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Janata Dal
Janata Dal
(United) (JD(U)) is a centre-left Indian political party with political presence mainly in Bihar
Bihar
and Jharkhand.[4] The Janata Dal (United) was formed with the merger of the Sharad Yadav
Sharad Yadav
faction of the Janata Dal, the Lokshakti Party and the Samta Party on 30 October 2003. Janata Dal
Janata Dal
(United)'s party mentor and patron is the veteran socialist leader George Fernandes.[5] JD(U)
JD(U)
is currently a part of BJP led National Democratic Alliance (NDA).

Contents

1 History

1.1 Formation 1.2 In NDA 1.3 Out of NDA 1.4 The Mahagathbandhan
Mahagathbandhan
(grand alliance) 1.5 Alliance with NDA

2 Prominent Members 3 List of Chief Ministers 4 References 5 External links

History[edit] Formation[edit] The Janata Dal
Janata Dal
(United)'s origins go back to before the 1999 General Election. A faction led by then Chief Minister of Karnataka J. H. Patel had lent support to the National Democratic Alliance, leading to the split in the Janata Dal
Janata Dal
leading to the formation of Janata Dal (Secular) under H. D. Deve Gowda, who wanted to remain equidistant from both national parties; and Janata Dal
Janata Dal
under Sharad Yadav. The Janata Dal
Janata Dal
(United) was formed with the merger of the Sharad Yadav faction of the Janata Dal, the Lokshakti Party and the Samata Party.[6] On 30 October 2003, the Samata Party led by George Fernandes and Nitish Kumar
Nitish Kumar
merged with the Janata Dal. The merged entity was called Janata Dal
Janata Dal
(United) with the arrow symbol of Janata Dal (United) and the green and white flag of the Samata Party.[5] The uniting force is believed to be common opposition to Rashtriya Janata Dal in Bihar
Bihar
especially after the RJD
RJD
welcomed Samata Party rebels like Raghunath Jha into the party. In NDA[edit] JD(U)
JD(U)
joined NDA and along with its alliance partner, the BJP
BJP
defeated the RJD-led UPA government in Bihar
Bihar
in November 2005. New government was headed by JD(U)
JD(U)
leader, Nitish Kumar
Nitish Kumar
and NDA continued to govern state. The alliance contested Indian general election, 2009
Indian general election, 2009
and won 32 seats. BJP
BJP
won 12 while JD(U)
JD(U)
won 20.[7] JD(U)
JD(U)
won 115 and BJP
BJP
won 91 seats in Bihar Legislative Assembly
Bihar Legislative Assembly
election, 2010. Thus together holding 206 seats in 243 member Bihar
Bihar
Legislative Assembly. Out of NDA[edit] JD(U)
JD(U)
broke its 17 years old alliance with the BJP
BJP
in Bihar
Bihar
in protest against the elevation of Narendra Modi
Narendra Modi
as a head of the election campaign committee of BJP
BJP
for Indian general election, 2014. JD(U) President Sharad Yadav
Sharad Yadav
and then Bihar
Bihar
Chief Minister Nitish Kumar announced their end of coalition at a press conference on 16 June 2013, exactly a week after Narendra Modi
Narendra Modi
was made the BJP's campaign committee chairman, who was later made the prime ministerial candidate of NDA. Just after this split, Sharad Yadav
Sharad Yadav
relinquished his position as the NDA convenor. The JD(U)
JD(U)
contested the election in Bihar
Bihar
in an alliance with the Communist Party of India
India
but they won only two seats out of total forty seats of Bihar
Bihar
while the BJP-LJP alliance won 31 seats.[7][8][9] Following poor performance in election, Nitish Kumar resigned as Chief Minister of Bihar
Bihar
and Jitan Ram Manjhi
Jitan Ram Manjhi
sworn in as a new Chief Minister. When the trust vote was demanded by the BJP
BJP
to prove majority in Bihar
Bihar
Legislative Assembly, the RJD
RJD
supported the JD(U)
JD(U)
in the assembly on 23 May 2014 to pass the majority mark.[10] The Mahagathbandhan
Mahagathbandhan
(grand alliance)[edit] On 29 December 2014, Kerala-based Socialist Janata (Democratic) merged with the JD(U)
JD(U)
with its leader M.P. Veerendra Kumar
M.P. Veerendra Kumar
accepting the party flag from JD(U)
JD(U)
leader Nitish Kumar. This was an important milestone in bringing a pan-Indian appeal to the JD(U which is largely limited to the state of Bihar. [11] On 14 April 2015, the JD(U), Janata Dal
Janata Dal
(Secular), Rashtriya Janata Dal, the Indian National Lok Dal, Samajwadi Party, and Samajwadi Janata Party announced that they would merge into a new national Janata Parivar alliance in order to oppose the BJP, thus leaving the UPA but this could not happen for some reasons and then the Samajwadi party was offered 3 seats out of 243 assembly seats in Bihar
Bihar
elections which caused it to leave the alliance and fight separately.[12] On 9 May, MLA Jitan Ram Manjhi
Jitan Ram Manjhi
was expelled from the JD(U)
JD(U)
and founded the Hindustani Awam Morcha
Hindustani Awam Morcha
along with 17 other dissent JD(U)
JD(U)
MLAs.[13] In the Bihar Legislative Assembly
Bihar Legislative Assembly
election, 2015 JD(U)
JD(U)
contested the election in an alliance with the RJD
RJD
and Congress. It won 71 seats out of the 101 seats it contested and the alliance won 178 seats out the 243 seats in the assembly. Subsequently, Nitish Kumar
Nitish Kumar
again became the Chief Minister of Bihar. In the biennial elections to the Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
held in March 2016, the ruling UDF of Kerala
Kerala
state gave one seat to JD(U)
JD(U)
Kerala
Kerala
State Unit President M.P. Veerendra Kumar. In spite of having just 2 MLAs in the Legislative Assembly, the Congress gave a berth to its ally.[14] Alliance with NDA[edit] On 26 July 2017 5 PM, Nitish Kumar
Nitish Kumar
tendered his resignation as CM of Bihar, ending 20 month old Mahgathbandhan (grand alliance) rule. Next day on 27 July 2017 10 AM he again took oath as CM of Bihar
Bihar
with the support of BJP. Same day evening, Kerala
Kerala
JD(U)
JD(U)
chief MP Veerendra Kumar announced the split of Kerala
Kerala
unit of the JD(U)
JD(U)
from the party, due to Nitish Kumar
Nitish Kumar
led Bihar
Bihar
unit joined hands with the BJP.[15] On 28 July 2017, new NDA government won trust vote in Bihar
Bihar
assembly by 131 votes in favour and 108 against, four legislators did not vote.[16] Prominent Members[edit]

