Janis Ian (born Janis Eddy Fink; April 7, 1951) is an American
singer-songwriter who was most commercially successful in the 1960s
and 1970s; her most widely recognized song, "At Seventeen", was
released as a single from her 1975 album Between the Lines which
reached number 1 on the Billboard chart.
Born in 1951 in New York, Ian entered the American folk music scene
while still a teenager in the mid-1960s. Most active musically in that
decade and the 1970s, she has continued recording into the 21st
century. She has won two Grammy Awards, the first in 1975 for "At
Seventeen" and the second in 2013 for Best Spoken Word Album, for her
autobiography, Society's Child, with a total of ten nominations in
eight different categories.
Ian is also a columnist and science fiction author.
1 Early life
2 Music career
3 Criticism of the RIAA
4 Writing and acting
5 Personal life
6.2 Compilation albums
9 External links
Born in New York City, Janis Fink was primarily raised in New
Jersey, initially on a farm, and attended East Orange High School in
East Orange, New Jersey and the
New York City
New York City High School of Music
& Art. Her parents, Victor, a music teacher, and Pearl were
Jewish-born liberals who ran a summer camp in upstate New York.
As a child, Ian admired the work of folk pioneers such as Joan Baez
and Odetta. Starting with piano lessons at the age of two (at her own
insistence), Ian, by the time she entered her teens, was playing the
organ, harmonica, French horn and guitar. At the age of 12, she
wrote her first song, "Hair of Spun Gold," which was subsequently
published in the folk publication Broadside and was later recorded for
her debut album. In 1964, she legally changed her name to Janis Ian,
taking her brother Eric's middle name as her new surname.
At the age of 14, Ian wrote and recorded her first hit single,
Society's Child (Baby I've Been Thinking)", about an interracial
romance forbidden by a girl's mother and frowned upon by her peers and
teachers. Produced by George "Shadow" Morton and released three times
from 1965 to 1967, "Society's Child" became a national hit upon its
third release after
Leonard Bernstein featured it in a CBS TV special
titled Inside Pop: The Rock Revolution.
The song's theme of interracial relationships was considered taboo by
some radio stations, who withdrew or banned it from their playlists
accordingly. In her 2008 autobiography Society's Child, Ian recalls
receiving hate mail and death threats as a response to the song and
mentions that a radio station in Atlanta that played it was burned
down. In the summer of 1967, "Society's Child" reached #14 on the
Billboard Hot 100, the single having sold 600,000 copies and the album
At age 16, Ian met comedian
Bill Cosby backstage at a Smothers
Brothers show where she was promoting Society's Child. Since Ian was
underage, she was accompanied by a chaperone while touring. After her
set, she had been sleeping with her head on her chaperone's lap (an
older female family friend). According to Ian in a 2015 interview, she
was told by her then manager that Cosby had interpreted their
interaction as "lesbian" and as a result "had made it his business" to
warn other television shows that Ian wasn't "suitable family
entertainment" and "shouldn't be on television" because of her
sexuality, thus attempting to blacklist her. Although Ian
would later come out as lesbian, she states that at the time of the
encounter with Cosby she had only been kissed once, in broad daylight
at summer camp.
Ian relates on her website that, although the song was originally
Atlantic Records and the label paid for her recording
session, Atlantic subsequently returned the master to her and quietly
refused to release it. Ian relates that years later, Atlantic's
president at the time, Jerry Wexler, publicly apologized to her for
this. The single and Ian's 1967 eponymous debut album (which reached
#29 on the charts) were finally released on Verve Forecast. In 2001,
"Society's Child" was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame, which
honors recordings considered timeless and important to music history.
Her early music was compiled on a double CD entitled Society's Child:
The Verve Recordings in 1995.
