his generation by both his teachers and fellow-students. He wrote poetry according to the rules of classical prosody; he was around thirteen when he wrote his first epigrams. His higher education was completed at the University of Padua
University of Padua
in canon law. After making an educational tour of Rome, he returned to Hungary in 1458, the year of Matthias’s accession to the throne.

For a time, he worked at the Royal Chancery, and soon was appointed as the Bishop of Pécs
Bishop of Pécs
and later Vice-Chancellor of the country. Janus Pannonius was an influential intellectual in the kingdom; he kept his connections with some of the leading philosophers of his time. He also collected a significant library of humanist works (probably dispersed in 1526).

He served as the Ban of Slavonia
Slavonia
in 1469.

He died in the Medvedgrad
Medvedgrad
castle near Zagreb
Zagreb
.

REFERENCES

* ^ Birnbaum 1981 , p. 10. * ^ A B Ádám Makkai, In quest of the \'miracle stag\': the poetry of Hungary : an anthology of Hungarian poetry in English translation from the 13th century to the present in commemoration of the 1100th anniversary of the foundation of Hungary and the 40th anniversary of the Hungarian Uprising of 1956, University of Illinois Press, 1996, p. 41 * ^ Birnbaum 1981 , p. 18. * ^ V. A. Fine 2010 , p. 147. * ^ Konstantinos Staikos (2012), History of the Library in Western Civilization: From Petrarch to Michelangelo, New Castle, DE: Oak Knoll Press, ISBN 9781584561828 * ^ Bietenholz Deutscher, Thomas Brian, eds. (2003). "Janus Pannonius". Contemporaries of Erasmus: A Biographical Register of the Renaissance
Renaissance
and Reformation. University of Toronto Press. pp. 233–234. ISBN 978-0-8020-8577-1 . * Birnbaum, Marianna D. (1981). Janus Pannonius, poet and politician. Works of the Yugoslav Academy of Sciences and Arts philology department. 56. Yugoslav Academy of Sciences and Arts
Yugoslav Academy of Sciences and Arts
. OCLC 461824985 . * V. A. Fine, John Jr. (2010). When Ethnicity Did Not Matter in the Balkans: A Study of Identity in Pre-Nationalist Croatia, Dalmatia, and Slavonia
Slavonia
in the Medieval and Early-Modern Periods. University of Michigan Press. ISBN 0-472-02560-0 .

WORKS

* Opera, Basel, 1555

* v * t * e

Croatian literature
Croatian literature

RENAISSANCE

* Džore Držić * Šiško Menčetić * Dominko Zlatarić * Hanibal Lucić - Dinko Ranjina * Mikša Pelegrinović * Mavro Vetranović * Nikola Nalješković * Marko Marulić
Marko Marulić
* Juraj Šižgorić * Petar Hektorović
Petar Hektorović
* Marin Držić
Marin Držić
* Brne Karnarutić * Petar Zoranić * Jeronim Vidulić * Marin Kaboga * Nikola Dimitrović

BAROQUE

* Ivan Gundulić
Ivan Gundulić
* Ivan Bunić Vučić
Ivan Bunić Vučić
* Ignjat Đurđević * Stijepan Đurđević * Junije Palmotić * Fran Krsto Frankopan
Fran Krsto Frankopan
* Petar Zrinski * Katarina Zrinska * Ivan Belostenec * Pavao Ritter Vitezović
Pavao Ritter Vitezović
* Juraj Habdelić * Matija Divković
Matija Divković
* Bartol Kašić * Petar Kanavelović * Antun Kanižlić * Katarina Patačić

ENLIGHTENMENT

* Matija Antun Reljković * Andrija Kačić Miošić
Andrija Kačić Miošić
* Filip Gotovac * Matija Petar Katančić * Tituš Brezovački

ROMANTICISM

* Dimitrija Demeter * Ljudevit Gaj
Ljudevit Gaj
* Ivan Mažuranić
Ivan Mažuranić
* Matija Mažuranić * Petar Preradović * Pavao Štoos * Stanko Vraz

REALISM

* Eugen Kumičić * Ante Kovačić
Ante Kovačić
* Ksaver Šandor Gjalski * Vjenceslav Novak
Vjenceslav Novak
* Josip Kozarac * Silvije Strahimir Kranjčević
Silvije Strahimir Kranjčević

Modernism
Modernism
and Postmodernism
Postmodernism

* Ivo Vojnović * Antun Gustav Matoš
Antun Gustav Matoš
* Vladimir Vidrić * Dragutin Domjanić * Milan Begović * Vladimir Nazor
Vladimir Nazor
* Janko Polić Kamov * Fran Galović * Vladimir Čerina * Tin Ujević
Tin Ujević
* Miroslav Krleža
Miroslav Krleža
* Antun Branko Šimić * Ivan Goran Kovačić * Marija Jurić Zagorka * Ivo Andrić
Ivo Andrić
* Vladan Desnica * Dragutin Tadijanović * Ranko Marinković * Tomislav Ladan