Nitish Kumar, President of Janata Dal
Janata Dal
(United) & Chief Minister of Bihar.[17] K.C. Tyagi, Secretary General & National Spokesperson.[18][19] Vijay Kumar Chaudhary, Speaker of Bihar
Bihar
Legislative Assembly, Former Bihar
Bihar
JD(U)
JD(U)
President, Former Leader of JD(U)
JD(U)
Legislature Party, .[20] Ramchandra Prasad Singh, National General Secretary (Organization), Party leader in Rajya Sabha.[21] Bashistha Narain Singh, Bihar
Bihar
JD(U)
JD(U)
President, Member of Parliament in Rajya Sabha.[22] Rajiv Ranjan Singh, Minister for Water Resources, Government of Bihar, Former Bihar
Bihar
JD(U)
JD(U)
President.[23]

List of Chief Ministers[edit]

Nitish Kumar:

First term: 3 March 2000 to 10 March 2000 Second term: 24 November 2005 to 26 November 2010 Third term: 26 November 2010 to 20 May 2014 Fourth term: 22 February 2015 to 20 November 2015 Fifth term: 20 November 2015 to 26 july 2017 Sixth term: 27 July 2017 to present

Jitan Ram Manjhi
Jitan Ram Manjhi
(former member):

First term: 20 May 2014 to 22 February 2015

References[edit]