Ian performing at the National Stadium Dublin, Ireland May 14, 1981
"Society's Child" stigmatized Ian as a one-hit wonder until her most
successful US single, "At Seventeen", was released in 1975. "At
Seventeen" is a bittersweet commentary on adolescent cruelty, the
illusion of popularity and teenage angst, from the perspective of a
narrator looking back on her earlier experience. The song was a major
hit as it charted at #3 on the Billboard Hot 100, hit #1 on the Adult
Contemporary chart and won the 1976
Grammy Award for Best Pop Vocal
Performance - Female, beating out Linda Ronstadt, Olivia Newton-John
and Helen Reddy. Ian appeared as a musical guest on the series
Saturday Night Live
Saturday Night Live on October 11, 1975, performing "At
Seventeen" and "In the Winter". The album, Between the Lines,
was also a smash and reached #1 on Billboard's album chart. The album
would be certified platinum for sales of over one million copies sold
in the US. Another measure of her success is anecdotal: on Valentine's
Day 1977, Ian received 461 valentine cards, having indicated in the
lyrics to "At Seventeen" that she never received one as a
"Fly Too High" (1979), produced by disco producer Giorgio Moroder, was
Ian's contribution to the soundtrack of the
Jodie Foster film Foxes
and was also featured on Ian's 1979 album Night Rains. It also became
her first international hit, reaching #1 in many countries, including
South Africa, Belgium, Australia, Israel and the Netherlands, and
going gold or platinum in those countries as well as charting in the
UK. Another country where Ian has achieved a high level of popularity
is Japan: Ian had two Top 10 singles on the Japanese
"Love Is Blind" in 1976 and "You Are Love" in 1980. Ian's 1976 album
Aftertones also topped Oricon's album chart in October 1976. "You
Are Love (Toujours Gai Mon Cher)" is the theme song of Kinji
Fukasaku's 1980 movie Virus. She cut several other singles
specifically for the Japanese market, including 1998's "The Last Great
In the US, Ian did not chart in the Top 40 on the pop charts after "At
Seventeen", though she had several songs reach the Adult Contemporary
singles chart through 1980 (all failing to make the Top 20).
Ian started "Rude Girl Records, Inc. and its publishing arm, Rude Girl
Pub., [on] January 2, 1992". "From 1992 to the present, RGR has
steadily grown, with its current ownership of
Janis Ian masters up to
twenty albums and DVD's overseas, and a slightly smaller number in
North America. The Rude Girl label oversees the production of Janis'
newer work, and in the case of older work, its re-mastering and the
re-creation of the original artwork."
From 1982–92, Ian continued to write songs, often in collaboration
with then-songwriting partner Kye Fleming, which have been covered by
Amy Grant, Bette Midler,
Marti Jones and other artists. She released
Breaking Silence in 1993 and also came out as a lesbian. The
album, Folk Is The New Black, was released jointly by her Rude Girl
Records label and the Cooking Vinyl labels in 2006.
Other artists have recorded Ian's compositions, including Roberta
Flack, who had a hit in 1973 with Ian's song "Jesse". Ian's own
version is included on the 1974 album Stars (the title song of which
has also been oft-covered, including versions by Joan Baez, Shirley
Nina Simone and Barbara Cook).
Richard Barone recorded
Ian's song Sweet Misery on his album Sorrows & Promises: Greenwich
Village in the 1960s in 2016. She continues to tour in both the US and
Criticism of the RIAA
Ian is an outspoken critic of the Recording Industry Association of
America (RIAA), which she sees as acting against the interests of
musicians and consumers. As such, she has released several of her
songs for free download from her website. "I've been surprised at
how few people are willing to get annoyed with me over it," she
laughs. "There was a little backlash here and there. I was scheduled
to appear on a panel somewhere and somebody from a record company said
if I was there they would boycott it. But that's been pretty much it.
In general, the entire reaction has been favorable. I hear from a lot
of people in my industry who don't want to be quoted, but say 'yeah,
we're aware of this and we'd like to see a change too.'" Along
with science fiction authors
Eric Flint and Cory Doctorow, she has
argued that their experience provides conclusive evidence that free
downloads dramatically increased hard-copy sales, contrary to the
claims of RIAA and NARAS.
Writing and acting
Ian at a Borders book signing in 2005
Ian writes science fiction. A long-time reader of the genre, she
became involved in science fiction fandom in 2001 by attending the
Millennium Philcon. Her short stories have been published in
anthologies and she co-edited, with Mike Resnick, the anthology Stars:
Original Stories Based on the Songs of Janis Ian, published in 2003
(ISBN 978-0-7564-0177-1). She continues to occasionally attend
science fiction conventions.
