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JANUS PANNONIUS (Latin : _Ioannes Pannonius _, Croatian : _Ivan Česmički_, Hungarian : _Csezmiczei János, or Kesencei_; 29 August 1434 – 27 March 1472) was a Croat -Hungarian Latinist , poet , diplomat and Bishop of Pécs . He was the most significant poet of the Renaissance
Renaissance
in the Kingdom of Hungary and one of the better-known figures of Humanist poetry in Europe.

CONTENTS

* 1 Life * 2 References * 3 Sources * 4 Works

LIFE

Born in Čazma , Slavonia , Janus's nationality has been debated among Croatian and Hungarian scholars and both ethnicities have claimed him.

Janus’s father was a Croatian whose social status and relation to the nobility is unclear. His mother, Borbála Vitéz, was Hungarian . Borbála came from a lower-ranked noble family on her mother's side (the Garázda family, originally Bosnian ancestry) and, on her father's side, she was originated from Pilis county (the "Vitéz" surname of her family is a latter name; they were originally called "Csévi"). The Garázda family was related to the Szilágyi and Hunyadi families. She was the sister of Archbishop Vitéz .

Pope Pius II wrote that Pannonius was of Slavonian origin (_de origine Slavonica_). His biographer and friend Vespasiano da Bisticci said that he was of Slavic nationality (_di nazione Schiavo_). According to Ronsano of Palermo, he was from Dalmatia (_di natione Dalmata_). M. Franičević, in citing Ronsano, notes that many Italians saw all “Croats” as Dalmatians. Ludovik Tuberon Crijević, writing of Pannonius, says that he was born a Slav (_genere itidem Sclavenum_) in that part of interior Dalmatia that lies between the Sava and Drava rivers.

Pannonius was brought up by his mother; in 1447 his uncle sent him to Italy for a humanist schooling. He attended the School of Guarino da Verona at Ferrara
Ferrara
, where the pupils were educated in Latin and Greek authors under the guidance of a noted teacher of the Italian Renaissance
Renaissance
. The boy was considered the brightest pupil of his generation by both his teachers and fellow-students. He wrote poetry according to the rules of classical prosody; he was around thirteen when he wrote his first epigrams. His higher education was completed at the University of Padua in canon law. After making an educational tour of Rome, he returned to Hungary in 1458, the year of Matthias’s accession to the throne.

For a time, he worked at the Royal Chancery, and soon was appointed as the Bishop of Pécs and later Vice-Chancellor of the country. Janus Pannonius was an influential intellectual in the kingdom; he kept his connections with some of the leading philosophers of his time. He also collected a significant library of humanist works (probably dispersed in 1526).

He served as the Ban of Slavonia in 1469.

He died in the Medvedgrad
Medvedgrad
castle near Zagreb
Zagreb
.

REFERENCES

* ^ Birnbaum 1981 , p. 10. * ^ _A_ _B_ Ádám Makkai, _In quest of the \'miracle stag\': the poetry of Hungary : an anthology of Hungarian poetry in English translation from the 13th century to the present in commemoration of the 1100th anniversary of the foundation of Hungary and the 40th anniversary of the Hungarian Uprising of 1956_, University of Illinois Press, 1996, p. 41 * ^ Birnbaum 1981 , p. 18. * ^ Tibor Kardos, Sándor V. Kovács, Janus Pannonius, Akadémiai Kiadó, 1975, p. 73 * ^ http://www.kislexikon.hu/garazda.html * ^ Vince Bunyitay, A VÁRADI PÜSPÖKSÉG TÖRTÉNETE ALAPÍTÁSÁTÓL A JELENKORIG, Nagyvárad, 1883 * ^ V. A. Fine 2010 , p. 147. * ^ Konstantinos Staikos (2012), _History of the Library in Western Civilization: From Petrarch to Michelangelo_, New Castle, DE: Oak Knoll Press, ISBN 9781584561828 * ^ Bietenholz Deutscher, Thomas Brian, eds. (2003). "Janus Pannonius". _Contemporaries of Erasmus: A Biographical Register of the Renaissance
Renaissance
and Reformation_. University of Toronto Press. pp. 233–234. ISBN 978-0-8020-8577-1 . * Birnbaum, Marianna D. (1981). _Janus Pannonius, poet and politician_. Works of the Yugoslav Academy of Sciences and Arts philology department. 56. Yugoslav Academy of Sciences and Arts . OCLC 461824985 . * V. A. Fine, John Jr. (2010). _When Ethnicity Did Not Matter in the Balkans: A Study of Identity in Pre-Nationalist Croatia, Dalmatia, and Slavonia in the Medieval and Early-Modern Periods_. University of Michigan Press. ISBN 0-472-02560-0 .