^ "List of Political Parties and Election Symbols main Notification Dated 18.01.2013" (PDF). India: Election Commission of India. 2013. Retrieved 9 May 2013.  ^ http://indianexpress.com/article/india/rajya-sabha-elections-2018-kerala-candidates-list-seats-dates-results-all-you-need-to-know-5108128/ ^ "Members: Lok Sabha". loksabha.nic.in. Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
Secretariat. Retrieved 14 March 2018.  ^ About Janta Dal United (JDU). "Janta Dal United (JD(U)) – Party History, Symbol, Founders, Election Results and News". Elections.in. Retrieved 2017-03-12.  ^ a b Parsai, Gargi (31 October 2003). "Fernandes to head Janata Dal (United)". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 6 March 2012. Retrieved 19 April 2012.  ^ Menon, Paravathi (23 April 2004). "Janata Parivar's home base". Frontline Magazine. Archived from the original on 3 January 2008. Retrieved 19 April 2012.  ^ a b Vaibhav, Aditya (2014-05-17). "Election results 2014: JD(U), RJD decimated in Bihar". The Times of India. TNN. Retrieved 2014-05-30.  ^ "General Election to Loksabha Trend and Result 2014". Election Commission of India. 16 May 2014. Archived from the original on 18 May 2014. Retrieved 19 May 2014.  ^ " JD(U)
JD(U)
severs ties with BJP
BJP
on Modi issue". The Hindu. 16 June 2013.  ^ "Lalu Yadav's Party to Support Nitish Kumar's JD (U) In Bihar
Bihar
Floor Test". NDTV. 22 May 2015. Retrieved 30 May 2015.  ^ " Nitish Kumar
Nitish Kumar
hails SJD's merger with JD-U in Kerala". indiatoday.in. 29 December 2014.  ^ "'Janata Parivar' formalised, Mulayam Singh named chief of new party". Zee News. 15 April 2015.  ^ "Manjhi launches HAM as new political party". The Times of India. TNN. 9 May 2015.  ^ "Congress, JD(U)
JD(U)
to share Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
seats; Antony may be renominated". The Hindu. 26 February 2016.  ^ Staff, Scroll (27 July 2017). "'Will fight fascist forces': Kerala JD(U)
JD(U)
splits from party after Nitish Kumar
Nitish Kumar
allies with the BJP". Scroll.in. Retrieved 28 July 2017.  ^ " Bihar
Bihar
Assembly trust vote LIVE updates: CM Nitish Kumar
Nitish Kumar
wins floor test with 131 votes". The Indian Express. 28 July 2017. Retrieved 28 July 2017.  ^ " Nitish Kumar
Nitish Kumar
is new JD(U)
JD(U)
chief". The Hindu. 10 April 2016.  ^ [1] ^ "Rajya Sabha: Department Related Parliamentary Standing Committees". 164.100.47.5. Retrieved 2017-03-12.  ^ http://indiatoday.intoday.in/story/nitish-confidante-vijay-chaudhary-is-new-bihar-speaker/1/536704.html.  Missing or empty title= (help) ^ http://www.rediff.com/news/report/bihar-polls-meet-the-backroom-boys-in-the-battle-for-bihar/20150922.htm.  Missing or empty title= (help) ^ http://www.ndtv.com/patna-news/unopposed-bashishtha-narayan-singh-re-elected-jd-u-bihar-unit-president-1466277.  Missing or empty title= (help) ^ http://indianexpress.com/article/india/india-news-india/nitish-kumarss-team-7-masters-9-grads-and-12-who-went-to-school/.  Missing or empty title= (help)

External links[edit]

Official website

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National Democratic Alliance

Members

National Party

Bharatiya Janata Party

State Parties

All India
India
N.R. Congress All Jharkhand
Jharkhand
Students Union Asom Gana Parishad Bodoland People's Front Gorkha Janmukti Morcha Janata Dal
Janata Dal
(United) Lok Janshakti Party Maharashtrawadi Gomantak Party Naga People's Front National People's Party Pattali Makkal Katchi People's Party of Arunachal Rashtriya Lok Samta Party Shiromani Akali Dal Shiv Sena Sikkim Democratic Front Telugu Desam Party United Democratic Party

Registered Unrecognised Parties

Apna Dal
Apna Dal
(Sonelal) Bahujan Republican Ekta Manch Bharath Dharma Jana Sena Goa Vikas Party Hill State People's Democratic Party Hindustani Awam Morcha Indhiya Jananayaga Katchi Indigenous People's Front of Tripura Jana Sena Party Janadhipathya Rashtriya Sabha Janathipathiya Samrakshana Samithy Kamtapur People's Party Kerala
Kerala
Congress (Nationalist) Kerala
Kerala
Congress (Thomas) Kerala
Kerala
Vikas Congress Kongunadu Makkal Desia Katchi Manipur Democratic Peoples Front Manipur Peoples Party Mizo National Front New Justice Party Praja Socialist Party Pravasi Nivasi Party Puthiya Needhi Katchi Rashtriya Samaj Paksha Republican Party of India
India
(Athavale) Revolutionary Socialist Party (Bolshevik) Swabhimani Paksha

Member fronts

North-East Regional Political Front United Democratic Front North-East Democratic Alliance

Member Organisation(s)

Shiv Sangram

Leaders

Atal Bihari Vajpayee Lal Krishna Advani Murli Manohar Joshi Narendra Modi Amit Shah Rajnath Singh Arun Jaitley Sushma Swaraj Manohar Parrikar Uddhav Thackeray Prakash Singh Badal Shivraj Singh Chouhan Raman Singh N. Chandrababu Naidu Nitish Kumar Mehbooba Mufti Bimal Gurung N. Rangaswamy Ramdas Athawale Pawan Kumar Chamling Pema Khandu

