JAMES MACGREGOR BURNS (August 3, 1918 in Melrose, MA – July 15,
2014 in Williamstown, MA ) was an American historian and political
scientist, presidential biographer, and authority on leadership
studies . He was the Woodrow Wilson Professor of Government Emeritus
Burns shifted the focus of leadership studies from the traits and actions of great men to the interaction of leaders and their constituencies as collaborators working toward mutual benefit. He was best known for his contributions to the transactional , transformational , aspirational, and visionary schools of leadership theory .
* 1 Biography
* 1.1 Early life * 1.2 Military service * 1.3 Academic career * 1.4 Political career * 1.5 Death
* 2 Views on government * 3 Theory of leadership * 4 Books * 5 References * 6 External links
Burns grew up in Burlington, MA where he attended grammar school at
Burlington Union School , and attended Lexington High School in
neighboring Lexington, MA , where he graduated in 1935. He received
his bachelor's degree from
After graduating from Williams, Burns went to Washington, D.C. and
worked as a congressional aide. During World War II, he served in the
U.S. Army as a combat historian in the Pacific theater , and was
Burns joined the faculty of
His students included Georgia Jones Sorenson and
A liberal, in 1958 Burns was the unsuccessful Democratic nominee in
Massachusetts\'s 1st congressional district , meeting then-U.S.
John F. Kennedy
Burns died in Williamstown, MA , on July 15, 2014 at 95 after publishing more than 20 books.
VIEWS ON GOVERNMENT
As an admirer of a strong leader in the White House, Burns was critical of the U.S. governmental system of checks and balances , which he viewed as an obstacle to progress in times of a divided or oppositional Congress. In The Deadlock of Democracy (1963) and Packing the Court: The Rise of Judicial Power and the Coming Crisis of the Supreme Court (2009) he called for systemic changes, arguing for term limits for Supreme Court justices, an end to midterm elections, and a population-based Senate. Burns also advocated repeal of the Twenty-second Amendment to the United States Constitution to allow effective U.S. presidents to serve three or more terms of office.
THEORY OF LEADERSHIP
Burns' Leadership (1978) founded the field of leadership studies , introducing two types of leadership: transactional leadership , in which leaders focus on the relationship between the leader and follower, and transformational leadership , in which leaders focus on the beliefs, needs, and values of their followers.
* Leadership over human beings is exercised when persons with
certain motives and purposes mobilize, in competition or conflict with
others, institutional, political, psychological, and other resources
so as to arouse, engage, and satisfy the motives of followers... in
order to realize goals mutually held by both leaders and followers....
His work has influenced other transformational leadership theorists
such as Bernard Bass , Bruce Avolio , and
Kenneth Leithwood , and
inspired Georgia Jones Sorenson to found the Center for Political
Leadership and Participation at the
University of Maryland
* Congress on Trial: The Legislative Process and the Administrative
State (Harper , 1949).
* Government by the People (textbook) (1952 (20th ed. 2003),
* Roosevelt: The Lion and the Fox (
Harcourt, Brace , 1956).
* John Kennedy: A Political Profile (
Harcourt, Brace , 1960).
* The Deadlock of Democracy: Four-Party Politics in America
* Transforming Leadership: A New Pursuit of Happiness (Atlantic
Monthly Press , 2003) (ISBN 0-87113-866-2 ).
* George Washington (with Susan Dunn ) (ed. Arthur M. Schlesinger,
Jr. ) (Times Books, 2004).
* Encyclopedia of Leadership (with Georgia Jones Sorenson and George
R. Goethals ) (2004).
* Running Alone: Presidential Leadership — JFK to Bush II: Why It
Has Failed and How We Can Fix It (Basic Books, 2006).
* Packing the Court: The Rise of Judicial Power and the Coming
Crisis of the Supreme Court (
* Fire and Light: How the Enlightenment Transformed Our World (St. Martin\'s Press , 2013) (ISBN 9781250024893 ).
* ^ A B " James MacGregor Burns dies at 95". POLITICO. * ^ "History". Past winners & finalists by category. The Pulitzer Prizes. Retrieved 2012-03-17. * ^ "National Book Awards – 1971". National Book Foundation . Retrieved 2012-03-17. * ^ Burns, James MacGregor. Roosevelt: The Soldier of Freedom, 1940-45. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1970 * ^ Burns, James MacGregor. Transforming Leadership: A New Pursuit of Happiness. New York: Atlantic Monthly Press, 2003. * ^ Accardi, Dina (2012-11-25). "Kent Cottage faces uncertain future". Burlington Union. Archived from the original on 2013-07-29. * ^ A B Matt Schudel (July 17, 2014). "Historian won Pulitzer for biography on FDR". The Baltimore Sun. p. 6. * ^ Bruce Weber (July 15, 2014). "James MacGregor Burns, Scholar of Presidents and Leadership, Dies at 95". The New York Times. * ^ A B Tony Dobrowolski (July 15, 2014). "James MacGregor Burns, historian and FDR biographer, dies at age 95". The Berkshire Eagle. * ^ rooseveltinstitute.org * ^ A B "James MacGregor Burns, Scholar of Presidents and Leadership, Dies at 95". The New York Times. July 16, 2014. * ^ Burns, James MacGregor. Running Alone: Presidential Leadership—JFK to Bush II : Why It Has Failed and How We Can Fix It. New York: Basic Books, 2006. * ^ Turan, S. & Sny, C. (1996). An exploration of transformational leadership and its role in strategic planning: A conceptual framework. * ^ "Sorenson, Georgia - SAGE Publications Inc". * ^ "Congress on Trial, by James Macgregor Burns". * ^ "Amazon.com: James MacGregor Burns: Books, Biography, Blog, Audiobooks, Kindle". * ^ "Roosevelt: the lion and the fox". * ^ "John Kennedy". * ^ "The Deadlock of Democracy". * ^ "Government By the People; the Dynamics of American National Government: J et al MacGregor Burns: Amazon.com: Books". * ^ "Presidental Government". * ^ "Roosevelt, the Soldier of Freedom". * ^ "Uncommon sense". * ^ "Edward Kennedy and the Camelot Legacy". * ^ "Leadership". * ^ "The Vineyard of Liberty". * ^ "Power to Lead". * ^ "The Workshop of Democracy - Books on Google Play". * ^ "The Crosswinds of Freedom". * ^ "Cobblestone Leadership: Majority Rule, Minority Power (Julian J Rothbaum Distinguished Lecture Series): James MacGregor Burns: 9780806123141: Amazon.com: Books". * ^ "A People\'s Charter: The Pursuit of Rights in America: James MacGregor Burns, Stewart Burns: 9780394577630: Amazon.com: Books". * ^ "The Democrats Must Lead: The Case for a Progressive Democratic Party". * ^ "Dead Center: Clinton-Gore Leadership and the Perils of Moderation: James Macgregor Burns, Georgia Jones Sorenson: 9780684837789: Amazon.com: Books". * ^ "The Three Roosevelts". * ^ "Transforming Leadership". * ^ "Amazon.com: George Washington (The American Presidents Series) (9780805069365): James MacGregor Burns, Susan Dunn, Arthur M. Schlesinger: Books". * ^ "Encyclopedia of Leadership 4 vol. set: George R. (EDT)/ Sorenson, Georgia Jones (EDT)/ Burns, James MacGregor (EDT) Goethals: 9780761925972: Amazon.com: Books". * ^ "Running Alone". * ^ "Packing the Court". * ^ "Fire and Light".