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James Wilson Grimes (October 20, 1816 – February 7, 1872) was an American politician, serving as the third Governor of Iowa
Iowa
and a United States Senator from Iowa.

Contents

1 Biography

1.1 U.S. Senate

2 References 3 External links

Biography[edit] Born in Deering, New Hampshire, Grimes graduated from Hampton Academy and attended Dartmouth College. He studied law, moved west and commenced practice in a settlement in 'Black Hawk Purchase', Wisconsin Territory, that was later incorporated as Burlington, Iowa. He also farmed. Grimes served as a member of the Iowa
Iowa
Territorial House of Representatives for 1838 – 1839 and 1843 – 1844 terms. He served as Governor of Iowa
Iowa
from 1854 to 1858. While elected as a Whig in 1854, he was a guiding light in the Republican Party's establishment in Iowa
Iowa
in 1855 and 1856.[1] U.S. Senate[edit] Grimes was elected as a Republican to the U.S. Senate in 1859 and reelected in 1865. He served in the Senate from March 4, 1859, until December 6, 1869, when he resigned due to ill health. In the Senate, he served as chairman of the Committee on the District of Columbia (in the 37th and 38th Congresses), and the Committee on Naval Affairs (in the 39th through 41st Congresses). He also served on the Joint Committee on Reconstruction which drafted the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution. In 1861 Grimes was a member of the peace convention held in Washington, D.C., in an effort to devise means to prevent the impending Civil War. In December 1861, he introduced the senate bill which led to the creation of the Medal of Honor
Medal of Honor
(initially only for Navy and Marine personnel).[2] During President Andrew Johnson's impeachment trial, Grimes broke party ranks, along with six other Republican senators and voted for acquittal. Senators William Pitt Fessenden, Joseph S. Fowler, Grimes, John B. Henderson, Lyman Trumbull, Peter G. Van Winkle,[3] and Edmund G. Ross of Kansas, who provided the decisive vote,[4] defied their party and public opinion and voted against impeachment. They were disturbed by how the proceedings had been manipulated in order to give a one-sided presentation of the evidence. After the trial, Ben Butler conducted hearings on the widespread reports that Republican senators had been bribed to vote for Johnson's acquittal. In Butler's hearings, and in subsequent inquiries, there was increasing evidence that some acquittal votes were acquired by promises of patronage jobs and cash cards.[5] Grimes died in Burlington on February 7, 1872, aged 55. He is buried in the Aspen Grove cemetery, in Burlington. The plot of land that his home was once located on is now home to an elementary school that bears his name. The town of Grimes, IA is named for James W. Grimes. References[edit]

^ Cyrenus Cole, "A History of the People of Iowa," p. 310-12 (Torch Press 1921). ^ [1] ^ " Andrew Johnson
Andrew Johnson
Trial: The Consciences of Seven Republicans Save Johnson". ^ "The Trial of Andrew Johnson, 1868". ^ David O. Stewart, Impeached: The Trial of President Andrew Johnson and the Fight for Lincoln's Legacy (2009), pp. 240-249, 284-299.

External links[edit]

United States Congress. " James W. Grimes
James W. Grimes
(id: G000475)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. . Includes Guide to Research Collections where his papers are located. Brief bio of James Grimes from Spartacus Educational.

Political offices

Preceded by Stephen P. Hempstead Governor of Iowa 1854–1858 Succeeded by Ralph P. Lowe

U.S. Senate

Preceded by George W. Jones U.S. Senator (Class 2) from Iowa March 4, 1859 – December 6, 1869 Served alongside: James Harlan, Samuel J. Kirkwood
Samuel J. Kirkwood
and James Harlan Succeeded by James B. Howell

v t e

Governor of Iowa

Territorial (1838–1846)

Conway (Acting) Lucas Chambers Clarke

State (since 1846)

Briggs Hempstead Grimes Lowe Kirkwood Stone Merrill Carpenter Kirkwood Newbold Gear Sherman Larrabee Boies Jackson Drake Shaw Cummins Garst Carroll Clarke Harding Kendall Hammill Turner Herring Kraschel Wilson Hickenlooper Blue Beardsley Elthon Hoegh Loveless Erbe Hughes Fulton Ray Branstad Vilsack Culver Branstad Reynolds

List of Governors of Iowa

v t e

United States Senators from Iowa

Class 2

Jones Grimes Howell Wright Kirkwood McDill J. Wilson Gear Dolliver Young Kenyon Rawson Brookhart Steck Dickinson Herring G. Wilson Gillette Martin Miller Clark Jepsen Harkin Ernst

Class 3

Dodge Harlan Kirkwood Harlan Allison Cummins Stewart Brookhart Murphy Gillette Hickenlooper Hughes Culver Grassley

v t e

Chairmen of the United States Senate
United States Senate
Committee on Armed Services

Military Affairs Committee (1816–1947)

J. Williams Troup J. Williams Jackson Harrison Benton Preston Crittenden Benton Cass Benton Davis Shields Weller Davis Johnson Wilson Logan Spencer Randolph Logan Sewell Hawley Walthall Hawley Proctor Warren du Pont Johnston Chamberlain Wadsworth Reed Sheppard Reynolds Thomas

Naval Affairs Committee (1816–1947)

Tait Sanford Pleasants Lloyd Hayne Dallas Southard Rives R. Williams Mangum Bayard Fairfield Yulee Gwin Mallory J. Hale Grimes Cragin Sargent McPherson Cameron McPherson Cameron E. Hale Perkins Tillman Swanson Page F. Hale Trammell Walsh

Armed Services Committee (1947–present)

Gurney Tydings Russell Saltonstall Russell Stennis Tower Goldwater Nunn Thurmond Warner Levin Warner Levin Warner Levin McCain

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 36069408 LCCN: n90606697 US Congress: G000475 SN

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