JANUS PANNONIUS (Latin : _Ioannes Pannonius _, Croatian : _Ivan
Česmički_, Hungarian : _Csezmiczei János, or Kesencei_; 29 August
1434 – 27 March 1472) was a Croat -Hungarian Latinist , poet ,
Bishop of Pécs . He was the most significant poet of the
* 1 Life * 2 References * 3 Sources * 4 Works
Janus’s father was a Croatian whose social status and relation to the nobility is unclear. His mother, Borbála Vitéz, was Hungarian . Borbála came from a lower-ranked noble family on her mother's side (the Garázda family, originally Bosnian ancestry) and, on her father's side, she was originated from Pilis county (the "Vitéz" surname of her family is a latter name; they were originally called "Csévi"). The Garázda family was related to the Szilágyi and Hunyadi families. She was the sister of Archbishop Vitéz .
Pope Pius II wrote that Pannonius was of Slavonian origin (_de origine Slavonica_). His biographer and friend Vespasiano da Bisticci said that he was of Slavic nationality (_di nazione Schiavo_). According to Ronsano of Palermo, he was from Dalmatia (_di natione Dalmata_). M. Franičević, in citing Ronsano, notes that many Italians saw all “Croats” as Dalmatians. Ludovik Tuberon Crijević, writing of Pannonius, says that he was born a Slav (_genere itidem Sclavenum_) in that part of interior Dalmatia that lies between the Sava and Drava rivers.
Pannonius was brought up by his mother; in 1447 his uncle sent him to
Italy for a humanist schooling. He attended the School of Guarino da
For a time, he worked at the Royal Chancery, and soon was appointed as the Bishop of Pécs and later Vice-Chancellor of the country. Janus Pannonius was an influential intellectual in the kingdom; he kept his connections with some of the leading philosophers of his time. He also collected a significant library of humanist works (probably dispersed in 1526).
He served as the Ban of Slavonia in 1469.
* ^ Birnbaum 1981 , p. 10.
* ^ _A_ _B_ Ádám Makkai, _In quest of the \'miracle stag\': the
poetry of Hungary : an anthology of Hungarian poetry in English
translation from the 13th century to the present in commemoration of
the 1100th anniversary of the foundation of Hungary and the 40th
anniversary of the Hungarian Uprising of 1956_, University of Illinois
Press, 1996, p. 41
* ^ Birnbaum 1981 , p. 18.
* ^ Tibor Kardos, Sándor V. Kovács, Janus Pannonius, Akadémiai
Kiadó, 1975, p. 73
* ^ http://www.kislexikon.hu/garazda.html
* ^ Vince Bunyitay, A VÁRADI PÜSPÖKSÉG TÖRTÉNETE
ALAPÍTÁSÁTÓL A JELENKORIG, Nagyvárad, 1883
* ^ V. A. Fine 2010 , p. 147.
* ^ Konstantinos Staikos (2012), _History of the Library in Western
Civilization: From Petrarch to Michelangelo_, New Castle, DE: Oak
Knoll Press, ISBN 9781584561828
* ^ Bietenholz Deutscher, Thomas Brian, eds. (2003). "Janus
Pannonius". _Contemporaries of Erasmus: A Biographical Register of the
* Opera, Basel, 1555
* v * t * e
Hanibal Lucić -
* Ivan Gundulić * Ivan Bunić Vučić * Ignjat Đurđević * Stijepan Đurđević * Junije Palmotić * Fran Krsto Frankopan * Petar Zrinski * Katarina Zrinska * Ivan Belostenec * Pavao Ritter Vitezović * Juraj Habdelić * Matija Divković * Bartol Kašić * Petar Kanavelović * Antun Kanižlić * Katarina Patačić
* Ivo Vojnović * Antun Gustav Matoš * Vladimir Vidrić * Dragutin Domjanić * Milan Begović * Vladimir Nazor * Janko Polić Kamov * Fran Galović * Vladimir Čerina * Tin Ujević * Miroslav Krleža * Antun Branko Šimić * Ivan Goran Kovačić * Marija Jurić Zagorka * Ivo Andrić * Vladan Desnica * Dragutin Tadijanović * Ranko Marinković * Tomislav Ladan
* v * t * e
15TH – 17TH CENTURY
18TH – 19TH CENTURY
* Sándor Bródy
Mihály Csokonai Vitéz
* Tamás Cseh * Sándor Csoóri * György Dragomán * Péter Esterházy * Ágnes Gergely * Gábor Görgey * Anna Jókai * Ferenc Juhász * Sándor Kányádi * Imre Kertész * György Konrád * László Krasznahorkai * Endre Kukorelly * László L. Lőrincz * Béla Markó * György Moldova * Péter Nádas * Ádám Nádasdy * Lajos Parti Nagy * Zsuzsa Rakovszky * György Spiró * Miklós Vámos
* WorldCat Identities * VIAF : 65302857 * LCCN : n82089441 * ISNI : 0000 0001 1578 0087 * GND : 119169959 * SELIBR : 191509 * SUDOC : 028779479 * BNF : cb12054506w (data) * NLA : 35872976 * NKC : jn20000701368 * ICCU : ITICCUTO0V646 * IATH : w6cf9v48
Links: ------ /wiki/Latin_language /wiki/Pannonia /wiki/Croatian_language /wiki/Hungarian_language /wiki/Croats /wiki/Magyarok /wiki/Latin_language /wiki/Poet /wiki/Diplomat /wiki/Bishop_of_P%C3%A9cs /wiki/Renaissance /wiki/Lands_of_the_Crown_of_St._Stephen /#Life /#References /#Sources /#Works