Ian has been a regular columnist for the
LGBT news magazine The
Advocate and contributed to Performing Songwriter magazine from
1995–2003. On July 24, 2008, Ian released her
Society's Child (published by
Penguin Tarcher) . An accompanying double CD, The Autobiography
Collection, has been released with many of Ian's best loved
Ian took acting lessons from noted acting coach
Stella Adler in the
early 1980s to help her feel more comfortable on stage, and she and
Adler remained close friends for the rest of Adler's life. In December
2015, Ian appeared in the series finale of
HBO comedy series Getting
On playing a patient who refused to stop singing.
Ian married Portuguese filmmaker Tino Sargo in 1978 and the two
divorced in 1983. Details of Sargo's physical and emotional abuse were
discussed in Ian's autobiography. After moving to Nashville, she
met Patricia Snyder in 1989. Ian came out as a lesbian in 1993 with
the worldwide release of her album Breaking Silence. Snyder and
Ian married in
Toronto on August 27, 2003. Ian has a stepdaughter
and two grandchildren with Snyder.
Ian's mother Pearl Fink was diagnosed with multiple sclerosis in 1975.
Because of this, Ian and her brother persuaded their mother to pursue
her lifelong dream of going to college. Fink eventually enrolled in
Goddard College's adult education program and ultimately graduated
with a master's degree. After Fink's death in 1997, Ian decided to
auction off memorabilia to raise money to endow a scholarship at
Goddard specifically for older continuing education students, which
became the Pearl Foundation, a
501(c)(3) public charity. At the end of
each year, 90% or more of funds raised from sale of merchandise,
donations from fans and contributions from Ian herself are disbursed
to various educational institutions to fund scholarships. By 2016,
it had contributed over $900,000 in scholarship funds.
On October 23, 2011, Ian performed with
Ryan Adams and
Neil Finn on
BBC Four's Series 2 Episode 4 of the series, Songwriters' Circle. The
night resulted in controversy, ending with an awkward exchange between
the performers when there seemingly was confusion between the
songwriters about who was to perform and join in on each other's
Janis Ian (1967) #29 US (Verve)
For All the Seasons of Your Mind (1967) #179 US (Verve)
The Secret Life of J. Eddy Fink (1968) (Verve)
Who Really Cares (1969) (Verve)
Present Company (1971) #223 US (Capitol)
Stars (1974) #83 US, #63 (Columbia)
Between the Lines (1975) #1 US, #4 Canada, #22 Japan (Columbia,
Aftertones (1976) #12 US, #81 Canada, #1 Japan (Columbia)
Miracle Row (1977) #45 US, #26 Japan (Columbia)
Janis Ian (1978) (Columbia)
Night Rains (1979) (Columbia)
Restless Eyes (1981) #156 US (Columbia)
Uncle Wonderful (1983) (Rude Girl)
Breaking Silence (1992) (Morgan Creek)
Simon Renshaw Presents:
Janis Ian Shares Your Pain (1995) (Rude Girl)
(not released until 12.09)
Revenge (1995) (Rude Girl)
Hunger (1997) (Windham Hill/Rude Girl)
God & the FBI (2000) (Windham Hill/Rude Girl)
Lost Cuts 1 (2001) (Rude Girl)
Billie's Bones (2004) (Rude Girl)
Folk Is the New Black (2006) (Rude Girl)
Strictly Solo (2014) (Rude Girl) Available only at live shows.
