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The Reverend James Hope Moulton
James Hope Moulton
(11 October 1863 - 9 April 1917, died at sea) was a British non-conformist divine. He was also a philogist and made a special study of Zoroastrianism.

James Hope Moulton
James Hope Moulton
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Contents

1 Biography 2 Academic positions 3 Works 4 See also 5 References 6 External links

Biography[edit] His family had a strong Methodist
Methodist
background. His father was the first headmaster of the Leys School, Cambridge
Cambridge
where James was one of the first students. After attending King's College, Cambridge,[1] he chose to become a Wesleyan minister. He showed a strong talent for academic studies, and the University of Manchester
Manchester
invited him to teach Classical Greek and other languages. He was also teaching at the Didsbury College, a Methodist
Methodist
seminary near Manchester. He was a friend of James Frazer, the Scottish social anthropologist.[2] He developed a strong interest in Zoroastrianism, one of the world's oldest known monotheistic religions. Over the course of his life he published many books and papers, mainly focused on Zoroastrianism
Zoroastrianism
and the Greek texts that the Bible
Bible
is derived from. He was a Prison Chaplain at Preston for some time around 1910.[3] In 1916 he decided to take advantage of the academic lull of World War I[4] and spend a long spell in India, to serve as a Methodist missionary and to research and lecture on Zoroastrianism
Zoroastrianism
in one of its traditional homelands. This was not an easy time for him, as his wife had recently died, and while he was in India, his son William Ralph Osborn Moulton died in the French trenches on 5 August 1916. He spent 16 months in India
India
under the auspices of the YMCA, researching, preaching and lecturing. A matter that was of particular interest to him was the religion of the Parsis, the Zoroastrians of the Indian subcontinent, and the relationship between their beliefs and Judeo-Christian religions. He felt that the former was awaiting its completion by the latter.[5] While in Karachi, he availed of the friendship and library of Maneckji Nusserwanji Dhalla, a U.S.-educated Zoroastrian scholar and the high priest of the Parsi community there. He left Karachi
Karachi
aboard the S.S. City of Paris, headed for Egypt
Egypt
where he met with his friend and colleague Dr J. Rendel Harris. The pair set sail from Port Said
Port Said
but as their ship passed the Gulf of Lion it was torpedoed and sank by a German submarine. Moulton, Harris and several others from the ship escaped in a lifeboat,[6] but James Moulton died on the third of the four days it took the boat to reach Corsica, aged fifty-three. He was buried at sea on 9 April 1917. Almost 3 years previously he opened up his book From Egyptian Rubbish Heaps with this paragraph "On July 31, 1914, the ill-fated Lusitania landed at New York after what proved her last peace voyage. A week later two of her passengers proceeded to the Conference at Northfield, where some two thousand Christian people were gathered in sight of the grave of D. L. Moody. It was very hard for us all, doubly hard for Britons, to detach our thoughts even partially from the horrors that were already beginning—horrors which will long make it impossible to name even the best of Germans without a sharp stab of pain. But we were studying the only Book that can ever bring peace and comfort to men in their direst need, and there is no fear that those who know will think we were ‘fiddling while Rome burned.’" He had been aboard the ship on its last voyage just as World War 1 began. It was sunk less than 11 months later killing everyone on board. Academic positions[edit]

Tutor at Didsbury College[7] Fellow of King's College, Cambridge[4] Greenwood Professor of Hellenistic Greek
Hellenistic Greek
and Indo-European Philology at Manchester
Manchester
University,[4] 1908-17[8] Doctor of Letters
Doctor of Letters
(D. Litt.), University of London, 19 December 1901[9]

Works[edit]

Grammar of New Testament Greek Vol. I - Prolegomena, 1906 WILLIAM F. MOULTON a memoir, written with his brother, who had the same name as their father, William Fiddian Moulton[10] The Papers of Oscar Browning, written with his father, William Fiddian Moulton[11] Early Religious Poetry of Persia Early Religious Poetry of Persia, 1911 From Egyptian Rubbish Heaps, 1916 (second edition 1917) Early Zoroastrianism Fire Temples and Towers of Silence Parsi Piety The Crown of Zoroastrianism The Parsis The Parsis
Parsis
and Christian Propaganda The Teaching of Zarathushtra Treasure of the Magi: a study of modern Zoroastrianism Zarathustra and the Outside World Zoroastrianism An Introduction to the Study of New Testament Greek (1895) Two Lectures on the Science of Language (1903) The Christian Religion in the Study and the Street (1919) A Neglected Sacrament and Other Sermons and Addresses (1919)

See also[edit]

William Fiddian Moulton, father John Fletcher Moulton, uncle Richard Green Moulton, uncle James Egan Moulton, uncle George Milligan, co-author of Vocabulary of the Greek Testament.

References[edit]

^ "Moulton, James Hope (MLTN882JH)". A Cambridge
Cambridge
Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.  ^ Frazer, J. (2005) Selected Letters of Sir J. G. Frazer. Oxford University Press ^ Methodist
Methodist
Prison Chaplains Archived 8 November 2006 at the Wayback Machine. at www.institutions.org.uk ^ a b c The Treasure of the Magi: A Study of Modern Zoroastrianism
Zoroastrianism
at www.questia.com ^ Moulton, J. (1995). The Treasure of the Magi: A Study of Modern Zoroastrianism. Kessinger Publishing ^ Moulton, (1919). James Hope Moulton. London: Epworth Press ^ James Hope Moulton: Egyptian Rubbish-Heaps and the Study of the New Testament at www.abcog.org ^ Charlton, H. B. (1951) Portrait of a University, 1851-1951. Manchester: Manchester
Manchester
University Press; p. 171 ^ "University intelligence". The Times (36643). London. 20 December 1901. p. 8.  ^ Book A59771 - Moulton, W. Fiddian & James Hope Moulton
James Hope Moulton
- WILLIAM F. MOULTON a memoir - 1899 at www.abbeybook.com ^ Janus: The Papers of Oscar Browning
Oscar Browning
at janus.lib.cam.ac.uk

Church History Institute [1] Foreword to The Treasure of the Magi: A Study of Modern Zoroastrianism [2] theology today book review [3] kingkong Author Anniversary database [4]

External links[edit]

From Egyptian Rubbish Heaps, Transcripts of a series of lectures he gave in 1914 [5] Online transcript of The Treasure of the Magi: A Study of Modern Zoroastrianism[6]

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 12673776 LCCN: n79110232 ISNI: 0000 0000 8092 3411 GND: 117604364 SUDOC: 113480768 BNF: cb105074673 (data) NLA: 35366057 NDL: 00524618 SN

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