* v * t * e

Hungarian literature
Hungarian literature

EARLY SOURCES

* Funeral Sermon and Prayer
Funeral Sermon and Prayer
* Old Hungarian Lamentations of Mary * Gesta Hungarorum
Gesta Hungarorum
* Gesta Hunnorum et Hungarorum * Chronicon Pictum
Chronicon Pictum

15TH – 17TH CENTURY

* Bálint Balassi
Bálint Balassi
* Péter Bornemisza * István Gyöngyösi
István Gyöngyösi
* Gáspár Heltai
Gáspár Heltai
* Sebestyén Tinódi Lantos
Sebestyén Tinódi Lantos
* Janus Pannonius * Péter Pázmány
Péter Pázmány
* Miklós Zrínyi
Miklós Zrínyi

18TH – 19TH CENTURY

* Zoltán Ambrus * János Arany
János Arany
* József Bajza
József Bajza
* János Batsányi * Elek Benedek * Dániel Berzsenyi
Dániel Berzsenyi
* Sándor Bródy * Gergely Csiky * Mihály Csokonai Vitéz * József Eötvös
József Eötvös
* Mihály Fazekas * János Garay * Géza Gárdonyi * Ignotus * Mór Jókai * József Kármán * József Katona
József Katona
* Ferenc Kazinczy
Ferenc Kazinczy
* Zsigmond Kemény * Károly Kisfaludy
Károly Kisfaludy
* Sándor Kisfaludy * Ferenc Kölcsey
Ferenc Kölcsey
* Imre Madách * Kelemen Mikes * Kálmán Mikszáth * Sándor Petőfi
Sándor Petőfi
* István Széchenyi
István Széchenyi
* Ede Szigligeti
Ede Szigligeti
* Mihály Tompa * János Vajda * Mihály Vörösmarty

20TH CENTURY

* Endre Ady
Endre Ady
* Lajos Áprily * Mihály Babits
Mihály Babits
* Béla Balázs * Miklós Bánffy
Miklós Bánffy
* Géza Csáth * Tibor Déry * György Faludy * István Fekete * Miksa Fenyő * Jolán Földes * Milán Füst * Géza Gyóni * Béla Hamvas * Ferenc Herczeg
Ferenc Herczeg
* Gyula Illyés * Éva Janikovszky * Attila József
Attila József
* Gyula Juhász * Margit Kaffka * László Kálnoky * Ferenc Karinthy
Ferenc Karinthy
* Frigyes Karinthy
Frigyes Karinthy
* Lajos Kassák
Lajos Kassák
* Géza Képes * János Kodolányi
János Kodolányi
* Károly Kós
Károly Kós
* Dezső Kosztolányi
Dezső Kosztolányi
* Gyula Krúdy * Ervin Lázár * Menyhért Lengyel * Iván Mándy * Sándor Márai
Sándor Márai
* Ferenc Molnár
Ferenc Molnár
* Ferenc Móra * Zsigmond Móricz
Zsigmond Móricz
* Gáspár Nagy * László Nagy * Ágnes Nemes Nagy * László Németh * József Nyírő * Géza Ottlik * István Örkény * János Pilinszky * Miklós Radnóti * Jenő Rejtő * Sándor Reményik * András Sütő
András Sütő
* Dezső Szabó * Lőrinc Szabó * Magda Szabó
Magda Szabó
* Sándor Szathmári * Miklós Szentkuthy * Mária Szepes * Antal Szerb * Áron Tamási * Árpád Tóth * Albert Wass
Albert Wass
* Sándor Weöres * Lajos Zilahy * Péter Zsoldos

CONTEMPORARY

* Tamás Cseh * Sándor Csoóri
Sándor Csoóri
* György Dragomán * Péter Esterházy * Ágnes Gergely * Gábor Görgey
Gábor Görgey
* Anna Jókai * Ferenc Juhász * Sándor Kányádi
Sándor Kányádi
* Imre Kertész
Imre Kertész
* György Konrád
György Konrád
* László Krasznahorkai
László Krasznahorkai
* Endre Kukorelly * László L. Lőrincz
László L. Lőrincz
* Béla Markó * György Moldova * Péter Nádas
Péter Nádas
* Ádám Nádasdy * Lajos Parti Nagy * Zsuzsa Rakovszky * György Spiró * Miklós Vámos

Category:Hungarian writers

AUTHORITY CONTROL

* WorldCat Identities * VIAF : 65302857 * LCCN : n82089441 * ISNI : 0000 0001 1578 0087 * GND : 119169959 * SELIBR : 191509 * SUDOC : 028779479 * BNF : cb12054506w (data) * NLA : 35872976 * NKC : jn20000701368 * ICCU : ITICCUTO0V646 * IATH : w6cf9v48

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