Remember (1978) (orig. JVC Japan, now Rude Girl)
The Best of
Janis Ian (1980) (CBS Benelux)
My Favourites (1980) (CBS Benelux)
At Seventeen (1990) (CBS)
Up 'Til Now (1992) (Sony)
Society's Child: The Verve Recordings (1995) (Polydor/UMG)
Live on the Test 1976 (1995) (BBC World Wide)
Unreleased 1: Mary's Eyes (1998) (Rude Girl)
The Bottom Line Encore Collection (1999) (Bottom Line Records)
The Best of
Janis Ian (2002) (Festival Australia)
Live: Working Without a Net (2003) (Rude Girl)
Souvenirs: Best of 1972–1981 (2004) (Rude Girl)
Unreleased 2: Take No Prisoners (2006) (Rude Girl)
Society's Child (2006) (Rude Girl)
Ultimate Best (2007) (JVC Victory)
Best of Janis Ian: Autobiography Collection (2008) (Rude Girl)
Janis Ian (Sony worldwide)
Titles (A-side, B-side)
Both sides from same album except where indicated
US Cash Box
Kent Music Report
Kent Music Report (Australia)
Society's Child (Baby I've Been Thinking)"
b/w "Letter to Jon" (Non-album track)
Janis Ian (Verve Forecast)
"Younger Generation Blues"
b/w "I'll Give You a Stone If You'll Throw It"
"Insanity Comes Quietly to the Structured Mind"
b/w "Sunflakes Fall, Snowrays Call"
...For All The Seasons Of Your Mind
"A Song for All the Seasons of Your Mind"
b/w "Lonely One"
b/w "Lady of the Night" (Non-album track)
The Secret Life of J. Eddy Fink
b/w "Everybody Knows" (from The Secret Life of J. Eddy Fink)
Janis Ian (Verve Forecast)
"Calling Your Name"
b/w "Month of May"
Who Really Cares
"He's a Rainbow"
b/w "Here in Spain"
"The Man You Are in Me"
"When the Party's Over"
b/w "Bright Lights and Promises"
Between the Lines
b/w "Stars" (from Stars)
"In the Winter"
b/w "Thankyous" (from Stars)
"Boy I Really Tied One On"
"I Would Like to Dance"
b/w "Goodbye To Morning"
"Love Is Blind"
"Between the Lines"
b/w "Sweet Sympathy" (from Stars)
Between The Lines
b/w "Take to the Sky"
"I Want to Make You Love Me"
"Will You Dance?"
b/w "I Want to Make You Love Me"
"That Grand Illusion"
b/w "Hopper Painting"
Janis Ian (Columbia)
b/w "Do You Wanna Dance"
"Here Comes the Night"
b/w "Tonight Will Last Forever" (from
Janis Ian Columbia album)
"Fly Too High"
b/w "Night Rains"
"You Are Love"
b/w "All to You"
"Virus" soundtrack (Japan release only)
"The Other Side of the Sun"
"Under the Covers"
b/w "Sugar Mountain"
b/w "I Remember Yesterday"
"Every Woman's Song" (with Angela Aki)
Live at Club Cafe (2005) (Rude Girl)
Janismania (2005) (Rude Girl)
Through the Years: A Retrospective (2007) (Rude Girl)
Janis Ian '79: Live in Japan & Australia (2008) (Rude Girl)
Who Really Cares: Poems From Childhood and Early Youth 1969 (2002
re-release) ISBN 978-1-930709-37-9
Songbook 1999 ISBN 978-0-7692-0148-1
Stars: Original Stories Based on the Songs of
Janis Ian 2003
ISBN 978-0-7564-0177-1 (ed., with Mike Resnick)
"Prayerville" 2003 (in Women Writing Science Fiction As Men, ed. Mike
Martin H. Greenberg ISBN 978-0-7564-0148-1)
Society's Child: My Autobiography, 2008, Tarcher/Penguin;
ISBN 1-58542-675-X; ISBN 978-1-58542-675-1
^ "Janis Ian: A Life in Song" (PDF).
Janis Ian Website. 2006. Archived
from the original (PDF) on May 7, 2007. Retrieved 2007-06-09.
^ a b c Ankeny, Jason (2003). Bogdanov, Vladimir; Woodstra, Chris;
Erlewine, Stephen Thomas, eds. All Music Guide to the Blues: The
Definitive Guide to the Blues. Backbeat Books.
^ Nash, Margo. "JERSEY FOOTLIGHTS", The New York Times, March 16,
2003; accessed December 19, 2007. "Yet when
Janis Ian went to East
Orange High School, she was kicked out of the chorus."
^ Life Magazine, October 27, 1967, p. 53
^ Life Magazine, October 27, 1967 p. 53
^ Silman, Anna (Jul 29, 2015). "
Janis Ian says
Bill Cosby allegedly
spread lesbian rumors about her as a teen, tried to blacklist her from
TV". Salon. Retrieved 29 July 2015.
^ Jones, Nate (Jul 29, 2015). "
Janis Ian Shares Her Own Creepy Bill
Cosby Story". Vulture. Retrieved 29 July 2015.
^ Goodman, Jessica. "
Janis Ian recalls personal story about Bill Cosby
following New York cover feature" (July 29, 2015). Entertainment
Weekly. Retrieved 29 July 2015.