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Political parties in India
India

Current national coalitions

National Democratic Alliance United Progressive Alliance Third Front Janata Parivar

Former national coalitions

Janata Party National Front United Front

Recognised national parties

All India
India
Trinamool Congress Bahujan Samaj Party Bharatiya Janata Party Communist Party of India Communist Party of India
India
(Marxist) Indian National Congress Nationalist Congress Party

Recognised state parties

Aam Aadmi Party All India
India
Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam All India
India
Forward Bloc All India
India
Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen All India
India
United Democratic Front Asom Gana Parishad Biju Janata Dal Bodoland People's Front Desiya Murpokku Dravida Kazhagam Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Indian National Lok Dal Jammu & Kashmir National Conference Jammu & Kashmir National Panthers Party Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party Janata Dal
Janata Dal
(Secular) Janata Dal
Janata Dal
(United) Jharkhand
Jharkhand
Mukti Morcha Jharkhand
Jharkhand
Vikas Morcha (Prajatantrik) Karnataka Pragnyavantha Janatha Party Kerala
Kerala
Congress Kerala
Kerala
Congress (Mani) Lok Jan Shakti Party Maharashtra Navnirman Sena Maharashtrawadi Gomantak Party Manipur Peoples Party Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Meghalaya Democratic Party Mizo National Front Mizoram People's Conference Muslim League Kerala
Kerala
State Committee Naga People's Front National People's Party N.R. Congress Pattali Makkal Katchi People's Party of Punjab Rashtriya Janata Dal Rashtriya Lok Dal Rashtriya Lok Samta Party Revolutionary Socialist Party Samajwadi Party Shiromani Akali Dal Shiv Sena Sikkim Democratic Front Telangana Rashtra Samithi Telugu Desam Party United Democratic Party Uttarakhand Kranti Dal YSR Congress Party Mahan Dal Zoram Nationalist Party

Other parties in parliament

Apna Dal
Apna Dal
(Sonelal) Bahujan Vikas Aaghadi Jan Adhikar Party Socialist Unity Centre of India
India
(Communist) Swabhimani Paksha Swatantra Bharat Paksh

Unrecognised parties or parties with limited presence

Apna Dal All India
India
Muslim Forum Arunachal Congress Bharipa Bahujan Mahasangh Bharatiya Awam Party Chhattisgarh Janata Congress Communist Marxist Party Communist Party of India
India
(Marxist–Leninist) Liberation Democratic Socialist Party (Prabodh Chandra) Gorkha Janmukti Morcha Hindu Sena Hindustani Awam Morcha Indian Federal Democratic Party Indian National Congress
Indian National Congress
(Socialist) Indian National League Indigenous Nationalist Party of Twipra Jana Sena Party Janathipathiya Samrakshana Samithy Jharkhand
Jharkhand
Party Karnataka Janata Paksha Kerala
Kerala
Congress (Balakrishna Pillai) Kerala
Kerala
Congress (Jacob) Kerala
Kerala
Congress (Secular) Kerala
Kerala
People's Party Kongunadu Munnetra Peravai Lok Satta Party Naam Tamilar Katchi People's Guardian Peoples Republican Party Peoples’ Resurgence and Justice Alliance Perunthalaivar Makkal Katchi Pragatisheel Indira Congress Professionals Party of India Puthiya Tamilagam Puducherry Munnetra Congress Republican Party of India
India
(Gavai) Republican Party of India
India
(Athvale) Republican Party of India
India
(Kamble) Republican Party of India
India
(Democratic) Republican Party of India
India
(Khobragade) Revolutionary Socialist Party (Baby John) Revolutionary Socialist Party (Bolshevik) Samajwadi Janata Party (Rashtriya) Sikkim Krantikari Morcha Tamizhaga Vazhvurimai Katchi United Goans Democratic Party Welfare Party of India

Former political parties

Janata Dal Justice Party Praja Socialist Party Swatantra Party

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Janata Parivar parties

Parties in the proposed Third Front (Janata Parivar)

Rashtriya Janata Dal Janata Dal
Janata Dal
(Secular) Indian National Lok Dal Samajwadi Janata Party (Rashtriya)

Parties in the National Democratic Alliance

Janata Dal
Janata Dal
(United) Lok Janshakti Party Rashtriya Lok Samta Party Hindustani Awam Morcha
Hindustani Awam Morcha
(Secular) Samta Party Socialist Janata Dal

Parties in the United Progressive Alliance

Rashtriya Lok Dal

Others

Biju Janata Dal Samajwadi Party Jan Adhikar Party
Jan Adhikar Party
Loktantrik Samras Samaj Party Jan K

.