JAMES ORCHARD HALLIWELL-PHILLIPPS, born JAMES ORCHARD HALLIWELL (21
June 1820 – 3 January 1889), was an English Shakespearean scholar,
antiquarian , and a collector of English nursery rhymes and fairy
* 1 Life
* 2 Works
* 3 Notes
* 4 References
* 5 Further reading
* 6 External links
The son of Thomas Halliwell, he was born in London and was educated
privately and at
Jesus College, Cambridge
Jesus College, Cambridge . He devoted himself to
antiquarian research, particularly of early
English literature . In
1839 he edited Sir
John Mandeville 's Travels; in 1842 published an
Account of the European manuscripts in the Chetham Library, besides a
newly discovered metrical romance of the 15th century (Torrent of
In 1841, while at Cambridge, the young Halliwell dedicated his book
Reliquae Antiquae to Sir
Thomas Phillipps , the noted bibliomaniac.
Phillipps invited Halliwell to stay at his estate, Middle Hill. There
Halliwell met Phillipps's daughter, Henrietta, to whom he soon
proposed marriage. However, also around this time, Halliwell was
accused of stealing manuscripts from
Trinity College, Cambridge
Trinity College, Cambridge .
Although never prosecuted, Phillipps's suspicions were aroused and he
refused to consent to the marriage. This led to the couple's elopement
in 1842. William A. Jackson (1905–1964), bibliographer and Harvard
professor, also argues that Halliwell stole an exceedingly rare 1603
Hamlet from Phillipps, removed the title page (bearing
Phillipps's mark) and later sold it. Phillipps refused ever to see
his daughter or Halliwell again. Halliwell also had a habit, detested
by bibliophiles, of cutting up seventeenth-century books and pasting
parts he liked into scrapbooks. During his life he destroyed eight
hundred books and made thirty-six hundred scraps.
In 1842, Halliwell published the first edition of Nursery Rhymes of
England followed by Nursery Rhymes and Nursery Tales, containing the
first printed version of the
Three Little Pigs
Three Little Pigs . and a version of the
Christmas carol The Twelve Days of Christmas . In 1848 he published
his Life of Shakespeare, illustrated by John Thomas Blight
(1835–1911), which had several editions; in 1853–1865 a sumptuous
edition, limited to 150 copies, of Shakespeare in folio, with full
critical notes; in 1863 a Calendar of the Records at
Stratford-on-Avon; in 1864 a History of New Place. After 1870 he
entirely gave up textual criticism, and devoted his attention to
elucidating the particulars of Shakespeare's life. He collated all the
available facts and documents in relation to it, and exhausted the
information to be found in local records in his Outlines of the Life
of Shakespeare. He was mainly instrumental in the purchase of New
Place for the corporation of
Stratford-on-Avon , and in the formation
there of the Shakespeare museum.
His publications in all numbered more than sixty volumes. He assumed
the name of Phillipps in 1872, under the will of the grandfather of
his first wife, Henrietta Phillipps. He took an active interest in the
Camden Society , the
Percy Society and the Shakespeare Society, for
which he edited many early English and Elizabethan works. From 1845
Halliwell was excluded from the library of the
British Museum on
account of the suspicion concerning his possession of some manuscripts
which had been removed from the library of Trinity College, Cambridge
. He published privately an explanation of the matter in 1845. He
died on 3 January 1889, and was buried in Patcham churchyard , near
Hollingbury in East Sussex.
Hollingbury Copse, near
Brighton , was full of rare and
curious works, and he generously gave many of them to Chetham\'s
Library , Manchester, to the
Morrab Library of
Penzance , to the
Smithsonian Institution , and to the library of the University of
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* A Dictionary of Archaic & Provincial Words, Obsolete Phrases,
Proverbs -webkit-column-width: 30em; column-width: 30em;
* ^ Torrent of Portugal. London: John Russell Smith. 1842.
* ^ Shakespeare in folio
* ^ Outlines of the Life of Shakespeare
* ^ "Halliwell, James Orchard".
Dictionary of National Biography
Dictionary of National Biography .
London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.
* ^ "Halliwell (post Phillipps and Halliwell-Phillipps), James
Orchard (HLWL836JO)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of
* ^ A B C D One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates
text from a publication now in the public domain : Chisholm, Hugh, ed.
(1911). "Halliwell-Phillipps, James Orchard". Encyclopædia Britannica
. 12 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 857.
* ^ A B C Rasmussen, Eric (2011). The Shakespeare Thefts. New York:
Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 83–87. ISBN 9780230109414 .
* ^ Ashliman, Professor D. L. "
Three Little Pigs
Three Little Pigs and other
folktales of Aarne-Thompson-Uther type 124". Folklore and Mythology
Electronic Texts. University of Pittsburgh. Retrieved 25 July 2010.
* ^ Halliwell, James Orchard (1842). The Nursery Rhymes of England.
London: Richards. pp. 127–128.
* ^ James Orchard Halliwell-Phillipps: the life and works of the
Shakespearean scholar and bookman. Oak Knoll Press. 2001. p. 583.
* ^ The Halliwell-Phillipps Collection, Chetham\'s Library
* ^ Collection of James O. Halliwell-Phillipps, Edinburgh
* ^ Engel, III, Wilson F. (1980). "J. O. Halliwell-Phillipps and
the Edinburgh University Library". The Library: The Transactions of
the Bibliographical Society. s6-II (2): 193–198. doi
:10.1093/library/s6-II.2.193 . CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list
* Halliwell-Phillipps, James. (1841). Shakesperiana. J. R. Smith
Cambridge University Press
Cambridge University Press , 2009; ISBN 978-1-108-00002-4
* Halliwell-Phillipps, James. (1866). A Hand-Book Index to the Works
of Shakespeare: Including References to the Phrases, Manners, Customs,
Proverbs, Songs, Particles, ISBN 978-1-108-00121-2 )
* Halliwell-Phillipps, James. (1842). Cambridge Jokes: From the
Seventeenth to the Twentieth Century. Thomas Stevenson, Tilt and Bogue
Cambridge University Press
Cambridge University Press , 2009; ISBN 978-1-108-00122-9
* Spevack, Martin, James Orchard Halliwell-Phillipps: The Life and
Works (2001), Oak Knoll Press.
* Justin Winsor (1881) Halliwelliana: A Bibliography of the
Publications of James Orchard Halliwell-Phillipps, Harvard University