^ Wiser, Carl. "
Janis Ian interview (March 14, 2003)". Songfacts.
Retrieved September 27, 2012.
^ Cader, Michael; Baskin, Edie (1994). Saturday Night Live: The First
Twenty Years. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. pp. 124–127.
^ "SNL Transcripts". Snltranscripts.jt.org. Retrieved February 28,
^ Rees, Dafydd; Luke Crampton (1996). Encyclopedia of Rock Stars. Dk
Pub. ISBN 0-7894-1263-2.
^ "Janis Ian". janisian.com.
^ "Rude Girl Records, Inc". janisian.com. Retrieved September 8,
^ a b c Keehnen, Owen (March 24, 2005). "At 42:
Lesbian Legend Janis
Ian Comes Out". Queer Culture Center. Retrieved November 15,
^ Wilson, David Bertrand. "Trying The Patience Of: Janis Ian". Wilson
& Alroy's Record Reviews. Retrieved September 10, 2013.
^ "Janis Ian: On Tour". janisian.com. Retrieved January 20,
^ Ian, Janis (May 2002). "The Internet Debacle – An Alternative
View". Performing Songwriter Magazine. Archived from the original on
May 9, 2007. Retrieved 2007-06-09.
^ Free Music Downloads on Janis Ian's official website
^ Vanderhorst, Jan (October 2002). "Janis Ian: Doing It From The
Heart". Retrieved 2007-06-09.
^ Prime Palaver #11 Archived February 2, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
– letter by
Janis Ian to Baen librarian, Eric Flint, September 16,
^ John Teehan. "Janis at Worldcon 2001". Sff.net. Archived from the
original on October 4, 2013. Retrieved 2013-12-05.
^ "Revenge is sweet for Janis Ian" Archived October 21, 2006, at the
Wayback Machine. by Jeff Walsh, March 1, 1996
^ Ian, Janis. "
Janis Ian - American songwriter, singer, musician,
author and multiple Grammy-winning writer of "At 17," "Jesse" and
"Society's Child": Listening Room: Best Of Janis Ian: The
Autobiography Collection". www.janisian.com. Retrieved
^ Lambe, Stacy (14 December 2015). "'Getting On' Creators on Taking
Big Swings With the Series Finale". ET Online. Retrieved 21 February
^ ""Getting On" from the
HBO series "Getting On"".
Janis Ian Shopping
Mall. Archived from the original on March 2, 2016. Retrieved February
^ a b Ian, Janis. 2008. Society's Child: My Autobiography. New York
^ "Ian profile". Glbtq.com. Archived from the original on October 18,
2014. Retrieved 2013-12-05.
^ "Pearl Foundation". Retrieved 2017-01-25.
^ Marcus Teague. "
Ryan Adams and
Neil Finn fall out during TV
^ "ジャニス・イアンとの夢のコラボ曲「Every Woman's
Janis Ian dream collabo song, "Every Woman's Song" out as a ringtone
and a cellphone download!] (in Japanese). Sony Music Japan. September
1, 2010. Archived from the original on May 31, 2014. Retrieved June 1,
Billboard Hot 100
Billboard Hot 100 2010/09/20". Billboard (in Japanese).
September 20, 2009. Retrieved March 5, 2014.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Janis Ian.
Janis Ian at Project Gutenberg
Works by or about
Janis Ian at Internet Archive
Between the Lines (1975)
Grammy Award for Best Spoken Word Album
Stan Freberg – The Best of the
Stan Freberg Shows (1959)
Carl Sandburg –
Lincoln Portrait (1960)
Robert Bialek (producer) – FDR Speaks (1961)
Leonard Bernstein – Humor in Music (1962)
Charles Laughton – The Story-Teller: A Session With Charles Laughton
Edward Albee (playwright) –
Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?
Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? (1964)
That Was the Week That Was
That Was the Week That Was – BBC Tribute to John F. Kennedy (1965)
Goddard Lieberson (producer) – John F. Kennedy - As We Remember Him
Edward R. Murrow
Edward R. Murrow –
Edward R. Murrow
Edward R. Murrow - A Reporter Remembers, Vol. I
The War Years (1967)
Everett Dirksen – Gallant Men (1968)
Rod McKuen – Lonesome Cities (1969)
Art Linkletter &
Diane Linkletter – We Love You Call Collect
Martin Luther King Jr.
