Jambi is a province of Indonesia. It is located on the east coast of
Sumatra and its capital is Jambi. The province has a land area
of 50,058.16 km2, and it has a population of 3,092,265 according
to the 2010 Census; by January 2014 this had risen to 3,412,459.
2 Administrative divisions
4 World Heritage Site
6 See also
8 External links
Mosque in Jambi, during the colonial period. ca 1900-1939.
Jambi was the site of the Srivijayan kingdom that engaged in trade
Strait of Malacca
Strait of Malacca and beyond.
Palembang, its southern economic and military rival, as the capital of
the kingdom. The movement of the capital to
Jambi was partly induced
by the 1025 raid by pirates from the
Chola region of southern India,
which destroyed much of Palembang.
In the early decades of the Dutch presence in the region (see Dutch
India Company in Indonesia), when the Dutch were one of several
traders competing with the British, Chinese, Arabs, and Malays, the
Jambi Sultanate profited from trade in pepper with the Dutch. This
relationship declined by about 1770, and the sultanate had little
contact with the Dutch for about sixty years.
In 1833, minor conflicts with the Dutch (the Indonesian colonial
possessions of which were now nationalised as the Dutch East Indies)
who were well established in Palembang, meant the Dutch increasingly
felt the need to control the actions of Jambi. They coerced Sultan
Facharudin to agree to greater Dutch presence in the region and
control over trade, although the sultanate remained nominally
independent. In 1858 the Dutch, apparently concerned over the risk of
competition for control from other foreign powers, invaded
a force from their capital Batavia. They met little resistance, and
Sultan Taha fled upriver, to the inland regions of Jambi. The Dutch
installed a puppet ruler, Nazarudin, in the lower region, which
included the capital city. For the next forty years Taha maintained
the upriver kingdom, and slowly reextended his influence over the
lower regions through political agreements and marriage connections.
In 1904, however, the Dutch were stronger and, as a part of a larger
campaign to consolidate control over the entire archipelago, soldiers
finally managed to capture and kill Taha, and in 1906, the entire area
was brought under direct colonial management.
Following the death of
Jambi sultan, Taha Saifuddin, on April 27, 1904
and the success of the Dutch controlled areas of the Sultanate of
Jambi then set as the Residency and entry into the territory
Nederlandsch Indie. Jambi's first Resident OL Helfrich was appointed
by the Governor General of the Dutch Decree No. 20 dated May 4, 1906
and his inauguration held on July 2, 1906.
Badan Pusat Statistik
Badan Pusat Statistik 2014
Jambi province is divided into nine regencies (kabupaten) and two
cities (kota), listed below with their areas and their populations at
the 2010 Census and according to the latest (January 2014) estimates.
Sungai Penuh City
East Tanjung Jabung Regency
(Tanjung Jabung Timur)
West Tanjung Jabung Regency
(Tanjung Jabung Barat)
The official language of
Jambi province is Indonesian as in all parts
of Indonesia. However
Jambi is also home to several indigenous
languages and dialects such as
Jambi Malay, Kerinci language, Kubu
language, Lempur Malay, and Rantau Panjang Malay, all of them belong
to Malayan languages. 
Due to transmigration policy, many ethnic groups from various parts of
Indonesia, especially Java, Borneo,
Sulawesi and other parts of
Sumatra brought their native languages as well. The non-Pribumi people
such as the Chinese Indonesians speak various varieties of Chinese.
World Heritage Site
May 2011: The
Jambi provincial administration is striving to have the
Jambi temple site at Muaro
Jambi village in Maro Sebo
Jambi Regency, recognized as a world heritage site.
The site was a
Buddhist education center that flourished during the
7th and 8th centuries and is made from bricks similar to those used in
Buddhist temples in India.
Jambi (2010 census)
other, not stated or not asked
Islam is the largest religion in
Jambi representing 96.5% of the whole
population. Minority religions are Christianity with 3%, Buddhism
Confucianism 0.05% and
Hinduism 0.25% of the total
Putri Tangguk, a Malay traditional folklore originated from Jambi
^ . Badan Pusat Statistik. 2010. Missing or empty title= (help)
^ (2010 BPS)
^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on
2014-07-14. Retrieved 2014-07-02.
^ "Waspada Online – Pusat Berita dan Informasi Medan Sumut Aceh".
waspada.co.id. Retrieved 22 March 2018.
^ "Population by Region and
Religion in Indonesia". BPS. 2010.
^ "Penduduk Menurut Wilayah dan Agama yang Dianut". sp2010.bps.go.id.
Locher-Scholten, Elsbeth. 1993. Rivals and rituals in Jambi, South
Sumatra. Modern Asian Studies 27(3):573-591.
(in Indonesian) Official government site
(in Indonesian) Fan site
Regencies and cities of Jambi
East Tanjung Jabung
West Tanjung Regency
See also: List of regencies and cities of Indonesia
Provinces of Indonesia
East Nusa Tenggara
West Nusa Tenggara
GRP per ca