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Jambi
Jambi
is a province of Indonesia. It is located on the east coast of central Sumatra
Sumatra
and its capital is Jambi. The province has a land area of 50,058.16 km2, and it has a population of 3,092,265 according to the 2010 Census;[2] by January 2014 this had risen to 3,412,459.

Contents

1 History 2 Administrative divisions 3 Languages 4 World Heritage Site 5 Demographics 6 See also 7 References 8 External links

History[edit]

Mosque in Jambi, during the colonial period. ca 1900-1939.

Jambi
Jambi
was the site of the Srivijayan kingdom that engaged in trade throughout the Strait of Malacca
Strait of Malacca
and beyond. Jambi
Jambi
succeeded Palembang, its southern economic and military rival, as the capital of the kingdom. The movement of the capital to Jambi
Jambi
was partly induced by the 1025 raid by pirates from the Chola
Chola
region of southern India, which destroyed much of Palembang. In the early decades of the Dutch presence in the region (see Dutch East India
India
Company in Indonesia), when the Dutch were one of several traders competing with the British, Chinese, Arabs, and Malays, the Jambi Sultanate
Jambi Sultanate
profited from trade in pepper with the Dutch. This relationship declined by about 1770, and the sultanate had little contact with the Dutch for about sixty years.[citation needed] In 1833, minor conflicts with the Dutch (the Indonesian colonial possessions of which were now nationalised as the Dutch East Indies) who were well established in Palembang, meant the Dutch increasingly felt the need to control the actions of Jambi. They coerced Sultan Facharudin to agree to greater Dutch presence in the region and control over trade, although the sultanate remained nominally independent. In 1858 the Dutch, apparently concerned over the risk of competition for control from other foreign powers, invaded Jambi
Jambi
with a force from their capital Batavia. They met little resistance, and Sultan Taha fled upriver, to the inland regions of Jambi. The Dutch installed a puppet ruler, Nazarudin, in the lower region, which included the capital city. For the next forty years Taha maintained the upriver kingdom, and slowly reextended his influence over the lower regions through political agreements and marriage connections. In 1904, however, the Dutch were stronger and, as a part of a larger campaign to consolidate control over the entire archipelago, soldiers finally managed to capture and kill Taha, and in 1906, the entire area was brought under direct colonial management. Following the death of Jambi
Jambi
sultan, Taha Saifuddin, on April 27, 1904 and the success of the Dutch controlled areas of the Sultanate of Jambi, Jambi
Jambi
then set as the Residency and entry into the territory Nederlandsch Indie. Jambi's first Resident OL Helfrich was appointed by the Governor General of the Dutch Decree No. 20 dated May 4, 1906 and his inauguration held on July 2, 1906.

Historical population

Year Pop. ±%

1971 1,006,084 —    

1980 1,445,994 +43.7%

1990 2,020,568 +39.7%

1995 2,369,959 +17.3%

2000 2,407,166 +1.6%

2010 3,092,265 +28.5%

Source: Badan Pusat Statistik
Badan Pusat Statistik
2014

Administrative divisions[edit] Jambi
Jambi
province is divided into nine regencies (kabupaten) and two cities (kota), listed below with their areas and their populations at the 2010 Census and according to the latest (January 2014) estimates.

Name Area (km2) Population Census 2010 Population Estimate 2014 Capital HDI[3] 2014 Estimates

Jambi
Jambi
City 103.54 531,857 586,930 - 0.748 (High)

Sungai Penuh
Sungai Penuh
City 391.50 82,293 90,814 - 0.724 (High)

Batanghari Regency 5,804.00 241,334 266,323 Muara Bulian 0.676 (Medium)

Bungo Regency 4,659.00 303,135 334,524 Muara Bungo 0.679 (Medium)

East Tanjung Jabung Regency (Tanjung Jabung Timur) 5,445.00 205,272 226,527 Muara Sabak 0.598 (Low)

Kerinci Regency 3,355.27 229,495 253,258 Siulak 0.679 (Medium)

Merangin Regency 7,679.00 333,206 367,708 Bangko 0.662 (Medium)

Muaro Jambi
Jambi
Regency 5,326.00 342,952 378,464 Sengeti 0.657 (Medium)