WORKS

* Opera, Basel, 1555

* v * t * e

Croatian literature

RENAISSANCE

* Džore Držić * Šiško Menčetić * Dominko Zlatarić * Hanibal Lucić - Dinko Ranjina * Mikša Pelegrinović * Mavro Vetranović * Nikola Nalješković * Marko Marulić * Juraj Šižgorić * Petar Hektorović * Marin Držić * Brne Karnarutić * Petar Zoranić
Petar Zoranić
* Jeronim Vidulić * Marin Kaboga * Nikola Dimitrović

BAROQUE

* Ivan Gundulić * Ivan Bunić Vučić * Ignjat Đurđević * Stijepan Đurđević * Junije Palmotić * Fran Krsto Frankopan * Petar Zrinski * Katarina Zrinska * Ivan Belostenec * Pavao Ritter Vitezović * Juraj Habdelić * Matija Divković * Bartol Kašić * Petar Kanavelović * Antun Kanižlić * Katarina Patačić

ENLIGHTENMENT

* Matija Antun Reljković * Andrija Kačić Miošić * Filip Gotovac * Matija Petar Katančić * Tituš Brezovački

ROMANTICISM

* Dimitrija Demeter * Ljudevit Gaj
Ljudevit Gaj
* Ivan Mažuranić * Matija Mažuranić * Petar Preradović * Pavao Štoos * Stanko Vraz

REALISM

* Eugen Kumičić * Ante Kovačić * Ksaver Šandor Gjalski * Vjenceslav Novak * Josip Kozarac * Silvije Strahimir Kranjčević

Modernism
Modernism
and Postmodernism

* Ivo Vojnović * Antun Gustav Matoš * Vladimir Vidrić * Dragutin Domjanić * Milan Begović * Vladimir Nazor * Janko Polić Kamov * Fran Galović * Vladimir Čerina * Tin Ujević * Miroslav Krleža * Antun Branko Šimić * Ivan Goran Kovačić * Marija Jurić Zagorka * Ivo Andrić * Vladan Desnica * Dragutin Tadijanović * Ranko Marinković * Tomislav Ladan

* v * t * e

Hungarian literature

EARLY SOURCES

* Funeral Sermon and Prayer * Old Hungarian _Lamentations of Mary_ * _ Gesta Hungarorum
Gesta Hungarorum
_ * _ Gesta Hunnorum et Hungarorum _ * _ Chronicon Pictum
Chronicon Pictum
_

15TH – 17TH CENTURY

* Bálint Balassi * Péter Bornemisza * István Gyöngyösi * Gáspár Heltai * Sebestyén Tinódi Lantos * Janus Pannonius * Péter Pázmány * Miklós Zrínyi

18TH – 19TH CENTURY

* Zoltán Ambrus * János Arany * József Bajza * János Batsányi * Elek Benedek * Dániel Berzsenyi * Sándor Bródy * Gergely Csiky * Mihály Csokonai Vitéz * József Eötvös * Mihály Fazekas * János Garay * Géza Gárdonyi * Ignotus * Mór Jókai * József Kármán * József Katona * Ferenc Kazinczy * Zsigmond Kemény * Károly Kisfaludy * Sándor Kisfaludy * Ferenc Kölcsey * Imre Madách * Kelemen Mikes * Kálmán Mikszáth * Sándor Petőfi
Sándor Petőfi
* István Széchenyi * Ede Szigligeti * Mihály Tompa * János Vajda * Mihály Vörösmarty

20TH CENTURY

* Endre Ady
Endre Ady
* Lajos Áprily * Mihály Babits * Béla Balázs * Miklós Bánffy * Géza Csáth * Tibor Déry * György Faludy * István Fekete * Miksa Fenyő * Jolán Földes * Milán Füst * Géza Gyóni * Béla Hamvas * Ferenc Herczeg * Gyula Illyés * Éva Janikovszky * Attila József * Gyula Juhász * Margit Kaffka * László Kálnoky * Ferenc Karinthy * Frigyes Karinthy * Lajos Kassák * Géza Képes * János Kodolányi * Károly Kós * Dezső Kosztolányi * Gyula Krúdy * Ervin Lázár * Menyhért Lengyel * Iván Mándy * Sándor Márai * Ferenc Molnár
Ferenc Molnár
* Ferenc Móra * Zsigmond Móricz * Gáspár Nagy * László Nagy * Ágnes Nemes Nagy * László Németh * József Nyírő * Géza Ottlik * István Örkény * János Pilinszky * Miklós Radnóti * Jenő Rejtő * Sándor Reményik * András Sütő * Dezső Szabó * Lőrinc Szabó * Magda Szabó * Sándor Szathmári * Miklós Szentkuthy * Mária Szepes * Antal Szerb * Áron Tamási * Árpád Tóth * Albert Wass * Sándor Weöres * Lajos Zilahy * Péter Zsoldos

CONTEMPORARY

* Tamás Cseh * Sándor Csoóri * György Dragomán * Péter Esterházy * Ágnes Gergely * Gábor Görgey * Anna Jókai * Ferenc Juhász * Sándor Kányádi * Imre Kertész * György Konrád * László Krasznahorkai * Endre Kukorelly * László L. Lőrincz * Béla Markó * György Moldova * Péter Nádas * Ádám Nádasdy * Lajos Parti Nagy * Zsuzsa Rakovszky * György Spiró * Miklós Vámos

Category:Hungarian writers

AUTHORITY CONTROL

* WorldCat Identities * VIAF : 65302857 * LCCN : n82089441 * ISNI : 0000 0001 1578 0087 * GND : 119169959 * SELIBR : 191509 * SUDOC : 028779479 * BNF : cb12054506w (data) * NLA : 35872976 * NKC : jn20000701368 * ICCU : ITICCUTO0V646 * IATH : w6cf9v48

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