Jamaicans are the citizens of Jamaica and their descendants in the Jamaican diaspora. Most Jamaicans are of African descent, with smaller minorities of Europeans, East Indians, Chinese and others or mixed ancestry. The bulk of the Jamaican diaspora resides in other Anglophone countries, namely Australia, Canada, United States and the United Kingdom and, to a lesser extent, other Caribbean countries and Commonwealth realms.
According to the official Jamaica Population Census of 1970, ethnic origins categories in Jamaica include Black, East Indian, Chinese, Syrian or Lebanese, White, Mixed, and Other races. Jamaicans of African or partial African descent made up 89.4% of the working population. Those who were of non-African mixed race were the second most prominent labour group, making up 6% of the population.
Many Jamaicans now live overseas and outside Jamaica, while many have migrated to Anglophone countries, including over 150,000 Jamaicans in the United Kingdom, over 250,000 Canada, over a million in the United States.
30,000 Jamaicans residing in other CARICOM member including the Bahamas (5,600), Cuba (5,000), Antigua & Barbuda, Barbados and Trinidad & Tobago. There are also communities of Jamaican descendants in Central America, particularly Costa Rica, Nicaragua, and Panama.