Sarolangun Regency 6,184.00 246,245 271,743 Sarolangun 0.676 (Medium)

Tebo Regency 6,461.00 297,735 328,564 Muara Tebo 0.666 (Medium)

West Tanjung Jabung Regency (Tanjung Jabung Barat) 4,649.85 278,741 307,604 Kuala Tungkal 0.640 (Medium)

Total province 50,058.16 3,092,265 3,412,459 Jambi 0.696 (Medium)

Languages[edit] The official language of Jambi
Jambi
province is Indonesian as in all parts of Indonesia. However Jambi
Jambi
is also home to several indigenous languages and dialects such as Jambi
Jambi
Malay, Kerinci language, Kubu language, Lempur Malay, and Rantau Panjang Malay, all of them belong to Malayan languages. [4] Due to transmigration policy, many ethnic groups from various parts of Indonesia, especially Java, Borneo, Sulawesi
Sulawesi
and other parts of Sumatra
Sumatra
brought their native languages as well. The non-Pribumi people such as the Chinese Indonesians speak various varieties of Chinese. World Heritage Site[edit]

Muaro Jambi
Jambi
Temples

May 2011: The Jambi
Jambi
provincial administration is striving to have the ancient Muaro Jambi
Jambi
temple site at Muaro Jambi
Jambi
village in Maro Sebo District, Muaro Jambi
Jambi
Regency, recognized as a world heritage site. The site was a Buddhist
Buddhist
education center that flourished during the 7th and 8th centuries and is made from bricks similar to those used in Buddhist
Buddhist
temples in India.[5] Demographics[edit]

Religion
Religion
in Jambi
Jambi
(2010 census)[6]

religion

percent

Islam

95.41%

Christianity

3.09%

Buddhism

0.97%

other, not stated or not asked

0.47%

Confucianism

0.05%

Hinduism

0.02%

Islam
Islam
is the largest religion in Jambi
Jambi
representing 96.5% of the whole population. Minority religions are Christianity with 3%, Buddhism 0.97%, Confucianism
Confucianism
0.05% and Hinduism
Hinduism
0.25% of the total population.[7] See also[edit]

Indonesia
Indonesia
portal

Putri Tangguk, a Malay traditional folklore originated from Jambi

References[edit]

^ . Badan Pusat Statistik. 2010.  Missing or empty title= (help) ^ (2010 BPS) ^ Indeks-Pembangunan-Manusia-2014 ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-07-14. Retrieved 2014-07-02.  ^ "Waspada Online – Pusat Berita dan Informasi Medan Sumut Aceh". waspada.co.id. Retrieved 22 March 2018.  ^ "Population by Region and Religion
Religion
in Indonesia". BPS. 2010.  ^ "Penduduk Menurut Wilayah dan Agama yang Dianut". sp2010.bps.go.id. Retrieved 2018-02-25. 

Locher-Scholten, Elsbeth. 1993. Rivals and rituals in Jambi, South Sumatra. Modern Asian Studies 27(3):573-591.

External links[edit]

(in Indonesian) Official government site (in Indonesian) Fan site

v t e

Regencies and cities of Jambi

Capital: Jambi

Regencies

Batang Hari Bungo Kerinci Merangin Muaro Jambi Sarolangun East Tanjung Jabung West Tanjung Regency Tebo

Cities

Jambi Sungai Penuh

See also: List of regencies and cities of Indonesia

v t e

Provinces of Indonesia

Capital: Jakarta

Sumatra

Aceh Bangka-Belitung Islands Bengkulu Jambi Lampung North Sumatra Riau Riau
Riau
Islands South Sumatra West Sumatra

Java

Banten Central Java East Java West Java Jakarta Yogyakarta

Kalimantan

Central Kalimantan East Kalimantan North Kalimantan South Kalimantan West Kalimantan

Lesser Sunda

Bali East Nusa Tenggara West Nusa Tenggara

Sulawesi

Central Sulawesi Gorontalo North Sulawesi Southeast Sulawesi South Sulawesi West Sulawesi

Maluku

Maluku North Maluku

Papua

Papua West Papua

Former

Timor Timur

Lists by

GRP per ca

.