Martin Luther King Jr. – Why I Oppose the War in Vietnam (1971)
Les Crane – Desiderata (1972)
Bruce Botnick (producer) – Lenny performed by the original Broadway
Richard Harris –
Jonathan Livingston Seagull (1974)
Peter Cook and
Dudley Moore – Good Evening (1975)
James Whitmore –
Give 'em Hell, Harry!
Give 'em Hell, Harry! (1976)
Henry Fonda, Helen Hayes,
James Earl Jones
James Earl Jones and
Orson Welles - Great
American Documents (1977)
Julie Harris –
The Belle of Amherst
The Belle of Amherst (1978)
Orson Welles –
Citizen Kane Original Motion Picture Soundtrack
John Gielgud – Ages of Man - Readings From
Pat Carroll – Gertrude Stein, Gertrude Stein,
Gertrude Stein (1981)
Orson Welles –
Donovan's Brain (1982)
Tom Voegeli (producer) –
Raiders of the Lost Ark
Raiders of the Lost Ark - The Movie on
Record performed by Various Artists (1983)
William Warfield –
Lincoln Portrait (1984)
Ben Kingsley – The Words of Gandhi (1985)
Mike Berniker (producer) & the original Broadway cast – Ma
Rainey's Black Bottom (1986)
Johnny Cash, Jerry Lee Lewis, Chips Moman, Ricky Nelson, Roy Orbison,
Carl Perkins and
Sam Phillips – Interviews From the Class of '55
Recording Sessions (1987)
Garrison Keillor –
Lake Wobegon Days (1988)
Jesse Jackson – Speech by Rev.
Jesse Jackson (1989)
Gilda Radner – It's Always Something (1990)
George Burns – Gracie: A Love Story (1991)
Ken Burns – The Civil War (1992)
Earvin "Magic" Johnson and Robert O'Keefe – What You Can Do to Avoid
Maya Angelou –
On the Pulse of Morning
On the Pulse of Morning (1994)
Henry Rollins – Get in the Van (1995)
Maya Angelou – Phenomenal Woman (1996)
Hillary Clinton –
It Takes a Village (1997)
Charles Kuralt – Charles Kuralt's Spring (1998)
Christopher Reeve –
Still Me (1999)
LeVar Burton – The Autobiography of
Martin Luther King Jr.
Martin Luther King Jr. (2000)
Sidney Poitier, Rick Harris & John Runnette (producers) – The
Measure of a Man: A Spiritual Autobiography (2001)
Quincy Jones, Jeffrey S. Thomas, Steven Strassman (engineers) and
Elisa Shokoff (producer) – Q: The Autobiography of Quincy Jones
Maya Angelou and Charles B. Potter (producer) – A Song Flung Up to
Heaven / Robin Williams, Nathaniel Kunkel (engineer/mixer) and Peter
Asher (producer) – Live 2002 (2003)
Al Franken and Paul Ruben (producer) – Lies and the Lying Liars Who
Tell Them (2004)
Bill Clinton – My Life (2005)
Barack Obama –
Dreams from My Father
Dreams from My Father (2006)
Jimmy Carter – Our Endangered Values: America's Moral Crisis / Ossie
Ruby Dee - With Ossie and Ruby (2007)
Barack Obama and Jacob Bronstein (producer) – The Audacity of Hope
Cynthia Nixon and
Blair Underwood – An Inconvenient
Al Gore (2009)
Michael J. Fox
Michael J. Fox – Always Looking Up (2010)
Jon Stewart – The Daily Show with
Jon Stewart Presents Earth (The
Betty White – If You Ask Me (And Of Course You Won't) (2012)
Janis Ian –
Society's Child (2013)
Stephen Colbert – America Again: Re-becoming The Greatness We Never
Joan Rivers – Diary of a Mad Diva (2015)
Jimmy Carter – A Full Life: Reflections at 90 (2016)
Carol Burnett – In Such Good Company: Eleven Years of Laughter,
Mayhem, and Fun in the Sandbox (2017)
Carrie Fisher –
The Princess Diarist
The Princess Diarist (2018)
ISNI: 0000 0000 6310 2865
BNF: cb13895450p (data)